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Warum Open Educational Resources?

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Warum Open Educational Resources?

  1. 1. ITuGh"p://itug.eu L3T h"p://l3t.eu O3R h"p://o3r.eu Warum Open Educational Resources? Martin Ebner e 1 3.d er .co ww p: //w htt
  2. 2. 3 Fragen
  3. 3. Situation: Lernender erstellt sichLernunterlagen indem er/sie diese ausmehreren Dokumenten zusammenstellt.Frage: Darf er/sie diese an seine/ihreMitschülerInnen weitergeben oder es wieder veröffentlichen?
  4. 4. Situation: Lehrender findet Arbeitsblätter im Internet für seinen/ihren Unterricht? Frage: Darf er/sie das Dokument es verändern und an die Lernende weitergeben (z.B. als Kopie)?
  5. 5. Situation: Lehrender empfiehlt ein Buch als Lehrunterlage Frage: Darf er/sie dieses auf einer Webseite / im Lernmanagmentsystemals .pdf zur Verfügung stellen? Darf er/sie es per E-Mail verschicken?
  6. 6. 3 Fragen - eine Antwort: NEIN
  7. 7. Urheberrechtsregelungen insbesondereim deutschsprachigen Raum erlauben im Regefall nicht augenscheinlich freieMaterialien im Internet zum Zwecke des Unterrichts einzusetzen.
  8. 8. ... und das Problem istviel weitreichender .... http://www.flickr.com/photos/stopactahannover/6863412509
  9. 9. Quo VadisDigitales Klassenzimmer? http://www.flickr.com/photos/56155476@N08/6660001925
  10. 10. Was sindOpen Educational Resources? http://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/3705641811
  11. 11. open educational resources open science open access open data open information open source Open Culture open contenthttp://www.flickr.com/photos/pilot_michael/6045489564
  12. 12. ... wish to develop toegether auniversal educational resource available for the whole of humanity ... http://www.flickr.com/photos/healinglight/576062883
  13. 13. Open Educational Resources „Materialien für Lehrende und Lernende, welche kostenlos im Web zugänglich sind und über entsprechende Lizenzierung zur Verwendung und auch zur Modifikation freigegeben sind.“ Mruck et. al (2011) Open Access, Open Educational Resources und Urheberrecht (http://l3t.eu)
  14. 14. For Free (Re-) Usable Open StandardOpen Educational Resources
  15. 15. Wer stellt OERzur Verfügung?http://www.flickr.com/photos/22865921@N07/2538313974
  16. 16. http://ocw.mit.edu
  17. 17. http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/
  18. 18. http://openlearn.open.ac.uk/ http://wikieducator.org
  19. 19. http://wiki.zum.de
  20. 20. http://www.khanacademy.org/
  21. 21. http://www.apple.com/de/education/itunes-u/
  22. 22. iTunes U @ TU Graz http://itunes.tugraz.at
  23. 23. 11-04-2010 18-06-2010 11-09-2010 03-12-2010 01-02-2011 29-05-2010 23-07-2010 02-10-2010 11-01-2011 26-05-2011 L3T  goes  online  (h.p://l3t.eu)
  24. 24. http://wikieducator.org/User:Bawi03/OER_im_deutschsprachigen_Raum_- _Oesterreich
  25. 25. http://schulbuch-o-mat.de/ http://bimsev.de
  26. 26. Warum eine OER-Strategie?http://www.flickr.com/photos/wonderlane/5543854426
  27. 27. OER bieten für Lehrende und Lernende •  großes  Themespektrum  und  Flexibilität  bei  der  Auswahl •  Zeitersparnis  durch  Wiederverwendung •  Steigerung  der  Werte  von  Bildungsinhalten •  unterstützt  kollobaraKve  Lernformen •  unterstützt  benutzerzentrierte  Vorgehensweise Geser (2007) Educational Practices and Resources http://www.flickr.com/photos/46758972@N00/3468259290
  28. 28. Zugang zur lebenslanges Bildung Lernen Wissens-gesellschaft Kosten- Qualitäts- einsparnisverbesserung Potentiale für die Gesellschaft http://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/3912248265
  29. 29. Digitales Klassenzimmer verlangt auch digitale Ressourcen http://www.flickr.com/photos/56155476@N08/6660062691
  30. 30. OER-Modell @ TU Graz Ebner & Stöckler-Penz (2011) Open Educational Resources als Lifelong-Learning-Strategie am Beispiel der TU Graz
  31. 31. http://opencontent.tugraz.at
  32. 32. Qualitätsmanagement von OER? http://www.flickr.com/photos/shannonkringen/5262130302
  33. 33. „Derzeit gibt es eine Reihe von formalen und informellen offenen Formen des Qualitätsmanagments von OER“ Hylen (2006) Open Educational Resources: Opportunities and Challenges
  34. 34. offenQM-Ansätze für OER Peer- Nutzerkommentare, Begutactung -bewertungenzentral dezentral Mundpropaganda, Interne Empfehlungen unter Qualitätskontrolle Freunden geschlossen Hylen (2006) Open Educational Resources: Opportunities and Challenges
  35. 35. „Dabei wurde festgestellt, dass nur 12der 46 analysierten Angebote tatsächlich„offene“ Ressourcen sind und damit eine rechtlich eindeutig geregelte Nutzung ermöglichen.“ Rossegger, B., Schön, S., Ebner, M. (2012) Frei zugängliche Bildungsressourcen für die Sekundarstufe – eine Analyse von deutschsprachigen Online-Angeboten und der Entwurf eines „OER Quality Index“
  36. 36. Wer zahlt OER?(Geschäftsmodelle) http://www.flickr.com/photos/o5com/5489061293
  37. 37. Wer zahlt OER? Was ist etwas wert, (Geschäftsmodelle) was nichts kostet?http://www.flickr.com/photos/truthout/6685345989http://www.flickr.com/photos/o5com/5489061293
  38. 38. Wert von OER • Input-orientierter Ansatz • Output-orienterter Ansatz
  39. 39. Input-orientierter Ansatz „Wert der Arbeitsleistungen, der für das Entstehen des Werks notwendig war“ (W $ cen; er n t one sour de 12 Milli Res r 0. 9 ,2 ER- 3) L3 OE 00 r O 200 T R- 0€ e 20 R rt d MIT 11 ess(W e kipedia s je Wort; on Wi fwande ) ou W ert v itsau it raum) rc rbe t en Ze e; g des A e stimm (Sch ätzun in einem b erung je Änd Schön, Ebner, Lienhardt (2011) Der Wert und die Finanzierung von freien Bildungsressourcen
  40. 40. Output-orientierter Ansatz „Wert der dem Produkt am Markt beigemessen wird“ n po Fin ne In g te an t zer zun nt zi ie el Nu Nut lle le für e ffe se nlos er Zugri r Ei M n nis ste rt“ d orm itb bu ar ko rsp ch „We b plattfE auf d ie We ew ße d ur er n Bewe be rtung r für M als PR itwirk ende Schön, Ebner, Lienhardt (2011) Der Wert und die Finanzierung von freien Bildungsressourcen
  41. 41. Wertschöpfungskette OER Schön, Ebner, Lienhardt (2011) Der Wert und die Finanzierung von freien Bildungsressourcen
  42. 42. Vor- und Refinanzierung Schön, Ebner, Lienhardt (2011) Der Wert und die Finanzierung von freien Bildungsressourcen
  43. 43. Erlösmodell von L3T Schön, Ebner, Lienhardt (2011) Der Wert und die Finanzierung von freien Bildungsressourcen
  44. 44. Persönliches L3T-Buch Alimucaj, A. (2012)h.p://youtu.be/7_SoxZ27wlg Individualization possibilities for Books with "Print On Demand" Technique
  45. 45. Crowdfundinghttp://www.startnext.de/l3t-literatur
  46. 46. http://www.flatworldknowledge.com/
  47. 47. Zukunft von OER• Lizenzrechtliche Bedingungen (Verlage)• Öffentlicher Bildungsauftrag (Universitäten)• Bildung erreichbar zu machen• Politischer und gesellschaftlicher Wandel
  48. 48. „Die technologiegestütze Bildung vonmorgen braucht freie Bildungsressourcen“
  49. 49. Slides available at: http://elearningblog.tugraz.at SOCIAL LEARNING Computer and Information Services Graz University of Technology Graz University of Technology Martin Ebner martin.ebner@tugraz.at mebner http://elearning.tugraz.at
  50. 50. Open Educational Resources h.p://youtu.be/YMgdYH-­‐BeJY
  51. 51. Open University h.p://youtu.be/eozmT5AQYR4
  52. 52. iUNIg-Tagung zu OER h.p://youtu.be/YheZG6VjEZg h.p://iunig.at/iunig/o-­‐e-­‐r-­‐2011
  53. 53. L3T  -­‐  ein  innovaKves LehrbuchprojektCrowdfunding  und  Social  Payment h.p://o3r.eu
  54. 54. Konzept  für  Open  EducaKonal  Resourcesim  sekundären  Bildungsbereich h.p://o3r.eu
  55. 55. iPads  in  the ClassroomMöglichkeiten  und  Gefahren  von  sozialen  Netzwerken,  Data-­‐Mining  im  Netz  und  Mobile  CompuKng h.p://itug.eu
  56. 56. Weiterführende Literatur• Schön (aka Schaffert), S.; Ebner, M.; Lienhardt, C. (2011), Der Wert und die Finanzierung von freien Bildungsressourcen. - in: Virtual Enterprises, Communities & Social Networks. (2011), S. 239 - 250 http://www.scribd.com/doc/64780679/Der-Wert-und-die-Finanzierung-von-freien- Bildungsressourcen• Schaffert, Sandra (2010). Strategic Integration of Open Educational Resources in Higher Education. Objectives, Case Studies, and the Impact of Web 2.0 on Universities. In: Ulf-Daniel Ehlers & Dirk Schneckenberg (eds.), Changing Cultures in Higher Education – Moving Ahead to Future Learning, New York: Springer, 119-131 http://sansch.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/ schaffert_preprint.pdf• Ebner, M.; Schön , S. (2011), Offene Bildungsressourcen: Frei zugänglich und einsetzbar. - in: Handbuch E-Learning - Expertenwissen aus Wissenschaft und Praxis - Strategie, Instrumente, Fallstudien. (2011), S. 1 - 14 http://www.scribd.com/doc/67768781/Offene-Lernressourcen-Frei- zuganglich-und-einsetzbar• Ebner, M.; Stöckler-Penz, C. (2011), Open Educational Resources als Lifelong-Learning Strategie am Beispiel der TU Graz. - in: The Lifelong Learning University. (2011), S. 53 - 60 http:// www.scribd.com/doc/46644200/Open-Educational-Resources-als-Lifelong-Learning-Strategie• Mruck, K., Mey, G., Purgathofer, P., Schön, S., and Apostolopoulos, N. (2011). Offener zugang - open access, open educational resources und urheberrecht. In Schön, S. and Ebner, M., editors, Lehrbuch für Lernen und Lehren mit Technologien. http://l3t.tugraz.at/index.php/ LehrbuchEbner10/article/download/62/42• Rossegger, B. (2012) Konzept für Open Educational Resources im sekundären Bildungsbereich, Diplomarbeit Technische Universität Graz, 2012, http://o3r.eu• Alimucaj, A. (2012) Individualization possibilities for Books with "Print On Demand" Technique, Master Thesis, Graz University of Technology, 2012• Rossegger, B., Ebner, M., Schön, S. (2012) Frei zugängliche Bildungsressourcen für die Sekundarstufe - eine Analyse von deutschsprachigen Online-Angeboten und der Entwurf eines "OER Quality Index", GMW 2012, in print• Schön,S., Rossegger, B., Ebner, M. (2012) Offene Bildungsressourcen. In: Die Österreichische Volkshochschule – Magazin für Erwachsenenbildung. Heft 245 / 63 Jg., S. 13-15, ISSN 0472 -5662

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