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Simple Past Tense
Past Perfect

Lizz Caplan-Carbin
Simple Past
Tense

He came to my house.
Past Perfect
I had already left.
He came to my house
after I had already left.
Chapter 11
Simple Past
Tense

He came to my house
after I had already left.

Th
is a
ta k
ctio
far es pla n
the
ce
the
rb
pas ack
t.
in

Past Perfect
Chapter 11
Simple Past
Tense

Er kam zu mir, nachdem
ich schon gegangen war.

Th
is a
ta k
ctio
far es pla n
the
ce
the
rb
pas ack
t.
in

Past Perfect
Chapter 11
Past
Perfect
Ich bin gegangen. 




Ich war gegangen.

Ich habe geschlafen. 
Ich hatte geschlafen.
use the simple past form of the helping
auxilliary verb haben or sein
simple past of

sein
ich war
du warst
er/sie/es war
Sie waren

wir waren
ihr wart
sie waren
Sie waren
simple past of

haben
ich hatte
du hattest
er/sie/es hatte
Sie hatten

wir hatten
ihr hattet
sie hatten
Sie hatten
simple past of

werden
ich wurde
du wurdest
er/sie/es wurde
wurde
Sie wurden

wir wurden
ihr wurdet
sie wurden
Sie wurden
wir
Sie
ich könnent
du
te st
er
n
ihr
sie
simple past tense marker
no umlaut in the simple past tense
te

suffix -te is the simple
past tense marker for all
regular weak verbs.
Weak regular verb “machen”

gestern

machten

machen

heute
morgen
später
Weak regular verb “sagen”

gestern

sagten

sagen

heute
morgen
später
Weak regular verb “wünschen”

gestern

wünschten

wünschen

heute
morgen
später
Irregular Weak Verbs
bringen
denken

ge brachte
ge dacht e

nennen

ge kannt e
ge nannt e

wissen

simple past

ge wußt e

kennen

participles - present and past perfect tenses
Strong Verbs
Strong Verbs
Strong verb stems cannot always be
predicted. They must be each be learned
on an individual basis.
Strong verbs are among the oldest and
most commonly used verbs.
Most verbs that are strong in German are
also strong in English.
I came, I saw, .. sang, ..sat, ..ate, ..drank...
Ich kam, ich sah sang saß aß trank...
endings for simple past of strong verbs
The ich and er/sie/es pronouns have
no endings for strong verbs in the simple past.

ich ~
du ~st
er/sie/es ~
Sie ~en

wir ~en
ihr ~t
sie ~en
Sie ~en
Das Ende
Vielen Dank

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