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“How satisfied are you with your MOOC?” - A Research Study on Interaction in Huge Online Courses

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“How satisfied are you with your MOOC?” - A Research Study on Interaction in Huge Online Courses

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Presentation at World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications (EDMEDIA) 2013, Kanaca

Presentation at World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications (EDMEDIA) 2013, Kanaca

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“How satisfied are you with your MOOC?” - A Research Study on Interaction in Huge Online Courses

  1. 1. “How satisfied are you with your MOOC? - A Research study about Interaction in huge online Courses”? Hanan Khalil Instructional Technology Department , Faculty of Education ,Mansoura University, Egypt Martin Ebner Social Learning, Information Technology Services, Graz University of Technology, Austria EdMedia 2013 World Conference on Educational Media and Technology
  2. 2. What is MOOC?
  3. 3. M O O C Massive Open Online Course MOOC
  4. 4. (MOOC) is an open online course offered for free to anyone who wants to participate and to learn about a specific topic .
  5. 5. It offers students the chance to take courses from celebrated specialist presenters, without any required course prerequisites
  6. 6. It carrys no prerequisites other than Internet access and interest, no predefined expectations for participation, and no formal accreditation.
  7. 7. MOOC provides an online version of complete courses, with video instruction, online quizzes, forums to encourage student participation, but without having much direct interaction with the instructor
  8. 8. The most popular platforms of MOOCs
  9. 9. One of the key components of good teaching in MOOCs is the meaningful interaction that occur between student and student, student and instructor, and student and content
  10. 10. Online interaction has been identified as an important factor affecting students’ learning experiences in MOOCs
  11. 11. Interaction in MOOCs helps students to construct their own knowledge, develop their personal learning network, express themselves, establish a presence and make thoughtful long- term relationships.
  12. 12. Three types of interaction happen in current MOOCs “student to student”, “student to instructor” and “student to content”.
  13. 13. Student to Student interaction “Student to student” interaction includes using social networks (like Facebook, Twitter, blogs, YouTube, or Google+) as well as discussion forums.
  14. 14. Student to Instructor interaction “Student to instructor” interaction happens in MOOCs through announcements, guides, asking and answering questions or participating in discussion.
  15. 15. Student to content interaction “Student to content ” interaction includes using quizzes, assignments, activities and group projects.
  16. 16. “Student to student” interaction is the most type of interaction that is used in MOOCs. Whereas, little interactions in MOOCs are happening between students and instructor.
  17. 17. The goal of the present research work is to investigate the causes of limited interaction between students and their instructors through understanding of the students’ and instructors’ perception and satisfaction of interactivity in their MOOCs.
  18. 18. •  How do students and instructors perceive interaction in MOOC? •  How satisfied are students and instructors with the interaction in MOOC? As such, this study asks the following questions:
  19. 19. Two web-based surveys were used to collect data. The foundation for the construction of the two surveys was based on the five-step model for interactivity developed by Salmon (2001). Instructors survey Students survey
  20. 20. Results and Findings of the survey
  21. 21. Students' Perception of Online Interaction in MOOC Students rated the criteria of interactivity model as important. However, many of them reported negatively to the availability for the various interactivity items suggested by Salmon one of them reported the lack of guidance and clear information provided by their MOOC instructor, One wrote Other students commented negatively to the usability of their MOOCs, one of them reported “One week the instructor is telling us we don't need to do math and to do science and then the next week the one quiz is ALL math. Not very clear”. “It is crucial to find two things quickly: 1. Course Content 2. Students with similar problems/questions/courses”.
  22. 22. Another one wrote In addition, one of the students responded negatively to the availability of welcoming new participants by the instructors, he wrote Another student suffered from lack of technical help, he reported “This is important, but not followed through on as I have questions on how to submit some of my material”. “Dude, It is important, but the people that joined late didn't even get welcomed by the staff members, they got welcomed by other students and their questions got answered by us”. “Very important but not supplied”.
  23. 23. Instructors' Perception of Online Interaction in MOOC Instructors did not value the majority of the interactivity criteria suggested by Salmon’s interactivity model. They reported that most of these criteria were less important or not important in their MOOCs.
  24. 24. Students' satisfaction of Interaction in MOOCS 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% Very satisfied satisfied less satisfied not satisfied Most of students were satisfied of interaction in their MOOCs
  25. 25. Nevertheless(35%) of the students rated their level of satisfaction in MOOCs as less satisfied or not satisfied. They reported their dissatisfaction to the to lack of instructor interaction One of students suggested that another student said “ The teacher that taught the course had absolutely no interaction with students, no reply to posts, or e-mails. I didn’t get anything from announcements until the 2nd or 3rd week of class. It’s my believe that the teacher must have some interaction with the class. I think that MOOC interaction needs drastic reorganizing to be made effective” “This was my first MOOC and I found it a great way to learn. I have signed up for two more MOOCs. One thing about this course, there were no instructor interaction”.
  26. 26. Instructors' satisfaction of Interaction in MOOCS 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Very satisfied satisfied less satisfied not satisfied Instructors rated a high level of satisfaction of interaction in their MOOCs
  27. 27. One of the instructors expressed his satisfaction with the level of interactivity in MOOCs suggested: Another satisfied instructor pointed out that But they reported that it is impossible to have interaction with all students in MOOCs “ I find I am very “close“ to my on-line students through weekly discussion posts and shared lectures (everyone has access and can comment, etc.) ” “ Although interaction is one of leading factors in a successful online learning , It is impossible to have “substantive“ interaction in i MOOCs with that massive number of students. For example, in the case of a MOOC with50,000 students, if each student only received 1 minute of an instructor’stime, and the instructor taught for 8 hours per day, it would take 104 daysto interact with every student“ “ What I try to do every day is to respond students' discussions and I find those usually work pretty well ”.
  28. 28. Consequently
  29. 29. Some techniques should be used to enhance "student to instructor" interaction • Instructors can offer trained teaching assistants (TAs) in their MOOCs . • Instructors can use also peer- based rather than computer- based assessment to make MOOCs more interactive.
  30. 30. Information Technology Services Graz University of Technology Martin Ebner martin.ebner@tugraz.at http://elearningblog.tugraz.at http://elearning.tugraz.at Dept. Social Learning

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