MOOCs Completion Rates and Possible
Methods to Improve Retention
- A Literature Review
Hanan Khalil
Instruc(onal	
  Techno...
Outlines
- Introduction
- Retention Rates for MOOCs
- Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
- What are the techniques that inc...
Introduction
Massive	
  Open	
  Online	
  Courses	
  
(MOOCs)	
   can	
   rapidly	
   change	
  
the	
   role	
   of	
   h...
Introduction
MOOCs	
  have	
  the	
  poten(al	
  to	
  enable	
  free	
  (university-­‐
level)	
  educa(on	
  on	
  an	
  ...
- Introduction
- Retention Rates for MOOCs
- Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
- What are the techniques that increase
ret...
Hundreds	
  of	
  thousands	
  of	
  people	
  across	
  the	
  world	
  are	
  signing	
  
up	
  for	
  MOOCs	
  in	
  th...
In	
   a	
   study	
   of	
   Bioelectricity	
  
MOOC	
   by	
   Duke	
   University	
  
approximately	
   12.000	
  
stud...
Jordan	
   ,	
   a	
   PhD	
   student	
   at	
   the	
  
Open	
   University	
   of	
   the	
   UK	
  
described	
   thei...
- Introduction
- Retention Rates for MOOCs
- Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
- What are the techniques that increase
ret...
 Lack	
  of	
  (me:	
  
	
  In	
  a	
  class	
  discussion,	
  one	
  of	
  students	
  posted	
  the	
  following	
  thre...
Feelings	
  of	
  isola(on	
  and	
  the	
  lack	
  of	
  	
  
interac(vity	
  in	
  MOOCs.	
  
	
  
In	
  “Computa(onal	
...
Insufficient	
  background	
  knowledge	
  
and	
  skills:	
  
In	
  a	
  thread	
  posted	
  in	
  discussion	
  forums	
  ...
Hidden	
  costs	
  
	
  In	
  a	
  thread	
  discussion	
  in	
  "
Introduc(on	
  to	
  Computa(onal	
  Finance	
  and	
  ...
- Introduction
- Retention Rates for MOOCs
- Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
- What are the techniques that increase
ret...
What are the techniques that increase
retention in MOOCs?
1-­‐	
  Accommoda(ng	
  students	
  on	
  different	
  (me	
  tab...
What are the techniques that increase
retention in MOOCs?
3-­‐	
  Enhance	
  “student	
  to	
  students”	
  and	
  “studen...
- Introduction
- Retention Rates for MOOCs
- Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
- What are the techniques that increase
ret...
Conclusion
It	
   is	
   widely	
   agreed	
   that	
   it	
   would	
   be	
   useful	
   to	
   improve	
   the	
  
rete...
EdMedia	
  	
  Helsinki	
  June	
  2014	
  
Graz University of Technology
SOCIAL LEARNING
Computer and Information Service...
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MOOCs Completion Rates and Possible Methods to Improve Retention - A Literature Review

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MOOCs Completion Rates and Possible Methods to Improve Retention - A Literature Review

  1. 1. MOOCs Completion Rates and Possible Methods to Improve Retention - A Literature Review Hanan Khalil Instruc(onal  Technology  Department  ,   Faculty  of  Educa(on  ,Mansoura   University,  Egypt   Martin Ebner Social  Learning,  Informa(on  Technology   Services,  Graz  University  of  Technology,   Austria     EdMedia 2013 World Conference on Educational Media and Technology
  2. 2. Outlines - Introduction - Retention Rates for MOOCs - Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs? - What are the techniques that increase retention in MOOCs? - Conclusion  
  3. 3. Introduction Massive  Open  Online  Courses   (MOOCs)   can   rapidly   change   the   role   of   higher   educa(on,   execu(ve   educa(on   and   employee   development   in   general.       They   are   aIempts   to   create   free   or   even   open   access   online  courses  that  provide  no   constraints  on  class  size  .  
  4. 4. Introduction MOOCs  have  the  poten(al  to  enable  free  (university-­‐ level)  educa(on  on  an  enormous  scale.       However,  a  major  concern  oOen  raised  about  MOOCs  is   that  although  thousands  enroll  for  courses,  a  very  small   propor(on  finally  completes  such  courses.     Our  research  work  aims  to  inves(gate  the  reasons  that   may  cause  students  drop-­‐out  or  withdraw  of  their   MOOCs,  and  suggest  strategies  that  may  improve   reten(on  
  5. 5. - Introduction - Retention Rates for MOOCs - Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs? - What are the techniques that increase retention in MOOCs? - Conclusion  
  6. 6. Hundreds  of  thousands  of  people  across  the  world  are  signing   up  for  MOOCs  in  the  first  glance.     Courses   offered   by   MOOC   providers   are   in   general   free   and   don’t   earn   students   any   college   credit.   There   are   also   no   enforced  prerequisites  as  there  are  for  some(mes  for  normal   college  or  university  courses.     In  spite  of  this  only  few  students  complete  the  course  and  get  a   cer(ficate Retention Rates for MOOCs
  7. 7. In   a   study   of   Bioelectricity   MOOC   by   Duke   University   approximately   12.000   students   enrolled   and   about   3600   of   these   students   aIempted   a   quiz   within  the  first  week.  Only   300  students  of  those  3200   earned   perfect   scores   finally,  a  “dropout  rate”  of   94  percent Retention Rates for MOOCs
  8. 8. Jordan   ,   a   PhD   student   at   the   Open   University   of   the   UK   described   their   effort   to   synthesize   MOOC   comple(on   rate   data   from   Coursera.   The   average  comple(on  rate  of  her   examined   xMOOCs   is   7.6%,   with  a  minimum  of  0.67%  and  a   maximum  of  19.2%.  The  19.2%   appears   to   be   an   outlier   “Func(onal   Programming   Principles   in   Scala”   While   the   lowest   rate   of   comple(on   was   “A   History   of   the   World   since   1300”.   Retention Rates for MOOCs
  9. 9. - Introduction - Retention Rates for MOOCs - Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs? - What are the techniques that increase retention in MOOCs? - Conclusion  
  10. 10.  Lack  of  (me:    In  a  class  discussion,  one  of  students  posted  the  following  thread    “I really love this course and many other courses on Coursera. But it does not look like I will be finishing it on schedule because I do not have enough time to do the homework in addition to viewing the videos and sifting through forums within the enforced deadline. Realistically, at this point, I can already see what will be happening: I will end up downloading the videos, watching it on the sideline and reenrolling again in the future to be able to do the homework.” Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
  11. 11. Feelings  of  isola(on  and  the  lack  of     interac(vity  in  MOOCs.     In  “Computa(onal  Inves(ng,  Part  I”  course    a  student  posted  this  discussion   thread       “I was excited about this course before it started but it has been down hill from the very first lecture. The instructor seems to have no interaction with his students, he doesn't answer our questions or reply our discussions and I hope coursera will ensure that this is never repeated. Based on this course, I would never bother to look into any other course offered by this instructor”.   Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
  12. 12. Insufficient  background  knowledge   and  skills:   In  a  thread  posted  in  discussion  forums  in  “Model  thinking”  course,  a   student  wrote  :         “I am just trying to find out which background I should go after to understand because I couldn't get past the second quiz of week 1. I realize that this quiz requires a certain culture or background which I don't seem to have”. Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
  13. 13. Hidden  costs    In  a  thread  discussion  in  " Introduc(on  to  Computa(onal  Finance  and  Financial   Econometrics  "  course  available  on  coursera  ,  a  student  posted   the  following  thread     “The first book is not yet published and the other two are copyrighted books. You can't expect legal )free text of them in public domain). But you can check out the previews of these books in books.google.com. Few pages are intentionally removed from such previews but you have to live with them if you want to use free legal text” Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs?
  14. 14. - Introduction - Retention Rates for MOOCs - Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs? - What are the techniques that increase retention in MOOCs? - Conclusion  
  15. 15. What are the techniques that increase retention in MOOCs? 1-­‐  Accommoda(ng  students  on  different  (me  tables   2-­‐  Promo(ng  student  comple(on   Here  are  some  techniques  that  may  promote  students  to   complete  their  MOOCs   •   Formal  recogni(on  of  accomplishment.     •   Professional  development.     •   Par(cipa(on  in  the  forums  and  other  student  interac(on
  16. 16. What are the techniques that increase retention in MOOCs? 3-­‐  Enhance  “student  to  students”  and  “student  to   instructor”  interac(on   the  following  techniques    may  use  to    enhance  “student  to   instructor”  interac(on:   •   Trained  teaching  assistants  (TAS)   •   Peer-­‐based  assessment   •   Supplemental  tutoring   •   BeIer  Development  of  Online  Learning  Skills
  17. 17. - Introduction - Retention Rates for MOOCs - Why do Students Dropout of MOOCs? - What are the techniques that increase retention in MOOCs? - Conclusion  
  18. 18. Conclusion It   is   widely   agreed   that   it   would   be   useful   to   improve   the   reten(on  rates  of  MOOCs  by  finding  out  why  students  drop  out   of   courses   and   to   suggest   strategies   that   that   can   be   implemented   to   increase   the   reten(on   rate,   and   this   research   work   is   a   first   contribu(on   to   improve   the   reten(on   rate   and   that   in   future   these   sugges(ons   must   be   implemented   and   evaluated.      
  19. 19. EdMedia    Helsinki  June  2014   Graz University of Technology SOCIAL LEARNING Computer and Information Services Graz University of Technology Martin Ebner http://elearning.tugraz.at martin.ebner@tugraz.at Slides available at: http://elearningblog.tugraz.at mebner
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