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Open Badges for Learning Environments

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Presentation of the Master thesis, Graz University of Technology, October 2015

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Open Badges for Learning Environments

  1. 1. 1 u Open Badges for Learning Environments S C I E N C E  P A S S I O N  T E C H N O L O G Y u www.tugraz.at Open Badges for Learning Environments Mario Wüster Supervisor: Assoc.Prof.Dipl.-Ing.Dr.techn. Martin Ebner October 22, 2015
  2. 2. 2 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 2 u 1. Research Question 2. Learning Environments 3. Open Badge (Infrastructure) 4. Motivation 5. General Approaches for Integration 6. Prototype 7. Evaluation 8. Conclusion Contents
  3. 3. 3 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 3 u Research Question How to integrate Open Badges in Learning Environments [and to enable automatic badge issuing based on defined criteria] ?
  4. 4. 4 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 4 u Learning Environments • Online learning platform supporting: • Users with different roles • Courses • Course management • Corresponding course material • A set of tools for communication, content creation and E-Assessments  Learn Management Systems (LMS)  Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC)
  5. 5. 5 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 5 u • Micro vs. Meta Badge • Incentive vs. Credential • Digitally signed  JSON Web Signature (JWS) WHOM? WHICH? WHY?WHO? Assertion https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/FAQs (In cooperation with the P2PU and funds of McArthur Foundation)
  6. 6. 6 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 6 u Open Badge Infrastructure https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges/Onboarding-Issuer
  7. 7. 7 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 7 u Motivation • Hard to motivate learners to actively participate in non-formal and informal educational systems if they do not get any recognition for their achievements • Mostly no recognition at all for gained skills if a course has not been completed • Just summative feedback • No common standard for acknowledgements • Certificates are not digitially signed  Open Badges could help to diminish or even resolve those issues • Formal: organized, structured, supported, intentional & certified • Non-formal: formal, but not in edu. institutions & w/o certification • Informal: through made experiences, independent of the context
  8. 8. 8 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 8 u - Modify Source Code - Plug-In - Add-On/Add-In - SaaS - Own Web Application General Integration Approaches  Source code has to be known  High risk on introducing errors in the base system  Base system updates could harm the badging system  No community that maintains code  Fast  Highly customizable  Time (=Money)  Programmer  Support  API needed  High customization  Fast bug fixing & integration of new features  Full control over student & badge data  Typically not free of charge  Data has to be transmitted to an foreign server  Limited customization  What happens if subscription gets cancelled sometimes? How to backup/transfer data ?  Most simplest way to use OpenBadges  Complete solutions (issuing, managing, displaying)  Professional support  Reliable system  No need to have programming skills  Base system has to provide API.  Limited customization  Dynamically loaded  Does not influence core system  Huge community  Mostly compatible to multiple base systems  Compatible to certain system only  One has to have knowledge of the base system’s infrastructure  Add-Ins (typically) cannot be removed without harming the base system  Nevertheless – legit option
  9. 9. 9 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 9 u Prototype
  10. 10. 10 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 10 u Prototype - Features 1. Badge management (CRUD + control availability) via backend (pw protected .htaccess) 2. Assert badges manually 3. Assert badges automatically - triggered by the iMooX user 4. Display rudimentary awarding statistics 5. Currently, supporting 2 different types of badges i. Quiz-Level Badge ii. Course-Level Badge
  11. 11. 11 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 11 u Prototype
  12. 12. 12 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 12 u Automatic badge issuing
  13. 13. 13 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 13 u Evaluation COER15 • Started on May 11, 2015 (6x units) • 6x Quizzes + final evaluation required to pass the course • 432 distinct enrollments • 124 active users (tried at least one quiz) • 208 theoretically earned badges • 137 actually generated badges
  14. 14. 14 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 14 u Conclusion • Prototype: • Web application worked well from the functional point of view • Just a few design issues have been reported by some badge earners (filename, email, criteria design) • General: • Badge issuing can be implemented relatively fast and easy ( thus relatively cheap  ) • Hot topic on various E-Learning focused conferences (e.g. oeb 2015 (http://www.online-educa.com/programme), ALT Conference 2015 (https://altc.alt.ac.uk/2015/activity/open-badges/ ) ) • So it`s not just me who believes Open Badges are great 
  15. 15. 15 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 15 u Thanks for your attention !
  16. 16. 16 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 16 u Sources/Important Links • Bernhard Hoisl, Wolfgang Aigner, and Silvia Miksch. Online Communities and Social Computing. Ed. by Douglas Schuler. Vol. 4564. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2007, pp. 362–371. isbn: 978-3-540-73256-3. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-73257-0 (Slide 6). • Mozilla‘s Open Badges http://openbadges.org/ • Open Badges Specification https://openbadgespec.org/ • iMooX http://imoox.at/wbtmaster/startseite/ • Moodle https://moodle.org/ • edX https://www.edx.org/home • Coursera https://www.coursera.org/ • Udacity https://www.udacity.com/ • Iversity https://iversity.org/de • Blackboard http://de.blackboard.com/sites/international/globalmaster/ • Open Badge Passport https://openbadgepassport.com/ • JSON http://json.org/
  17. 17. 17 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 17 u Sources/Important Links • Credly https://credly.com/ • Open Badge Factory https://openbadgefactory.com/ • OpenElms http://openelms.org/ • Canvas http://www.canvaslms.com/ • Apache Tomcat http://tomcat.apache.org/ • jQuery https://jquery.com/ • Bootstrap http://getbootstrap.com/ • MySql https://www.mysql.de/ • Hibernate http://hibernate.org/
  18. 18. 18 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 18 u Badge Assertion & Badge Class Example
  19. 19. 19 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 19 u Issuer & Criteria
  20. 20. 20 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 20 u Backpacks
  21. 21. 21 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 21 u Badge concept • How to define criteria • Which competencies should a user gain to earn the badge ? • Which behavior should that badge suggest ? • How to proof gained knowledge ? • How should it look like (badge design) ? • Which tags to use (for searching) ?
  22. 22. 22 u Open Badges for Learning Environments 22 u Automatic badge issuing • Highly depens on the context • Mostly triggered by user-events: • Click events: Navigation, resource watching (video, e-paper...) , downloaded resources (papers, videos, images ... ) • Submissions: File, text, algorithm, source code ... • E-Assessment: Open- and closed tasks like T/F, Selective, Sorting and Short/Long texts, subsets or clozes.  Badging system has to be aware of those events! • Realization therefore depends on selected integration approach Visiting each page Starting, time True/false, amount of different downloads... Automatic checking, word count, text analysis Automatic testing

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