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Modal verbs
1
Müssen, wollen, mögen
2
pronoun müssen
to have to, must
können
to be able to, can
wollen
to want to, plan to do
ich muss kann will
du musst kannst willst
er/es/sie muss kann will
wir müssen können wollen
ihr müsst könnt wollt
sie/Sie müssen können wollen
When do we use them?
Müssen:
 Obligation
“Ich muss meine
Hausaufgaben
machen”
Wollen
 Desire / wish /
intentions
“Ich will ins Kino
gehen”
Mögen
 To express that
you like something
“Ich mag deine
Jacke”
3
Note:
4
pronoun dürfen
to be allowed to;
may
sollen
to be supposed to;
shall
ich darf soll
du darfst sollst
er/es/sie darf soll
wir dürfen sollen
ihr dürft sollt
sie dürfen sollen
Sie dürfen sollen
Dürfen:
 “to be allowed” i.e. Kinder dürfen
nicht alleine zur Schule gehen.
 “may” i.e. Darf ich raus gehen?
When do we use them?
Sollen:
 “to be supposed to” i.e. Ich soll
meine Hausaufgaben machen.
 “shall” i.e du sollst nicht töten.
5
Modal verbs in Präteritum
6
Personal
pronoun
wollen
want to
können
can
müssen
must
dürfen
to be allowed
sollen
should
ich wollte konnte musste durfte sollte
du wolltest konntest musstest durftest solltest
er/es/sie wollte konnte musste durfte sollte
wir wollten konnten mussten durften sollten
ihr wolltet konntet musstet durftet solltet
sie/Sie wollten konnten mussten durften sollten
Check the grammar from
A1 and A2 and our Ebook
for more on modal verbs

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Modal verbs

  • 2. Müssen, wollen, mögen 2 pronoun müssen to have to, must können to be able to, can wollen to want to, plan to do ich muss kann will du musst kannst willst er/es/sie muss kann will wir müssen können wollen ihr müsst könnt wollt sie/Sie müssen können wollen
  • 3. When do we use them? Müssen:  Obligation “Ich muss meine Hausaufgaben machen” Wollen  Desire / wish / intentions “Ich will ins Kino gehen” Mögen  To express that you like something “Ich mag deine Jacke” 3
  • 4. Note: 4 pronoun dürfen to be allowed to; may sollen to be supposed to; shall ich darf soll du darfst sollst er/es/sie darf soll wir dürfen sollen ihr dürft sollt sie dürfen sollen Sie dürfen sollen
  • 5. Dürfen:  “to be allowed” i.e. Kinder dürfen nicht alleine zur Schule gehen.  “may” i.e. Darf ich raus gehen? When do we use them? Sollen:  “to be supposed to” i.e. Ich soll meine Hausaufgaben machen.  “shall” i.e du sollst nicht töten. 5
  • 6. Modal verbs in Präteritum 6 Personal pronoun wollen want to können can müssen must dürfen to be allowed sollen should ich wollte konnte musste durfte sollte du wolltest konntest musstest durftest solltest er/es/sie wollte konnte musste durfte sollte wir wollten konnten mussten durften sollten ihr wolltet konntet musstet durftet solltet sie/Sie wollten konnten mussten durften sollten
  • 7. Check the grammar from A1 and A2 and our Ebook for more on modal verbs