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#
GOOD MORNING
Presenter Name
GOOD
AFTERNOON
#
Betty Newman’s System
Model
By:-
Mrs. Liza S.
Thursday, July 18, 2013 2
#
BETTY NEUMANN’S SYSTEM MODEL
• Betty Neumann’s system model provides a
comprehensive, flexible, holistic and system base...
#
BETTY NEUMANN’S SYSTEM MODEL
• The use of primary, secondary and tertiary nursing
prevention intervention for retention,...
#
HISTORY AND
BACKGROUND
OF THE
THEORIST
Thursday, July 18, 2013 5
#
HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF THE
THEORIST
• Betty Neumann was born in 1924, in
Lowel, Ohio.
• Completed B.Sc. nursing in 19...
#
HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF THE
THEORIST
• A pioneer in the community mental
health movement in the late 1960s.
• Began de...
#
HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF
THE THEORIST
• The models was initially developed, in response
to graduate nursing students ex...
#
HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF
THE THEORIST
• The model was published in 1972 as “A Model for
Teaching Total Person Approach ...
#
DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODEL
• Neumann’s model was influenced by a variety
of sources.
• The philosophy writers de Chardin a...
#
NEUMANN’S WORK & THE
CHARACTERISTICS
OF A THEORY
• Theories can be the bases for hypotheses, that
can be tested.
• Theor...
#
NEUMANN’S WORK & THE
CHARACTERISTICS
OF A THEORY
• Theories connects the interrelated concepts in
such a way, as to crea...
#
NEUMANN’S WORK & THE
CHARACTERISTICS
OF A THEORY
• Theories can be utilized by the practitioner, to
guide and improve th...
#
BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
OF NEUMANN’S
THEORY
Thursday, July 18, 2013 14
#
BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
1. Each client system is unique, a composite of
factors and characteristics within a given range
of re...
#
BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
2. Many known, unknown and universal
stressors exist. Each differ in it’s potential
for disturbing a c...
#
3. Stressors both universal and known; some
are unique to the client. They have potential
to disturb equilibrium, thus c...
#
BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
4. Man is a composite of the interrelationship of
the four variables ( biological, psychological,
soci...
#
BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
5. Each client/ client system has evolved a normal
range of responses to the environment that is
refer...
#
BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
7. When the flexible Line of Defense is no
longer capable of protecting the client/ client
system, aga...
#Thursday, July 18, 2013 21
BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
#
8.Primary prevention relates to general
knowledge applied to clients assessment to
identify stressors before they occur....
#
MAJOR CONCEPTS
OF NEUMANN'S
THEORY
Thursday, July 18, 2013 23
#
FOUR MAJOR CONCEPTS
Thursday, July 18, 2013 24
#
1.Person
Each layer consists of five person variable or
subsystems: Physiological- Refer to the
physiochemical structure...
#
2.Environment
The internal environment exists within the client system.
The external environment exists outside the clie...
#
3.Health
Neuman sees health as being
equated with wellness. She
defines health/wellness as “the
condition in which all p...
#
3.Health
The client system moved toward
wellness when more energy is
available than is needed.
The client system moves t...
#
4. Nursing
Neuman sees nursing as a unique
profession that is concerned with all
of the variables, which influence the
r...
#
4. Nursing
Neuman defines nursing as “action
which assist individuals, families
and groups to maintain a
maximum level o...
#
4. Nursing
The role of the nurse is seen in terms of degree of
reaction to stressors, and the use of primary,
secondary ...
#Thursday, July 18, 2013 32
Primary
prevention
Secondary
prevention
Tertiary
prevention
Stressors
Reaction
Interventions
R...
#
STAGES OF NURSING PROCESS
(BY NEUMAN)
Thursday, July 18, 2013 33
#
NEUMANN’S SYSTEM MODEL FORMAT
Thursday, July 18, 2013 34
#
ACCEPTANCE BY THE NURSING
COMMUNITY
PRACTICE
EDUCATION
RESEARCH
Thursday, July 18, 2013 35
#
Conclusion
Introduction of theory
History and background of theorist
Development of model
Characteristics of theory
...
#Thursday, July 18, 2013First year M.Sc.Nursing 37
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4. betty neuman's theories (liza)

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4. betty neuman's theories (liza)

  1. 1. # GOOD MORNING Presenter Name GOOD AFTERNOON
  2. 2. # Betty Newman’s System Model By:- Mrs. Liza S. Thursday, July 18, 2013 2
  3. 3. # BETTY NEUMANN’S SYSTEM MODEL • Betty Neumann’s system model provides a comprehensive, flexible, holistic and system based perspective for nursing. • It focuses attention on the response of the client system to actual or potential environmental stressors. Thursday, July 18, 2013 3
  4. 4. # BETTY NEUMANN’S SYSTEM MODEL • The use of primary, secondary and tertiary nursing prevention intervention for retention, attainment, and maintenance of optimal client system wellness. Thursday, July 18, 2013 4
  5. 5. # HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF THE THEORIST Thursday, July 18, 2013 5
  6. 6. # HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF THE THEORIST • Betty Neumann was born in 1924, in Lowel, Ohio. • Completed B.Sc. nursing in 1957, and M.S. in Mental Health Public health consultation, from UCLA in 1966. • She holds a Ph.D. in clinical psychology. Thursday, July 18, 2013 6
  7. 7. # HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF THE THEORIST • A pioneer in the community mental health movement in the late 1960s. • Began developing her health system model, while a lecturer in community health nursing at University of California, Los Angeles. Thursday, July 18, 2013 7
  8. 8. # HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF THE THEORIST • The models was initially developed, in response to graduate nursing students expression of a need for course content, that would expose them to breadth of nursing problems, prior to focusing on specific nursing problem areas. Thursday, July 18, 2013 8
  9. 9. # HISTORY AND BACKGROUND OF THE THEORIST • The model was published in 1972 as “A Model for Teaching Total Person Approach to Patient Problems” in Nursing Research. • It was refined, and subsequently published in the first edition of Conceptual Models for Nursing Practice, in 1974, and in the second edition in 1980. Thursday, July 18, 2013 9
  10. 10. # DEVELOPMENT OF THE MODEL • Neumann’s model was influenced by a variety of sources. • The philosophy writers de Chardin and cornu (on wholeness in system). • Von Bertalanfy, and Lazlo on general system theory. • Selye on stress theory. • Lararus on stress and coping. Thursday, July 18, 2013 10
  11. 11. # NEUMANN’S WORK & THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A THEORY • Theories can be the bases for hypotheses, that can be tested. • Theories contribute to and assist in, increasing the general body of knowledge within the discipline, through the research implemented to validate them. Thursday, July 18, 2013 11
  12. 12. # NEUMANN’S WORK & THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A THEORY • Theories connects the interrelated concepts in such a way, as to create a different way of looking at a particular phenomenon. • Theories must be logical in nature . • Theories should be relatively simple yet generalizable. Thursday, July 18, 2013 12
  13. 13. # NEUMANN’S WORK & THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A THEORY • Theories can be utilized by the practitioner, to guide and improve their practice. • Theories must be consistent with other validated theories, laws and principles but will leave open unanswered questions, that need to be investigated. Thursday, July 18, 2013 13
  14. 14. # BASIC ASSUMPTIONS OF NEUMANN’S THEORY Thursday, July 18, 2013 14
  15. 15. # BASIC ASSUMPTIONS 1. Each client system is unique, a composite of factors and characteristics within a given range of responses contained within a basic structure. I am unique Thursday, July 18, 2013 15
  16. 16. # BASIC ASSUMPTIONS 2. Many known, unknown and universal stressors exist. Each differ in it’s potential for disturbing a client’s usual stability level or normal Line of Defense. Thursday, July 18, 2013 16
  17. 17. # 3. Stressors both universal and known; some are unique to the client. They have potential to disturb equilibrium, thus causing a change in priority of needs at any given moment. Thursday, July 18, 2013 17 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS Stressors disturbs the normal equilibrium
  18. 18. # BASIC ASSUMPTIONS 4. Man is a composite of the interrelationship of the four variables ( biological, psychological, socio-cultural and developmental) which are at all times present. Thursday, July 18, 2013 18
  19. 19. # BASIC ASSUMPTIONS 5. Each client/ client system has evolved a normal range of responses to the environment that is referred to as a normal Line of Defense. The normal Line of Defense can be used as a standard from which to measure health deviation. Thursday, July 18, 2013 19
  20. 20. # BASIC ASSUMPTIONS 7. When the flexible Line of Defense is no longer capable of protecting the client/ client system, against an environmental stressor, the stressor breaks through the normal Line of Defense. Thursday, July 18, 2013 20
  21. 21. #Thursday, July 18, 2013 21 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
  22. 22. # 8.Primary prevention relates to general knowledge applied to clients assessment to identify stressors before they occur. 9.Secondary prevention relates to symptomatology. These are interventions generally initiated after an encounter with a stressor. 10.Tertiary prevention relates to the adaptive process, as reconstitution begins and moves back towards primary prevention. These are the interventions initiated after treatment. Thursday, July 18, 2013 22 BASIC ASSUMPTIONS
  23. 23. # MAJOR CONCEPTS OF NEUMANN'S THEORY Thursday, July 18, 2013 23
  24. 24. # FOUR MAJOR CONCEPTS Thursday, July 18, 2013 24
  25. 25. # 1.Person Each layer consists of five person variable or subsystems: Physiological- Refer to the physiochemical structure and function of the body. Psychological- Refers to mental processes and emotions. Socio-cultural- Refers to relationships; and social/cultural expectations and activities. Spiritual- Refers to the influence of spiritual beliefs. Developmental- Refers to those processes related to development over the lifespan. Thursday, July 18, 2013 25
  26. 26. # 2.Environment The internal environment exists within the client system. The external environment exists outside the client system. A created environment which is an environment that is created and developed unconsciously by the client and is symbolic of system wholeness. Thursday, July 18, 2013 26
  27. 27. # 3.Health Neuman sees health as being equated with wellness. She defines health/wellness as “the condition in which all parts and subparts (variables) are in harmony with the whole of the client (Neumann, 1995)”. Thursday, July 18, 2013 27
  28. 28. # 3.Health The client system moved toward wellness when more energy is available than is needed. The client system moves toward illness and death when more energy is needed than is available. . Thursday, July 18, 2013 28
  29. 29. # 4. Nursing Neuman sees nursing as a unique profession that is concerned with all of the variables, which influence the response a person might have to a stressor. The person is seen as a whole, and it is the task of nursing to address the whole person. Thursday, July 18, 2013 29
  30. 30. # 4. Nursing Neuman defines nursing as “action which assist individuals, families and groups to maintain a maximum level of wellness, and the primary aim is stability of the patient/client system, through nursing interventions to reduce stressors.’’ Thursday, July 18, 2013 30
  31. 31. # 4. Nursing The role of the nurse is seen in terms of degree of reaction to stressors, and the use of primary, secondary and tertiary interventions. Thursday, July 18, 2013 31
  32. 32. #Thursday, July 18, 2013 32 Primary prevention Secondary prevention Tertiary prevention Stressors Reaction Interventions Reconstitution Stressors Stressors Basic structure and Line of Defense The Neuman System Model (3 rd edition, 1995)
  33. 33. # STAGES OF NURSING PROCESS (BY NEUMAN) Thursday, July 18, 2013 33
  34. 34. # NEUMANN’S SYSTEM MODEL FORMAT Thursday, July 18, 2013 34
  35. 35. # ACCEPTANCE BY THE NURSING COMMUNITY PRACTICE EDUCATION RESEARCH Thursday, July 18, 2013 35
  36. 36. # Conclusion Introduction of theory History and background of theorist Development of model Characteristics of theory Basic assumptions Major concepts Applications in nursing practice Thursday, July 18, 2013 36
  37. 37. #Thursday, July 18, 2013First year M.Sc.Nursing 37

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