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Governance models for sustainable urban construction logistics: barriers for collaboration

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Urban construction logistics has a large impact on cities. The topic of this paper is governance strategies for realising more sustainable urban construction logistics. Although not much research has been carried out in the field of governance of construction logistics, several authors have stressed the fragmented nature of the construction industry and the importance of collaboration in urban construction logistics. A literature review was conducted to identify sensitizing concepts on barriers in processes of collaboration. Based on these barriers we identified which drivers for collaborative governance are missing and which actions are necessary to improve the governance of construction logistics. The methods for data collection were semi-structured interviews and one focus group. The collaborative governance model is applied as a strategy to overcome the identified barriers in collaboration and governance. Key findings are both formal and informal barriers hinder the governance of construction logistics. On the basis of the collaborative governance model we identify four drivers that are necessary for collaborative governance to emerge.

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Governance models for sustainable urban construction logistics: barriers for collaboration

  1. 1. GOVERNANCE MODELS FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN CONSTRUCTION LOGISTICS BARRIERS FOR COLLABORATION Walther Ploos van Amstel, Susanne Balm Michael Berden Marie Morel Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences @CityLogisticsNL CIVIC project smart construction logistics June 2019 Dubrovnik Croatia City Logistics Conference 2019
  3. 3. RELEVANCE FOR CITY LOGISTICS • 30 to 40% of city logistics is related to construction • Construction logistics starts at project design, contracting and local governance • What role does governance play?
  4. 4. RELEVANCE FOR CITY LOGISTICS • UCC’s, consolidation upstream, transport over water and combining incoming with outgoing flows • Less urban freight movements: 50-80% • Innovation in construction processes and planning • Stakeholder involvement • Data integration BIM: • paperless processes • tactical and operational planning • link to local traffic control/ITS
  5. 5. COORDINATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS Coordination framework Notification of larger construction projects (24 months). Stadsregie notifies public authorities. Alignment projects / adjusting planning. Environmental framework (BLVC) by municipality Tender including BLVC framework Tender proposals including BLVC plan Construction phase Execution plan BLVC for WIOR permit Monitoring
  6. 6. BARRIERS FOR COLLABORATION • The framework was explored interviews • Private and public actors • Specific for the City of Amsterdam • Barriers and drivers • Dynamics and actions
  7. 7. BARRIERS FOR COLLABORATION Formal barriers Political agenda Lack of direction Functional silos Domain demarcation Inadequate instruments and policies Poor information systems Informal barriers Lack of sense of urgency Conflicting goals and values Lack of trust Lack of communication Not sharing information No knowledge
  8. 8. FINDINGS Willingness The willingness and intrinsic motivation for innovation in construction logistics is constrained by the fact that there are conflicting goals and values. Ability The ability to create a change in the approach of construction logistics lacks of financial or human resources. Implementation is hindered due to a lack of cement for construction logistics in decision-making and lack of demand on a customer level. Understanding To change construction logistics, the decision maker needs to understand what the change requires and what it entails. There is a certain degree of uncertainty about the potential of construction logistics. Awareness There is a lack of awareness of the need and existence of good construction logistics. A level of awareness is needed to start developing a better understanding of innovation in construction logistics.
  9. 9. FACILITATORS ➢ Organize experiments in living labs. Nowadays, a lot of data can be collected from systems for interventions/experiments. ➢ Formulate clear objectives for reducing negative externalities of construction projects and translate them into city policies: think of low-emission zones and maximum number of transport movements. ➢ Formulate a framework for construction logistics at area level with private actors. The essence of this solution is to achieve widely supported standards for construction logistics. ➢ Organize a problem owner at the municipality for questions about construction logistics. Knowledge about permits, procedures, contacts, and lessons learned can be important here. ➢ Focus on generic criteria for construction logistics based on a dialogue with private parties (contractor and supplier etc.) and parties in the vicinity (residents and companies etc.). ➢ Evaluation of construction logistics solutions. Nowadays lots of experiments with construction logistics are being developed. ➢ Transparency in costs / benefits in construction logistics. Make clear IT agreements about data collection and communication. ➢ Improve the coordination system by integrating architectural / construction knowledge in an early stage. • Leadership • Right incentives • Interdepedence between public and private partners • Understanding the problems and the solutions
  10. 10. FURTHER RESEARCH • Increase digital monitoring and enforcement of construction transports • Develop control towers • Develop new business models for construction logistics solutions • Stimulate collaboration between public and private actors • Include logistics factors in construction agreements and plans • Stimulate knowledge of logistics planning and control for public and private construction actors • Link construction plans with local traffic models • Increase data collection of construction transport • Improve execution of logistics concepts such as hubs, runners and waterway transport • Increase stakeholder involvement in construction logistics planning; further developing MAMCA and gamification
  11. 11. Download our handbook at: www.civic-project.eu/en/reports-and-material Contact details Walther Ploos van Amstel Amsterdam University of Applied Science w.ploos.van.amstel@hva.nl @CityLogisticsNL