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  1. 1. Greenhouse Cultivation of Rose A.VIGNESH KUMAR Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture
  2. 2. Introduction • Scientific name: Rosa hybrida • Family : Rosaceae • Origin : India • Chromosome number: 2n=14 • Queen of flower/Perfume of god/ Symbol of love. • Other name : Gulab
  3. 3. • Bourbon rose: British introduced to India • Damask rose: Baber introduced to India • It is the 1st rank of the cut flower. • Fragrance is controlled by polygene. • Inheritance of pigments: Additive gene action. • “Rose in India “ book written by Dr.B.P.Pal • “Survey of Rose Breeding” in India book written by Dr.B.P.Pal • 1st rose variety of Dr.B.P. Pal (IARI): Rose Sherbet in 1962. • Crimson China Rose is considered as the father of modern roses. • First Red is the most famous variety in rose. • Blue colour variety- Samba • Thorn less variety rose : Chitra
  4. 4. Species • There are more than 120 species. • Miniature rose is called baby rose or fairy rose. • Bourbon roses are known as reunion rose. • China roses are the ancestor of the present day popular roses. • Yellow rose- Rosa foetida • Cabbage rose- Rosa centifolia • Edward rose- Rosa bourboniana • Dog rose- Rosa canina • Himalayan musk rose- Rosa brunonii • Musk rose- Rosa moschata • Damask rose- Rosa damascene • Bengal or China rose- Rosa chinensis • Green rose- Rosa chinensis viridiflora • Thorn less rose species – Rosa blande.
  5. 5. Uses • Cut flowers • Loose flowers • Pot plants • Garden display • Bouquet making • Stage decoration • Vase table decoration
  6. 6. Garden display
  7. 7. Pot plants
  8. 8. Bouquet
  9. 9. Stage decoration
  10. 10. Stage decoration
  11. 11. Perfume and allied products • Rose water • Rose oil • Gulkand • Pankhuri • Gul-roghan • Vitamins- Rose fruits-Hips
  12. 12. Gulkand
  13. 13. Pankhuri
  14. 14. Rose fruit-Hips
  15. 15. Climate and soil • Greenhouse cultivation • Well fertile loamy soil • Soil pH : 6.5-7 • Day temperature: 15-18˚C • Night temperature: 10-15˚C • RH: 70-80%
  16. 16. Varieties • Hybrid Tea- First Red, Avon, Happiness, Super star, Kiss of fire, Eiffel tower, Supriya, Blue Perfume, Black lady, President. • Floribunda-Ice-berg, Summer snow, Chandrama, Cherisma, Angel face, Sea pearl, Suriya kiran, Doris norman. • Polyanthes-Anjani, Rasmi, Priti, Swati. • Miniature- Beauty secret, Dark Beauty, Fast fire, Silver tip, Blue bird, Star and strip, Windy City.
  17. 17. • Climbing – Climbing crimson glory, Black boy, High moon, Lamark, Lady water loo. • Other- YCD-1,YCD-2, YCD-3. • IIHR: Arka Parimala, Arka Suganya, Arka Ivory, Arka Pride. • IARI:Pusa Mohit, Pusa Ajay, Pusa Arun, Pusa Ranjana, Pusa Christina, Pusa Abhishek, Pusa Priya. • NBRA: Summer Holiday, Winter Holiday.
  18. 18. My Valentine rose
  19. 19. Mazurka rose
  20. 20. Girafin diana rose
  21. 21. Mainzer fastnacht Rose
  22. 22. Grand chateua rose
  23. 23. Salmon patio rose
  24. 24. Jacques cartier rose
  25. 25. Tiny Orange rose
  26. 26. Roxy miniature rose
  27. 27. Velvet fragrance rose
  28. 28. Large yellow rose
  29. 29. Light pink rose
  30. 30. Miniflora rose
  31. 31. Yellow red hybrid tea rose
  32. 32. Apricot tea rose
  33. 33. Cupcake tea rose
  34. 34. Bravehaeart rose
  35. 35. Summer song rose
  36. 36. Deep secret rose
  37. 37. James mason rose
  38. 38. IARI
  39. 39. Blue angel
  40. 40. Beauty secret
  41. 41. Cindrella
  42. 42. Climbing eden
  43. 43. Dancing flame
  44. 44. Gold medal
  45. 45. Ice berg
  46. 46. Golden beauty
  47. 47. Miniature rose
  48. 48. Miniature rose
  49. 49. Angel face
  50. 50. Summer snow
  51. 51. CONFETTI
  52. 52. FIRST LOVE
  53. 53. TINEKE
  54. 54. GRAND GALA
  55. 55. SKYLINE
  56. 56. AALSMEER GOLD
  57. 57. Botanical Description • The stem is prickly. • The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound. • The oval leaflets are sharply toothed. The fleshly berry like fruit is known as hip. • Roses have a determinant inflorescence that may assume corymbs, paniculate or solitary form.
  58. 58. Propagation and planting • T or shield budding • Spacing 75 ˣ 75 cm
  59. 59. T-Budding
  60. 60. Manuring • FYM 10 kg and NPK 8:8:16 g /Plant .after each pruning
  61. 61. Irrigation • Drip or overhead sprinkler irrigation. • First few months –regular irrigation. • Frequent irrigation is given 5-6days intervals.
  62. 62. Weeding • When weeding is required that weeding can be done. • Manual weeding. • Chemical weeding.
  63. 63. Pruning • Remove unwanted branches. • Pruning is done during March and October.
  64. 64. Special horticultural practices • Supporting or staking • Dis-budding • De-shooting • De-foliation • Soil-loosening • Bending
  65. 65. Dis-budding • Remove the side buds.
  66. 66. De-shooting • Remove dead or diseased shoots.
  67. 67. Bending
  68. 68. BUD NETTING/CAPPING To regulate the shape of the buds. Some varieties should be covered with bud nets
  69. 69. Soil loosening- After 6 month soil become hard. It has to be loosened for efficient irrigation. Defoliation- Removal of leaves.
  70. 70. Harvesting  Early morning/late evening  Tight bud stage with 60 – 90 cm long stems  Stage of harvest depends on variety /consumers demand  Flowers kept in water with preservatives  Transported to cold store (2 to 40C) YIELD  I year : 100-120 flowers/m2  II year : 200-240 flowers/m2  III year : 300-360 flowers/m2
  71. 71. Physiological disorders • Blindwood • Bullhead or Malformed flowers • Colour fadding • Limp neck • Blackening of petals
  72. 72. FLOWERS WITH PRESERVATIVES
  73. 73. PRECOOLING
  74. 74. LEAF STRIPPING
  75. 75. GRADING
  76. 76. GRADING
  77. 77. GRADING OF FLOWERS
  78. 78. PACKING
  79. 79. GRADING AND PACKING
  80. 80. COLD STORAGE UNIT
  81. 81. PACKAGING

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