Más contenido relacionado



Principles of Catholic Church History

  2. HISTORY IS A LONG, LONG TIME So, we will NOT attempt to cover events, dates, and personalities from the nearly 2000-year history of the Roman Catholic Church.
  3. HOW TO THINK ABOUT CHURCH HISTORY Instead, we will focus on a Catholic way of thinking about history, and especially about Church history. We will introduce the Principles of Church History.
  4. 8 PRINCIPLES OF CHURCH HISTORY • 1. Real History, Real People. • 2. Our history. Our family ancestry. • 3. Ancient and Abiding Traditions. • 4. God’s Providential History. • 5. Ongoing Church History. • 6. A Sign of Contradiction. • 7. The Church and civilization. • 8. History as Revelation
  5. 1. REAL HISTORY; REAL PEOPLE • Church History is not mythology. • Church history is embedded within and interacts with secular history. • It is the history of human beings and God. • History itself is fundamentally transformed by the incarnation -- the central historical fact for all humanity. Chesteron: The Everlasting Man. • Upon this historical fact turns the salvation of the world: That God sent his only son to be born of a woman, to die for our sins, to rise again, and through baptism to afford us the grace of a share in his resurrection at the end of history.
  6. ANCIENT NON-CHRISTIAN HISTORICAL EVIDENCE • 94 A.D. Josephus (Jewish historian) writes in his Antiquities: • Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man, [if it be lawful to call him a man]; for he was a doer of wonderful works, a teacher [of such men as receive the truth with pleasure]. He drew over to him both many of the Jews and many of the Gentiles. [He was the Christ]. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross, those that loved him at the first did not forsake him; [for he appeared to them alive again the third day; as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him.] And the tribe of Christians, so named from him, are not extinct at this day. • (Book XVIII, ch. 3 – bracketed passages are of disputed authenticity). • 116 A.D. Tacitus (Roman Historian) writes Annals • Consequently, to get rid of the report, Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judaea, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome, where all things hideous and shameful from every part of the world find their centre and become popular. Accordingly, an arrest was first made of all who pleaded guilty; then, upon their information, an immense multitude was convicted, not so much of the crime of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind. Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts, they were torn by dogs and perished, or were nailed to crosses, or were doomed to the flames and burnt, to serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had expired.”
  7. 2. OUR HISTORY. OUR FAMILY ANCESTRY. • As Catholic Christians, we inherit the traditions and become descendants of the saints of bygone days. • United in the Communion of Saints. We will one day have all the mysteries revealed, and all the connections observed. • We will marvel at the beauty of God’s plan of salvation, and perhaps be delighted at discovering our own part in it.
  9. SAINT KATHARINE DREXEL ON ANCESTRY.COM 1900 U.S. Census 1955 PA Death Certificate
  13. 3. ANCIENT AND ABIDING TRADITIONS We share the same essential beliefs and the same worship as the earliest Christian communities. In Church history, we see especially the working out of the marks of the church toward perfection: One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic.
  14. DIDACHE (TEACHING OF THE 12 APOSTLES) LATE 1ST CENTURY At the Eucharist, offer the eucharistic prayer in this way. Begin with the chalice: "We give thanks to thee, our Father, for the holy Vine of thy servant David, which thou hast made known to us through thy servant Jesus. "Glory be to thee, world without end ." Then over the broken bread: "We give thanks to thee, our Father, for the life and knowledge thou hast made known to us through thy servant Jesus.” "Glory be to thee, world without end ." "As this broken bread, once dispersed over the hills, was brought together and became one loaf, so may thy Church be brought together from the ends of the earth into thy kingdom." "Thine is the glory and the power, through Jesus Christ, for ever and ever." No one is to eat or drink of your Eucharist but those who have been baptized in the Name of the Lord
  15. 4. GOD’S PROVIDENTIAL HISTORY. God raises up those men and women who will be His instruments at the proper time. God transforms moments of suffering and calamity and scandal into Goods, according to His will and purpose and time. We have no sense of how long History will be. We may still be in the infancy of the church.
  16. 5. ONGOING CHURCH HISTORY. WE are called to sanctify the world in our own time and within our own sphere of influence. We are called by our baptism to build up the church. The Church remains the sign and instrument of the world’s salvation.
  17. 6. SIGN OF CONTRADICTION The Church has ALWAYS been hated, challenged, persecuted, and opposed. But, it remains divine, and the gates of Hell will not prevail against it. History is evidence of the faithfulness of God, and the trustworthiness of the promises of Jesus.
  18. 7. THE HISTORY OF OF CIVILIZATION. The best of human achievements in music, art, literature, science, education, architecture, have been accomplished in communion with the church, under the patronage of the church, for the greater glory of God. This is your patrimony!
  19. 8. HISTORY AS REVELATION Much of what we consider the high moments in Church history are related to the human discovery of the divine. We know more, and more is revealed to us (through scholarship, contemplation, experience, tradition) about the nature of God and our relationship to Him. These truths are called the “Deposit of Faith,” and they are transmitted to us through the TRADITION of the Church.