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Nutritional anemia

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Nutritional anemia refers to types of anemia that can be directly attributed to nutritional disorders. Examples include Iron deficiency anemia and pernicious (Vitamin B12 deficiency) anemia.

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Nutritional anemia

  1. 1. Shahzadi Rihas Sabah M. Sc . and B. Sc. in Food and Nutrition (DU) Dietitian and Researcher
  2. 2.  Anemia is the world’s 2nd leading cause of disability and thus one of the most serious global public health problem  Reducing the burden of anemia will make a major contribution to achieving several UN Millennium Development Goal (WHO, 2011)  Anemia is a condition characterized by low hemoglobin in the body caused by a deficiency of nutrients including iron in the diet(ICDDRB, 2008)
  3. 3.  Most Common cause: Iron deficiency  Other causes, ▪ Folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin C deficiencies, ▪ Chronic inflammation, ▪ Parasitic infections, and ▪ Inherited disorders.
  4. 4. Most affected are children and women in the developing world
  5. 5.  The global prevalence of anemia for the general population is 24.8% and 1620 million people are affected by anemia (WHO, 2011)  Globally 2.15 billion individuals are anemic because of iron deficiency (Khusun, 1999)  In Bangladesh (National surveillance project bulletin, 2006):  Under 5 children 68%  Adolescent girls 40%  Adolescent boys 31%  Non pregnant women 46%  Pregnant women 39 %
  6. 6.  WHO has developed a comprehensive package of public health measures addressing all aspects of iron deficiency and anaemia.  Increase iron intake. ▪ Dietary diversification including iron-rich foods and enhancement of iron absorption, food fortification and iron supplementation.  Control infection. ▪ Immunization and control programmes for malaria, hookworm and schistosomiasis.  Improve nutritional status. ▪ Prevention and control of other nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin B12, folate and vitaminC. WHO, 2011
  7. 7.  WHO ( 2011), Anemia, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 from http://www.who.int/topics/anaemia/en/  (ICDDRB, 2008), Anaemia in Bangladesh: problems and solutions, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 from https://centre.icddrb.org/pub/publication.jsp?classification ID=46&pubID=10328  HERproject, Bangladesh (2010), Female factory workers Health needs assessment, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 fromherproject.org/downloads/country.../her_health_ne eds_bangladesh.p...  Nutritional surveillance project bulletin (2006),The burden of ane4mia in rural Bangladesh:The need for urgent action, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 www.hki.org/research/NSP%20Bulletin%2016.pdf  Khusun, H.,Yip R, SchultinkW, Dilon D H S (1999), World Health Organization Haemoglobin cuo off points for the detection of anemia are valid for an Indenesian population, The journal of nutrition, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 http://jn.nutrition.org/content/129/9/1669.full
  8. 8.  Mridulla S M (2009),Working condition and reproductive health status of female garments workers in Bangladesh, retrieved at 15th October, 2011 www.amrc.org.hk/.../Final%20Garments%20Stud y%20Report.pdf  Wanjek, C ( 2005). Food at work.Workplace solutions for malnutrition, obesity and chronic diseases, International Labour Office, Geneva.  IFC . and ILO (2000). Good Practices: Apparel. ILO, Geneva.  www.who.int/nutrition/.../en/ida_assessment_pr evention_control.pdf  home.ix.netcom.com/~suzumi/food_ch1.pdf  www.who.int/nutrition/.../WHO_WFP_UNICEFst atement.pdf