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V.Kaliselvam
What is Production management?
 Production management is the process of
effectively planning and regulating the
operations of that part of an enterprise which
is responsible for the actual transformation of
materials into finished products.
5 P`s of Production Management
 1. PRODUCTS.
 2. PLANT.
 3. PROCESS.
 4. PROGRMS.
 5. PEOPLE.
 When this five element integrated a
successful production management takes
place.
OBJECTIVE OF PRODUCTION
MANAGEMENT
 1. RIGHT QUALITY.
 2. RIGHT QUANTITY.
 3. PREDETERMINED TIME.
 4. PRE-ESTABLISHED COST.
 Other objectives are :
 1. Machinery and Equipment.
 2. Materials.
 3. Manpower.
 4. Supporting Service.
SCOPE & ACTIVITIES OF PM
 There are two types of scope & activities of PM :
 1. Strategic level.
 (a) Design & development of new product.
 (b) Process design & Planning
 (c) Facilities location & layout planning
 (d) Design of material handling
 (e) Capacity planning
 2. Operational level.
 (a) Production Planning
 (b) Production Planning
 (c) Inventory Control
 (d) Product maintenance & replacement
 (e) Cost Control & Cost Reduction
PRODUCTION PLANNING & CONTROL
(PPC)
 PPC is the powerful tool available to the
mgmt to achieve the stated objective.
Production planning starts with the analysis of
data like demand & delivery schedule etc &
the basis of information available and
resources like machine, material & men.
 So, PPC is the process of directing &
coordinating of firms resources towards
attaining prefixed goal.
FUNCTIONS OF PPC
 1. Material Function
 2. Machine & Equipment
 3. Methods
 4. Routing
 5. Estimating
 6. Scheduling
 7. Dispatching
 8. Expediting
 9. Inspection
 10.Evaluation
TYPES OF PRODUCTION
 1. BATCH PRODUCTION
 2. MASS & FLOW PRODUCTION
 3. PROCESS PRODUCTION
 4. PROJECT PRODUCTION
 5. JOBBING PRODUCTION
BATCH PRODUCTION
 Batch production is the manufacturing of
limited number of product produced at regular
intervals & stocked in warehouse as finished
goods.
 Eg. Chemical , paint & motor vehicles etc.
CHARACTARISTIC OF BATCH
PRODUCTION
 1. Short Run.
 2. Skilled labours in specific trades
 3. Limited span of control
 4. General purpose machine and process type layout
 5. Manual material handling
 6. Manufacturing cycle time affected due to queues
 7. Large WIP
 8. Flexible production schedule
 9. Need to have PPC.
JOBBING PRODUCTION
 Jobbing production is characterized by the
manufacture of one or few number of a single
product designed and manufactured strictly to
customer’s specifications within the given
period and within the price fixed prior to the
contract.
 Eg: general repair shop, tailoring shops.
CHARACTARITIC OF JOBBING PRODUCTION
 1. Small production runs.
 2. Discontinuous flow of materials.
 3. Not proportionate manufacture cycle time.
 4. Highly skilled labour.
 5. Highly competent knowledgeable supervision.
 6. Large WIP.
 7. Limited function of PPC.
PROJECT PRODUCTION
 Project production is characterized by
complex sets of activities that must be
performed in a particular order within the
estimated expenditure.
 Eg: construction of Roads, Buildings etc.
CHARACTARITIC OF PROJECT
PRODUCTION
 1. Definite beginning & definite end.
 2. Non uniform requirement of resources.
 3. Involvement of different agencies.
 4. Fixed position layout.
 5. High cost overrun.
 6. Scheduling & control.
MASS & FLOW PRODUCTION
 Mass as well as flow production are characterized by
the manufacturer of several number of a std product
and stocked in the warehouses as finished goods
awaiting sales. The goods under mass production are
manufactured either at a single operation or a series
of operation on one machine.
 Eg: Assembly shop of automobiles, radios, electric
fans.
CHARACTARITIC OF MASS & FLOW
PRODUCTION
 1. Continuous flow of material.
 2. Special purpose m/c and product type layout.
 3. Mechanized material handling.
 4. Low skilled labour.
 5. Short manufacturing cycle time.
 6. Easy supervision.
 7. Limited WIP.
PROCESS PRODUCTION
 Process production is characterized by the
manufacture of single product produced and
stocked in the warehouses awaiting sales.
 Eg: Sugar, Steel, Paper, Cement plants.
CHARACTARITIC OF PROCESS
PRODUCTION
 1. Special purpose m/c with built in control.
 2. Highly mechanized material building.
 3. Virtually zero manufacturing time.
 4. Low skilled labor.
 5. Highly qualified supervisors.
 6. Negligible WIP.
 7. Limited PPC.
WHAT IS PRODUCTIVITY ?
 Productivity is the quantitative relation
between what we produce and what we use
as a source of produce them. So, Productivity
is the arithmetic ratio of output to the amount
of input.
 PRODUCTIVITY = Output / Input.
 Productivity refers to the efficiency of the
production system.
PRODUCTIVITY MEASURES
 1. PARTIAL PRODUCTIVITY MEASURE (PPM)
 PARTIAL PRODUCTIVITY= Total output / individual input.
 (a) Labor Productivity=Total o/p / Labor input
 (b) Capital Productivity = Total o/p / Material input
 (c) Material Productivity = Total o/p / Capital input
 (d) Energy Productivity = Total o/p / Energy input.
 2. TOTAL PRODUCTIVITY MEASURE (TPM)
 = Total tangible o/p / Total tangible i/p
 Tangible o/p= Value of FG & Partial units produced, dividend
from securities, interest, other incomes
 Tangible i/p = Value of ( human , material, capital, other inputs)
FACTORS EFFECTING PRODUCTIVITY
 1. PRODUCT.
 2. PLANT &EQUIPMENT.
 3. TECHNOLOGY.
 4. MATERIAL & ENERGY.
 5. HUMAN FACTOR.
 6. WORK METHOD.
 7. MANAGEMENT STYLE.
PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT
TECHNIQUES
 1. TECHNOLOGY BASED
 2. EMPLOYEE BASED.’
 3. MATERIAL BASED.
 4. PROCESS BASED.
 5. PRODUCT BASED.
 6. MANAGEMENT BASED.

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V.Kaliselvam.ppt

  • 2. What is Production management?  Production management is the process of effectively planning and regulating the operations of that part of an enterprise which is responsible for the actual transformation of materials into finished products.
  • 3. 5 P`s of Production Management  1. PRODUCTS.  2. PLANT.  3. PROCESS.  4. PROGRMS.  5. PEOPLE.  When this five element integrated a successful production management takes place.
  • 4. OBJECTIVE OF PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT  1. RIGHT QUALITY.  2. RIGHT QUANTITY.  3. PREDETERMINED TIME.  4. PRE-ESTABLISHED COST.  Other objectives are :  1. Machinery and Equipment.  2. Materials.  3. Manpower.  4. Supporting Service.
  • 5. SCOPE & ACTIVITIES OF PM  There are two types of scope & activities of PM :  1. Strategic level.  (a) Design & development of new product.  (b) Process design & Planning  (c) Facilities location & layout planning  (d) Design of material handling  (e) Capacity planning  2. Operational level.  (a) Production Planning  (b) Production Planning  (c) Inventory Control  (d) Product maintenance & replacement  (e) Cost Control & Cost Reduction
  • 6. PRODUCTION PLANNING & CONTROL (PPC)  PPC is the powerful tool available to the mgmt to achieve the stated objective. Production planning starts with the analysis of data like demand & delivery schedule etc & the basis of information available and resources like machine, material & men.  So, PPC is the process of directing & coordinating of firms resources towards attaining prefixed goal.
  • 7. FUNCTIONS OF PPC  1. Material Function  2. Machine & Equipment  3. Methods  4. Routing  5. Estimating  6. Scheduling  7. Dispatching  8. Expediting  9. Inspection  10.Evaluation
  • 8. TYPES OF PRODUCTION  1. BATCH PRODUCTION  2. MASS & FLOW PRODUCTION  3. PROCESS PRODUCTION  4. PROJECT PRODUCTION  5. JOBBING PRODUCTION
  • 9. BATCH PRODUCTION  Batch production is the manufacturing of limited number of product produced at regular intervals & stocked in warehouse as finished goods.  Eg. Chemical , paint & motor vehicles etc.
  • 10. CHARACTARISTIC OF BATCH PRODUCTION  1. Short Run.  2. Skilled labours in specific trades  3. Limited span of control  4. General purpose machine and process type layout  5. Manual material handling  6. Manufacturing cycle time affected due to queues  7. Large WIP  8. Flexible production schedule  9. Need to have PPC.
  • 11. JOBBING PRODUCTION  Jobbing production is characterized by the manufacture of one or few number of a single product designed and manufactured strictly to customer’s specifications within the given period and within the price fixed prior to the contract.  Eg: general repair shop, tailoring shops.
  • 12. CHARACTARITIC OF JOBBING PRODUCTION  1. Small production runs.  2. Discontinuous flow of materials.  3. Not proportionate manufacture cycle time.  4. Highly skilled labour.  5. Highly competent knowledgeable supervision.  6. Large WIP.  7. Limited function of PPC.
  • 13. PROJECT PRODUCTION  Project production is characterized by complex sets of activities that must be performed in a particular order within the estimated expenditure.  Eg: construction of Roads, Buildings etc.
  • 14. CHARACTARITIC OF PROJECT PRODUCTION  1. Definite beginning & definite end.  2. Non uniform requirement of resources.  3. Involvement of different agencies.  4. Fixed position layout.  5. High cost overrun.  6. Scheduling & control.
  • 15. MASS & FLOW PRODUCTION  Mass as well as flow production are characterized by the manufacturer of several number of a std product and stocked in the warehouses as finished goods awaiting sales. The goods under mass production are manufactured either at a single operation or a series of operation on one machine.  Eg: Assembly shop of automobiles, radios, electric fans.
  • 16. CHARACTARITIC OF MASS & FLOW PRODUCTION  1. Continuous flow of material.  2. Special purpose m/c and product type layout.  3. Mechanized material handling.  4. Low skilled labour.  5. Short manufacturing cycle time.  6. Easy supervision.  7. Limited WIP.
  • 17. PROCESS PRODUCTION  Process production is characterized by the manufacture of single product produced and stocked in the warehouses awaiting sales.  Eg: Sugar, Steel, Paper, Cement plants.
  • 18. CHARACTARITIC OF PROCESS PRODUCTION  1. Special purpose m/c with built in control.  2. Highly mechanized material building.  3. Virtually zero manufacturing time.  4. Low skilled labor.  5. Highly qualified supervisors.  6. Negligible WIP.  7. Limited PPC.
  • 19. WHAT IS PRODUCTIVITY ?  Productivity is the quantitative relation between what we produce and what we use as a source of produce them. So, Productivity is the arithmetic ratio of output to the amount of input.  PRODUCTIVITY = Output / Input.  Productivity refers to the efficiency of the production system.
  • 20. PRODUCTIVITY MEASURES  1. PARTIAL PRODUCTIVITY MEASURE (PPM)  PARTIAL PRODUCTIVITY= Total output / individual input.  (a) Labor Productivity=Total o/p / Labor input  (b) Capital Productivity = Total o/p / Material input  (c) Material Productivity = Total o/p / Capital input  (d) Energy Productivity = Total o/p / Energy input.  2. TOTAL PRODUCTIVITY MEASURE (TPM)  = Total tangible o/p / Total tangible i/p  Tangible o/p= Value of FG & Partial units produced, dividend from securities, interest, other incomes  Tangible i/p = Value of ( human , material, capital, other inputs)
  • 21. FACTORS EFFECTING PRODUCTIVITY  1. PRODUCT.  2. PLANT &EQUIPMENT.  3. TECHNOLOGY.  4. MATERIAL & ENERGY.  5. HUMAN FACTOR.  6. WORK METHOD.  7. MANAGEMENT STYLE.
  • 22. PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT TECHNIQUES  1. TECHNOLOGY BASED  2. EMPLOYEE BASED.’  3. MATERIAL BASED.  4. PROCESS BASED.  5. PRODUCT BASED.  6. MANAGEMENT BASED.