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Relative Pronouns

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Ppt  Grammar IV
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Relative Pronouns

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Hi everybody,
in this presentation you can learn how to use the relative pronouns to form defining relative clauses.
The authors of this presentation are Inma, Gloria, Fran and Pablo

Hi everybody,
in this presentation you can learn how to use the relative pronouns to form defining relative clauses.
The authors of this presentation are Inma, Gloria, Fran and Pablo

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Relative Pronouns

  1. 1. WHAT IS A RELATIVE CLAUSE? <ul><li>It is a subordinate clause depending on a main clause. </li></ul><ul><li>Angelina Jolie is an actress who loves horror films. ( subordinate clause = who loves horror films ) </li></ul><ul><li>The ANTECEDENT is a word that belongs to the main clause. It is the person, object,place… </li></ul><ul><li>of the main clause. </li></ul><ul><li>Brad Pitt is an actor who makes a lot of films. actor = antecedent </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The relative pronoun always follows the antecedent . </li></ul><ul><li>Jhonny Deep is an actor who played Pirate of the Caribbean </li></ul><ul><li>Actor : antecedent </li></ul><ul><li>Who : relative pronoun </li></ul>
  3. 3. RELATIVE PRONOUNS ARE: <ul><li>WHO </li></ul><ul><li>WHICH </li></ul><ul><li>WHOSE </li></ul><ul><li>WHOM </li></ul><ul><li>THAT </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE </li></ul><ul><li>WHEN </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES We use defining relative clauses to add essential information <ul><li>We use WHO / WHOM for people </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>The film director is the person who is responsible for the film. </li></ul><ul><li>We use WHICH for things </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>These are the cameras which are in the studio. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>We use WHOSE for possesion </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>I watched a film whose director is British. </li></ul><ul><li>We use WHERE for places </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>This is the place where the actors dinner. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>We use WHEN for time </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>This is the day when the film was created. </li></ul><ul><li>We use THAT for things,people. </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>This is the actor who/that I like most. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the film which/that I watched yesterday. </li></ul>
  7. 7. AND NOW... TAKE CARE! <ul><li>WHO, WHICH (sometimes WHERE and WHEN) can be OMITTED if they do not act as subject of the relative sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Example : This is the person ( WHO ) I met yesterday . </li></ul><ul><li>What is the subject of this sentence? The subject is I , for this reason </li></ul><ul><li>we CAN omitt who. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: This is the person WHO speaks English. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the subject of this sentence? The subject is who , for this </li></ul><ul><li>reason we CANNOT omitt the relative pronoun </li></ul>

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