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PERSONAL PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
MADE BY : SWATI PANARA
FROM : BHARTIMAIYA
COLLEGE OF OPTOMETRY
1SWATI PANARA
• NEARLY TWO MILLION PEOPLE ARE EXPECTED
TO RECEIVE DISABLING WORK-RELATED
INJURIES IN YEAR.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
• MORE THAN ONE-FOURTH OF THESE
INJURIES WILL INVOLVE THE HEAD, EYES,
HANDS, OR FEET
Personal protective equipment or PPE is
protective equipment used for work-
related occupational health and safety
purpos...
 PPE is designed to protect the worker’s
body from hazards and injuries such as
blunt impacts, electrical hazards, heat,
...
What Do I Wear?
 All employees, depending on
their jobs, are required to
cooperate in the strictest
observance of safety
...
STANDARD FOR PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
•OCCUPATIONAL
HEALTH and
SAFETY
ADMINISTRATION
7SWATI PANARA
OHSA Standards
OHSA standards requires employer to:
Conduct documented assessment of
workplace hazards
Provide appropria...
SWATI PANARA 9
PPE
 Head protection
 Eye and Face protection
 Hearing protection
 Respiratory protection
 Arm and Hand protection
 ...
EYE AND FACE ROTECTION
SWATI PANARA11
 APPROVED EYE AND FACE PROTECTION
SHALL BE WORN WHEN THERE IS
REASONABLE PROBABILIT...
When must Eye Protection be
Provided?
 When any of these hazards are present:
• Dust and other flying particles, such as ...
Eye & Face Protection
Eye and face
protection is used to
Protect eyes from
hazards from:
 Airborne particles
 Liquid che...
Eye Protection
Criteria for Selection
• Protects against specific hazard(s)
• Comfortable to wear
• Does not restrict visi...
TYPES
SAFETY
GLASSES GOGGLES
FACE
SHIELDS
WELDING
HELMETS
15SWATI PANARA
SAFETY GOGGLES
• In many working environments it is possible to
simply provide over – goggles , particularly to
spectacle ...
Safety Goggles
 Needed to be used
when protection is
required against
chemicals or particles
 Only provide
protection to...
Safety Goggles - CSA
The Canadian Standards Association (CSA)-
certifies that safety glasses have plastic
polycarbonate l...
TYPES
19SWATI PANARA
CUP – TYPE GOGGLES
• The elastic headband provides a tight fit to the
face and can provide protection against
molten metal...
21SWATI PANARA
BOX – TYPE GOGGLES
• One piece lens made of cellulose acetate ,
polycarbonate or possibly toughened glass
and the housing ...
23SWATI PANARA
SAFETY GLASSES
 Protects eyes and area around the eyes from impact,
dust, and splashes
 Some goggles fit over corrective...
SAFETY EYEWEAR CON’T
• TINTED OR SHADED LENSES MAY BE NEEDED
FOR PROTECTION AGAINST GLARE
• TINTED OR SHADED LENSES MAY LI...
SAFETY EYEWEAR CON’T
• PRESCRIPTION LENSES PRESENT SPECIFIC HAZARDS SUCH AS:
- DUST CAUGHT UNDER THE LENS
- CHEMICAL REACT...
 These are headband – supported visors that cover
the face and neck , and are used to provide
protection from flying part...
STANDARD :
(1) ANSI : Z87 = BASIC IMPACT
Z87+ = HIGH IMPACT
28SWATI PANARA
WELDING SHIELDS
 Constructed of vulcanized fiber or fiberglass and
fitted with a filtered lens, welding shields protect e...
SWATI PANARA 30
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Personal protective equipment

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Personal protective equipment

  1. 1. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT MADE BY : SWATI PANARA FROM : BHARTIMAIYA COLLEGE OF OPTOMETRY 1SWATI PANARA
  2. 2. • NEARLY TWO MILLION PEOPLE ARE EXPECTED TO RECEIVE DISABLING WORK-RELATED INJURIES IN YEAR. INTRODUCTION
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION • MORE THAN ONE-FOURTH OF THESE INJURIES WILL INVOLVE THE HEAD, EYES, HANDS, OR FEET
  4. 4. Personal protective equipment or PPE is protective equipment used for work- related occupational health and safety purposes Devices used to protect workers from injury or illness resulting from contact with chemical , radiological, physical, electrical, mechanical, or other workplace hazards SWATI PANARA 4
  5. 5.  PPE is designed to protect the worker’s body from hazards and injuries such as blunt impacts, electrical hazards, heat, chemicals, and infection, etc. SWATI PANARA 5
  6. 6. What Do I Wear?  All employees, depending on their jobs, are required to cooperate in the strictest observance of safety legislation, regulations, guideline policies and procedures at all time.  This includes wearing safety shoes, hearing protection, goggles, gloves, helmets, safety vests, etc.  Depending on their jobs, employees are required to wear all PPE while they are in the manufacturing plant. SWATI PANARA 6
  7. 7. STANDARD FOR PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT •OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH and SAFETY ADMINISTRATION 7SWATI PANARA
  8. 8. OHSA Standards OHSA standards requires employer to: Conduct documented assessment of workplace hazards Provide appropriate PPE when required Provide training
  9. 9. SWATI PANARA 9
  10. 10. PPE  Head protection  Eye and Face protection  Hearing protection  Respiratory protection  Arm and Hand protection  Foot and Leg protection  Protective clothing SWATI PANARA 10
  11. 11. EYE AND FACE ROTECTION SWATI PANARA11  APPROVED EYE AND FACE PROTECTION SHALL BE WORN WHEN THERE IS REASONABLE PROBABILITY THAT AN INJURY CAN BE PREVENTED OR REDUCED BY WEARING SUCH EQUIPMENT
  12. 12. When must Eye Protection be Provided?  When any of these hazards are present: • Dust and other flying particles, such as metal shavings or sawdust • Corrosive gases, vapors, and liquids • Molten metal that may splash • Potentially infectious materials such as blood or hazardous liquid chemicals that may splash • Intense light from welding and lasers 12SWATI PANARA
  13. 13. Eye & Face Protection Eye and face protection is used to Protect eyes from hazards from:  Airborne particles  Liquid chemicals  Molten metals  Light radiation  Dust SWATI PANARA 13
  14. 14. Eye Protection Criteria for Selection • Protects against specific hazard(s) • Comfortable to wear • Does not restrict vision or movement • Durable and easy to clean and disinfect • Does not interfere with the function of other required PPE SWATI PANARA 11
  15. 15. TYPES SAFETY GLASSES GOGGLES FACE SHIELDS WELDING HELMETS 15SWATI PANARA
  16. 16. SAFETY GOGGLES • In many working environments it is possible to simply provide over – goggles , particularly to spectacle wearers , but these should not be seen as a long term solution as physical and visual comfort will be limited. • Safety goggles are most useful to protect from splashes and / or provide high impact resistance. 16SWATI PANARA
  17. 17. Safety Goggles  Needed to be used when protection is required against chemicals or particles  Only provide protection to the eyes  Goggles are not considered a sources of protection for the whole face, and cannot be used for this purpose. SWATI PANARA 17
  18. 18. Safety Goggles - CSA The Canadian Standards Association (CSA)- certifies that safety glasses have plastic polycarbonate lenses. The manufacturer or supplier logo must be marked or etched on all approved safety lenses, frames (front and temple), removable side shields, and other parts of the glasses, goggles, or helmets. Safety frames are stronger than street-wear frames and are mostly heat resistant. 18SWATI PANARA
  19. 19. TYPES 19SWATI PANARA
  20. 20. CUP – TYPE GOGGLES • The elastic headband provides a tight fit to the face and can provide protection against molten metal , flying particles , dust , etc. • The housing is generally made of polyvinyl chloride. • They sometimes have adjustable nasal fitting and , if the rims have screws , the lenses can be replaced or exchanged for another type of lens , e.g. tinted or impact resistant. 20SWATI PANARA
  21. 21. 21SWATI PANARA
  22. 22. BOX – TYPE GOGGLES • One piece lens made of cellulose acetate , polycarbonate or possibly toughened glass and the housing is made of PVC , which gives a good fit around the brows and cheeks. • They are often lightweight with good ventilation with no obstruction of vision. • It is possible to wear prescription spectacles underneath but comfort can vary. 22SWATI PANARA
  23. 23. 23SWATI PANARA
  24. 24. SAFETY GLASSES  Protects eyes and area around the eyes from impact, dust, and splashes  Some goggles fit over corrective lenses SWATI PANARA 24
  25. 25. SAFETY EYEWEAR CON’T • TINTED OR SHADED LENSES MAY BE NEEDED FOR PROTECTION AGAINST GLARE • TINTED OR SHADED LENSES MAY LIMIT YOUR VISION WHEN MOVING FROM BRIGHT TO DIM AREAS • SPECIALLY NUMBERED LENS ARE PROVIDED FOR PROTECTION OF RADIANT ENERGY( WELDING ETC.) 25SWATI PANARA
  26. 26. SAFETY EYEWEAR CON’T • PRESCRIPTION LENSES PRESENT SPECIFIC HAZARDS SUCH AS: - DUST CAUGHT UNDER THE LENS - CHEMICAL REACTION WITH CONTACTS • IF PRESCRIPTION GLASSES ARE WORN YOU MUST WEAR: - GOGGLES AND/OR OTHER PROTECTIVE DEVICES DESIGNED TO FIT OVER GLASSES OR - PROTECTIVE EYEWEAR GROUND TO YOUR PRESCRIPTION SWATI PANARA 26
  27. 27.  These are headband – supported visors that cover the face and neck , and are used to provide protection from flying particles , molten metal , and chemical splashes.  One major advantage is that can easily be worn over prescription spectacles or other types of eye protection if required .  Provide excellent field of view.  Made from either polycarbonate or cellulose acetate.  Provide protection in occupation such as motorcycling , cricket and security industry…… SWATI PANARA 27
  28. 28. STANDARD : (1) ANSI : Z87 = BASIC IMPACT Z87+ = HIGH IMPACT 28SWATI PANARA
  29. 29. WELDING SHIELDS  Constructed of vulcanized fiber or fiberglass and fitted with a filtered lens, welding shields protect eyes from burns caused by infrared or intense radiant light; they also protect both the eyes and face from flying sparks, metal spatter and slag chips produced during welding, brazing, soldering and cutting operations.  OSHA requires filter lenses to have a shade number appropriate to protect against the specific hazards of the work being performed in order to protect against harmful light radiation. SWATI PANARA 29
  30. 30. SWATI PANARA 30

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