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High Impact
Marketing Strategy
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Contents:
Section 1 : Market Scope Strategy
Section 2 : Market Entry Strategy
Section 3 : Product Strategy
Section 4 : Promotion Strategy
Section 5 : Distribution Strategy
Section 6 : Pricing Strategy
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Market Scope
Strategy
1. Single Market Strategy
2. Multi Market Strategy
3. Total Market Strategy
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1. Single Market Strategy
• Concentration of efforts in a single
segment.
• Requirements: (a) Serve the market
wholeheartedly despite initial difficulties
(b) Avoid competition with established
firms.
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2. Multi Market Strategy
• Serving several distinct markets.
• Requirements: (a) Careful selection of
segments to serve (b) Avoid
confrontation with companies serving
entire market.
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3. Total Market Strategy
• Serving the entire spectrum of the market by selling
differentiated products to different segments in the
market.
• Requirements: (a) Employ different combinations of
price, product, promotion, and distribution strategies
in different segments (b) Top management
commitment to embrace entire market (c) Strong
financial position.
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Market Entry
Strategy
1. First In Strategy
2. Early Entry Strategy
3. Laggard Entry Strategy
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1. First In Strategy
• Entering the market before all others.
• Requirements: (a) Willingness and ability to
take risks (b) Technological competence (c)
Strive to stay ahead (d) Heavy promotion (e)
Create primary demand (f) Carefully evaluate
strengths.
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2. Early Entry Strategy
• Entering the market in quick succession after
the leader.
• Requirements: (a) Superior marketing
strategy (b) Ample resources (c) Strong
commitment to challenge market leader.
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3. Laggard Entry Strategy
• Entering the market toward tail end of growth phase
or during maturity phase. Two modes of entry are
feasible: (a) Imitator - Entering market with me-too
product (b) Initiator - Entering market with
unconventional marketing strategies.
• Requirements: Imitator - (a) Market research ability
(b) Production capability. Initiator - (a) Market
research ability, (b) Ability to generate creative
marketing strategies.
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Product
Strategy
1. Product Positioning Strategy
2. Product Repositioning Strategy
3. Product Scope Strategy
4. Product Design Strategy
5. New Product Strategy
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1. Product Positioning Strategy
• Placing a brand in that part of the market where it
will have a favorable reception compared with
competing brands.
• Requirements: (a) Successful management of a
single brand requires positioning the brand in the
market so that it can stand competition from the
toughest rival and maintaining its unique position by
creating the aura of a distinctive product.
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1. Product Positioning Strategy
• (b) Successful management of multiple brands
requires careful positioning in the market so that
multiple brands do not compete with nor
cannibalize each other.
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2. Product
Repositioning
Strategy
• Reviewing the current
positioning of the product and
its marketing mix and seeking
a new position for it that
seems more appropriate.
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• Requirements: (a) If this strategy
is directed toward existing
customers, repositioning is
sought through promotion of
more varied uses of the product
2. Product
Repositioning
Strategy
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• (b) If the business unit wants to
reach new users, this strategy
requires that the product be
presented with a different twist
to the people who have not been
favorably inclined toward it.
• In doing so, care should be
taken to see that, in the process
of enticing new customers,
current ones are not alienated
2. Product
Repositioning
Strategy
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• (c) If this strategy aims at
presenting new uses of the
product, it requires searching
for latent uses of the product, if
any.
• Although all products may not
have latent uses, there are
products that may be used for
purposes not originally intended.
2. Product
Repositioning
Strategy
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3. Product
Scope
Strategy
• The product-scope strategy deals
with the perspectives of the product
mix of a company.
• The company may adopt a single-
product strategy, a multiple-
product strategy, or a system-of-
products strategy.
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• Requirements: (a) Single product:
company must stay up-to-date on
the product and even become the
technology leader to avoid
obsolescence (b) Multiple
products: products must
complement one another in a
portfolio of products
3. Product
Scope
Strategy
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• (c) System of products: company
must have a close understanding of
customer needs and uses of the
products.
3. Product
Scope
Strategy
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4. Product
Design
Strategy
• The product-design strategy deals
with the degree of standardization
of a product.
• The company has a choice among
the following strategic options:
standard product, customized
product, and standard product
with modifications.
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• Objectives: (a) Standard product :
to increase economies of scale of
the company (b) Customized
product : to compete against mass
producers of standardized products
through product-design flexibility
(c) Standard product with
modifications : to combine the
benefits of the two previous
strategies.
4. Product
Design
Strategy
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5. New
Product
Strategy
• A set of operations that
introduces (a) within the
business, a product new to its
previous line of products (b) on
the market, a product that
provides a new type of
satisfaction.
• Three alternatives emerge from
the above: product
improvement/modification,
product imitation, and product
innovation.
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• Requirements: A new-product
strategy is difficult to implement
if a new product development
system does not exist within a
company.
5. New
Product
Strategy
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• Five components of this
system should be assessed:
• corporate aspirations toward
new products
• organizational openness to
creativity
• environmental favor toward
creativity
• screening method for new
ideas, and
• evaluation process.
5. New
Product
Strategy
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Promotion
Strategy
1. Promotion Mix Strategy
2. Media Selection Strategy
3. Advertising Copy Strategy
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• Determination of a judicious mix of
different types of promotion.
• Requirements :
• (a) Product factors: (i) nature of
product (ii) durable versus
nondurable (iii) perceived risk (iv)
typical purchase amount
1. Promotion
Mix Strategy
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1. Promotion
Mix Strategy
• (b) Market factors: (i) position in the
life cycle, (ii); market share, (iii)
industry concentration, (iv) intensity
of competition, and (v) demand
perspectives
• (c) Customers factors: (i)
household versus business
customers, (ii) number of customers,
and (iii) concentration of customers
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1. Promotion
Mix Strategy
• (d) Budget factors: (i) financial
resources of the organization and (ii)
traditional promotional perspectives
• (e) Marketing mix factors: (i)
relative price/relative quality, (ii)
distribution strategy, (iii) brand life
cycle, and (iv) geographic scope of
the market
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2. Media Selection
Strategy
• Choosing the channels
(newspapers, magazines, television,
radio, outdoor advertising, transit
advertising, and direct mail) through
which messages concerning a
product/service are transmitted to
the targets.
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2. Media Selection
Strategy
• Requirements: (a) Relate media-
selection objectives to product/market
objectives (b) Media chosen should
have a unique way of promoting the
business (c) Media should be measure-
minded not only in frequency, in timing,
and in reaching the target audience but
also in evaluating the quality of the
audience
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2. Media Selection
Strategy
• (d) Base media selection on factual
not artificial grounds, (e) Media plan
should be optimistic in that it takes
advantage of the lessons learned
from experience (f) Seek
information on customer profiles and
audience characteristics.
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3. Advertising
Copy Strategy
• Designing the content of
an advertisement.
• Objective: To transmit a
particular product/service
message to a particular
target.
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3. Advertising
Copy Strategy
Requirements:
(a) Eliminate "noise" for a clear
transmission of message
(b) Consider importance of :
• source credibility
• balance of argument
• message repetition
• rational versus emotional
appeals
• humor appeals
• presentation of model's eyes
in pictorial ads
• comparison advertising.
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Distribution
Strategy
1. Distribution Scope Strategy
2. Multiple Channel Strategy
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1. Distribution
Scope
Strategy
• Establishing the scope of
distribution, that is, the target
customers.
• Choices are exclusive
distribution (one retailer is
granted sole rights in serving
a given area), intensive
distribution (a product is
made available at all possible
retail outlets), and selective
distribution (many but not all
retail outlets in a given area
distribute a product).
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1. Distribution
Scope
Strategy
• Requirements: Assessment
of :
• customer buying habits
• gross margin/ turnover
rate
• capability of dealer to
provide service
• capability of dealer to
carry full product line
• product styling
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2. Multiple Channel
Strategy
• Employing two or more different channels
for distribution of goods and services.
• Multiple-channel distribution is of two
basic types: complementary (each
channel handles a different non-competing
product or market segment) and
competitive (two different and competing
channels sell the same product).
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2. Multiple Channel
Strategy
• Requirements: (a) Market segmentation,
(b) Cost/benefit analysis.
• Use of complementary channels prompted
by (i) geographic considerations, (ii)
volume of business, (iii) need to distribute
non-competing items, and (iv) saturation
of traditional distribution channels.
• Use of competitive channels can be a
response to environmental changes.
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Pricing Strategy
1. Pricing Strategies for New Products
2. Pricing Strategies for Established Products
3. Price Flexibility Strategy
4. Price Leadership Strategy
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1. Pricing for
New Products
• Skimming Pricing Strategy
• Penetration Pricing Strategy
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Skimming Pricing
Strategy
• Setting a relatively high price during
the initial stage of a product's life.
• Objectives: (a) To serve customers
who are not price conscious while
the market is at the upper end of the
demand curve and competition has
not yet entered the market
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• (b) To recover a significant portion of
promotional and research and
development costs through a high
margin.
Skimming Pricing
Strategy
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• Requirements: (a) Heavy
promotional expenditure to introduce
product, educate consumers, and
induce early buying (b) Relatively
inelastic demand at the upper end of
the demand curve (c) Lack of direct
competition and substitutes.
Skimming Pricing
Strategy
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Penetration Pricing
Strategy
• Setting a relatively low price during
the initial stages of a product's life.
• Objective: To discourage competition
from entering the market by quickly
taking a large market share and by
gaining a cost advantage through
realizing economies of scale.
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Penetration Pricing
Strategy
• Requirements: (a) Product must
appeal to a market large enough to
support the cost advantage (b)
Demand must be highly elastic in
order for the firm to guard its cost
advantage.
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2. Pricing for
Established Products
• Maintaining the Price
• Reducing the Price
• Increasing the Price
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Maintaining the Price
• Objectives: (a) To maintain position
in the marketplace (i.e., market
share, profitability, etc.) (b) To
enhance public image.
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Maintaining the Price
• Requirements: (a) Firm's served
market is not significantly affected by
changes in the environment (b)
Uncertainty exists concerning the
need for or result of a price change
(c) Firm's public image could be
enhanced by responding to
government requests or public
opinion to maintain price.
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Reducing the Price
• Objectives: (a) To act defensively
and cut price to meet the
competition (b) To act offensively
and attempt to beat the competition
(c) To respond to a customer need
created by a change in the
environment.
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Reducing the Price
• Requirements: (a) Firm must be
financially and competitively strong
to fight in a price war if that becomes
necessary (b) Must have a good
understanding of the demand
function of its product.
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Increasing the Price
• Objectives: (a) To maintain
profitability during an inflationary
period (b) To take advantage of
product differences, real or
perceived (c) To segment the current
served market.
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Increasing the Price
• Requirements: (a) Relatively low
price elasticity but relatively high
elasticity with respect to some other
factor such as quality or distribution,
(b) Reinforcement from other
ingredients of the marketing mix
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3. Pricing
Flexibility
Strategy
• One Price Strategy
• Flexible Pricing Strategy
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One Price
Strategy
• Charging the same price to all
customers under similar conditions
and for the same quantities.
• Objectives: (a) To simplify pricing
decisions (b) To maintain goodwill
among customers.
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One Price
Strategy
• Requirements:
• Detailed analysis of the firm's
position and cost structure as
compared with the rest of the
industry
• Information concerning the cost
variability of offering the same
price to everyone
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One Price
Strategy
• Knowledge of the economies of
scale available to the firm
• Information on competitive
prices; information on the price
that customers are ready to
pay.
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Flexible Pricing Strategy
• Charging different prices to different
customers for the same product and quantity.
• Objective: To maximize short-term profits and
build traffic by allowing upward and
downward adjustments in price depending
on competitive conditions and how much the
customer is willing to pay for the product.
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Flexible Pricing Strategy
• Requirements: Have the information needed
to implement the strategy.
• Usually this strategy is implemented in one of
four ways: (a) by market (b) by product (c) by
timing (d) by technology.
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Flexible Pricing Strategy
• Other requirements include :
• a customer-value analysis of the product,
• an emphasis on profit margin rather than
just volume, and
• a record of competitive reactions to price
moves in the past.
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4. Price Leadership
Strategy
• This strategy is used by the leading
firm in an industry in making major
pricing moves, which are followed by
other firms in the industry.
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4. Price Leadership
Strategy
• Objective: To gain control of pricing
decisions within an industry in order
to support the leading firm's own
marketing strategy (i.e., create
barriers to entry, increase profit
margin, etc.).
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4. Price Leadership
Strategy
• Requirements:
• An oligopolistic situation
• An industry in which all firms are
affected by the same price
variables (i.e., cost, competition,
demand),
• An industry in which all firms
have common pricing objectives
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Source of Reference:
Subhas Jain, Marketing Planning and Strategy, Prentice
Hall International. You can obtain this excellent book at this link:
http://www.amazon.com/Marketing-Planning-Strategy-Subhash-
Jain/dp/075933871X/ref=pd_bbs_sr_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1219803933&sr=1-1

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Marketing strategy

  • 2. 2 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Contents: Section 1 : Market Scope Strategy Section 2 : Market Entry Strategy Section 3 : Product Strategy Section 4 : Promotion Strategy Section 5 : Distribution Strategy Section 6 : Pricing Strategy
  • 3. 3 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Market Scope Strategy 1. Single Market Strategy 2. Multi Market Strategy 3. Total Market Strategy
  • 4. 4 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Single Market Strategy • Concentration of efforts in a single segment. • Requirements: (a) Serve the market wholeheartedly despite initial difficulties (b) Avoid competition with established firms.
  • 5. 5 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Multi Market Strategy • Serving several distinct markets. • Requirements: (a) Careful selection of segments to serve (b) Avoid confrontation with companies serving entire market.
  • 6. 6 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 3. Total Market Strategy • Serving the entire spectrum of the market by selling differentiated products to different segments in the market. • Requirements: (a) Employ different combinations of price, product, promotion, and distribution strategies in different segments (b) Top management commitment to embrace entire market (c) Strong financial position.
  • 7. 7 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Market Entry Strategy 1. First In Strategy 2. Early Entry Strategy 3. Laggard Entry Strategy
  • 8. 8 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. First In Strategy • Entering the market before all others. • Requirements: (a) Willingness and ability to take risks (b) Technological competence (c) Strive to stay ahead (d) Heavy promotion (e) Create primary demand (f) Carefully evaluate strengths.
  • 9. 9 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Early Entry Strategy • Entering the market in quick succession after the leader. • Requirements: (a) Superior marketing strategy (b) Ample resources (c) Strong commitment to challenge market leader.
  • 10. 10 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 3. Laggard Entry Strategy • Entering the market toward tail end of growth phase or during maturity phase. Two modes of entry are feasible: (a) Imitator - Entering market with me-too product (b) Initiator - Entering market with unconventional marketing strategies. • Requirements: Imitator - (a) Market research ability (b) Production capability. Initiator - (a) Market research ability, (b) Ability to generate creative marketing strategies.
  • 11. 11 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Product Strategy 1. Product Positioning Strategy 2. Product Repositioning Strategy 3. Product Scope Strategy 4. Product Design Strategy 5. New Product Strategy
  • 12. 12 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Product Positioning Strategy • Placing a brand in that part of the market where it will have a favorable reception compared with competing brands. • Requirements: (a) Successful management of a single brand requires positioning the brand in the market so that it can stand competition from the toughest rival and maintaining its unique position by creating the aura of a distinctive product.
  • 13. 13 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Product Positioning Strategy • (b) Successful management of multiple brands requires careful positioning in the market so that multiple brands do not compete with nor cannibalize each other.
  • 14. 14 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Product Repositioning Strategy • Reviewing the current positioning of the product and its marketing mix and seeking a new position for it that seems more appropriate.
  • 15. 15 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • Requirements: (a) If this strategy is directed toward existing customers, repositioning is sought through promotion of more varied uses of the product 2. Product Repositioning Strategy
  • 16. 16 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • (b) If the business unit wants to reach new users, this strategy requires that the product be presented with a different twist to the people who have not been favorably inclined toward it. • In doing so, care should be taken to see that, in the process of enticing new customers, current ones are not alienated 2. Product Repositioning Strategy
  • 17. 17 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • (c) If this strategy aims at presenting new uses of the product, it requires searching for latent uses of the product, if any. • Although all products may not have latent uses, there are products that may be used for purposes not originally intended. 2. Product Repositioning Strategy
  • 18. 18 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 3. Product Scope Strategy • The product-scope strategy deals with the perspectives of the product mix of a company. • The company may adopt a single- product strategy, a multiple- product strategy, or a system-of- products strategy.
  • 19. 19 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • Requirements: (a) Single product: company must stay up-to-date on the product and even become the technology leader to avoid obsolescence (b) Multiple products: products must complement one another in a portfolio of products 3. Product Scope Strategy
  • 20. 20 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • (c) System of products: company must have a close understanding of customer needs and uses of the products. 3. Product Scope Strategy
  • 21. 21 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 4. Product Design Strategy • The product-design strategy deals with the degree of standardization of a product. • The company has a choice among the following strategic options: standard product, customized product, and standard product with modifications.
  • 22. 22 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • Objectives: (a) Standard product : to increase economies of scale of the company (b) Customized product : to compete against mass producers of standardized products through product-design flexibility (c) Standard product with modifications : to combine the benefits of the two previous strategies. 4. Product Design Strategy
  • 23. 23 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 5. New Product Strategy • A set of operations that introduces (a) within the business, a product new to its previous line of products (b) on the market, a product that provides a new type of satisfaction. • Three alternatives emerge from the above: product improvement/modification, product imitation, and product innovation.
  • 24. 24 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • Requirements: A new-product strategy is difficult to implement if a new product development system does not exist within a company. 5. New Product Strategy
  • 25. 25 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • Five components of this system should be assessed: • corporate aspirations toward new products • organizational openness to creativity • environmental favor toward creativity • screening method for new ideas, and • evaluation process. 5. New Product Strategy
  • 26. 26 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Promotion Strategy 1. Promotion Mix Strategy 2. Media Selection Strategy 3. Advertising Copy Strategy
  • 27. 27 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • Determination of a judicious mix of different types of promotion. • Requirements : • (a) Product factors: (i) nature of product (ii) durable versus nondurable (iii) perceived risk (iv) typical purchase amount 1. Promotion Mix Strategy
  • 28. 28 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Promotion Mix Strategy • (b) Market factors: (i) position in the life cycle, (ii); market share, (iii) industry concentration, (iv) intensity of competition, and (v) demand perspectives • (c) Customers factors: (i) household versus business customers, (ii) number of customers, and (iii) concentration of customers
  • 29. 29 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Promotion Mix Strategy • (d) Budget factors: (i) financial resources of the organization and (ii) traditional promotional perspectives • (e) Marketing mix factors: (i) relative price/relative quality, (ii) distribution strategy, (iii) brand life cycle, and (iv) geographic scope of the market
  • 30. 30 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Media Selection Strategy • Choosing the channels (newspapers, magazines, television, radio, outdoor advertising, transit advertising, and direct mail) through which messages concerning a product/service are transmitted to the targets.
  • 31. 31 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Media Selection Strategy • Requirements: (a) Relate media- selection objectives to product/market objectives (b) Media chosen should have a unique way of promoting the business (c) Media should be measure- minded not only in frequency, in timing, and in reaching the target audience but also in evaluating the quality of the audience
  • 32. 32 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Media Selection Strategy • (d) Base media selection on factual not artificial grounds, (e) Media plan should be optimistic in that it takes advantage of the lessons learned from experience (f) Seek information on customer profiles and audience characteristics.
  • 33. 33 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 3. Advertising Copy Strategy • Designing the content of an advertisement. • Objective: To transmit a particular product/service message to a particular target.
  • 34. 34 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 3. Advertising Copy Strategy Requirements: (a) Eliminate "noise" for a clear transmission of message (b) Consider importance of : • source credibility • balance of argument • message repetition • rational versus emotional appeals • humor appeals • presentation of model's eyes in pictorial ads • comparison advertising.
  • 35. 35 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Distribution Strategy 1. Distribution Scope Strategy 2. Multiple Channel Strategy
  • 36. 36 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Distribution Scope Strategy • Establishing the scope of distribution, that is, the target customers. • Choices are exclusive distribution (one retailer is granted sole rights in serving a given area), intensive distribution (a product is made available at all possible retail outlets), and selective distribution (many but not all retail outlets in a given area distribute a product).
  • 37. 37 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Distribution Scope Strategy • Requirements: Assessment of : • customer buying habits • gross margin/ turnover rate • capability of dealer to provide service • capability of dealer to carry full product line • product styling
  • 38. 38 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Multiple Channel Strategy • Employing two or more different channels for distribution of goods and services. • Multiple-channel distribution is of two basic types: complementary (each channel handles a different non-competing product or market segment) and competitive (two different and competing channels sell the same product).
  • 39. 39 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Multiple Channel Strategy • Requirements: (a) Market segmentation, (b) Cost/benefit analysis. • Use of complementary channels prompted by (i) geographic considerations, (ii) volume of business, (iii) need to distribute non-competing items, and (iv) saturation of traditional distribution channels. • Use of competitive channels can be a response to environmental changes.
  • 40. 40 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Pricing Strategy 1. Pricing Strategies for New Products 2. Pricing Strategies for Established Products 3. Price Flexibility Strategy 4. Price Leadership Strategy
  • 41. 41 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 1. Pricing for New Products • Skimming Pricing Strategy • Penetration Pricing Strategy
  • 42. 42 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Skimming Pricing Strategy • Setting a relatively high price during the initial stage of a product's life. • Objectives: (a) To serve customers who are not price conscious while the market is at the upper end of the demand curve and competition has not yet entered the market
  • 43. 43 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • (b) To recover a significant portion of promotional and research and development costs through a high margin. Skimming Pricing Strategy
  • 44. 44 visit: www.studyMarketing.org • Requirements: (a) Heavy promotional expenditure to introduce product, educate consumers, and induce early buying (b) Relatively inelastic demand at the upper end of the demand curve (c) Lack of direct competition and substitutes. Skimming Pricing Strategy
  • 45. 45 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Penetration Pricing Strategy • Setting a relatively low price during the initial stages of a product's life. • Objective: To discourage competition from entering the market by quickly taking a large market share and by gaining a cost advantage through realizing economies of scale.
  • 46. 46 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Penetration Pricing Strategy • Requirements: (a) Product must appeal to a market large enough to support the cost advantage (b) Demand must be highly elastic in order for the firm to guard its cost advantage.
  • 47. 47 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 2. Pricing for Established Products • Maintaining the Price • Reducing the Price • Increasing the Price
  • 48. 48 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Maintaining the Price • Objectives: (a) To maintain position in the marketplace (i.e., market share, profitability, etc.) (b) To enhance public image.
  • 49. 49 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Maintaining the Price • Requirements: (a) Firm's served market is not significantly affected by changes in the environment (b) Uncertainty exists concerning the need for or result of a price change (c) Firm's public image could be enhanced by responding to government requests or public opinion to maintain price.
  • 50. 50 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Reducing the Price • Objectives: (a) To act defensively and cut price to meet the competition (b) To act offensively and attempt to beat the competition (c) To respond to a customer need created by a change in the environment.
  • 51. 51 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Reducing the Price • Requirements: (a) Firm must be financially and competitively strong to fight in a price war if that becomes necessary (b) Must have a good understanding of the demand function of its product.
  • 52. 52 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Increasing the Price • Objectives: (a) To maintain profitability during an inflationary period (b) To take advantage of product differences, real or perceived (c) To segment the current served market.
  • 53. 53 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Increasing the Price • Requirements: (a) Relatively low price elasticity but relatively high elasticity with respect to some other factor such as quality or distribution, (b) Reinforcement from other ingredients of the marketing mix
  • 54. 54 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 3. Pricing Flexibility Strategy • One Price Strategy • Flexible Pricing Strategy
  • 55. 55 visit: www.studyMarketing.org One Price Strategy • Charging the same price to all customers under similar conditions and for the same quantities. • Objectives: (a) To simplify pricing decisions (b) To maintain goodwill among customers.
  • 56. 56 visit: www.studyMarketing.org One Price Strategy • Requirements: • Detailed analysis of the firm's position and cost structure as compared with the rest of the industry • Information concerning the cost variability of offering the same price to everyone
  • 57. 57 visit: www.studyMarketing.org One Price Strategy • Knowledge of the economies of scale available to the firm • Information on competitive prices; information on the price that customers are ready to pay.
  • 58. 58 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Flexible Pricing Strategy • Charging different prices to different customers for the same product and quantity. • Objective: To maximize short-term profits and build traffic by allowing upward and downward adjustments in price depending on competitive conditions and how much the customer is willing to pay for the product.
  • 59. 59 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Flexible Pricing Strategy • Requirements: Have the information needed to implement the strategy. • Usually this strategy is implemented in one of four ways: (a) by market (b) by product (c) by timing (d) by technology.
  • 60. 60 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Flexible Pricing Strategy • Other requirements include : • a customer-value analysis of the product, • an emphasis on profit margin rather than just volume, and • a record of competitive reactions to price moves in the past.
  • 61. 61 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 4. Price Leadership Strategy • This strategy is used by the leading firm in an industry in making major pricing moves, which are followed by other firms in the industry.
  • 62. 62 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 4. Price Leadership Strategy • Objective: To gain control of pricing decisions within an industry in order to support the leading firm's own marketing strategy (i.e., create barriers to entry, increase profit margin, etc.).
  • 63. 63 visit: www.studyMarketing.org 4. Price Leadership Strategy • Requirements: • An oligopolistic situation • An industry in which all firms are affected by the same price variables (i.e., cost, competition, demand), • An industry in which all firms have common pricing objectives
  • 64. 64 visit: www.studyMarketing.org Source of Reference: Subhas Jain, Marketing Planning and Strategy, Prentice Hall International. You can obtain this excellent book at this link: http://www.amazon.com/Marketing-Planning-Strategy-Subhash- Jain/dp/075933871X/ref=pd_bbs_sr_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1219803933&sr=1-1