STATE: NORTH INDIA (U.P, RAJSTHAN)
ORIGIN: Derived from the word katha, meaning "the art of
• During medieval rulers and Nawabs, a class of dancing girls and
courtesans emerged to entertain the palaces and courts.
• Slowly and gradually Gharanas or schools of Kathak emerged. The
Jaipur Gharana and Lucknow Gharana are few of them.
• It is largely based on episodes from the epics, myths and legends.
• Mime and gestures were perhaps added later on to make the
recitation more effective.
STATE: Tamil Nadu
ORIGIN: Dance is considered to be over 2000 years old. Several texts
beginning with Bharata Muni's Natya Shastra provide information
on this dance form.
• The Abhinaya Darpana by Nandikesvara is one of the main sources
of textual material, for the study of the technique and grammar of
body movement in Bharatnatyam Dance.
• This dance form is dedicated to the Lord Shiva.
ORIGIN: word Kathakali literally means "Story-Play”. Mattancheri
temple of approximately 16th century depicts the square and
rectangular basic positions of Kathakali.
• The dance aspect of Kathakali consists of pure dance (nritya) as
well as mime (abhinaya).
• Kathakali is the only Indian dance form in which the entire body,
both skeleton and muscles, down to even the smallest facial muscle
are used to portray emotion.
STATE: ANDHRA PRADESH
• Kuchipudi derives its name from the Kuchipudi village of Andhra
Pradesh in 17th century.
• Kuchipudi exhibits scenes from the Hindu Epics, legends and
mythological tales through a combination of music, dance and acting.
It is the use of speech that distinguishes Kuchipudi's presentation as
dance and drama from others .
• Kuchipudi was not a solo affair and required a number of performers.
• The director (called Sutradhar) played the most important role.
ORIGIN: Archaeological evidence of this dance form dating back to
the 2nd century B.C. is found in the caves of Udayagiri and
Khandagiri near Bhubneshwar.
• The magnificent Sun Temple at Konarak, built in the 13th century,
with its Natya mandap or Hall of dance, marks the culmination of
the temple building activity in Orissa.
• Odissi is a dance of love, joy and intense passion.
• Odissi too had its origin in the Devadasi tradition.
13. Gaur dance
STATE: MADHYA PRADESH
• Gaur dance is popular in the Sing Marias or Tallaguda Marias of
• Men put head-dresses with stringed 'cowries' and plumes of peacock
• Women ornamented with brass fillets and bead necklaces with their
tattooed bodies also join the gathering.
• The men beat the drums, tossing the horns and feathers of their
head-gears to the rising tempo that gives the dance a wilder touch
STATE : PUNJAB
– Bhangra is one of the most popular and energetic dances of India.
Bhangra is performed by men folks during Baisakhi.
– It is among the most energetic and captivating dances of India and
includes tricks and athletic feats.
– During the Bhangra performance the drummer is surrounded by
men dressed in lungis and turbans.
• Garba is the leading dance of women in Gujrat
• The Garba dance is associated with the fertility cult
• The Garba dance is performed throughout nine nights of Navaratri,
an autumn festival.
• Women folk come out into the open and dance in a simple and
circular motion, in honor of the Goddess Durga.
19. Hurka Baul
• The Hurka Baul dance is performed during the cultivation of paddy
• The name of the dance is derived from Hurka, the drum which is the
only musical accompaniment and baul, the song.
• In the Hurka Baul dance the singer narrates the story of battles and
heroic deeds, the performers enter from two opposite sides and enact
the stories in a series of crisp movements
21. Brita Dance
STATE: West Bengal
• Brita dance is one of the most popular folk dances of Bengal.
• Usually the barren women of the region perform the Brita dance to
invoke the blessings of the Gods so that their wishes are fulfilled.
• Traditionally this dance is performed after a person recovers from a
contagious disease like small pox.
• The performers wear a mask, purified by mantras and dances to the
accompaniment of a sword.