There are 4 Basic steps
1) What is the purpose of the education?
2) What educational experiences will
attain the purposes?
3) How can these experiences be
4) How can we determine when the
purposes are met?
Tyler recommends that curriculum
planners identify general objectives by
gathering data from three sources:
1. the learners
2. contemporary life outside the school
3. subject matter
Curriculum theorist, curriculum
reformer, and teacher educator.
Hilda Taba contributed to the
theoretical and pedagogical
foundations of concept development
and critical thinking in social studies
curriculum and helped to lay the
foundations of education for diverse
Description of Approach
-Grassroots approach model that advocates for teacher
participation in the development of the curriculum.
-The Taba approach believes in allowing the curriculum
to be authored by the users (teachers) versus the district
supervisors of the implementation of the curriculum.
-Taba approach involved teachers beginning by creating
specific teaching-learning units and building to a
-Inductive approach rather than traditional deductive
It offers five steps to developing
a. creating the units of work to be studied
b. testing these units with students
c. adapting units as necessary after the testing
d. creating a framework to test to ensure that
all material is covered in a clear and complete
e. putting the unit of study into practice, while
always creating new units to use in the
- A deductive model that offers a faculty a
process for the complete development of
a school’s curriculum.
- Recognized the needs of students in
particular communities are not always
the same as the general needs of
students throughout our society.
Faculty can fashion a plan:
- For the curriculum of an area and design ways in
which it will be carried out through instruction.
- To develop school-wide interdisciplinary programs
that cut across areas of specialization such as career
education, guidance, and class activities.
- For a faculty to focus on the curricular components
of the model to make programmatic decisions .
- To allow a faculty to concentrate on the
1. Specify the needs of the students
2. Specify the needs of society.
3. Write a statement of philosophy
and aims of education.
4. Specify the needs of students in
5. Specify the needs of the particular
6. Specify the needs of the subject
7. Specify the curriculum goals of
8. Specify the curriculum objectives
of your school.
9. Organize and implement the
10. Specify instructional goals.
11. Specify instructional objectives.
12. Specify instructional strategies.
13. Begin selection of evaluation
14. Implement instructional strategies.
15. Make final selection of evaluation
16. Evaluate instruction and modify
17. Evaluate the curriculum and modify