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International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
Volume: 04 Issue: 01 | Jan -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1496
GENERATION OF POWER USING RAILWAY TRACK
Ms. Priyanka G. Chopkar 1, Ms. Renuka R. Dehare 2, Mr. Anup M. Boke 3 , Ms. Ashvini B.
Nagdwate4
1, 2, 3 UG Student, 4Assistant Professor, Electrical Engineering Department, DES’sCOET, Maharashtra, India
---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------
Abstract - An electromagnetic energy harvester is
arrangement of harness the irrational energy from the
railroad track. When train passing on the track the irrational
energy is produced and this energy is in the form of the low
amount of power i. e., which energy is in mill watts quantity.
And energy harvester is produced the more power from the
irrational energy suitable for higher applicable railroad
appliances like warning signals, switches, and health
monitoring sensors, which has ability to consumes the power
supply up to 10 watt or more. This paper is focused on the
wasted irrational energy on the track is utilized by using the
energy harvesters into the regulated unidirectionalrotational
motion. With the significance of improved reliability,
efficiency, and quality of output power in the form of the DC
power. It has more advantages like regulates the constant
alternator RPM, and incessantly DC power supply.
Key Words: Railway track, energy harvesters, irrational
energy, applied force
1. INTRODUCTION
In today’s fast moving world energy demands&use
is even increasing to cope up with these even increasing
energy demands our need to derives various mechanism
those are capable to generate electricity. We well know that,
Energy is an essential issue, and play an important role in
our day to day life. According to law of conservation of
energy, energy can neither created nor bedestroyed,butcan
convert the energy is one form to another form. So, we can
utilize the irrational energy from the railroad track when
train is passing on that subway. Energy Harvesting is the
process that captures the small amountofenergythatwould
otherwise natural sources as well as human made sources.
The energy demand is increasing day by day and hence new
efficient energy resources need to be employed.
The energy harvesting is concentrated on the low
power applications. Such as, electronics devices cell phones,
etc. Energy can also be harvested to power small
autonomous sensors such as, those developed using MEMS
technologies these systems areoftenverysmall andrequires
little power, but their applicationsarelimitedbythereliance
on battery power. Scavenging energy from ambient
vibrations, wind, heat or light could enable smart sensors to
be functional indefinitely. Several academic andcommercial
groups have been involved in the analysis and development
of vibrations powered energy harvesting technology,
including the control and power group and optical and
semiconductor devices group at Imperial Collage London,
IMEC and the partnering Holistcenter,Adoptiveenergy,LLC,
ARVENY, MIT Boston, Victoria University of Wellington,
Georgia Tech, UC Berkeley, South Amp ton university,. The
National science foundation’s also supports an industry co
operative research center led by Virginia Tech and the
University of Texas at Dallas called the center for energy
harvesting materialsandthe systems. Currentinterestinlow
power energy harvesting is for independent sensors
networks. In these applicationsanenergyharvestingscheme
puts power stores into a capacitors then boosted toa second
storage capacitor or battery for use in the micro processors.
The power is usually used in sensors applications
and the data stored or is transmitted possibly through
wireless methods. The electromagnetic vibrations energy
harvesting system havingcontentsofmechanical conversion
elements like rack and pinions, balls screw or hydraulic
piston, mechanical magnifications systems, rotational
electromagnetic generators, electrical rectifier ,power
rectifiers and energy storage elements. The railway track
electricity generator is specially planned to design and
fabricate the conversion unit for utilizing the available
unconventional energy source.
That is tremendously available energy in low
intensity with ample quantity can be utilized. This machine
converts reciprocating motion in to rotary motion. The
rotational power is stored in flywheel & flywheel rotate
alternator that generate electricity. Railway track electricity
generation as such is not a new concept. There were many
attempts in the past using pneumatics, piezoelectric
materials, etc. but all of them proved very costly and were
not practically feasible in day-to-day real life .The persons,
which are climbing or getting down the staircase are
applying the impact force or thrustonthespringloadedstair
case steps.
This impact pressure energy can be utilized to
operate the energy flywheel through uni-directional ratchet
arrangement using chain and sprocket wheel drive. The
flywheel, which stores the energy and utilizes it for
continuous rotation of the generator operating pulley and
belt transmission system. It is best use of non conventional
source of energy, saving of coal and water for generating
electricity, eco friendly, simple mechanism, easy for
installation, easy for maintenance. It can be used on railway
station, airports, shopping mall, jogging parks.
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
Volume: 04 Issue: 01 | Jan -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1497
2. BLOCK DIAGRAM
Impactforceortrustforcedevelopedduetotrain’s
motion
Impactforceconvertsinlinearmotionduetorack&
pinionarrangement
Linearmotionconvertsintorotarymotionofflywheel
Flywheelattachedwithdynamoord.c.motor,which
usestheenergyofflywheeltorotatethedynamo
Rotationofdynamoconvertsrotarymotioninto
electricitygeneration
Fig. 1: Block Diagram of energy harvesting using railway
track
3. WORKING PRINCIPLE
The railway track electricity generator is specially
planned to design and fabricate the conversion unit for
utilizing the available unconventional energy source. In
today’s fast moving world energy demands & use is even
increasing to cope up with these even increasing energy
demands our need to derives various mechanism those are
capable to generate electricity . That is tremendously
available energy in low intensity with ample quantity can be
utilized. This machine converts reciprocating motion in to
rotary motion. The rotational power is stored in flywheel &
flywheel rotate alternator that generate electricity. Railway
track electricity generation as such is not a new concept.
There were many attempts in the past using pneumatics,
electromechanical materials etc. but all of them proved very
costly and were not practically feasible in day-to-day real
life.
4. ARRANGMENT
Fig. 2: Arrangement Of Component
This arrangement is placed below therailwaytrack.
When train is passing on the track then there minute
displacement will occur and due to that displacement and
the position of the rack goes downward and pinion will
rotate. Firstly the motion of the rack and pinion is
reciprocating in nature and then this rotation is converted
into the linear or rotary motion with the help of spur gear.
The rack and pinion and large sprocket mounted on the
same shaft i.e., shaft 1. When pinion will move then the
sprockets will also rotate andthissprocketwill beconnected
to the second shaft with the help of chain drive. Small
sprocket, flywheel, large and small gear as well as generator
are mounted on the second shaft.Whenthefirstshaftrotated
then automatically second shaft will also be rotated due to
the chain drive. Flywheel which is connected to the second
shaft is also rotated and maintained constant speed, and
flywheel will stores the kinetic energy. This kinetic energy
will be given to the generator through large and small gear
and this energy finally converted into electrical energy by
generator.
5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULT
Railway track of good quality have a track
displacement of around 0.25 inch for a moderately loaded
passing train. A sinusoidal input at 1 hz and 0.25 inch
amplitude is applied to the rack. Voltages reduced for
different power resistors are almost the same.
The time vs. time is plotted for the same 0.25 inch
sinusoidal displacement input in following fig. the initial
impact force in the first cycle is much larger than the force
required in the later cycles. Once the flywheel reaches a
certain rotational speed, the inertia of the flywheel will help
International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056
Volume: 04 Issue: 01 | Jan -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072
© 2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1498
to reduce the forces required to continually run the
harvesters.
Fig.3: Voltage Generated For 0.25 In Rack Displacement At
Frequency 1Hz For Various Resistors.
Fig. 4: Force Required For 0.25 In Rack Displacement At
Frequency 1Hz For Various Resistors.
Fig.3: force displacement loops for 0.25 inch rack
displacement at frequency 1Hz for various resistors.
6. RESULT DISCUSSIONS
The results are depending upon the working of the
flywheel speed regulations. From above observation the
voltage never reaches zero value. For the 1.0 Hzsimulations,
the generator consistently outputs 2 to 4 volts. And below
the 1.0 Hz simulations the generator output drops as 1 volt.
Whenever the initial load for harvesters running
cycle is large, and then results will be shows that load to run
continual cycles smoothers. Thisimprovementisessential in
increasing the harvesters’ reliability and wear resistance.
The initial load is due to flywheel rotation inertia will being
constant, which can be addressed in thefuturesbydesigning
a flywheel with speed dependent variable inertia.
7. CONCLUSION
This paper result is that the conversion of
bidirectional vibrations into unidirectional rotations of the
generator will reduce the backlash impact and enable
electrical generator to operate at more efficient speed.
Integration of a flywheel into the vibration harvester will
reduced the impact forces of pulse like loading, for
productions of a continuous DC output will make the power
produced by the harvesters more readily converted into
useful forms.
REFERENCES
[1] Anushri Prasad, ParulDhingra, “EnergyHarvestingUsing
Piezoelectric materials”, International Conference on
Electronic Design and signal Processing, 2012.
[2] Daniel Guyomar, Gael Sebald, “On Thermoelectric and
Pyroelectric Energy Harvesting”, IOP publication, 2009.
[3] Dr. S. Balagi, Ruchi Sharma, “Investigating Techniques
and Research Trends in RF Energy Harvesting”,
International journal of Computer Engineering and
Technology (IJCET), Vol.5, issue 7, pp. 157-169, July
2014.
[4] Guyomar D, Badel A, Lefeuvre E and Richards C,
“Towards Energy Harvesting using Activematerialsand
conversion improvementby nonlinearprocessing”, IEEE
Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectric. Freq. Control 52 584-95.
[5] G. P. Penamalli, John J. Wang, Lei Zuo, “Electromagnetic
Energy Harvesting From Train Induced Railway Track”,
IEEE. New York .978-1-4673-2349/2012.

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Generation of power using Railway track

  • 1. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 04 Issue: 01 | Jan -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1496 GENERATION OF POWER USING RAILWAY TRACK Ms. Priyanka G. Chopkar 1, Ms. Renuka R. Dehare 2, Mr. Anup M. Boke 3 , Ms. Ashvini B. Nagdwate4 1, 2, 3 UG Student, 4Assistant Professor, Electrical Engineering Department, DES’sCOET, Maharashtra, India ---------------------------------------------------------------------***--------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract - An electromagnetic energy harvester is arrangement of harness the irrational energy from the railroad track. When train passing on the track the irrational energy is produced and this energy is in the form of the low amount of power i. e., which energy is in mill watts quantity. And energy harvester is produced the more power from the irrational energy suitable for higher applicable railroad appliances like warning signals, switches, and health monitoring sensors, which has ability to consumes the power supply up to 10 watt or more. This paper is focused on the wasted irrational energy on the track is utilized by using the energy harvesters into the regulated unidirectionalrotational motion. With the significance of improved reliability, efficiency, and quality of output power in the form of the DC power. It has more advantages like regulates the constant alternator RPM, and incessantly DC power supply. Key Words: Railway track, energy harvesters, irrational energy, applied force 1. INTRODUCTION In today’s fast moving world energy demands&use is even increasing to cope up with these even increasing energy demands our need to derives various mechanism those are capable to generate electricity. We well know that, Energy is an essential issue, and play an important role in our day to day life. According to law of conservation of energy, energy can neither created nor bedestroyed,butcan convert the energy is one form to another form. So, we can utilize the irrational energy from the railroad track when train is passing on that subway. Energy Harvesting is the process that captures the small amountofenergythatwould otherwise natural sources as well as human made sources. The energy demand is increasing day by day and hence new efficient energy resources need to be employed. The energy harvesting is concentrated on the low power applications. Such as, electronics devices cell phones, etc. Energy can also be harvested to power small autonomous sensors such as, those developed using MEMS technologies these systems areoftenverysmall andrequires little power, but their applicationsarelimitedbythereliance on battery power. Scavenging energy from ambient vibrations, wind, heat or light could enable smart sensors to be functional indefinitely. Several academic andcommercial groups have been involved in the analysis and development of vibrations powered energy harvesting technology, including the control and power group and optical and semiconductor devices group at Imperial Collage London, IMEC and the partnering Holistcenter,Adoptiveenergy,LLC, ARVENY, MIT Boston, Victoria University of Wellington, Georgia Tech, UC Berkeley, South Amp ton university,. The National science foundation’s also supports an industry co operative research center led by Virginia Tech and the University of Texas at Dallas called the center for energy harvesting materialsandthe systems. Currentinterestinlow power energy harvesting is for independent sensors networks. In these applicationsanenergyharvestingscheme puts power stores into a capacitors then boosted toa second storage capacitor or battery for use in the micro processors. The power is usually used in sensors applications and the data stored or is transmitted possibly through wireless methods. The electromagnetic vibrations energy harvesting system havingcontentsofmechanical conversion elements like rack and pinions, balls screw or hydraulic piston, mechanical magnifications systems, rotational electromagnetic generators, electrical rectifier ,power rectifiers and energy storage elements. The railway track electricity generator is specially planned to design and fabricate the conversion unit for utilizing the available unconventional energy source. That is tremendously available energy in low intensity with ample quantity can be utilized. This machine converts reciprocating motion in to rotary motion. The rotational power is stored in flywheel & flywheel rotate alternator that generate electricity. Railway track electricity generation as such is not a new concept. There were many attempts in the past using pneumatics, piezoelectric materials, etc. but all of them proved very costly and were not practically feasible in day-to-day real life .The persons, which are climbing or getting down the staircase are applying the impact force or thrustonthespringloadedstair case steps. This impact pressure energy can be utilized to operate the energy flywheel through uni-directional ratchet arrangement using chain and sprocket wheel drive. The flywheel, which stores the energy and utilizes it for continuous rotation of the generator operating pulley and belt transmission system. It is best use of non conventional source of energy, saving of coal and water for generating electricity, eco friendly, simple mechanism, easy for installation, easy for maintenance. It can be used on railway station, airports, shopping mall, jogging parks.
  • 2. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 04 Issue: 01 | Jan -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1497 2. BLOCK DIAGRAM Impactforceortrustforcedevelopedduetotrain’s motion Impactforceconvertsinlinearmotionduetorack& pinionarrangement Linearmotionconvertsintorotarymotionofflywheel Flywheelattachedwithdynamoord.c.motor,which usestheenergyofflywheeltorotatethedynamo Rotationofdynamoconvertsrotarymotioninto electricitygeneration Fig. 1: Block Diagram of energy harvesting using railway track 3. WORKING PRINCIPLE The railway track electricity generator is specially planned to design and fabricate the conversion unit for utilizing the available unconventional energy source. In today’s fast moving world energy demands & use is even increasing to cope up with these even increasing energy demands our need to derives various mechanism those are capable to generate electricity . That is tremendously available energy in low intensity with ample quantity can be utilized. This machine converts reciprocating motion in to rotary motion. The rotational power is stored in flywheel & flywheel rotate alternator that generate electricity. Railway track electricity generation as such is not a new concept. There were many attempts in the past using pneumatics, electromechanical materials etc. but all of them proved very costly and were not practically feasible in day-to-day real life. 4. ARRANGMENT Fig. 2: Arrangement Of Component This arrangement is placed below therailwaytrack. When train is passing on the track then there minute displacement will occur and due to that displacement and the position of the rack goes downward and pinion will rotate. Firstly the motion of the rack and pinion is reciprocating in nature and then this rotation is converted into the linear or rotary motion with the help of spur gear. The rack and pinion and large sprocket mounted on the same shaft i.e., shaft 1. When pinion will move then the sprockets will also rotate andthissprocketwill beconnected to the second shaft with the help of chain drive. Small sprocket, flywheel, large and small gear as well as generator are mounted on the second shaft.Whenthefirstshaftrotated then automatically second shaft will also be rotated due to the chain drive. Flywheel which is connected to the second shaft is also rotated and maintained constant speed, and flywheel will stores the kinetic energy. This kinetic energy will be given to the generator through large and small gear and this energy finally converted into electrical energy by generator. 5. EXPERIMENTAL RESULT Railway track of good quality have a track displacement of around 0.25 inch for a moderately loaded passing train. A sinusoidal input at 1 hz and 0.25 inch amplitude is applied to the rack. Voltages reduced for different power resistors are almost the same. The time vs. time is plotted for the same 0.25 inch sinusoidal displacement input in following fig. the initial impact force in the first cycle is much larger than the force required in the later cycles. Once the flywheel reaches a certain rotational speed, the inertia of the flywheel will help
  • 3. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056 Volume: 04 Issue: 01 | Jan -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072 © 2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1498 to reduce the forces required to continually run the harvesters. Fig.3: Voltage Generated For 0.25 In Rack Displacement At Frequency 1Hz For Various Resistors. Fig. 4: Force Required For 0.25 In Rack Displacement At Frequency 1Hz For Various Resistors. Fig.3: force displacement loops for 0.25 inch rack displacement at frequency 1Hz for various resistors. 6. RESULT DISCUSSIONS The results are depending upon the working of the flywheel speed regulations. From above observation the voltage never reaches zero value. For the 1.0 Hzsimulations, the generator consistently outputs 2 to 4 volts. And below the 1.0 Hz simulations the generator output drops as 1 volt. Whenever the initial load for harvesters running cycle is large, and then results will be shows that load to run continual cycles smoothers. Thisimprovementisessential in increasing the harvesters’ reliability and wear resistance. The initial load is due to flywheel rotation inertia will being constant, which can be addressed in thefuturesbydesigning a flywheel with speed dependent variable inertia. 7. CONCLUSION This paper result is that the conversion of bidirectional vibrations into unidirectional rotations of the generator will reduce the backlash impact and enable electrical generator to operate at more efficient speed. Integration of a flywheel into the vibration harvester will reduced the impact forces of pulse like loading, for productions of a continuous DC output will make the power produced by the harvesters more readily converted into useful forms. REFERENCES [1] Anushri Prasad, ParulDhingra, “EnergyHarvestingUsing Piezoelectric materials”, International Conference on Electronic Design and signal Processing, 2012. [2] Daniel Guyomar, Gael Sebald, “On Thermoelectric and Pyroelectric Energy Harvesting”, IOP publication, 2009. [3] Dr. S. Balagi, Ruchi Sharma, “Investigating Techniques and Research Trends in RF Energy Harvesting”, International journal of Computer Engineering and Technology (IJCET), Vol.5, issue 7, pp. 157-169, July 2014. [4] Guyomar D, Badel A, Lefeuvre E and Richards C, “Towards Energy Harvesting using Activematerialsand conversion improvementby nonlinearprocessing”, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectric. Freq. Control 52 584-95. [5] G. P. Penamalli, John J. Wang, Lei Zuo, “Electromagnetic Energy Harvesting From Train Induced Railway Track”, IEEE. New York .978-1-4673-2349/2012.