Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.

Polski2001 Klucz

624 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Veröffentlicht in: Technologie, Business
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

  • Gehören Sie zu den Ersten, denen das gefällt!

Polski2001 Klucz

  1. 1. 2.5 *2:$ . 2 0 , 6 - $ (*=$0,1$&<-1$ Z .5$.2:,( :5=(6,( $UNXV]H HJ]DPLQDFMQH , ,, 32=,20 32'67$:2: - =. 32/6.,
  2. 2. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK =$6$' 35==1$:$1,$ 381.7Ï: $5.86= , =GDM F PR H X]VNDü PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ NWyUH SU]]QDMHP ZHGáXJ QDVW SXM FFK ]DVDG 5R]ZLQL FLH WHPDWX 2FHQLDQLH UR]ZLQL FLD WHPDWX UR]SRF]QDP RG XZD QHM OHNWXU NUWHULyZ 5R]ZLQL FLH WHPDWX RFHQLDP OHG] F UHDOL]DFM SRV]F]HJyOQFK NUWHULyZ 1D OHZP PDUJLQHVLH SUDF ]DSLVXMHP VSHáQLRQH NUWHULXP SRVáXJXM F VL MHJR QXPHUHP QS D
  3. 3. E
  4. 4. LWS Z SU]SDGNX WHPDWX RUD] $D
  5. 5. $H
  6. 6. SU]H] $ UR]XPLHP DQDOL] IUDJPHQWX@ = =D
  7. 7. SU]H] = UR]XPLHP ]ZL ]HN ] LGH XWZRUX@ Z SU]SDGNX WHPDWX
  8. 8. $E X]VNDü PDNVPDOQ OLF]E SXQNWyZ ]GDM F PXVL VSHáQLü VSR UyG ZPLHQLRQFK NUWHULyZ QLH PXVL ]UHDOL]RZDü ND GHJR NUWHULXP QLH PR H X]VNDü ZL FHM QL SXQNWyZ QDZHW JG ]D]QDF]P VSHáQLHQLH ZL FHM QL NUWHULyZ =D ND GH VSHáQLRQH NUWHULXP SU]]QDMHP SXQNW RERZL ]XMH VNDOD QLH ZROQR SU]]QDü F] VWNRZHJR SXQNWX
  9. 9. 1DOH SDPL WDü H PRGHO QLH QDU]XFD SRU] GNX ZSRZLHG]L ]GDM FHJR 2F]HNXMHP ZSRZLHG]H R WUH FL VQRQLPLF]QHM QLH LGHQWF]QHM GR SRGDQHM Z PRGHOX =GDM F QLH PXVL FWRZDü PLPR H Z PRGHOX ]QDMGXM VL FWDW .RPSR]FMD L VWO 2FHQLDP QD SRGVWDZLH NUWHULyZ QD OXE OXE SXQNW 1LH PR HP SU]]QDü LQQHM OLF]E SXQNWyZ QL ZVND]DQH %á G VWOLVWF]QH SRSHáQLRQH SU]H] ]GDM FHJR ]D]QDF]DP QD SUDZP PDUJLQHVLH SUDF %á GyZ QLH OLF]P - ]N 2FHQLDP QD SRGVWDZLH NUWHULyZ QD OXE OXE OXE OXE SXQNW 1LH PR HP SU]]QDü LQQHM OLF]E SXQNWyZ QL ZVND]DQH %á G M ]NRZH SRSHáQLRQH SU]H] ]GDM FHJR ]D]QDF]DP QD SUDZP PDUJLQHVLH SUDF %á GyZ QLH OLF]P 6]F]HJyOQH ZDORU SUDF 3XQNW ]D V]F]HJyOQH ZDORU SU]]QDMHP ZWHG JG Z SUDF RGQDMGXMHP VWZLHUG]HQLD L ZQLRVNL ]JRGQH ] LGH WHPDWX D QLH ]DZDUWH Z PRGHOX RFHQLDQLD OXE JG ]DGDQLH SRVLDGD V]F]HJyOQH ZDORU VWOLVWF]QH L NRPSR]FMQH QS HVHLVWF]QH
  10. 10. 3XQNW ]D V]F]HJyOQH ZDORU SU]]QDMHP ZWHG JG SRWUDILP MH XPRWZRZDü 3U]]QDMHP SR SXQNW ]D ZDORU QLH ZROQR SU]]QDZDü DQL SXQNWyZ
  11. 11. *G QLH RGQDMGXMHP Z ]GDQLX V]F]HJyOQFK ZDORUyZ ]GDM F QLH X]VNXMH SXQNWyZ =DUyZQR ]D UR]ZLQL FLH WHPDWX MDN L ]D NRPSR]FM VWO L M ]N ]GDM F PR H RWU]PDü SXQNWyZ
  12. 12. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK 7HPDW =DSUH]HQWXM UHQHVDQVRZ NRQFHSFM %RJD L ZLDWD RGZRáXM F VL GR ]QDQFK L SLH QL -DQD .RFKDQRZVNLHJR L GRNRQXM F LQWHUSUHWDFML +PQX ]HJR FKFHV] RG QDV 3DQLH
  13. 13. , 52=:,1, ,( 7(0$78 PR QD SU]]QDü PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ ]D VSHáQLHQLH NUWHULXP SU]]QDMHP SXQNW ]D MHJR QLHVSHáQLHQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  14. 14. 5HQHVDQV ± RNUH OHQLH FHFK NXOWXURZFK HSRNL Z NRQWHN FLH ]DJDGQLHQLD
  15. 15. 5HQHVDQVRZD ILOR]RILD D
  16. 16. QHRSODWRQL]P SRá F]HQLH LGHL 3ODWRQD ] ILOR]RIL FKU]H FLMD VN
  17. 17. LGHD SNW PLáR FL Z UHODFML %yJ ± F]áRZLHN
  18. 18. ,VWRWD 1DMZ V]D F]OL %yJ LQQH RNUH OHQLD %RJD Z ZLHWOH WHM ILOR]RILL WR :LHONL 'HPLXUJ :LHONL $UFKLWHNW ZLDWD
  19. 19. ± VWZRU]á ZLDW ] PLáR FL GR F]áRZLHND ZVWDUF] ZVND]Dü MHGHQ HOHPHQW
  20. 20. E
  21. 21. ZLDW L SU]URGD V NRQVWUXNFMDPL LGHDOQPL KDUPRQLMQPL XU] G]RQPL SNW ] UR]PVáHP Z WDNL VSRVyE DE ZV]VWNR Z QLFK PLDáR VZyM FHO L PLHMVFH F
  22. 22. QDWXUDOQ XVWDORQ SU]H] %RJD ± 6WZyUF SRU] GHN L áDG Z SU]URG]LH SNW SRZLQLHQ LVWQLHü Z ND GP F]áRZLHNX G
  23. 23. %yJ REGDU]D F]áRZLHND ZáDG] QDG ZLDWHP D MHGQP ]DGDQLHP URG]DMX SNW OXG]NLHJR MHVW P GUH JRVSRGDURZDQLH QD ]LHPL WDN DE SU]QRVLáD RQD SORQ Z WHQ ZáD QLH VSRVyE F]áRZLHN RGGDMH F]H ü %RJX
  24. 24. 5HQHVDQVRZD HVWHWND NODVF]PX D
  25. 25. Z]RURZDQLH VL QD V]WXFH DQWF]QHM JUHFNLHM L U]PVNLHM
  26. 26. NWyUD QDMOHSLHM SNW RGGDZDáD KDUPRQL QDWXU E
  27. 27. FL OH RNUH ORQ NDQRQ SL NQD SL NQR MHVW MHGQH L RELHNWZQH PD ZQLNDü SNW ] SURVWRW D QLH ] ]DZLáR FL
  28. 28. F
  29. 29. QD ODGRZQLFWZR QDWXU ± PLPHVLV SNW G
  30. 30. KDUPRQLD áDG UyZQRZDJD VWDWF]QR ü SURVWRWD L SU]HMU]VWR ü NRQVWUXNFML SNW SHUVSHNWZD OLQHDUQD SURSRUFMRQDOQR ü W]Z ERVNLH SURSRUFMH
  31. 31. UR]ZL ]DQLD RSDUWH QD JHRPHWULL ZVWDUF] ZVND]Dü MHGHQ HOHPHQW
  32. 32. H
  33. 33. UHQHVDQVRZH WRSRV L PRWZ QS WRSRV JHQH]MVNL WRSRV UDMVNLHJR RJURGX SNW PRWZ DUNDGMVNL PRWZ SDQ NDOLL PRWZ DUWVWRZVNL ZVWDUF] ZVND]Dü MHGHQ HOHPHQW
  34. 34. .RQFHSFMD ZLDWD L %RJD Z SLH QLDFK -DQD .RFKDQRZVNLHJR ZLDW D
  35. 35. MHVW KDUPRQLMQ L SL NQ MHVW RGELFLHP ERVNLHM GRVNRQDáR FL L GREURFL U] G]L SNW VL WH SUDZDPL PRUDOQPL NWyUH ZVSLHUDM L XJUXQWRZXM RSWPLVWF]Q ZLDWRSRJO G E
  36. 36. áDG L QDWXUDOQ SRU] GHN ZLDWD VWDQRZL JZDUDQFM Z ZLHFLH VSUDZ SNW OXG]NLFK QLHQDUXV]DOQR FL L QLH]PLHQQR FL UD] XVWDQRZLRQHJR SRU] GNX PRUDOQHJR L VSRáHF]QHJR 3LH ,, Ä6HUFH UR FLH ´ 3LH ,; Ä1LH SRU]XFDM QDG]LHMH´
  37. 37. F
  38. 38. PLWF]QD $UNDGLD Ä3LH ZL WRMD VND R 6REyWFH´
  39. 39. SNW
  40. 40. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK %yJ D
  41. 41. 7ZyUFD $UWVWD :LHONL %XGRZQLF] $UFKLWHNW ZLDWD SNW E
  42. 42. WUZD ZLHF]QLH L MHVW ZV]HFKREHFQ WZRU] SU]HGPLRW L SUDZD GDMH SNW F]áRZLHNRZL FLH L ZáDG] QDG ZLDWHP
  43. 43. EXG]L ]DFKZW L SRG]LZ F
  44. 44. RWDF]D F]áRZLHND RSLHN 3LH ;,9
  45. 45. SNW G
  46. 46. ZZ V]á F]áRZLHND SRQDG LQQH VWZRU]HQLD GDM F PX UR]XP L PRZ 3LH SNW ;,;
  47. 47. H
  48. 48. WDMHPQLF] QLH]EDGDQH V -HJR ZURNL PR H ZSáZDü QLF]P )RUWXQD QD SNW ]PLHQQR ü OXG]NLHJR ORVX 3LH ,; 3LH ;,9
  49. 49. $QDOL]D L LQWHUSUHWDFMD +PQX ]HJR FKFHV] RG QDV 3DQLH
  50. 50. $QDOL]D WHNVWX ZLHUV]D D
  51. 51. ZRGU EQLHQLH SRGPLRWX OLUF]QHJR L DGUHVDWD ZSRZLHG]L SRHWFNLHM SNW E
  52. 52. UR]SR]QDQLH QDZL ]D GR WUDGFML SVDOPLF]QHM SWDQLD Z NWyUFK SRMDZLD SNW VL MD ± Z]QDZFD L W ± %yJ
  53. 53. F
  54. 54. ZV]F]HJyOQLHQLH FHFK JDWXQNRZFK XWZRUX PRQRORJLF]QR ü ]ZURW SNW DSRVWURILF]QH DGUHVDW EyJ OXE KHURV RELHNW NXOWX F]FL ZLDU
  55. 55. PRGOLWHZQ FKDUDNWHU SRGQLRVá ZVRNL WRQ ZSRZLHG]L PHORGMQR ü ZQLNDM FD ]H VZRLVWHM NRQVWUXNFML ZHUVILNDFMQHM EXGRZD VWURILF]QD R VWDáP XNáDG]LH ZHUVyZ ZUD]LVWD UWPL]DFMD SDUDOHOL]P VNáDGQLRZH L OHNVNDOQH
  56. 56. XPR OLZLDM FHM LQWHUSUHWDFM PX]F]Q ZVWDUF] ZVND]Dü GZD HOHPHQW
  57. 57. G
  58. 58. RNUH OHQLH WSX OLUNL ]DOLF]HQLH XWZRUX GR OLUNL DSHOX LQZRNDFMQHM
  59. 59. SNW H
  60. 60. ZVND]DQLH URGNyZ DUWVWF]QHJR ZUD]X ZVWDUF] ZVND]Dü GZD SNW HOHPHQW
  61. 61. ,QWHUSUHWDFMD ZLHUV]D D
  62. 62. SRGPLRW OLUF]Q ]ZUDFD VL GR %RJD ZVáDZLDM F *R Z LPLHQLX FDáHM SNW ]ELRURZR FL ± GHNODUDFMD ZLDU PLáR FL L SU]ZL ]DQLD E
  63. 63. %yJ MHVW VWZyUF L SDQHP NRVPRVX ± Z WU]HFLHM L F]ZDUWHM ]ZURWFH SRHWD SNW RSLVXMH DNW WZRU]HQLD ZLDWD ]QDQ ] .VL JL 5RG]DMX PRWZ JHQH]MVNL
  64. 64. F
  65. 65. ZLDW XF]QLá %yJ QLHXVWDQQLH RZRFXM FP RJURGHP REUD] UDMVNLHJR RJURGX SNW VSU]HG JU]HFKX SLHUZRURGQHJR
  66. 66. Z NWyUP ZV]VWNR MH L UR]PQD D VL ]ZURWNL SL WD L V]yVWD ± WRSRV (GHQX
  67. 67. G
  68. 68. ] ZROL %RJD ZLDW ]RVWDá XSRU] GNRZDQ L SDQXMH Z QLP QLHVND RQD SNW JU]HFKHP KDUPRQLD JU SDQ NDOyV NDJDWKRV ZV]HFK ± GREU L SL NQ
  69. 69. H
  70. 70. %yJ MHVW JZDUDQWHP áDGX XVWDQRZLRQHJR QD SRF] WNX MHVW ZV]HFKREHFQ SNW SU]H] VZRM GREURü I
  71. 71. %yJ ± $UWVWD QLH WONR VWZRU]á ZLDW DOH UyZQLH XF]QLá JR SL NQP SNW = SLHUZRWQHM L EH]áDGQHM PDWHULL FKDRVX ZJ 3ODWRQD
  72. 72. %yJ XNV]WDáWRZDá G]LHáR SL NQH D SU]H] WR GRVNRQDáH :QLRVNL +PQ VNLHURZDQ GR %RJD MDNR KXPDQLVWF]QD SRFKZDáD SL NQD ZLDWD SNW SRG]L NRZDQLH ]D G]LHáR VWZRU]HQLD ZLDWD L F]áRZLHND %yJ NLHUXMH VSUDZDPL ZLDWD L REGDU]D F]áRZLHND GREURG]LHMVWZDPL NWyUP QLH PDV] PLDU V RQH ZLHF]QH MDN XNáDG QDWXU ]D SR UHGQLFWZHP NWyUHM F] ü ÄKRMQFK GDUyZ´ ER FK VSáZD QD F]áRZLHND ZLDUD Z LVWQLHQLH ERVNLHM RSDWU]QR FL NWyUD NRQVWWXXMH L XWZLHUG]D áDG NRVPRVX L áDG ]LHPVNLHJR ZLDWD ZVWDUF] ZVND]Dü MHGHQ HOHPHQW
  73. 73. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK +PQ .RFKDQRZVNLHJR PR QD X]QDü ]D PDQLIHVW UHQHVDQVRZHJR RSWPL]PX SNW SRQLHZD KDUPRQLD L SL NQR ZLDWD V RGELFLHP ERVNLHM GRVNRQDáR FL XVWDQRZLRQ SU]H] %RJD SRU] GHN VWZRU]HQLD SRWZLHUG]D ZDUWR ü F]áRZLHND L SU]QRVL PX V]F] FLH SRGPLRW OLUF]Q ZUD D SU]HNRQDQLH H ÄGREURü ERVND
  74. 74. QLJG QLH XVWDQLH´ SRGPLRW OLUF]Q ZLHU] Z PR OLZR FL SR]QDZF]H F]áRZLHND UR]XPHP PR QD SU]HQLNQ ü L RJDUQ ü SUDZD QDGDQH SU]H] %RJD QDWXU]H ZVWDUF] ZVND]Dü MHGHQ HOHPHQW
  75. 75. 8:$*$ PRGHO QLH QDU]XFD SRU] GNX ZSRZLHG]L ]GDM FHJR ,, .2032=-$ PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  76. 76. - SRGSRU] GNRZDQD ]DPVáRZL LQWHUSUHWDFMQHPX IXQNFMRQDOQHPX ZREHF SNW WHPDWX VSyMQD ZHZQ WU]QLH SU]HMU]VWD L ORJLF]QD SHáQD NRQVHNZHQFMD Z XNáDG]LH JUDILF]QP - XSRU] GNRZDQD ZHGáXJ SU]M WHJR NUWHULXP VSyMQD JUDILF]QH SNW ZRGU EQLHQLH JáyZQFK F] FL - ZVND]XM FD QD SRGM FLH SUyE SRU] GNRZDQLD P OL QD RJyá VSyMQD SNW ,,, 67/ PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  77. 77. - MDVQ Z VZRERGQ ]JRGQ ] ]DVWRVRZDQ IRUP ZSRZLHG]L SNW XUR]PDLFRQD OHNVND - ]JRGQ ] ]DVWRVRZDQ IRUP ZSRZLHG]L QD RJyá MDVQ ZVWDUF]DM FD SNW OHNVND - QD RJyá NRPXQLNDWZQ GRSXV]F]DOQH VFKHPDW M ]NRZH SNW ,9 - =. PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  78. 78. - SRSUDZQD XUR]PDLFRQD VNáDGQLD L IUD]HRORJLD ]JRGQD ] QRUP IOHNVMD SNW L RUWRJUDILD U]DGNR SRMDZLDM FH VL Eá G LQWHUSXQNFMQH - SRSUDZQD XUR]PDLFRQD VNáDGQLD L IUD]HRORJLD ]JRGQD ] QRUP IOHNVMD SNW VSRUDGF]QLH SRMDZLDM FH VL Eá G RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH - Z ZL NV]R FL SRSUDZQD VNáDGQLD L IUD]HRORJLD ]JRGQD ] QRUP IOHNVMD SNW QLHOLF]QH XVWHUNL OHNVNDOQH RUD] QLHOLF]QH Eá G RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH - ZSRZLHG NRPXQLNDWZQD PLPR H VFKHPDWF]QD VNáDGQLD VWRVXQNRZR SNW QLHOLF]QH Eá G IOHNVMQH OHNVNDOQH L IUD]HRORJLF]QH RUD] Eá G RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH - VFKHPDWF]QD VNáDGQLD OLF]QH Eá G VNáDGQLRZH IOHNVMQH L OHNVNDOQH RUD] SNW RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH SU] ]DFKRZDQLX NRPXQLNDWZQR FL ZSRZLHG]L
  79. 79. 9 6==(*Ï/1( :$/25 35$ SXQNWyZ
  80. 80. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK 7HPDW : NRQWHN FLH ]Dá F]RQHJR IUDJPHQWX Ä/XG]L EH]GRPQFK´ 6WHIDQD HURPVNLHJR L FDáHM SRZLH FL UR]ZD QD F]P SROHJD LVWRWD ÄEH]GRPQR FL´ Z SU]SDGNX -XGPD L LQQFK ERKDWHUyZ XWZRUX , 52=:,1, ,( 7(0$78 PR QD SU]]QDü PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ ]D VSHáQLHQLH NUWHULXP SU]]QDMHP SXQNW ]D MHJR QLHVSHáQLHQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  81. 81. $QDOL]D L LQWHUSUHWDFMD IUDJPHQWX %RKDWHURZLH VFHQ D
  82. 82. 7RPDV] -XGP ± OHNDU] LGHDOLVWD NWyUHJR FHOHP MHVW VáX ED QDMXER V]P SNW E
  83. 83. -RDVLD 3RGERUVND ± ]DNRFKDQD Z -XGPLH VSUDJQLRQD PLáR FL L URG]LQQHJR GRPX SNW 3RVW SRZDQLH ERKDWHUD D
  84. 84. RGU]XFHQLH PLáR FL -RDVL QD U]HF] VáX E VSRáHF]QHM Ä1LH PRJ PLHü @ SNW RQ DQL MHGQHM U]HF] NWyU EP SU]FLVQ á GR VHUFD ] PLáR FL @´
  85. 85. E
  86. 86. LPSHUDWZ PRUDOQ -XGPD SRGM ü ZDON ]H ]áHP L ZU]HF VL V]F] FLD SNW RVRELVWHJR Ä0XV] ZU]HF VL V]F] FLD 0XV] Eü VDP MHGHQ´
  87. 87. F
  88. 88. SUREOHP RGSRZLHG]LDOQR FL OHNDU]D SU]HG VSRáHF]H VWZHP ÄMD MHVWHP ]D WR SNW ZV]VWNR RGSRZLHG]LDOQ´ Ä-H HOL WHJR QLH ]UREL MD OHNDU] WR NWy WR XF]QL´
  89. 89. G
  90. 90. RERZL ]HN VSáDW GáXJX ]DFL JQL WHJR ZREHF ZáDVQHM NODV VSRáHF]QHM SNW Ä2WU]PDáHP ZV]VWNR FR SRWU]HED 0XV] WR RGGDü FRP Z]L á 7HQ GáXJ SU]HNO W´
  91. 91. Ä%H]GRPQR ü´ -XGPD VHQV GRVáRZQ L PHWDIRUF]Q
  92. 92. D
  93. 93. QLHPR QR ü SU]VWDQLD QD ]áR ZLDWD SNW E
  94. 94. ZU]HF]HQLH VL XURNyZ FLD URG]LQQHJR SNW F
  95. 95. QLHPR QR ü SU]VWDQLD QD ]áR ZLDWD SNW HFK -XGPD SNW D
  96. 96. ]EXQWRZDQ SU]HFLZ ]áX ZLDWD E
  97. 97. EH]NRPSURPLVRZ SNW F
  98. 98. ZHZQ WU]QLH UR]GDUW ERKDWHU WUDJLF]Q
  99. 99. SNW G
  100. 100. ZUD OLZ QD NU]ZG OXG]N SNW H
  101. 101. VDPRWQ ERMRZQLN SR ZL FDM F VL GOD RJyáX SNW I
  102. 102. SRVWDZD DOWUXLVWF]QD SNW =ZL ]HN IUDJPHQWX ] LGH XWZRUX :MD QLHQLH WHUPLQX ÄEH]GRPQR ü´ ] RGZRáDQLHP GR WWXáX SRZLH FL SNW -XGP MDNR VQWH]D ERKDWHUD URPDQWF]QHJR QLH]JRGD QD U]HF]ZLVWR ü
  103. 103. SNW L SR]WZLVWF]QHJR NXOW QDXNL L SUDF
  104. 104. ± ÄURPDQWF]Q RUJDQLF]QLN´ -XGP QLJG QLH PLDá SUDZG]LZHJR GRPX Z SU]HFLZLH VWZLH GR -RDVL
  105. 105. L QLH SNW UR]XPLH FR WUDFL -XGP MHVW ÄEH]GRPQ´ Z VHQVLH URGRZLVNRZP QLH F]XMH VL GREU]H DQL SNW Z NU JX SUROHWDULDWX NRQWDNW ] EUDWHP
  106. 106. DQL Z NU JX LQWHOLJHQFML URGRZLVNR OHNDU]
  107. 107. DQL VIHU Z V]FK Ä%H]GRPQR ü´ LQQFK ERKDWHUyZ SRZLH FL D
  108. 108. -RDVLD 3RGERUVND ZNRU]HQLRQD ] ZáDVQHM NODV VSUDJQLRQD GRPX SNW URG]LQQHJR RGWU FRQD SU]H] -XGPD VND]DQD QD GDOV] WXáDF]N SR FXG]FK GRPDFK E
  109. 109. :LNWRU -XGP ]H Z]JO GX QD VRFMDOLVWF]QH SRJO G ]PXV]RQ GR SNW RSXV]F]HQLD NUDMX
  110. 110. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK F
  111. 111. :DFáDZ 3RGERUVNL G]LDáDF] UHZROXFMQ L QLHSRGOHJáR FLRZ ]HVáDQ QD SNW 6ELU WDP XPLHUD G
  112. 112. /HV/HV]F]NRZVNL XFLHNDM F ] 3ROVNL SU]HG UHSUHVMDPL SR XSDGNX SNW SRZVWDQLD VWF]QLRZHJR H
  113. 113. .RU]HFNL GHNDGHQW ZUD OLZ QD NU]ZG OXG]N EH] PLHMVFD Z FLX SNW SRSHáQLD VDPREyMVWZR I
  114. 114. SUROHWDULDW PLHMVNL ZLHMVNL
  115. 115. ± EH]GRPQR ü MDNR VWUDV]QH ZDUXQNL FLD ÄWX OXG]LH SNW Z WU]G]LHVWP URNX FLD XPLHUDM ER MX V VWDUFDPL ']LHFL LFK ± WR LGLRFL´
  116. 116. %H]GRPQR ü WR GOD HURPVNLHJR SUREOHP VSRáHF]Q ± SRZLH ü XND]XMH SNW SUREOHP Z VSRVyE UHDOQ MHGQDN SURSR]FMD UR]ZL ]DQLD MHVW XWRSLMQD ,QWHUSUHWDFMD WWXáX SRZLH FL SNW :QLRVHN Ä%H]GRPQR ü´ ERKDWHUyZ SRZLH FL HURPVNLHJR PD ]QDF]HQLH SNW PHWDIRUF]QH ZV]VWNLFK LFK á F] QLH]JRGD QD ]DVWDQ ZLDW GODWHJR RGU]XFDM FLRZ VWDELOL]DFM QD U]HF] ZDONL ]H ]áHP ZLDWD :QLRVHN ]áRZLHN EH]GRPQ Z ND GP ] SRGDQFK ]QDF]H
  117. 117. MHVW QLHV]F] OLZ SNW 8:$*$ PRGHO QLH QDU]XFD SRU] GNX ZSRZLHG]L ]GDM FHJR ,, .2032=-$ PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  118. 118. - SRGSRU] GNRZDQD ]DPVáRZL LQWHUSUHWDFMQHPX IXQNFMRQDOQHPX ZREHF SNW WHPDWX VSyMQD ZHZQ WU]QLH SU]HMU]VWD L ORJLF]QD SHáQD NRQVHNZHQFMD Z XNáDG]LH JUDILF]QP - XSRU] GNRZDQD ZHGáXJ SU]M WHJR NUWHULXP VSyMQD JUDILF]QH SNW ZRGU EQLHQLH JáyZQFK F] FL - ZVND]XM FD QD SRGM FLH SUyE SRU] GNRZDQLD P OL QD RJyá VSyMQD SNW ,,, 67/ PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  119. 119. - MDVQ Z VZRERGQ ]JRGQ ] ]DVWRVRZDQ IRUP ZSRZLHG]L XUR]PDLFRQD SNW OHNVND - ]JRGQ ] ]DVWRVRZDQ IRUP ZSRZLHG]L QD RJyá MDVQ ZVWDUF]DM FD OHNVND SNW - QD RJyá NRPXQLNDWZQ GRSXV]F]DOQH VFKHPDW M ]NRZH SNW ,9 - =. PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK
  120. 120. - SRSUDZQD XUR]PDLFRQD VNáDGQLD L IUD]HRORJLD ]JRGQD ] QRUP IOHNVMD SNW L RUWRJUDILD U]DGNR SRMDZLDM FH VL Eá G LQWHUSXQNFMQH - SRSUDZQD XUR]PDLFRQD VNáDGQLD L IUD]HRORJLD ]JRGQD ] QRUP IOHNVMD SNW VSRUDGF]QLH SRMDZLDM FH VL Eá G RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH - Z ZL NV]R FL SRSUDZQD VNáDGQLD L IUD]HRORJLD ]JRGQD ] QRUP IOHNVMD QLHOLF]QH SNW XVWHUNL OHNVNDOQH RUD] QLHOLF]QH Eá G RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH - ZSRZLHG NRPXQLNDWZQD PLPR H VFKHPDWF]QD VNáDGQLD VWRVXQNRZR SNW QLHOLF]QH Eá G IOHNVMQH OHNVNDOQH L IUD]HRORJLF]QH RUD] Eá G RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH - VFKHPDWF]QD VNáDGQLD OLF]QH Eá G VNáDGQLRZH IOHNVMQH L OHNVNDOQH RUD] SNW RUWRJUDILF]QH L LQWHUSXQNFMQH SU] ]DFKRZDQLX NRPXQLNDWZQR FL ZSRZLHG]L
  121. 121. 9 6==(*Ï/1( :$/25 35$ SXQNWyZ
  122. 122. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK $5.86= ,, .LHUXMHP VL ZWF]QPL ]DZDUWPL Z NUWHULDFK RFHQLDQLD SRV]F]HJyOQFK ]DGD =GDM F PR H RWU]PDü PDNVPDOQLH SXQNWyZ 1D RFHQ QLH ZSáZDM Eá G M ]NRZH SRSHáQLRQH SU]H] ]GDM FHJR =DGDQLD VSUDZG]DM FH UR]XPLHQLH F]WDQHJR WHNVWX ZLDW L ]D ZLDW 0RGHO ]DZLHUD SU]HZLGZDQH RGSRZLHG]L 2GSRZLHG]L XF]QLD PRJ SU]ELHUDü Uy Q IRUP M ]NRZRVWOLVWF]Q DOH LFK VHQV PXVL Eü VQRQLPLF]Q ZREHF PRGHOX 2FHQLDM F SUDF XF]QLD QDOH VWRVRZDü SXQNWDFM ]DZDUW Z PRGHOX 8ZDJD 1LH QDOH SU]]QDZDü SRáyZHN SXQNWyZ =D EUDN RGSRZLHG]L OXE RGSRZLHG]L Eá GQH QLH SU]]QDMH VL SXQNWyZ =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 6SRG]LHZDP VL GZyFK PR OLZFK RGSRZLHG]L $OER XF]H RGSRZLH H ZVSRPQLHQLH ILOR]RID KLV]SD VNLHJR MHVW DQHJGRW NWyUD PD ]D ]DGDQLH XDWUDNFMQLü ZVW S GR WHNVWX SR ZL FRQHJR PLHUFL DOER H DXWRU SU]ZRáDá WR ZVSRPQLHQLH E ]ZUyFLü XZDJ QD ZVSyOQR ü GR ZLDGF]HQLD MDNLP MHVW UR]P ODQLH OXG]L QDG ZáDVQ PLHUFL 3U]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH L VIRUPXáRZDQ Z MHGQP SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQP ]GDQLX -H HOL RGSRZLHG SU]HNUDF]D GáXJR ü MHGQHJR ]GDQLD OXE MHVW WR ]GDQLH ]EXGRZDQH QLHSRSUDZQLH SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 6WZLHUG]HQLH Ä2F]ZLVWR ü PLHUFL F]QL ] QDV LVWRW P O FH´ VXJHUXMH H WONR F]áRZLHN NWyU X ZLDGRPL VRELH IDNW ZáDVQHM PLHUWHOQR FL MHVW GXFKRZR GRMU]Dá 3U]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH L VIRUPXáRZDQ Z MHGQP SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQP ]GDQLX -H HOL RGSRZLHG SU]HNUDF]D GáXJR ü MHGQHJR ]GDQLD OXE MHVW WR ]GDQLH ]EXGRZDQH QLHSRSUDZQLH SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± :VSyOQP WHPDWHP WU]HFK DUFG]LHá OLWHUDWXU HXURSHMVNLHM MHVW G HQLH GR UR]ZL ]DQLD ]DJDGNL PLHUFL WHJR FR QDVW SXMH SR QLHM 3U]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH L VIRUPXáRZDQ Z MHGQP SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQP ]GDQLX -H HOL RGSRZLHG SU]HNUDF]D GáXJR ü MHGQHJR ]GDQLD OXE MHVW WR ]GDQLH ]EXGRZDQH QLHSRSUDZQLH SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± HOHP SU]ZRáDQLD PLWX R 'HPHWHU L 3HUVHIRQLH MHVW FK ü SRGNUH OHQLD IDNWX H MX Z P OHQLX PLWF]QP ZD QH PLHMVFH ]DMPRZDáD UHIOHNVMD R RGUDG]DQLX VL FLD SR PLHUFL 3U]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH L VIRUPXáRZDQ Z MHGQP SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQP ]GDQLX -H HOL RGSRZLHG SU]HNUDF]D GáXJR ü MHGQHJR ]GDQLD OXE MHVW WR ]GDQLH ]EXGRZDQH QLHSRSUDZQLH SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW
  123. 123. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 3UDZLGáRZD MHVW RGSRZLHG E 1LH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± KRG]L R RNUH OHQLD ÄNRVPLF]QD NDWDVWURID´ ± ÄVWXDFMD ZROQR FL´ 1LH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± *QRVWF ]RVWDOL QD]ZDQL ÄJUR QPL NRQNXUHQWDPL PáRGHJR FKU]H FLMD VWZD´ SRQLHZD RGU]XFLOL JáyZQH LGHH FKU]H FLMD VNLH F]áRZLHF]H VWZR KUVWXVD ZDUWR ü -HJR PLHUFL QD NU] X L ]PDUWZFKZVWDQLH 3U]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH L VIRUPXáRZDQ Z MHGQP SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQP ]GDQLX -H HOL RGSRZLHG SU]HNUDF]D GáXJR ü MHGQHJR ]GDQLD OXE MHVW WR ]GDQLH ]EXGRZDQH QLHSRSUDZQLH SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 3UDZLGáRZD MHVW RGSRZLHG F =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 3U]NáDG ]PDUWZFKZVWDQLH ERJD QLH PLHUWHOQR FL ± $WWLVD RGUDG]DQLH VL ] SRSLRáyZ )HQLNVD ]PDUWZFKZVWDQLH 'LRQL]RVD L ZSURZDG]HQLH ] SLHNáD $ULDGQ
  124. 124. 3U]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW ]D SRGDQLH WU]HFK SU]NáDGyZ -H HOL XF]H SRGD GZD ± SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW =D SRGDQLH MHGQHJR SU]NáDGX QLH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± Ä%á NDQLH VL PL G] VMHVW D WUZRJ ´ R]QDF]D H ERLP VL PLHUFL D MHGQRF]H QLH P O R QLHM SUyEXMHP ]DJáXV]ü FKRüE SRSU]H] XFLHF]N Z QLHU]HF]ZLVWR ü WHOHZL]MQFK UHNODP 3U]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH L VIRUPXáRZDQ Z MHGQP SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQP ]GDQLX -H HOL RGSRZLHG SU]HNUDF]D GáXJR ü MHGQHJR ]GDQLD OXE MHVW WR ]GDQLH ]EXGRZDQH QLHSRSUDZQLH SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 3DPL WDM H LP V]EFLHM X ZLDGRPLP VRELH IDNW ZáDVQHM PLHUWHOQR FL WP P GU]HM L GRMU]DOHM E G]LHP PRJOL SDWU]Hü QD QDV]H FLH 1LH OHNFHZD IDNWX H ÄEü´ MHVW ZD QLHMV]H QL ÄPLHü´ 3U]]QDMHP WU] SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH VIRUPXáRZDQ Z GZyFK OXE WU]HFK SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQFK ]GDQLDFK ZQLNDM F ] FDáHJR WHNVWX ] X FLHP LPSUHVZQHM IXQNFML M ]ND -H HOL ]GDQLD ]EXGRZDQH V SRSUDZQLH DOH RGSRZLHG ]RVWDáD VIRUPXáRZDQD WONR QD SRGVWDZLH RVWDWQLHJR DNDSLWX SU]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW -H HOL ZPyJ IRUPDOQHM SRSUDZQR FL QLH ]RVWDá VSHáQLRQ SU]]QDMHP MHGHQ SXQNW
  125. 125. 3UyEQ HJ]DPLQ PDWXUDOQ ] M ]ND SROVNLHJR 0RGHO RGSRZLHG]L L VFKHPDW RFHQLDQLD DUNXV] HJ]DPLQDFMQFK =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± KRG]L R RNUH OHQLH ÄSR PLHUWQH SU]HVWU]HQLH´ =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 3UDZLGáRZD MHVW RGSRZLHG D =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 8]QDMHP GZLH PR OLZR FL SRGDQLH VáRZD ÄGODWHJR´ OXE ÄP GUR ü´ =GDM F SRGDMH WONR MHGQR VáRZR : LQQP ZSDGNX X]QDMHP SLHUZV] ] SRGDQFK SU]NáDGyZ 1LH SU]]QDMHP SXQNWyZ F] VWNRZFK =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± $XWRU ZFL JD F]WHOQLND Z WRN VZRLFK UR]ZD D SRSU]H] NRQVHNZHQWQH X ZDQLH Z FDáP WHN FLH F]DVRZQLNyZ L ]DLPNyZ Z RV O PQ QS ÄVND]XMHP´ Ä]DJáXV]DP´ ÄQDV´ ÄP´ LWG 3U]]QDMHP WU] SXQNW ]D RGSRZLHG SRSUDZQ PHUWRUF]QLH VIRUPXáRZDQ Z MHGQP SRSUDZQLH ]EXGRZDQP ]GDQLX ]DZLHUDM F SU]QDMPQLHM GZD SU]NáDG ] WHNVWX -H HOL RGSRZLHG SU]HNUDF]D GáXJR ü MHGQHJR ]GDQLD OXE MHVW WR ]GDQLH ]EXGRZDQH QLHSRSUDZQLH SU]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW -H HOL Z RGSRZLHG]L ]DEUDNQLH SU]NáDGyZ SU]]QDMHP GZD SXQNW =DGDQLH SXQNWDFMD ± 3UDZLGáRZD MHVW RGSRZLHG E

×