Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Die SlideShare-Präsentation wird heruntergeladen. ×

Beliefs in society student blog

Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Anzeige
Wird geladen in …3
×

Hier ansehen

1 von 6 Anzeige
Anzeige

Weitere Verwandte Inhalte

Diashows für Sie (20)

Andere mochten auch (20)

Anzeige

Ähnlich wie Beliefs in society student blog (20)

Anzeige

Aktuellste (20)

Beliefs in society student blog

  1. 1. Beliefs in Society Unit 3 – A2 Sociology
  2. 2. Introduction  It can be argued that religion and society share a cause-and-effect relationship.  Sometimes changes in society effect religion.  Some see religion as a method of prevention for change in society taking place as it aims to retain traditional and conservative values.  Other times, religion causes a change in society and society has to adopt a new moral code/order.
  3. 3. Inhibiting change Functionalism:  Religion contributes to the well-being, stability and value consensus of society.  DURKHEIM - social life can only exist if values are shared and society is integrated into a coherent whole.  The relationship between humans and God is reflective of the relationship between humans and society. It is not God who punishes us, but rather society.  Collective worship reinforces social solidarity, restrains deviant behaviour and restricts social change.
  4. 4. Marxism:  Karl Marx believed that religion is a tool of class exploitation and oppression.  Rewards such as the afterlife ease the pain of believing that the world is a result of God’s will and is unchangeable.  Social relationships seem inevitable and God- given.  Religion involves the distortion of 'reality', it is ideological.
  5. 5. Criticisms of functionalism  It is claimed that Durkheim's analysis is not applicable to societies that are typified by cultural diversity.  The idea that religion is the worship of society has been criticised - as an argument it is difficult to substantiate other than through some notion of false consciousness since people clearly believe they are worshipping God.
  6. 6. Criticisms of Marxism  Marx’s approach takes a documentary nature, but looking at the nature of faith and the way in which the religion of the poor concentrates on the afterlife.  Also there are some traditional Marxists who adopt the view that religion can bring about social change, a position also adopted by some neo-Marxists.

×