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[DCSB] Charlotte Roueché (King's College London), "Digital Classics: Back to the Future?"

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Abstract

Over the last decades the application of digital tools and approaches to the study of the classics has expanded and evolved. Based on her own experiences Prof. Roueché will explore those developments and will consider how new tools may help us to restore old standards and rediscover Altertumswissenschaft.

http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-1780-0000-0024-1E31-1

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[DCSB] Charlotte Roueché (King's College London), "Digital Classics: Back to the Future?"

  1. 1. Digital Classics: Back to the Future? Charlotte Roueché Berlin 14 October 2014
  2. 2. Text in Context Johann Joachim Winckelmann 1717-1768
  3. 3. Page from the notebook of John Deering, 1812
  4. 4. Martin William Leake, geographer, 1777-1860 National Portrait Gallery, London
  5. 5. Philipp August Böckh, classical scholar, 1785-1867
  6. 6. < Annotation by Louis Robert < Letter from William Martin Leake < On behalf of the Royal Society of Literature (est. 1820) < Enclosing transcripts by John Gandy Deering <Addressed to Augustus Boeckh
  7. 7. I work with inscriptions, which means that I deal with fragments
  8. 8. ala2004 number 59: Gameboard, recomposed
  9. 9. ala2004 number 47: fragments
  10. 10. ala2004 number 57: Inscription of Pytheas
  11. 11. ala2004 Gameboard: Reassembling fragments may require personal intervention!
  12. 12. What is epigraphy? 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  13. 13. What is Classics? 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  14. 14. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  15. 15. Perge: on a pilaster in the ‘Takitosstrasse’: SEG 34.1306, from I. Kaygusuz, Epigraphica Anatolica 4 (1984); SEG 39.1389, from C. Roueché, in M. M. Mackenzie and C. Roueché edd., Images of Authority: Papers presented to Joyce Reynolds (Cambridge 1989) 206-28; SEG 41.1334, from P. Weiss, 'Auxe Perge', Chiron (1991), 353-92; 47.1789.
  16. 16. Perge: capital of pilaster with acclamations
  17. 17. αὖξε Πέργη, ἡ μόνη ἄσυλος αὖξε Πέργη,ᾗ Τάκιτος [ . . . [ . . . [αὖξε Πέργη, ἡ ἀπὸ Οἁεσ[πα]- [σιανοῦ ν]εωκόρος [αὖξε Πέργ]η, ἡ ἱερῷ οὐιξίλλῳ [ τετ]ειμημένη [αὖ]ξε Πέργη, ἡ ἀργυρῷ νομίσ- ματι τετειμημένη· Διάν<ε> Εφεσίᾳ καὶ Διάνῃ Περγησίᾳ αὖξε Πέργη,ὁ θησαυρὸς τοῦ κυρίου αὖξε Πέργη, δ᾿ νεωκόρος αὖξε Πέργη,ἡ πρώτη τῶν ἀγορέων αὖξε Πέργη, ᾗ ὑπα[τι]κοὶ φιλοδοξοῦσιν αὖξε Πέργη, ᾗ ὑπα[τι]κοὶ ἀγω[ν]οθετοῦσιν αὖξε Πέργη, ἡ κορυφὴ τῆς Παμφυλίας αὖξε Πέργη, ἡ μηδ[ὲ]ν ψευδομένη πάντ[α] τὰ δίκαια [δ]όγμα- τι Συνκλήτου Perge. Acclamations, 275-6 AD On a pilaster (ll 1-2 on the capital)
  18. 18. Up with Perge, only (city) with asylum! Up with Perge, to whom Tacitus ( . . .) Up with Perge, temple warden since Vespasian! Up with Perge, honoured with a sacred standard! Up with Perge, honoured with silver coinage! Dian of Ephesus and Diana of Perge! Up with Perge, treasury of the Emperor! Up with Perge, 4 times temple-warden! Up with Perge, first of the assizes! Up with Perge, in which consulars delight! Up with Perge, in which consulars hold contests! Up with Perge, supreme in Pamphylia! Up with Perge, never false! All the rights (confirmed) by decree of the Senate SEG 34.1306, from I. Kaygusuz, Epigraphica Anatolica 4 (1984); 39.1389; 41.1334; 47.1789.
  19. 19. Perge: Honorary epigram, 275-6 AD. Inscribed on a pilaster Ἤμην μὲν πρόσθεν κεφαλὴ | Παμφυλίδος αἴης | Ζηνὸς δ᾿ ἐκ Τακίτου | μητρόπολις γέγονα· | εἶπε μέ τις κορυφὴν πόλεων | κλεινῶν βασιλήων, νῦν δ᾿ἐφάνην μήτη[ρ] | ὡς Ἀσίης Ἔφεσος· | πραικπουάν μέ τις εἶπεν | ἐρισθενέων βασιλήων· μητρόπολις δ᾿ἐφάνην | νεύμασι τοῖς Τακίτου· | Ἀντωνεῖνος ἔφη με φίλην | καὶ σύμμαχον εἶναι, | κεῖνος ὁ Σευήρου, νῦν δέ | γε μητρόπολιν· | [θ]ύουσιν παρ᾿ἐμοὶ οὐώ[τοις] | [Π]άμφυλοι ἅπαντες· | νῦν δὲ καὶ ἀρχιερεῖς εἰσὶν | θεοῦ Τακίτου SEG 47.1788, from R. Merkelbach, S. Sahin, J. Stauber, ‘Kaiser Tacitus erhebt Perge zur metropolis Pamphyliens und erlaubt einen Agon’, Epigraphica Anatolica 29 (1997), 69-74.
  20. 20. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  21. 21. Aphrodisias: Funerary monument for Asclepiodotus (left side) ala2004 54
  22. 22. Anthologia Palatina 9, 704 Τήκει καὶ πέτρην ὁ πολὺϲ χρόνοϲ· ἀλλ̣' ἀρετάων Ἀϲκληπιοδότου τὸ κλέοϲ ἀθάνατον, ὅϲϲα καὶ οἷα πόρεν γέρα πατρίδι τοῖϲ ἐπὶ πᾶϲιν καὶ τόδε μετρείϲθω κοῖλον ἔρειϲμα θόλου. Long time wears away even stone; but the fame of Asclepiodotus’ virtues is immortal, the number and kind of privileges which he obtained for his country. In addition to all these, let this adjacent structure of the vaulted chamber be counted as well.
  23. 23. Aphrodisias Funerary monument for Asclepiodotus (left side) ala2004 54
  24. 24. Aphrodisias: Funerary monument for Asclepiodotus (top) ala2004 54
  25. 25. Aphrodisias: Funerary monument for Asclepiodotus (left side) ala2004 54
  26. 26. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  27. 27. I Eph 1939 Ἑχ(ουσιν) οἱ ἵπποι σὺν τῇ Σκοτ(εινῇ) κ(αν)δ(ήλας) ιη΄ See D. Feissel SEG 49.1486
  28. 28. Ephesus: Upper Embolos
  29. 29. Selcuk Museum: Bronze statue of a Victory found during excavation of the Embolos
  30. 30. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  31. 31. Aphrodisias: Base for a statue of the governor Flavius Palmatus ala2004 62
  32. 32. Aphrodisias Drawing to show statue of Flavius Palmatus (governor, early 6th century) reassembled on the original base Provided by Professor R.R.R.Smith
  33. 33. Aphrodisias The city honours Candidianus victor in the circuit of contests, and in Aktia IAph2007, 8.87
  34. 34. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  35. 35. Aphrodisias: Archive Wall of imperial letters
  36. 36. Aphrodisias: Base of honorific statue of Marcus Aurelius Diogenes governor of Caria-Phrygia 250’s ala2004 5
  37. 37. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  38. 38. Aphrodisias: Hadrianic Baths: ‘If anyone who has money in his purse or pocket doesn’t deposit it, it is his own responsibility’.
  39. 39. Aphrodisias: Theatre stage: tightrope walker
  40. 40. Aphrodisias: Odeon/Bouleuterion Stage rooms:Graffito IAph2007 2.3
  41. 41. Aphrodisias: Theatre: seat with image of Thrax
  42. 42. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  43. 43. Aphrodisias: Honorific epigrams for Asclepiodotus ala2004 53
  44. 44. [λ]άμπει κ(αὶ) φθιμένοιϲ ἀρετῆϲ φάοϲ, οἳ περὶ πά̣τ̣ρη̣[ϲ] πολλὰ πονηϲάμενοι ξυνὸν ἔθεντ' ὄφελ̣[οϲ.] Ἀϲκληπιοδότωι λόγοϲ ἥρμο̣ϲεν, ὧι πόλιϲ ἥ̣[δε] οἷάπερ οἰκιϲτῆι τόνδ' ἀνέθηκε τύπο[ν.] dash 5 Τήκει καὶ πέτρην ὁ πολὺϲ χρόνοϲ· ἀλ̣λ̣' ἀ̣[ρετάων] Ἀϲκληπιοδότου τὸ κλέοϲ ἀθάνατον, ὅϲϲα καὶ οἷα πόρεν γέρα πατρίδι τοῖϲ ἐπὶ π[ᾶϲιν] καὶ τόδε μετρείϲθω ξυνὸν ἔρειϲμα θό̣[λου.] Line 8, for ξυνὸν, AP has κοῖλον. The light of virtue shines even for dead men, who, undertaking many labours for their country, established general benefits. The saying fits Asclepiodotus, for whom this city has dedicated this statue as for a founder. Long time wears away even stone; but the fame of Asclepiodotus’ virtues is immortal, the number and kind of privileges which he obtained for his country. In addition to all these, let this adjacent structure of the vaulted chamber be counted as well. .
  45. 45. Aphrodisias Archive of imperial letters: detail
  46. 46. Epigraphy 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  47. 47. Jeanne and Louis Robert at Claros
  48. 48. We have written this after reading it from inscriptions on marble tablets or after making enquiries of those who have read it. Parastaseis syntomai chronikai, edd. and trans. Averil Cameron and Judith Herrin, Constantinople in the early eighth century (Leiden 1984), section 24.
  49. 49. One day we went off to the Kynegion with Himerius the aforementioned honourable chartularius to investigate the statues (eikones) there, and found among them one that was small in height and squat and very heavy. While I was wondering at it and not getting on with my enquiry, Himerius said ‘You are right to wonder, for he is the builder of the Kynegion’. When I said ‘Maximian was the builder and Aristides the architect’, immediately the statue (stele) fell from its height, which was great, and dealt Himerius a great blow and killed him on the spot. I was afraid, for there was no-one else there except for the men who were holding our mules, and they were outside the steps. Terrified of being hurt myself, I dragged him by the right foot to where they throw the convicts and tried to throw him in, but in my terror I let go of the load at the edge of the bank and ran away and sought asylum in the Great Church. When I told the truth about what had happened, I was not believed until I resorted to confirmation by oath, since I was the only one who had seen the event at the time. So the dead man’s relations and the friends of the emperor went with me to the place, and before approaching where the man lay fallen, stared in amazement at where the statue lay fallen. A certain John, a philosopher, said ‘By divine providence, I find it so in the writings of Demosthenes, that a man of rank would be killed by the statue (zodion)’. And he told this at once to the Emperor Philippicus (711-13) and was commanded to bury the statue (zodion) in that place; which indeed was done, for it was impossible to destroy it. Parastaseis 28
  50. 50. Epigraphy and Technology 1.Transport 2.Photography 3.Digitisation
  51. 51. From the papers of William Calder, epigrapher.
  52. 52. Louis Robert (1904-1985)
  53. 53. Joyce Reynolds at Cyrene, February 2008
  54. 54. Epigraphy and Technology 1.Transport 2.Photography 3.Digitisation
  55. 55. Epigrapher - Calder - at work, 12 June 1926 ‘was able to make a first-rate squeeze’
  56. 56. As compared with the speed of the hand-copyist, ours was necessarily slow. Many ancient blocks are so placed that it takes time and trouble to heave them into a position where the camera or the squeeze brush can reach them. (Calder, MAMA I, p.x)
  57. 57. Calder at Zavak (Lystra) 1926
  58. 58. Epigraphy and Technology 1.Transport 2.Photography 3.Digitisation
  59. 59. Online 1997
  60. 60. Published February 2003
  61. 61. Aphrodisias in Late Antiquity 2004: The publication has an ISBN: access to library catalogues is still a problem
  62. 62. Online 2006
  63. 63. Inscriptions of Aphrodisias 2007 is a whole corpus: some 1,500 texts, and some 200 more to be added as they become available
  64. 64. This permits a very full account
  65. 65. In 2009 we republished J.M. Reynolds’ Inscriptions of Roman Tripolitania (1952), republished 2009
  66. 66. The new MAMA XI, published in 2012 by Peter Thonemann, is a very important example of high-quality scholarship online.
  67. 67. Epigraphy + Technology = Higher Standards together with Wider Access
  68. 68. What is Classics? 1.The study of language and texts 2. The study of objects 3. Archaeology 4.Art History 5.History of events and institutions 6.Social History 7.History of thought 8.History of scholarship
  69. 69. Classics and technology 1.Access 2.Communication 3.Interrelationships
  70. 70. TLG 1985 PHI 1987 Perseus: 1992, 1996
  71. 71. Online Library 1995
  72. 72. Online 2001
  73. 73. Some resources are paid for
  74. 74. Many resources are free
  75. 75. Classics and technology 1.Access 2.Communication 3.Interrelationships
  76. 76. Classics and technology 1.Access 2.Communication 3.Interrelationships
  77. 77. Homer Multitext
  78. 78. Collaborative textual editing is what used to happen in a series of printed editions. It can involve scholars, enthusiasts and students. Tools are being developed by the Perseus team Bridget Almas and Marie-Claire Beaulieu, PhD. Tufts University
  79. 79. For papyri.info material can be contributed, peer reviewed, and published online
  80. 80. Linking materials has been made much easier by the work of the Pelagios Project at the OU, Southampton and Vienna
  81. 81. Linked data| There and back again Exploring Relations between Places through Data Exploring Relations between Data through Place http://pelagios-project.blogspot.co.uk/ https://github.com/pelagios/pelagios-cookbook/wiki
  82. 82. Each page contains the basic data about an inscription
  83. 83. If you want to know more about the place, you click its name
  84. 84. The Pleiades reference links you, via Pelagios, to a range of other collections of information. We can benefit from other people’s research, and share our own.
  85. 85. The Latin texts can be exported directly to EDH
  86. 86. http://www.ancientwisdoms.ac.uk/
  87. 87. Displaying relationships
  88. 88. “Linked Ancient Data” cloud SAWS manuscripts contain references to geographical places that are listed in the Pleiades ancient gazetteer SAWS texts and their inter-relationships are modelled by an ontology that reuses the FRBRoo and CIDOC models Pelagios A ‘networking medium’ for ancient places, using Linked Open Data principles http://pelagios-project.blogspot.co.uk/ Several datasets are linked together in Pelagios, including… Pelagios links together several datasets via shared geographical links (using Pleiades URIs, OAC annotations and VoID descriptions) Content links exist between SAWS and Perseus texts Sharing Ancient Wisdoms Exploring the tradition of Greek & Arabic wisdom literatures using Semantic Web Technologies http://www.ancientwisdoms.ac.uk/ Pleiades An online gazetteer of ancient geographical places http://pleiades.stoa.org/ Perseus A digital library of transcriptions of ancient texts http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ SPQR Semantic descriptions of data on Byzantine resources including ancient papyri and inscriptions http://spqr.cerch.kcl.ac.uk/ Nomisma Data on ancient coin hoards http://nomisma.or g/ Geographical references in SAWS texts are being linked to Pelagios Papyri.info Papyrological documents http://papyri.info/ Iaph & IRT Inscriptions from Aphrodisias and from Roman Tripolitania http://insaph.kcl.ac.uk/ http://irt.kcl.ac.uk/ SPQR semantic data describe data on inscriptions and papyri CIDOC-CRM A cultural heritage model http://www.cidoc-crm.org/ FRBR-oo A model of bibliographic records, harmonised with CIDOC http://www.cidoc-crm. org/frbr_inro.html
  89. 89. But you really need to understand your text in order to encode it. The mental discipline and analysis will be familiar to anyone who has translated into Latin or Greek. Ancient language training has never been more relevant.
  90. 90. Treebank - Alpheios Editor
  91. 91. Classics + Technology = Higher Standards together with Wider Access
  92. 92. This is therefore allowing the classical and medieval communities to work together in new ways. It is enabling us to rebuild the international community of earlier periods. It is also allowing - perhaps requiring - us to rebuild the relationships between all the elements of Altertumswissenschaft.
  93. 93. Back to the Future!

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