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Gender and Social Inclusion Activities in East Africa

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An overview of gender and youth activities undertaken by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security in East Africa.

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Gender and Social Inclusion Activities in East Africa

  1. 1. CCAFS East Africa Gender & Social Inclusion Activities in East Africa Catherine Mungai & Maren Radeny
  2. 2. Background • Agriculture is key for food and nutrition security, natural resource management and economic development  Contributes significantly GDP in East African countries e.g up to 45% in Ethiopia • Over reliance on subsistence rain-fed agriculture  Low productivity (10-40% achievable yield) and 5% cultivated area under irrigation • Over 80% of farmers live in poverty, barely meeting own food consumption needs • About 33% of population undernourished estimated to rise to 320 million by 2050 • EA exhibits spatial heterogeneity in climate, topography, agro-ecosystems, livelihoods, and environmental challenges • Climate hotspot – where climate change poses grave threats to food and nutrition security and to human well-being • Climate variabilities and change are an additional source of risks for farmers and agricultural systems
  3. 3. Overview of Gender activities in EA • Engagement with AGN on agriculture and gender as part of the UNFCCC together with GSI • National - Gender submissions to UNFCCC, Gender responsive NDCs part of the GoK/UNDP project • Gender and youth in the Climate-Smart Villages (CSVs) – Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania
  4. 4. • High poverty incidence (46%) and high population density (>400 per Km2) • More than 40% of landscape degraded • Annual rainfall 900-1200mm Study site - Nyando • Food insecurity, 81% of families experience 1-2 hunger months a yr • Another 17% experience 3-4 hunger months a yr
  5. 5. CBOs within Nyando CSV • 3 Community Based Organizations (CBOs) - FOKO, NECODEP and KAPSOKALE. • CSV site split between 2 counties - Kisumu County (2), Kericho County (1) • 58 affiliate groups in total • Kisumu County (45), Kericho County (13) • Estimated reach of up to 2350 households
  6. 6. • Women are leading some of the crop demonstrations where they teach the local community about improved agronomic practices and new resilient crop varieties like pigeon peas. 6 • 6 women groups in Nyando CSVs • Smart farms • Seed bulking • Innovative financing – table banking • Alternative livelihood – basketry etc. Women Groups
  7. 7. Table Banking • Innovative financing mechanism for accelerating uptake of CSA • This is an intervention that is mainly done by women groups affiliated to 3 CBOs • Loan helps women to undertake farming activities such as ploughing, purchase of farm inputs, operating small businesses like basket weaving • Purchase of small ruminants Challenges • Low literacy levels which sometimes compromise leadership among groups • Default in loan repayments
  8. 8. Studies • Msc – Thesis: How institutional innovations influence the adoption and financing of climate smart agriculture: The case of Community Based Organizations in Nyando, Kenya by Seán Kelly MSc CCAFS Programme, NUI Galway
  9. 9. Studies • Uptake of CSA through a Gendered Intersectionality Lens: Experiences from Western Kenya • Targeted Interventions for women and youth • Context is key – social, cultural, religious, economic etc.
  10. 10. Youth activities – Nyando CSVs Smart farms – combination of CSA practices −Greenhouse production of tomatoes & green beans for better disease and pest control, continuous production to meet market demand and water efficiency. −Irrigation - Rain water harvesting irrigation (RWHI) −Aquaculture - fish farming for improved nutrition and income  Improved small ruminants - uptake of resilient breeds of goats (Galla) and sheep (Red Maasai) -  Agroforestry- Integrating fruit trees and multipurpose trees for fodder and fuel wood, and tree nurseries 4 youth groups in Nyando – Kamula, Onyuongo, Obinju and Kapsokale
  11. 11. Youth Activities - Online Discussions • Youth Engagement in CSA and the 2030 Agenda 13 – 22 July 2016 • Engaging African Youth in Agribusiness in a Changing Climate 15 July – 12 August 2017 • Scaling Up Climate Smart Agriculture: Integrating Youth and The Digital Revolution 19 September – 20 October 2017 • Partnerships, innovations and financing for youth in climate-smart agriculture 23 April-21 May 2018 www.canafrica.com
  12. 12. Next steps – path towards outcomes? • CBOs provide platforms for development of social innovations which are novel, context specific and community driven • Examine discrepancies between uptake and usage of CBO loans between genders focusing on issues such as land rights, security of tenure and division of labour etc. • Gender and youth in UNFCCC and National processes • Examine youth activities and innovations around CSA • More integration with GSI
  13. 13. Questions Answers & Thank you