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From sitting the back rows
to speaking from the front row
- how climate services changed gender relations
Gender meeting, ...
- Do you understand the agroadvisory?
- Yes, because I made it …
Starting point for ‘ACIS’ – 2015
Source: Coulier, Baseline studies for ACIS
(2015-16) n=1333 households
Agro-Climate Infor...
In 2018 : what women and men farmers say
Women move to
the front and talk
Women and men
take more
decisions together
Women...
In 2018 : what women and men farmers say
Women move to
the front and talk
Women and men
take more
decisions together
Women...
Reflections on what we did
• Outcomes ?
 Households are more resilient when both heads of households can
exchange each ot...
What did farmers appreciate the most with
ACIS climate service after 3 years?
0 2 4 6 8 10
Resource use
efficiency
Yield i...
Participatory Scenario Planning
• Who? Meteorologists, extension,
farmer champions, leaders, farmer
organization + facilit...
Do women and men farmers have different
preferences?

No. 1
Women
and men
 
Men liked
Women
disliked
Men liked
Women
li...
Institutions
Farmer Networks
The ACIS approach
Agroadvisory
Participatory Scenario
Planning
Hazard mapping
Farming calenda...
From sitting in the back rows to speaking from the front row: How climate services changed gender relations
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From sitting in the back rows to speaking from the front row: How climate services changed gender relations

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A gendered perspective of an Agro-Climate Information Systems (ACIS) project taking place in Southeast Asia.

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From sitting in the back rows to speaking from the front row: How climate services changed gender relations

  1. 1. From sitting the back rows to speaking from the front row - how climate services changed gender relations Gender meeting, Canberra, April 1, 2019 Elisabeth Simelton, Climate change scientist, CCAFS Project leader Tam T Le, Tuan M Duong, Hoa D Le, Johanna Gammelgaard World Agroforestry (ICRAF Vietnam); Email: e.Simelton@cgiar.org
  2. 2. - Do you understand the agroadvisory? - Yes, because I made it …
  3. 3. Starting point for ‘ACIS’ – 2015 Source: Coulier, Baseline studies for ACIS (2015-16) n=1333 households Agro-Climate Information Systems for women and ethnic minorities in Southeast Asia AGRICULTURE Extension workers (male) talk to (some) men Men and women have different preferences for layout and content of agroadvisory Some gendered tasks (forestry), many ‘preferred’ HOME Language and literacy : more men speak ‘national’ language Women work longer hours (housework), sleep fewer hours Women don’t have time to read long agroadvisories Ethnic minority women have more children, work less off-farm than the ‘majority’ women
  4. 4. In 2018 : what women and men farmers say Women move to the front and talk Women and men take more decisions together Women and men learn from each other Women and men prioritise different CSA interventions Women and men work better together Prel. evaluation ca 200 respondents Saves labour time
  5. 5. In 2018 : what women and men farmers say Women move to the front and talk Women and men take more decisions together Women and men learn from each other Women and men prioritise different CSA interventions Women and men work better together Participatory scenario planning New gender neutral practices vermiculture, AFS, nursery Homegarden, nursery Design agroadvisory Exercises to realise workload Forestry Prel. evaluation ca 200 respondents. . Social media groups, farmer interest groups, village savings & loans funds Saves labour time
  6. 6. Reflections on what we did • Outcomes ?  Households are more resilient when both heads of households can exchange each other in meetings, housework and farmwork – if one goes away. • Accept context differences  Mixed and separate gender focus and working groups  Gender roles associated with literacy and culture  train women on using smartphones, weather apps, social media  Facilitators are key! One woman and man made differences, female trainers on technical things (they become role models)  Changing behavior takes time. Small changes in a world that changes rapidly and unpredictably.
  7. 7. What did farmers appreciate the most with ACIS climate service after 3 years? 0 2 4 6 8 10 Resource use efficiency Yield increase Crop choice Knowledge sharing Timing Ranked No 1 Ranked No 2 Ranked No 3 Production Translation Transfer Use Pilot survey, Focus group discussion July 2018 n=7 men + 6 women
  8. 8. Participatory Scenario Planning • Who? Meteorologists, extension, farmer champions, leaders, farmer organization + facilitator • What?  Previous forecast & advisory evaluated  Seasonal forecast and relevant response strategies discussed and agreed  Distribute • When? 2-3 times/ crop season • Where? Village/commune centre • How? Joint activity with other meetings, e.g. savings & loans associations, farmer field schools Production Translation Transfer Use Leaders from “scaling villages” testing participatory scenario planning for the first time, Vietnam
  9. 9. Do women and men farmers have different preferences?  No. 1 Women and men   Men liked Women disliked Men liked Women liked Source: Duong et al 2017 Indicators Understandable Useful Appropriate Take time to read Production Translation Transfer Use Leaders from “scaling villages” testing participatory scenario planning, Vietnam
  10. 10. Institutions Farmer Networks The ACIS approach Agroadvisory Participatory Scenario Planning Hazard mapping Farming calendar Ground truthing Agroclimate zoning Updated forecast Climate data Seasonal forecast Local knowledge

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