Más contenido relacionado

Presentaciones para ti(20)

Similar a Lessons Learned: Sustainable Use of Natural Resources, Mr. Balaram Kandel.(20)

Lessons Learned: Sustainable Use of Natural Resources, Mr. Balaram Kandel.

  2. Strength • Development of awareness among the people about the importance of natural resources (inclusion in the future plan) • Inclusive and participatory approach (Involvement of community in user and site identification) • Agro-forestry practices introduced in private land • Conservation of forests by installing biogas plant at beneficiaries households • Access to land - binding factor for the groups
  3. Strength • Reduction in the burden of the women due to increased production of fodder and firewood • Livelihood improvement of the poor through NRM • Regeneration of the degraded forests, Productive use of the land • Integrating various organization for the benefits of the poor • Biodiversity conservation and soil conservation • Reduction in forest fire
  4. Opportunities • A lot of broom grass that can be used for income generation • Extra income from the sale of thinning products • Benefits from REDD + provisions • Initiation of leasing system in the private land (e.g. leasing land for organic farming, fish farming) • Expansion of plantation in public land and canal side - installation of biogas • More production of forage – Increase herd size or shift to large animals thus opportunities for enterprise development
  5. Opportunities • High potential of development of ecotourism (Shaktikhor and Khaireni) as it is close to Chitwan National Park • Utilization of broom grass (broom, fodder, paper pulp) • Possibility of LF inside CF
  6. Challenges • Difficulty in utilization of the forest products (e.g. thinning products, broom grass in Shaktikhor) in absence of access to road • Excessive use of pesticide • Protection of plantation/cultivation from free grazing • Creation of dependency questions sustainability (many activities promoted /supported by donors) • Use of manure as fuel for cooking (that might be more useful for agriculture production)
  7. Learnings • Much more can be learned by direct observation (e.g. trees in private land, manure used for fuel, twigs lying in the forest floor) • Social mapping is an effective communication tool especially in the rural communities • Addressing the immediate needs of the beneficiaries develops ownership and makes the interventions sustainable • Linkages with other agencies supports generating the resources for the benefits of the poor • Successful management of the NR is the result of the development of local institutions
  8. Learnings… • Small homogenous groups with similar interest and needs makes the group functional and active • Networking the NRM groups into federation makes them strong enough to influence decisions at higher level • Learning by doing and sharing experiences - a best approach for innovation • Long term transfer of tenure rights (leasing land) is the best way for the management of slash and burn areas • Although all five capitals are important, financial capital is the key for the livelihood improvement of the poor
  9. Recommendations • Adopt convergent approach where empower the beneficiaries households and non beneficiary households, men and women, government staff as well as users • Local Resource Persons (social mobilization staff) are crucial for the overall development of the community. Orient them not only for social and institutional development but also for NR development • Consider NRM in all kinds of development agenda to make the development sustainable • Learn from each others experiences and implement considering your social cultural and economical and environmental situation.