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19-02-2017
1
SMART GRID
Under the Guidance of Submitted By
Dr. Mahendra Kumar Vinay Kumar Singh
Head of Department 1404320...
19-02-2017
2
ENERGY CONSERVATION
TECHNIQUES IN TRANSFORMER
 IMPROVEMENT IN DESIGN AND MATERIAL OF
TRANSFORMER
 By using ...
19-02-2017
3
SMART METERS
 Uses a secure national communication network (called the
DCC) to automatically and wirelessly ...
19-02-2017
4
CONCLUSION
 It would go on a long way in solving present energy issues.
 Has positive environmental impact
...
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Smart grid

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Smart grid

  1. 1. 19-02-2017 1 SMART GRID Under the Guidance of Submitted By Dr. Mahendra Kumar Vinay Kumar Singh Head of Department 1404320057 (III year) Department of Electrical Engineering Electrical Engineering INTRODUCTION  Smart grid is a combination of hardware management and reporting software in order to built a intelligent communication infrastructure.  Integrates Information and communication technology (ICT) to the power system for :-  Increased reliability  More security  Better efficiency  Reduced environmental impacts PRESENT ELECTRICITY GRID COMPARISON  EXSISTING GRID  ELECTROMECHANICAL  ONE -WAY COMMUNICATION  CENTRALIZED GENERATION  FEW SENSORS  MANUAL MONITORING  MANUAL RESTORATION  FAILURES AND BLACKOUTS  LIMITED CONTROL  SMART GRID  DIGITAL  TWO-WAY COMMUNICATION  DISTRIBUTED GENERATION  SENSORS THROUGHOUT  SELF MONITORING  SELF HEALING  ADAPTIVE AND ISLANDING  PERSASIVE CONTROL The Grid as it’s stands What’s at Risk  National Economy  Security  Environment/climate changes  Global competitiveness WORKING OF SMART GRID  Integration of all sources of energy mainly renewable  Continuous monitoring and feedback from network  Helps in fault prevention  Establish a two way communication  Reduces the stress on existing infrastructure  Reduces and shifts the peak demand  Conserve energy during transmission and distribution  Uses better technologies
  2. 2. 19-02-2017 2 ENERGY CONSERVATION TECHNIQUES IN TRANSFORMER  IMPROVEMENT IN DESIGN AND MATERIAL OF TRANSFORMER  By using energy efficient transformer.  By using amorphous transformer ENERGY CONSERVATION DURING TRANSMISSION  BY REDUCING RESISTANCE  BY CONTROLLING VOLTAGE LEVELS BY REDUCING RESISTANCE BY CONTROLLING VOLTAGE LEVELS ENERGY CONSERVATION DURING DISTRIBUTION  BALANCING OF PHASE LOADS  POWER FACTOR IMPROVEMENTS WER FACTOR IMPROVEMENT Advanced Transmission System  Phasor measurement units  Wide area monitoring systems  Flexible AC transmission system  SCADA  FLISR  Power electronics  Islanding concept Advanced Distribution System PHASOR MEASUREMENT UNIT  It’s (PMU) a device which measures the electrical waves on an electricity grid using a common time source for synchronization.  Works on the concept of synchro phasor technique. FLEXIBLE AC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM  Voltage control  System stability  Controls real and reactive power flow  High speed response INTRODUCTION TO SCADA  Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)  The SCADA system in the control room is able to make these automated decisions in real-time by running algorithms based on the data it receives and adjustments to optimize voltages and self-heal any disruption issues.
  3. 3. 19-02-2017 3 SMART METERS  Uses a secure national communication network (called the DCC) to automatically and wirelessly send your actual energy usage to your supplier  More accurate bills  Better understanding of your usage  Innovative energy tariffs ADVANTAGES  Reduces carbon foot prints  Increased capacity to fulfil demand  Improves distribution management  Self healing capability  Automated control for distribution  Increased efficiency  Sustainability  New types of loads such as EVs CHALLENGES  Lack of awareness  Security  Opposition and concerns  High Investment / Cost Factor  Meters can easily be hacked  Utilities can increase/decrease demand of power INDIA’S ELECTRICITY NEEDS  DEMAND – 2,10,000 MW  (CENTRAL ENERGY AUTHORITY MOP)  PRODUCTION- 1,82,000 MW  INSTALLED CAPACITY - 2,25,000 MW  DEFICIT- 10.2% INDIA’S SMART GRID PILOT PROJECTS SUPER SMART GRID
  4. 4. 19-02-2017 4 CONCLUSION  It would go on a long way in solving present energy issues.  Has positive environmental impact  Has long term economic outcome  Drawbacks in short term like lack of funding  Problems of privacy  Lack of public support initially REFERENCES  United States Department of Energy by Litos Coorporation  Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences by Gurlin Singh Lamba  Smart Grid European Technology Platform by EDSPO

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