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Reduce GHG Emissions by 40% in Manila, Philippines by 2030

  1. The Philippines commits to a projected GHG emissions reduction of 75 % for the period 2020-2030 ur journey for a better planet ~ Paris Agreement Rio Earth Summit Kyoto Protocol 2.71% unconditional 72.29% conditional 1.5° C 2
  2. Joseph Christopher Oropel, Getty Images/Tripsavvy Bernhard Lang, Wired Manila city 3
  3. The national urban annual growth rate is 3.45%, much higher than the annual population growth rate of 2.28% city with the highest population density in the world Manila most populous city in the Philippines 2nd 4
  4. Increasing urban heat island phenomenon Manila City emerged as having a very high heat health risk index (HHRI) in a study by Estoque et al., 2020 Increasing population Increasing GHG emissions 5
  5. CO2 CO2 emissions by sector, Philippines CO2 Share in energy related CO2 emissions from transport sector, Philippines Source: Enerdata, 2020; Opportunity to electrify transport sector, whilst decarbonising the electricity sector 6
  6.  Unplanned urbanization and growth  High population density  Land use changes  Extreme floods, storms  Solid waste problem  Water quality problem  Air pollution  Unchecked GHG emissions Key Issues in Manila Average annual mean temperature is projected to increase by 1.7°C - 3.0°C by 2050 in Philippines climate change associated risks 7
  7. Urban Design Transport Sector Target GHG emissions Reduce GHG emissions by 40% in Manila by 2030 8
  8. Stakeholders Possible contribution/s to the project Schools and Universities • Conducting research for best practices, development of sustainable urban design/ landscape • Providing a workshop/ training on sustainable development and urban design Non-Government Organizations • Forging partnership between the communities, the government, private businesses, and other stakeholders • Encouraging citizen participation during tree planting or cleaning programs • Providing resources (manpower, equipment, funding) to develop a “greener” community Government agencies • Implementing policies for eco urban design and development • Funding • Encouraging cooperation between public and private corporations • Development of green spaces, resilient infrastructure, greening of buildings Private sector • Cooperation between public and private corporations • Providing resources (manpower, equipment, funding) to develop a “greener” community Public • Active participation in activities and programs (surveys, tree planting, clean-up drives, etc.) Urban Design 9
  9. Stakeholders Possible contribution/s to the project Schools and Universities • Develop applications for traffic and transport monitoring • Developing EV-based mobile transport Non-Government Organizations • Increasing engagement on social media • Expansion of EV-based mobile transport by providing funding for its development • Develop applications for traffic and transport monitoring Government agencies • Establishment of policies and plans for the transport sector, funding • Cooperation between public and private transport companies • Development of fundamental infrastructure for transportation • Expansion of EV-based mobile transport Private sector • Cooperation between public and private transport companies • Expansion of EV-based mobile transport Public • Active participation (surveys, promote use of public transport, walking/ cycling culture, etc.) * Intergovernmental organizations (IGO) : The United Nations as a stakeholder: Aid in training, policy making, funding (Green Climate Fund) Transport Sector 10
  10. Reduce GHG emissions by 40% in Manila by 2030 Target areas: Urban design and Transport • Stakeholder identification and engagement • Policy making • Awareness programs • Capacity building • Transfer of technology • Finance acquisition • Market mechanism • Monitoring, evaluation, reporting & verification • Continued awareness programs • Infrastructural changes, expansion of EV based public transport • Framework review • Public survey • Continued capacity building, awareness programs • Making progress/achievements public 2023 2024 2025 11
  11. GHG emissions reduced by 40% in Manila ! • Positive behavioural changes in communities • Transformed infrastructure • Expanded public transport • Making progress/achievements public 2027 2030 Reduce GHG emissions by 40% in Manila by 2030 Target areas: Urban design and Transport 12
  12. • Identify potential stakeholders: government, private companies, NGOs, academic institutions, general public, etc. • Partnership and engagement of stakeholders: policy development training/ workshop • Policy monitoring, evaluation and review: o Data collection, analysis and future predictions, contributions to NDC • Monitoring and maintenance: o Monitoring Philippine Green Building Code is followed and adapted by companies and residential condominiums o Maintenance of introduced infrastructure o GHG emissions check via green tax, GHG emission trading • R&D collaborations: o On EVs to reduce the costs and increase performance o On disaster resilient buildings/ structures o On nature-based solutions and urban design/ landscaping 13
  13. • Funding: o Fund acquisition from public/ private sector, Green Climate Fund o Subsiding EVs, eco-buildings • International collaborations: o Adopting best practices from other countries which can be replicated in Manila o Training and workshops with experts • Infrastructural changes: Expanding public transport, building bicycle lanes, green spaces, retrofitting buildings, greening of buildings, etc. • Public engagement: o Creation of web portal for public to monitor progress o Partnering with local communities to promote citizen participation through survey and training o Providing rewards to communities that promote and engage in eco-activities o Promote sustainable development via education, training, TV, radio, and social media 14
  14. • Liveable eco-friendly city • More people will have access to disaster resilient infrastructure • More people will have access to green recreational spaces • Convenient & fast public transportation system • More people will use Electronic Vehicles • More people will use bicycles/ walk • Improved air quality Outputs Outcomes Urban Design • Established master plan of Manila city in order to enhance liveability ( green building, green space for recreation) inline with ‘City Development Strategy’ • Established building codes for the safety and varied house options • Disaster resilient infrastructure • Smart eco-friendly city Transport Sector • Established policies and plans for transport sector including traffic/ pedestrian safety reforms. • Fundamental Infrastructure ( pedestrian/bicycler friendly lanes, charging stations for EVs, etc) • Apps for traffic and public transport monitoring • Expansion of EV based public transport, increased accessibility 15
  15. Outputs Outcomes Public Awareness & Engagement • Education for sustainable development • Radio/TV programmes for climate change and its impact on cities • Increased engagement on social media on sustainable lifestyles • Public awareness campaigns for net zero, sustainable lifestyle o Virtual (Social media: YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, TikTok) o Face to face/ on the ground (Reward system, story telling for children, publications for senior citizens, etc.) • Public engagement in policy making • Positive behavioural changes in public with respect to sustainable consumerism 16
  16. • Slum/ urban infrastructure transformation • Public interest in EVs • Expansion of public transport infrastructure • Public interest in sustainability • Funding • Outreach and awareness, area-wise rehabilitation • Subsidies / zero-interest loans on EVs • Clear demarcation of area expansion, step- wise implementation • Creative education and awareness campaigns, reward system, encouraging participating communities • International aid, government budgeting 17
  17. A governing body is established to monitor and evaluate progress and review the implemented policies based on their performance against the different indicators. Monitoring Half-yearly Evaluation Annual Policy review Biannual Governing body 18
  18. • SDG targeted indicators o 11.1.1 Proportion of urban population living in slums, informal settlements or inadequate housing o 11.2.1 Proportion of population that has convenient access to public transport, by sex, age and persons with disabilities o 13.2.2 Total greenhouse gas emissions per year o 13.3.1 Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment Indicators Global indicator framework for the Sustainable Development Goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development 19
  19. National Climate Change Action Plan, 2011-2028, Republic of the Philippines Indicators • No. of government institutions, centres of excellence and climate change resource centres linked to a national web-based climate change information hub • No. of local communities accessing climate change information hub engaging in the city decarbonization activities • No. of public transport projects achieving transit-oriented development (TOD) • Proportion of the population using EVs/ public transportation/ bicycles based on app data • No. of critical local infrastructures assessed and retrofitted • Percentage increase in city greening area • No. of public/ private bodies complying with GHG emissions reporting requirement • Percentage increase in new investments 20
  20. Group 4 Thank You !

Hinweis der Redaktion

  1. Project Title
  3. Key issues (supported by data)
  4. Aim and objectives
  5. Implementers: Roles and partners
  6. Implementers: Roles and partners
  7. Timeline
  8. Implementation strategies
  9. Implementation strategies
  10. Expected outputs and outcomes
  11. Monitoring plan with indicators Climate Change Commission, National Framework Strategy an Climate Change