3. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
challenges to facechallenges to face
• FOOD FOR WORLDS SECOND LARGEST
• IMPACT OF CORPORATE & INTENSIVE
• REDUCTION IN BIODIVERSITY
• BUILDUP OF PESTS
• HAZARDS OF INDISCRIMINATE USE OF
• ACCELERATED SOIL EROSION
• IRRIGATION RELATED PROBLEMS
• DEPLETION OF SOIL FERTILITY
• DEPLETION OF GROUND WATER
• INCREASE IN COST OF PRODUCTION
• WEATHER UNCERTAINITIES
4. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
• Need of the time to take agriculture as an enterprise.
• We have more than a billion mouths to feed
• Land is limited getting more due to rise in skyscappers
• Computers every where and so in agriculture.
• Precision agriculture.
• Research base for fortification, organic farming
• Technology to have more and more production with less inputs.
• Reducing inputs without compromising production.
• Research base on varieties which are stress tolerant, perform well in
adverse conditions, face insect and diseases.
5. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE ?
• Using science of agriculture
aiming at meeting the demands
of the present generation without
endangering the resource base
for the future generation.
• Working on an alternative
system of agriculture based on
resource conservation and
quality of rural life
6. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS AUTOMATION IN AGRICULTURE ?
• controlled use of water by
scheduling the irrigation cycle at
specific times of the day by
using sensors and water flow
controllers. By automating the
run times of the irrigation
system, it is possible to not only
curb the amount of water used
on a field, but also make sure
that plants receive precise levels
7. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
Why sustainable agriculture ?
• Ecological sustainability
a) Soil fertility
• Economic sustainability
• Social sustainability
b) Political unrest
c) Local acceptance
d) Indigenous knowledge
8. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS ORGANIC AGRICULTURE ?
Organic farming is a system which avoids
or largely excludes the use of synthetic
inputs (such as fertilizers, pesticides,
hormones, feed additives etc.) and to
the maximum extent feasible rely upon
crop rotations, crop residues, animal
manures, off-farm organic waste,
mineral grade rock additives and
biological system of nutrient
mobilization and plant protection.
9. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS SOILLESS AGRICULTURE ?
Hydroponics is a subset of
hydroculture, which is the
growing of plants in a soil less
medium, or an aquatic based
environment. Hydroponic growi
ng uses mineral nutrient
solutions to feed the plants in
water, without soil.
10. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE ?
Mechanized agriculture is the process of
using agriculture machinery to
mechanize the work of agriculture,
greatly increasing farm worker
productivity. In modern times,
powered machinery has replaced many
farm jobs formerly carried out by
manual labouror by working animals
such as oxen, horses and mules.
11. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS PRECISION AGRICULTURE ?
Precision Farming is generally
defined as an information
and technology based farm
management system to
identify, analyze and
manage variability within
fields for optimum
and protection of the land
12. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS INTEGRATED AGRICULTURE ?
• Farming system approach
envisages the integration of
dairy, sheep and goat
rearing, fishery, poultry,
pigeon, biogas, mushroom,
sericulture and by-product
utilization of crops with the
main goal of increasing the
income and standard of
living of small and marginal
13. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
A NEW PARADIGM BIOFORTIFICATIONA NEW PARADIGM BIOFORTIFICATION ??
• Micronutrient malnutrition (`Hidden
Hunger') now afflicts over two billion
• Addressing micronutrient
deficiencies using Improved crop
• This is towards meeting nutrient
output as an explicit goal of its
14. www.cuchd.in Campus: Gharuan, Mohali
TOWARDS LIFE OF OUR PEOPLE
• LETS MEET THE HOPE
OF THESE EYES
• LETS WORK IN