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Contextual relevance and implementation in Jordan

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Contextual relevance and implementation in Jordan

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Contextual relevance and implementation in Jordan

  1. 1. A framework for Innovation Platforms in CRP-DS: contextual relevance and implementation in Jordan NCARE: A. Bawalize, Y. Shahkatreh, M. El Hiary, H. Tarawneh ICARDA: S. Kassam, ICARDA colleagues ICARDA-NCARE technical meeting September 21 – 22, 2014 Ayass Hotel, Amman 1
  2. 2. CRP driven: Develop, implement and evaluate a process for multi-stakeholder dialogue and participatory engagement, which effectively links agricultural research with area based development, and leads to enhanced rural livelihoods and quality of life Development driven: Uncover opportunities for relieving constraints and challenges to livelihoods and quality of life through participatory diagnosis of needs and options for action (self-help or externally directed)…interests and incentives differ among actors, suggesting a need for negotiation and compromise Science supports innovation but is not the only driver 2 Conductive-PURPOSE Line activities across countries & sites
  3. 3. • Common understanding of purpose and agreement • Entry point is defined by community needs • Initial activities build momentum and trust • Aspires to achieve BOTH research and development outcomes • Approach as opposed to a model or blueprint • Resources to support BOTH research and development activities 3 Conductive-Line activities across countries & sites CORE ELEMENTS OF A R4D INNOVATION PLATFORM
  4. 4. Conductive-ENTRY POINT Line activities across countries & sites  Needs to be built upon priorities and needs of communities (Learning Alliances as one avenue for identifying needs);  Relevant to a large number of stakeholders, all of whom are beneficiaries of the innovation platform (Inclusiveness);  Defined as a problem rather than the opportunity;  Different from the modalities of action; KARAK: Entry point: Lack of effective access to farm advisory services in improving farm productivity and in the acquisition of knowledge for diversifying incomes Modality: More effective social and economic organization and fostering of linkages with private and public stakeholders 4
  5. 5. Conductive-Line activities across countries & sites INITIAL ACTIVITIES  Need for building trust and initiating momentum  Complexity can be added in once initial fears are dispelled and an environment of trust and reciprocity is built (social capital)  Immediate and tangible benefits to all (public good)  Integrating activities and projects (take advantage of “destruction”) KARAK: - Training on improved production practices for olives and disease management (links to the farmers association and Mutah Univ.) - Linking community based welfare societies with private NGO’s - Diversifying processed product ranges and product quality through technical training and support 5
  6. 6.  Research on the effectiveness of the process;  Research on issues that arise in-process;  Theory of change implies a willingness to change (how to measure?);  Capacity to innovate?;  Evaluation of development outcomes anticipated and related to:  Economic empowerment (gendered lens)  Social and cultural norms  Policy influence  Institutional structures and processes  Quality of life 6 Conductive-Line activities across countries & sites RESEARCH FOR/AND DEVELOPMENT AGENDA
  7. 7.  Context matters, and particularly so since 2011;  Local priorities differ, as do the capacities for embracing innovation;  The choice of actors within the innovation platform may not always be free of bias;  Institutional partners have their own mandates, pressures and partnership agreements (question of fit);  Complexities shift priorities and alliances;  About better articulating the comparative advantage and role of research in the process of area based development (greater than simply related to embodied development of technology) 7 Conductive-Line activities across countries & sites APPROACH AS OPPOSED TO A BLUEPRINT
  8. 8.  IFAD/ARPMII project in Karak  Local welfare societies and agricultural cooperatives  Private NGO’s within the governorate (eg. Branches of Mercy)  International (development) organizations active in Jordan  Mutah University  Regulatory agencies and local governments Need to identify resources to support “development” in a “research-for- development” initiative in order to mitigate community based fears and frustration 8 Conductive-Line activities across countries & sites BUILDING PARTNERSHIPS IN JORDAN