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Science And Religion

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Science And Religion

  1. 1. Science A systematized knowledge derived from observation, study, and experimentation carried on in order to determine the nature or principles of what is being studied
  2. 2. six principles of scientific inquiry: <ul><li>(1) Pose significant questions that can be investigated empirically; (2) Link research to theory; (3) Use methods that permit direct investigation of questions; (4) Provide coherent chain of rigorous reasoning; (5) Replicate and generalize; and (6) Transparency and scholarly debate. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Scientific Method <ul><li>Scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. A scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Religion <ul><li>A strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny. </li></ul><ul><li>An institution to express belief in a divine power. </li></ul><ul><li>A belief concerning the supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the practices and institutions associated with such belief. </li></ul><ul><li>The sum total of answers given to explain humankind’s relationship with the universe. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Traits of a religion <ul><li>Belief in supernatural beings (gods). </li></ul><ul><li>A distinction between sacred and profane objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual acts focused on sacred objects. </li></ul><ul><li>A moral code believed to be sanctioned by the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristically religious feelings (awe, sense of mystery, sense of guilt, adoration), which tend to be aroused in the presence of sacred objects and during the practice of ritual, and which are connected in idea with the gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer and other forms of communication with gods. </li></ul><ul><li>A world view, or a general picture of the world as a whole and the place of the individual therein. This picture contains some specification of an over-all purpose or point of the world and an indication of how the individual fits into it. </li></ul><ul><li>A more or less total organization of one’s life based on the world view. </li></ul><ul><li>A social group bound together by the above. </li></ul>

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