Diese Präsentation wurde erfolgreich gemeldet.
Wir verwenden Ihre LinkedIn Profilangaben und Informationen zu Ihren Aktivitäten, um Anzeigen zu personalisieren und Ihnen relevantere Inhalte anzuzeigen. Sie können Ihre Anzeigeneinstellungen jederzeit ändern.
Financial Ratio & Formulas
Activity Ratios:
𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 =
𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝐷𝑎𝑦𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑...
𝐷𝑒𝑓𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑛𝑎𝑙 =
𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ + 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑘𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 + 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑑𝑎𝑖𝑙𝑦 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒
𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐶𝑦𝑐𝑙𝑒 = (
𝐷𝑎𝑖𝑙𝑦 ...
𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 (𝑅𝑂𝐴) =
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠
𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 (𝑅𝑂𝐴) =
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 + 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒(1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑥 𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒...
𝐵𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑐 𝐸𝑃𝐹 =
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 − 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑠
𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑛𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔
𝐷𝑖𝑙𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐸𝑃𝑆 =
(
𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 ...
𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒 =
𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒
𝑅𝑒𝑚𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑈𝑠𝑒𝑓𝑢𝑙 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒 =
𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒...
𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑅𝑒𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 =
𝐶𝐹𝑂
𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝐿𝑜𝑛𝑔𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑚 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑅𝑒𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 =
𝐶𝐹𝑂
𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑠 𝑃𝑎𝑖𝑑
𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 & 𝐹𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔 =
𝐶𝐹𝑂
𝐶...
Nächste SlideShare
Wird geladen in …5
×

Financial Ratios and Formulas for Analysis

25.670 Aufrufe

Veröffentlicht am

Activities Ratios
Liquidity Ratios
Solvency Ratios
Profitability Ratios
Free Cash Flow analysis
DuPont Equation
Inventories
Performance Ratios
Coverage Ratios

Veröffentlicht in: Wirtschaft & Finanzen
  • Als Erste(r) kommentieren

Financial Ratios and Formulas for Analysis

  1. 1. Financial Ratio & Formulas Activity Ratios: 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝐷𝑎𝑦𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑠𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 365 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝑔𝑜𝑜𝑑𝑠 𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑑 𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 𝐷𝑎𝑦𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑖𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 𝑜𝑛 ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑑 = 365 𝑖𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 𝑃𝑢𝑟𝑐ℎ𝑎𝑠𝑒𝑠 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑑𝑒𝑠 𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑁𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 𝑑𝑎𝑦𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 = 356 𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑎𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑎𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝐹𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑛𝑒𝑡 𝑓𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 𝑊𝑜𝑟𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 = 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑤𝑜𝑟𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 Liquidity Ratio: 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 = 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝑄𝑢𝑖𝑐𝑘 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 = 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ + 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑘𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 + 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 = 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ + 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑘𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑆𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠
  2. 2. 𝐷𝑒𝑓𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑛𝑎𝑙 = 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ + 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑘𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑠𝑒𝑐𝑢𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠 + 𝑅𝑒𝑐𝑒𝑖𝑣𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑑𝑎𝑖𝑙𝑦 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐶𝑦𝑐𝑙𝑒 = ( 𝐷𝑎𝑖𝑙𝑦 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑂𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 ) + ( 𝐷𝑎𝑦𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑖𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 𝑜𝑛 ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑑 ) − ( 𝑁𝑢𝑚𝑏𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑑𝑎𝑦𝑠 𝑜𝑓 𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 ) Solvency Ratios: 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 − 𝑡𝑜 − 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒ℎ𝑜𝑙𝑑𝑒𝑟′ 𝑠 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 − 𝑡𝑜 − 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 = 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 + 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒ℎ𝑜𝑙𝑑𝑒𝑟′ 𝑠 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 − 𝑡𝑜 − 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 = 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝐹𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑙 𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 = 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝐶𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 = 𝐸𝑎𝑟𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑠 𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑡𝑎𝑥𝑒𝑠 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 𝐹𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑 𝐶ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑒 𝐶𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 = 𝐸𝑎𝑟𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑠 𝑏𝑒𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑒 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝑡𝑎𝑥𝑒𝑠 + 𝐿𝑒𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 + 𝐿𝑒𝑎𝑠𝑒 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 Profitability Ratios 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑛 = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑛 = 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑛 = 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝑂𝑅 𝐸𝐵𝐼𝑇 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑥 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑛 = 𝐸𝐵𝑇 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒
  3. 3. 𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 (𝑅𝑂𝐴) = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 (𝑅𝑂𝐴) = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 + 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒(1 − 𝑡𝑎𝑥 𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒) 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 = 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝑂𝑅 𝐸𝐵𝐼𝑇 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑡𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 = 𝐸𝐵𝐼𝑇 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑅𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 − 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝐷𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑎𝑣𝑎𝑖𝑙𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑡𝑜 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 Free Cash Flow to Firm: 𝐹𝐶𝐹𝐹 = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 + 𝑁𝑜𝑛𝑐𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑐ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑒 + [𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒 × (1 − 𝑇𝑎𝑥 𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒)] − 𝐹𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 − 𝑊𝑜𝑟𝑘𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐹𝐶𝐹𝐹 = 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝐹𝑙𝑜𝑤 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠 + [𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑒𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒 × (1 − 𝑇𝑎𝑥 𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒)] − 𝐹𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 Free Cash Flow from Equity: 𝐹𝐶𝐹𝐸 = 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝐹𝑙𝑜𝑤 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑠 − 𝐹𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑 𝐶𝑎𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 + 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐵𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑜𝑤𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 − 𝑆𝑖𝑧𝑒 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑠 = 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐴𝑐𝑐𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 − 𝑆𝑖𝑧𝑒 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑆ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑠 = 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑆ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑡 𝐴𝑐𝑐𝑜𝑢𝑛𝑡 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝐎𝐫𝐢𝐠𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐥 𝐃𝐮𝐏𝐨𝐧𝐭 𝐄𝐪𝐮𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧: 𝑅𝑂𝐸 = ( 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝑃𝑟𝑜𝑓𝑖𝑡 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑔𝑖𝑛 ) ( 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 𝑇𝑢𝑟𝑛𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟 ) ( 𝐿𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜 ) 𝐄𝐱𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐞𝐝 𝐃𝐮𝐏𝐨𝐧𝐭 𝐄𝐪𝐮𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧: 𝑅𝑂𝐸 = ( 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝐸𝐵𝑇 ) ( 𝐸𝐵𝑇 𝐸𝐵𝐼𝑇 ) ( 𝐸𝐵𝐼𝑇 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 ) ( 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 ) ( 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 )
  4. 4. 𝐵𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑐 𝐸𝑃𝐹 = 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 − 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑠 𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑛𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 𝑜𝑢𝑡𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐷𝑖𝑙𝑢𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐸𝑃𝑆 = ( 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 − 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑 ) + ( 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑑 𝑑𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑 ) + ( 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑡𝑖𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 ) (1 − 𝑡) ( 𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 ) + ( 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑜𝑓 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣. 𝑝𝑓𝑑. 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 ) + ( 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑠𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑜𝑓 𝐶𝑜𝑛𝑣. 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 ) + ( 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 𝑖𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝑆𝑡𝑜𝑐𝑘 𝑂𝑝𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 ) Coefficients of Variation: 𝐶𝑉 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 = 𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑑 𝐷𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑜𝑓 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝑀𝑒𝑎𝑛 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑒𝑠 𝐶𝑉 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 = 𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑑 𝐷𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑜𝑓 𝑜𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑀𝑒𝑎𝑛 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝐶𝑉 𝑜𝑓 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 = 𝑆𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑑 𝐷𝑒𝑣𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑜𝑓 𝑛𝑒𝑡 𝑖𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑀𝑒𝑎𝑛 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 Inventories: 𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 = 𝐵𝑒𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 + 𝑃𝑢𝑟𝑐ℎ𝑎𝑠𝑒𝑠 − 𝐶𝑂𝐺𝑆 𝐶𝑢𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 𝑜𝑓 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 (𝐹𝐼𝐹𝑂) = 𝐿𝐼𝐹𝑂 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑟𝑦 + 𝐿𝐼𝐹𝑂 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑒𝑟𝑣𝑒 𝐶𝑂𝐺𝑆 𝐹𝐼𝐹𝑂 = 𝐶𝑂𝐺𝑆 𝐿𝐼𝐹𝑂 − (𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝐼𝐹𝑂 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑒𝑟𝑣𝑒 − 𝑏𝑒𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐿𝐼𝐹𝑂 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑒𝑟𝑣𝑒) Long-Lived Assets: 𝑆𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡 − 𝐿𝑖𝑛𝑒 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 = 𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 − 𝑆𝑎𝑙𝑣𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑉𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒 𝑈𝑠𝑒𝑓𝑢𝑙 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒 𝐷𝐷𝐵 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 = ( 2 𝑈𝑠𝑒𝑓𝑢𝑙 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒 ) (𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 − 𝐴𝑐𝑐𝑢𝑚𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛) 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐴𝑔𝑒 𝑖𝑛 𝑌𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑠 = 𝐴𝑐𝑐𝑢𝑚𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑎𝑠 𝑎 𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑎𝑔𝑒 = 𝐴𝑐𝑐𝑢𝑚𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡
  5. 5. 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒 = 𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐺𝑟𝑜𝑠𝑠 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒 𝑅𝑒𝑚𝑎𝑖𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑈𝑠𝑒𝑓𝑢𝑙 𝐿𝑖𝑓𝑒 = 𝐸𝑛𝑑𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐴𝑛𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑝𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒 Deferred Taxes: 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝑇𝑎𝑥 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒 = 𝑇𝑎𝑥𝑒𝑠 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒 + ∆𝐷𝑇𝐿 − ∆𝐷𝑇𝐴 Debt Liabilities 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠 𝐸𝑥𝑝𝑒𝑛𝑠𝑒 = ( 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑀𝑎𝑟𝑘𝑒𝑡 𝑅𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑎𝑡 𝐼𝑠𝑠𝑢𝑒 ) × ( 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝐵𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝑆ℎ𝑒𝑒𝑡 𝑣𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒 𝑜𝑓 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝐿𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑖𝑙𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝑎𝑡 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑏𝑒𝑔𝑖𝑛𝑛𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑜𝑓 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑜𝑑 ) Performance Ratios 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑤 − 𝑡𝑜 − 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝑁𝑒𝑡 𝑅𝑒𝑣𝑒𝑛𝑢𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 − 𝑜𝑛 − 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑢𝑟𝑛 − 𝑜𝑛 − 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝐴𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐸𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑡𝑦 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ − 𝑡𝑜 − 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝑂𝑝𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐼𝑛𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑒 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑤 𝑝𝑒𝑟 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 − 𝑃𝑟𝑒𝑓𝑒𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑒 𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑠 𝑊𝑒𝑖𝑔ℎ𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 𝑛𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 𝐶𝑜𝑚𝑚𝑜𝑛 𝑆ℎ𝑎𝑟𝑒𝑠 Coverage Ratios 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝐶𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝐶𝑜𝑣𝑒𝑟𝑎𝑔𝑒 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 + 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑃𝑎𝑖𝑑 + 𝑇𝑎𝑥𝑒𝑠 𝑃𝑎𝑖𝑑 𝐼𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑡 𝑃𝑎𝑖𝑑 𝑅𝑒𝑖𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑃𝑎𝑖𝑑 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝐿𝑜𝑛𝑔 𝑇𝑒𝑟𝑚 𝐴𝑠𝑠𝑒𝑡𝑠
  6. 6. 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑅𝑒𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑓𝑜𝑟 𝐿𝑜𝑛𝑔𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑚 𝐷𝑒𝑏𝑡 𝑅𝑒𝑝𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑 𝑃𝑎𝑦𝑚𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑠 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝐷𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑑𝑠 𝑃𝑎𝑖𝑑 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 & 𝐹𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔 = 𝐶𝐹𝑂 𝐶𝑎𝑠ℎ 𝑂𝑢𝑡𝑓𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑠 𝑓𝑟𝑜𝑚 𝐼𝑛𝑣𝑒𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝐹𝑖𝑛𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝐴𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑒𝑠

×