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Historical background of curriculum in the Philippines

  1. The development of education in the Philippines from Pre- Spanish to Present time
  2. Early 15th Century Informal Education OBSERVATION IMITATION PRACTICE
  3. Teaching learning Process Focus On These Aspects - Behavior - It engages the oral traditions of implying values to the children - Skills - Involves the practical and hands-on activities that developed and enhanced the physical function the children during this period. - Communication - Implies the use of traditional way of writing and reading called Baybayin.
  4. Spanish regime Religion oriented and controlled by Roman Catholic Church. Spanish friars and missionaries educated natives through religion with the aim of converting indigenous populations to the catholic church Friars learned the local language The tagalog Doctrina Christiana (1593)
  5. . The Educational Decree of 1863 - which required the establishment of one primary school for boys and one for girls in each of the major town in the country. - The problems in Education during the Spanish Period are the absence of government supervision, over-emphasis on religion, limited and irrelevant curriculum, obsolete teaching methods, poor classroom facilities, inadequate instructional materials, discrimination against Filipino students and absence of academic freedom.
  6. education was used as an instrument to pacify the natives and eventually colonizing the island.
  7. 0 The Taft Commission Act No. 74 established the Philippine public- school system for free education and teacher training. 0 On August 23, 1901, the first group of American Teachers arrived in Manila through the Thomas ship. The Thomasites are one of the first American teachers. 0 University of the Philippines was created in 1908 by the Act No. 1870 by the Philippine Commission and the Philippine Assembly. The establishment of higher education institution (HEI) was also encouraged. Promising Filipinos were given the opportunity by the American government to pursue higher education degrees in the United States.
  8. 0 President Quezon created the National Council of Education in 1936 as an advisory body on educational matters. 0 In the 1983, the National Assembly enacted a law providing for the establishment of national vocational schools in different parts of the country. 0 The Adult Education in 1936 started 0 The National Language was a made a compulsory subject in all schools in the beginning of school year 1940- 1941. 0 Educational Act of 1940 reduced the elementary levels from 7 years to 6 years. The minimum age for Grade 1 was raised to 7. School starts from July to April.
  9. January 3, 1942, the Japanese Military Administration issued a proclamation order No. 2 in 1942 which contained the 6 basic principles of Japanese education in the country:
  10. 6 Basics Principle 0 Make people understand the position of the Philippines as a member of the Greater East-Asia Co-prosperity Sphere 0 ; Eradicate the old idea of the reliance upon the western nations and to foster a new Filipino culture on the consciousness of people as Orientals 0 Endeavor to elevate the morals of the people giving up over emphasis on materialism 0 and Strive for the diffusion of the Japanese language in the Philippines and to terminate the use of English in due course.
  11. CURRICULUM •School calendar became longer •No summer vacation for students •Deleted anti-Asian banned the signing of American symbols, poems and pictures •Nohongo as a means of introducing and cultivating love for Japanese culture •Social studies
  12. •In 1974, by the virtue of Executive Order No. 94, the Department of Institution was changed to “Department of Education”. During this period, the regulation and supervision of public and private schools belonged to the Bureau of Public and Private Schools.
  14. •National Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) •New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) •Revised Basic Education Curriculum (RBEC) •Secondary Education Curriculum (SEC 2010) K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum. Republic Act 10533 also known as “Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013”, or the K to 12 Curriculum encompasses at least •(1) year of kindergarten education, •(6) years of elementary education and six •(6) of secondary education, in that sequence. •Secondary education includes four (4) years of junior high school •and two (2) years of senior high school. The standards of the curriculum:
  15. REFERENCES: - foundations-of-curriculum-in-the-philippines - spanish-regime ROSALIE N. AROYLA