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AMIT YADAV
51452734
INTRODUCTION
 R-APDRP is meant for collecting baseline data for total
energy audit and accounting, through an integrated IT
strategy across the distribution value chain.
 The objective is to reduce the ATC (aggregate technical and
commercial) losses from the current level of over 30 per
cent to less than 15 per cent over next five years, by
automating and integrating various utility processes like
 Part A of R-APDRP should be done by HCL TEAM to
provide IT support and training for deployment of this
project.
 Modules under Part-A of R-APRDP project are shown
below :
METERING
BILLING
PAYMENT
CREDIT
PAYMENT
GATEWAY
SINGLE SIGN-
ON
DMS
BI PUBLISHER
WEB SELF
SERVICE
CUSTOMER
CARE CENTER
WORK AND
ASSET MGMT
GIS
ENERGY
AUDIT
DATA
MIGRATION
SPOT BILLING
MACHINE
MDAS
PROJECT SCHEME DIVIDED IN TWO PARTS
Part – A: (Part A can be done by HCL R-APDRP TEAM)
 Consumer Indexing, Asset Mapping
 GIS Mapping of the entire distribution network
 Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) on Distribution
Transformers & Feeders
 Automatic Data Logging for all Distribution Transformers
and Feeders
 SCADA/DMS in big towns / cities (with population > 4 lakh
& energy input > 350 MU)
 Feeder Segregation / Ring Fencing
 Establishment of IT enabled customer service centre
 Establishment of the Base Line data System
Part – B: It includes:
 Renovation, modernization and strengthening of 11 kV
level Substations, Transformers/Transformer Centre
 Re- conductoring of lines at 11 kV level and below
 Load Bifurcation, Load Balancing
 HVDS (11kV)
 Installation of capacitor banks and mobile service
centre etc.
MAJOR CHALLENEGES AND ISSUES
 Ground realities
 Timeline
 Ring fencing(help to make GIS-based network mapping and energy
accounting)
 Energy audit
 Technical challenges in R-APDRP implementation like
CCC (customer care center) ,WSS (web self service)
 Enterprise security , data protection and business continuity
 Network analysis
 GIS (Geographical Information System)
 Data migration
 System Integration
 Long term benefits
Modules of R-APDRP
POWER SCENARIO AND ITS
GENERATION IN INDIA
 The electricity sector in India had an installed
capacity of 214.630 GW as of February 2013
 The world fifth captive country has produced an
extra 31.5 GW
 Non Renewable Power Plants constitute 87.55%
of the installed capacity
 On other side renewable resources constitute of
12.45% of installed capacity
ENERGY RESOURCES
Conventional energy
resources
Non Conventional energy
resources
Capacity addition target of
78,700MW by 2012
Capacity addition target of
1,00,000MW by 2017
DEMAND
 The present Peak Demand is about 1,15,000 MW and
the Installed Capacity is 1,52,380 MW
 Power generation mix is thermal (63%), hydro (25%),
nuclear (9%) and renewables (9%)
 The projected Peak Demand and the Installed
Capacity
 Requirement in next 15 years is
Electric Power Transmission
 Energy is transmitted at step up high voltages (132 KV
or above) to compensate energy losses in long
distance transmission
 Transmission networks use components such as power
lines, cables, circuit breakers, switches
and transformers
 Transmission efficiency is hugely improved by devices
that increase the voltage
POWER TRANSMISSION FLOW
General overview of Generation ,Transmission and Distribution
Problem Faced
LOAD BALANCING
 There are several problem one of them is load
balancing
 The transmission system should provides for
base load and peak load capability, with safety
and fault tolerance margins
BROWNOUTS AND BLACKOUTS
 Brownouts occur when the supply power drops
below the demand.
 Blackouts occur when the supply fails completely
Load Shedding
 Rolling blackouts(also called load shedding) are used
to distribute insufficient power when the demand for
electricity exceeds the supply
Transmission Substation
A transmission substation decreases the voltage of
incoming electricity, allowing it to connect from long
distance high voltage transmission to local lower
voltage distribution.
FACTORS ON WHICH POWER TRANSMISSION
DEPENDS
• Voltage=IR or I*p L/A where p is rho
• The amount of power that can be send over the power
lines is directly proportional on the length of power
lines
• We need more voltage with increase in length of
transmission line
• Other factors also have significant effect like cross
sectional area of transmission line , with more cross
sectional area we need lesser voltages
POWER DISTRIBUTION
 Electric distribution substations transform power from
transmission voltage to the lower voltage used for local
distribution to homes and businesses
 The voltage used is appropriate for the shorter distance
and varies from 2,300 to about 35,000 volts depending
on utility standard practice , distance and load to be
served
 Urban and suburban distribution is done with 3-
phase systems to serve both residential, commercial,
and industrial loads
Shows how Power will be distributed
Hierarchy in electric power corporation
JUNIOR ENGINEER RESPONSIBILTY
 Test like commercial feasibility test
 Handle operation and maintenance department
 Distribution
 Change of supply type like commercial , educational etc.
 Load enhancement
 Change transmission
 Change of connection
 Disconnection
TYPES OF DISCONNECTION
AT & C LOSS
 AT & C is abbreviated for aggregated technical and
commercial loss
 AT&C= 1 – Na * Nc
where
Billing Efficiency (Na) = Total Units Sold
Total Input
Collection Efficiency(Nc) = Revenue Collected( Rs.)
Amount Billed(Rs.)
THANK YOU

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R-APDRP (Restructured Accelerated Power Development And Reforms Programme)

  • 2. INTRODUCTION  R-APDRP is meant for collecting baseline data for total energy audit and accounting, through an integrated IT strategy across the distribution value chain.  The objective is to reduce the ATC (aggregate technical and commercial) losses from the current level of over 30 per cent to less than 15 per cent over next five years, by automating and integrating various utility processes like  Part A of R-APDRP should be done by HCL TEAM to provide IT support and training for deployment of this project.  Modules under Part-A of R-APRDP project are shown below :
  • 3. METERING BILLING PAYMENT CREDIT PAYMENT GATEWAY SINGLE SIGN- ON DMS BI PUBLISHER WEB SELF SERVICE CUSTOMER CARE CENTER WORK AND ASSET MGMT GIS ENERGY AUDIT DATA MIGRATION SPOT BILLING MACHINE MDAS
  • 4. PROJECT SCHEME DIVIDED IN TWO PARTS Part – A: (Part A can be done by HCL R-APDRP TEAM)  Consumer Indexing, Asset Mapping  GIS Mapping of the entire distribution network  Automatic Meter Reading (AMR) on Distribution Transformers & Feeders  Automatic Data Logging for all Distribution Transformers and Feeders  SCADA/DMS in big towns / cities (with population > 4 lakh & energy input > 350 MU)  Feeder Segregation / Ring Fencing  Establishment of IT enabled customer service centre  Establishment of the Base Line data System
  • 5. Part – B: It includes:  Renovation, modernization and strengthening of 11 kV level Substations, Transformers/Transformer Centre  Re- conductoring of lines at 11 kV level and below  Load Bifurcation, Load Balancing  HVDS (11kV)  Installation of capacitor banks and mobile service centre etc.
  • 6. MAJOR CHALLENEGES AND ISSUES  Ground realities  Timeline  Ring fencing(help to make GIS-based network mapping and energy accounting)  Energy audit  Technical challenges in R-APDRP implementation like CCC (customer care center) ,WSS (web self service)  Enterprise security , data protection and business continuity  Network analysis  GIS (Geographical Information System)  Data migration  System Integration  Long term benefits
  • 8. POWER SCENARIO AND ITS GENERATION IN INDIA  The electricity sector in India had an installed capacity of 214.630 GW as of February 2013  The world fifth captive country has produced an extra 31.5 GW  Non Renewable Power Plants constitute 87.55% of the installed capacity  On other side renewable resources constitute of 12.45% of installed capacity
  • 10. Capacity addition target of 78,700MW by 2012
  • 11. Capacity addition target of 1,00,000MW by 2017
  • 12. DEMAND  The present Peak Demand is about 1,15,000 MW and the Installed Capacity is 1,52,380 MW  Power generation mix is thermal (63%), hydro (25%), nuclear (9%) and renewables (9%)  The projected Peak Demand and the Installed Capacity  Requirement in next 15 years is
  • 13. Electric Power Transmission  Energy is transmitted at step up high voltages (132 KV or above) to compensate energy losses in long distance transmission  Transmission networks use components such as power lines, cables, circuit breakers, switches and transformers  Transmission efficiency is hugely improved by devices that increase the voltage
  • 15. General overview of Generation ,Transmission and Distribution
  • 16. Problem Faced LOAD BALANCING  There are several problem one of them is load balancing  The transmission system should provides for base load and peak load capability, with safety and fault tolerance margins BROWNOUTS AND BLACKOUTS  Brownouts occur when the supply power drops below the demand.  Blackouts occur when the supply fails completely
  • 17. Load Shedding  Rolling blackouts(also called load shedding) are used to distribute insufficient power when the demand for electricity exceeds the supply Transmission Substation A transmission substation decreases the voltage of incoming electricity, allowing it to connect from long distance high voltage transmission to local lower voltage distribution.
  • 18. FACTORS ON WHICH POWER TRANSMISSION DEPENDS • Voltage=IR or I*p L/A where p is rho • The amount of power that can be send over the power lines is directly proportional on the length of power lines • We need more voltage with increase in length of transmission line • Other factors also have significant effect like cross sectional area of transmission line , with more cross sectional area we need lesser voltages
  • 19. POWER DISTRIBUTION  Electric distribution substations transform power from transmission voltage to the lower voltage used for local distribution to homes and businesses  The voltage used is appropriate for the shorter distance and varies from 2,300 to about 35,000 volts depending on utility standard practice , distance and load to be served  Urban and suburban distribution is done with 3- phase systems to serve both residential, commercial, and industrial loads
  • 20. Shows how Power will be distributed
  • 21. Hierarchy in electric power corporation
  • 22. JUNIOR ENGINEER RESPONSIBILTY  Test like commercial feasibility test  Handle operation and maintenance department  Distribution  Change of supply type like commercial , educational etc.  Load enhancement  Change transmission  Change of connection  Disconnection
  • 24. AT & C LOSS  AT & C is abbreviated for aggregated technical and commercial loss  AT&C= 1 – Na * Nc where Billing Efficiency (Na) = Total Units Sold Total Input Collection Efficiency(Nc) = Revenue Collected( Rs.) Amount Billed(Rs.)
  • 25.