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Developing Your Hand SketchingGrab a pencil (with 3B or 2B graphite) andsome tracing paper.Start scribbling some vertical lines. Use yourwhole arm pivoting from the elbow and notfrom the wrist as in the example. Work fast,neatness does not count.When you draw with broad strokes you wantto use your whole lower arm and when youdraw small details you want to draw from thewrist (which is what we are more used to). The arm approach will take some getting usedto, but it will give you speed as well aslooseness.
Developing Your Hand Sketching• Now draw some circles and ellipses (egg shapes).• Does your drawing look like this? • Thats because this expression comes naturally, without much thought. This is the mind set you want.• Do these exercises several times until you get something like this .
Developing Your Hand Sketching• Now draw some other vertical, horizontal and inclined lines. Draw several parallel lines as shown below.
Developing Your Hand Sketching• Now draw some other 2 dimensional (flat) shapes, like squares, rectangles, triangles, etc.
Developing Your Hand Sketching• Finally, draw some 3 dimensional shapes like cubes, cones, pyramids & cylinders.• If you need references, look at a shoe box, soda can or funnel.• There are samples of 3D objects all around.
Developing Your Hand Sketching• Now, try to draw the following buildings by following the illustrated steps.
Developing Your Hand Sketching• You can use your pencil to draw from nature.
Developing Your Hand Sketching• And from an existing space.
Basics of Perspective• We do not live in a flat. Most everything has shape and volume.• Buildings fall into this category; they are made up of simple geometric shapes filled with empty space (except for people, furniture & other stuff).
Basics of Perspective• As you see in this example, when you breakdown this building it is just a collection of boxes, cylinders, pyramids and cones.• You see these shapes everywhere.
Basics of Perspective• When you look at a shoebox straight on, it has two dimensions: width and height. It appears flat and shaped like a rectangle.• Its hard to tell if you are looking at a flat piece of cardboard or a box.
Basics of Perspective• Turn the box and you now see it has a side which shows depth (the third dimension). It looks more like a box; it is 3 Dimensional or 3D. Whether this object is solid or empty it is 3D--it takes up space.
Basics of Perspective• Notice since you are not looking at either the front or side of this box straight on, neither appears rectangular anymore. The top and bottom horizontal lines are longer parallel to each other.
Basics of Perspective• If you were to continue these lines they would converge to a point (Vanishing point) which lies on the Horizon Line. If you have ever been to the ocean, this is the line where the sky meets the water. This is actually the edge of the earth where it appears to end because it curves. It appears straight because the earth is so huge and you can not see its curvature unless you go up in a plane or spaceship.
Basics of Perspective• The edge closest to you is the tallest and the sides of the box going left and right are going away from you and getting shorter and smaller. The two outside edges that are actually the same height as the edge closest to you now look shorter due to the law of perspective.
Basics of Perspective• If we converge the top and bottom lines on both sides, they intersect at vanishing points. When you connect the two points this becomes your horizon line. This is called 2 Point Perspective. Notice this example.
Basics of Perspective• This building is pretty close to looking like a shoebox.