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Sharing Design Narratives Engender collaborative reflection among practitioners by a structured process of sharing stories of successful practice. http://www.slideshare.net/yish/design-narratives 1
Design knowledge in narrativeThe challenge of the Design divide: the gap in designknowledge between experts and novices.(Mor & Winters, 2008)Narrative is a predominant vernacular form of representing andcommunicating meaning. We use narrative as a means oforganizing experiences and making sense of them.(Bruner, 1986; 1990; 1991; 1996)
Narrative (i.e. stories) Something happened to someone under some circumstances * it * and theres a reason for me to tell you about it.William Hogarth, a rakes progress
Design Narratives are..• Accounts of critical events in a design experiment from a personal, phenomenological perspective.• Focus on design in the sense of problem solving, describing a problem in the chosen domain, the actions taken to resolve it and their unfolding effects. Provide an account of the history and evolution of a design over time, including the research context, the tools and activities designed, and the results of users’ interactions with these.• Portray the complete path leading to an educational innovation, not just its final form – including failed attempts and the modifications they espoused.http://www.ld-grid.org/resources/representations-and-languages/design-narratives 4
the big ideaFirst, I do not sit down at my desk to put into verse something that is already clear in my mind. If it were clear in my mind, I should have no incentive or need to write about it. We do not write in order to be understood; we write in order to understand.(Cecil Day-Lewis, 1947)I cant grasp much of anything without putting my thoughts in writing, so I had to get my hands working and write these words. Otherwise, I would never know what writing means to me.(Haruki Murakami, 2008) 5
The problem with storiesNarrative is a powerfulepistemic tool (Bruner).Story-telling is intuitiveand captivating. But, we want to avoid Gossip Divergence Therapy 6
Tell us about...• A specific incident• That happened to you• Where you confronted a challenge / problem• And resolved it successfully 8
Be a STARR• Situation – Describe the context in detail.• Task – What was the problem you were trying to solve?• Action – What did you do to solve it?• Results – What happened? Did you succeed? Did you adjust?• & Reflections – What did you learn? 9
A few tips I wasn’t there Stick to the story Tell it like it was …and then tell what you learnt 11
I wasn’t there Don’t assume that I am familiar with your context. What you take for granted, for me is a new world. Take your time to set the scene: who, where, when. Alice was beginning to get very tired of sitting3 May. Bistritz.--Left Munich at 8:35 P.M., on 1st May, by her sister on the bank, and of having nothingarriving at Vienna early next morning; should have arrived to do: once or twice she had peeped into theat 6:46, but train was an hour late. Buda-Pesth seems a book her sister was reading, but it had nowonderful place, from the glimpse which I got of it from the pictures or conversations in it, and what is thetrain and the little I could walk through the streets. I feared use of a book, thought Alice without pictures or conversation?to go very far from the station, as we had arrived late andwould start as near the correct time as possible. Stately, plump Buck Mulligan came from the stairhead, bearing a bowl of lather on which a mirror and a razor lay crossed. A yellow dressinggown, There was no possibility of takingungirdled, was sustained gently behind him on the a walk that day. We had been wandering, indeed, in the leafless shrubbery an the bowl aloft and intoned: mild morning air. He held hour in the morning; but since dinner (Mrs. Reed, when Introibo ad altare Dei. there was no company, dined early) the cold winter wind had brought with it clouds so sombre, and a of Troy, the Greeks having sacked some of the In the war rain so penetrating, that further out-door exercise was now outand taken from thence two beautiful neighbouring towns, of captives, Chryseis and Briseis, allotted the first to Agamemnon, the question. and the last to Achilles. Chryses, the father of Chryseis, and priest of Apollo, comes to the Grecian camp to ransom her; with which 12 the action of the poem opens, in the tenth year of the siege.
Stick to the story Actually, it is half the art of storytelling to keep a story free from explanation as one reproduces it. [...] The most extraordinary things, marvelous things, are related with the greatest accuracy, but the psychological connection of the events is not forced on the reader. It is left up to him to interpret things the way he understands them, and thus the narrative achieves amplitude that information lacks. Walter Benjamin (The storyteller, in Illuminations, p. 86) 13
Tell it like it wasYou don’t know You DO know, and only YOU know• Would have happened.. What happened• Could have happened..• Should have happened..• Will Happen… 14
…and then tell what you learnt This is your story, and what you learned is part of it. After you’re reported on the context, the events and the consequences – report on your learning experience. In the midst of the word he was trying to say, In the midst of his laughter and glee, He had softly and suddenly vanished away – For the Snark was a Boojum, you see. 15
Telling a good story is not so easy• Inexperienced story-tellers might - – Take the context for granted – Preach, apologise, market, or generalise – Avoid inconvenient details• Interactive feedback should help, but peers might - – Be reluctant to criticize – Attribute misunderstanding to their own faults – Loose attention 16