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Anatomia Dental

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Anatomia e Fisiologia da Boca
Prof- Kadmo Azevedo

Veröffentlicht in: Gesundheit & Medizin
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Anatomia Dental

  1. 1. Anatomia Dentária Anatomia e Fisiologia da Boca Professor Kadmo Azevedo de Figueiredo
  2. 2. Anatomia Dental  Estudo da forma e anexo do dente  Órgão dental  Dente  Periodonto  Proteção (Gengivas)  Sustentação ( Ligamento periodontal, Cemento e Osso alveolar)  Sistema Estomatognático
  3. 3. Anatomia Dental  Função dos dentes  Mastigação
  4. 4. Anatomia Dental  Função dos dentes  Fonética  Letras S e V  Estética  Acentuação dos sulcos naturais da face  Flexão do nariz para frente e para baixo  Mento para cima
  5. 5. Anatomia Dental  Cor = Branco Azulado à Amarelo-Acinzentado  Número  Dentição decidua – 20 dentes  Dentição permanente – 32 dentes
  6. 6. Anatomia Dental  Formula Dental  Maneira de conhecer o número, a disposição e a ordem dos dentes na maxila e mandibula  Exemplo  Dentição decídua: I 2/2 C 1/1 M 2/2 x 2 = 2  Dentição permanete: I 2/2 C 1/1 PM 2/2 M 3/3 x 2 = 32
  7. 7. Anatomia Dental  Notação Dentaria FDI  Processo pelo qual pode-se determinar o número e a disposição dos dentes como tambem localizar a ausencia de um elemento dental
  8. 8. Anatomia Dental  Características Gerais dos dentes  Coroa – Colo – Raiz  Estudo da Coroa  Formato de Cubo (Seis faces para estudo)  Face Vestibular (FV)  Face Palatina/Lingual (FP/FL)  Faces Proximais: Face Mesial (FM) e Face Distal (FD)  Face Oclusal (FO)  Face Cervical (FC)
  9. 9. Anatomia Dental  Estudo da coroa  Divisão em terços
  10. 10. Anatomia Dental  Estudo da coroa  Bordas  Encontro de duas faces  Ângulos  Encontro de três faces
  11. 11. Anatomia Dental  Elementos da coroa dentária  Cúspide  Sulcos  Fossetas  Cristas  Tubérculos
  12. 12. Anatomia Dental  Estudo do colo  Linha entre coroa e raiz  Incisivos e Caninos  FV e FP/FL – Convexidade olhando para raiz  FM e FD - Convexidade olhando para Coroa  Pré-Molares – Igual os Incisivos  Nas FM e FD a curvatura não tão evidente  Molares  FV e FP/FL – Convexidade olhando para coroa  Nas FM e FD a curvatura não tão evidente
  13. 13. Anatomia Dental  Estudo da raiz  Porção Oculta do dente  3 Porções  Base  Média  Ápice  Ápice  Forame apical
  14. 14. Anatomia Dental  Incisivos Permanentes  Incidire  Cortar  Boca = 8 Incisivos (4 Centrais e 4 Laterais)  Arcada = 4 Incisivos (2 Central e 2 Laterais)  Hemi-arcada = 2 Incisivos (1 centra e 1 Lateral)  > Quantidade = Supranumerário  FV = Quadrilátera, convexa  FP/FL = Cíngulo, Pilares de reforço, fossa incisiva  FM e FD = Triangular e convexa  FO = Linha  Raiz = Única
  15. 15. Anatomia Dental  Incisivos Permanentes  Face Vestibular  Forma quatrilatera  Apresenta a convexidade Olhando para a raiz • Apresenta sulcos de desenvolvimento
  16. 16. Anatomia Dental  Incisivos Permanentes  Face Mesial/Distal  A curva de convexidade Olhando para a coroa
  17. 17. Anatomia Dental  Incisivos Permanentes  Face Palatina/Lingual  Apresenta três saliências:  Cíngulo  Dois pilares de reforço  Um mesial e um distal  Fossa incisiva
  18. 18. Anatomia Dental  Incisivos Permanentes  Face Incisal
  19. 19. Anatomia Dental  Incisivos Permanentes A - Face vestibular 1 - ângulo distal 2 – ângulo mesial B - Face palatina C - Face distal D - Face mesial ICS ILS ILIICI Período de Erupção : 7 Anos 7 Anos e meio Período de Erupção : 6Anos 6 Anos e
  20. 20. Anatomia Dental  Incisivos Permanentes
  21. 21. Anatomia Dental  Caninos Permanentes  Semelhantes com dentes do cão  Canis = Cão  Pilar da face (estética)  Boca = 4 caninos  Arcada = 2 Caninos  Hemi-arcada = 1 canino  FV = Pentagonal (lança)  FP/FL = Cíngulo, Pilar de reforço M e D e Pilar médio  FM e FD = Triangular e convexa  FO = Dividida em dos segmentos  Raiz = Única e Volumosa
  22. 22. Anatomia Dental  Caninos Permanentes A - Face vestibular B - Face palatina C - Face distal D - Face mesial E - Face incisal CS ICI Período de Erupção : 11 Anos Período de Erupção : 9 Anos
  23. 23. Anatomia Dental  Pré-Molares Permanentes  Dentes Bicuspidados  Boca = 8 Pré-molares  Arcada = 4 Pré-molares  Hemi-Arcada = 2 Pré-molares  FV = Semelhante a do canino  FP/FL = Igual a FV, entretanto menor  FM e FD = Quadrilátera e convexa  FO = Rica em detalhes anatômicos (cúspides)  Raiz = Única (1º PM Superior tem duas)
  24. 24. Anatomia Dental  Pré-Molares Permanentes  Face Oclusal
  25. 25. Anatomia Dental  Pré-Molares Permanentes A - Face vestibular B - Face palatina C - Face distal D - Face mesial E - Face incisal 1PMS 2PMS 2PMI1PMI Período de Erupção : 10 a 11 Anos 10 a 12 Anos Período de Erupção : 10 a 12 Anos 11
  26. 26. Anatomia Dental  Molares  Dentes Multicuspidados  Boca = 12 Molares  Arcada = 6 Molares  Hemi-arcada = 3 molares (1º, 2º e 3º molar)  FV = Duas FV de um PM, Sulco Vestibular  FP/FL = Semelhantes a FV (menor)  FM e FD = Quadrilátera e irregular  FO = Cúspides (variando de 4 a 5)  Raiz  Molares Superioes = 3  Palatina (maior), mésio-vestibular (média) e Disto-vestibular (menor)  Molares Inferiores = 2  Mesial (maior) e Distal (menor)
  27. 27. Anatomia Dental  1º Molar Superior  Ponte de esmalte,  Tubérculo de carabelli Período de erupção 1°Molar – 6 Anos 2° Molar – 12 anos 3° Molar – 16 anos
  28. 28. Anatomia Dental  1º Molar Inferior  Cinco Cúspides  FV com dois sulcos Período de erupção 1°Molar – 6 Anos 2° Molar – 12 anos 3° Molar – 16 anos
  29. 29. Anatomia Dental  Período de erupção dos elementos decíduos
  30. 30. Obrigado pela atenção UFA!!!!!!!!

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