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Code,
Standard &
Specification
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
•Standard
−A standard can be defined as a set of
technical definitions and guidel...
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
•Why Standard is required ?
−Standards are documents that establish
engineering o...
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
•Code: A code is a standard that has
been adopted by one or more
governmental bod...
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
• Only if Regulatory body in your Country
has adopted said Code as law
• If not, ...
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
•Why Code is required ?
−Providing a set of rules that specify
the minimum accept...
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
•Specification
−a specific description of the
design and materials used to
make s...
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
•Specification
−Must meet requirements
−Examples- Company Provided
specification,...
What is Code, Standard & Specification ?
•Why Specification is required ?
−Specifications provide specific /
additional re...
Piping Code & Standard
• Provide a set of requirements for a safe,
reliable and economical installation and
operation thro...
ASME B31.3 Process Piping Code
•Code Cover.. (Scope of ASME
B31.3 Code)
−Requirements for materials
−Components,
−Design,
...
Material standard
•Material Standard cover..
−Manufacturing process
•Open hearth (OH), electro furnace (EF), basic oxygen
...
Material standard
•Material Standard cover..
−Heat treatment requirements
•Normalizing, stress reliving, annealing, soluti...
Material standard
•Material Standard cover..
−Acceptable tolerance for imperfection
−Defect repairs
•Extent of repair, met...
Material standard for Process Piping components
•Material Standard cover..
−Supplementary requirements
•These are the requ...
Dimension standard
•Dimension Standard cover..
−Different standard for different components gives
product specific require...
Dimension standard
• Pipe Fittings
− sizes, inside and outside diameters, wall thickness,
ratings, end preparation, tolera...
Dimension standard
• Flange: Pressure-temperature ratings, materials,
dimensions, tolerances, marking and testing. Flange
...
Dimension standard
• Branch connection
−pressure-temperature ratings, size and types, materials,
dimensions, tolerances, m...
Dimension standard
• Gasket: Materials, dimensions, tolerances, and
markings for metal ring-joint gaskets, spiral-wound
me...
What we have learned?
•Code, Standard &
Specification
•Benefits
•Material standard
•Dimension standard
This presentation is part of my online course
To learn more about pipe and pipe fittings take my online course at 90% disc...
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Difference between code, standard & Specification

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Difference between code, standard & Specification. what is code & standard?

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Difference between code, standard & Specification

  1. 1. Code, Standard & Specification
  2. 2. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? •Standard −A standard can be defined as a set of technical definitions and guidelines-“how to" instructions for designers and manufacturers. −They serve as a common language, defining quality and establishing safety criteria. −Examples- ASTM standard, ISO standard.
  3. 3. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? •Why Standard is required ? −Standards are documents that establish engineering or technical requirements for products, practices, methods or operations. −Build confidence about quality in users −Lower the cost of production as requirements are standardize
  4. 4. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? •Code: A code is a standard that has been adopted by one or more governmental bodies and has the force of law, or when it has been incorporated into a business contract
  5. 5. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? • Only if Regulatory body in your Country has adopted said Code as law • If not, Code will server as generally accepted guidelines for design, construction and installation • Examples- ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code , AWS D1.1 etc.
  6. 6. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? •Why Code is required ? −Providing a set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable level of safety for manufactured, fabricated or constructed objects. −Also refer out to standards or specifications for specific details on additional requirements not specified in the Code itself.
  7. 7. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? •Specification −a specific description of the design and materials used to make something. −They are set of instructions and/or requirements over and above requirements given in Code & Standard.
  8. 8. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? •Specification −Must meet requirements −Examples- Company Provided specification, Product specification
  9. 9. What is Code, Standard & Specification ? •Why Specification is required ? −Specifications provide specific / additional requirements for materials, components or services above and beyond code or standard requirements −Often generated by private companies to address additional requirements applicable to a specific product or application
  10. 10. Piping Code & Standard • Provide a set of requirements for a safe, reliable and economical installation and operation throughout the life of process plant • Provide consistent dimensions and ratings so that components will fit together • Improve system reliability • Cost saving
  11. 11. ASME B31.3 Process Piping Code •Code Cover.. (Scope of ASME B31.3 Code) −Requirements for materials −Components, −Design, −Fabrication, assembly, erection, −Examination, inspection, and testing of piping.
  12. 12. Material standard •Material Standard cover.. −Manufacturing process •Open hearth (OH), electro furnace (EF), basic oxygen (BO) •Hot/ cold drawing, forging, extruding , bending , piercing, rolling etc.. −Chemical and Mechanical Property of raw material and finished product •Carbon, Manganese, sulfur, silicon, Cr, Mo, Ni etc.. •yield, tensile strength, elongation, hardness etc..
  13. 13. Material standard •Material Standard cover.. −Heat treatment requirements •Normalizing, stress reliving, annealing, solution annealing etc.. −Mechanical testing requirements •Tensile test, bending test, Flattening Tests, impact testing etc.. −NDT examination, inspection and testing requirements •Radiography, Dye/liquid penetrant or magnetic particle, ultrasonic, visual etc..
  14. 14. Material standard •Material Standard cover.. −Acceptable tolerance for imperfection −Defect repairs •Extent of repair, method of repair and acceptance level −Marking and certification requirements •manufacturer’s name or brand, the specification and grade, Heat no. length, dimension etc..
  15. 15. Material standard for Process Piping components •Material Standard cover.. −Supplementary requirements •These are the requirements mentioned in purchase order and are over and above the standard requirements as per purchasers' need. −General requirements •Product finishing, ordering information, packing etc.. •Example- ASTM Section 01, Section 02 and Section 03
  16. 16. Dimension standard •Dimension Standard cover.. −Different standard for different components gives product specific requirements • Pipe −Pipe sizes, inside and outside diameters, wall thickness, schedules, permissible variance, markings and weight of pipe •ASME B36.10 - Welded & Seamless wrought iron pipes •ASME B36.19 - Stainless steel pipes
  17. 17. Dimension standard • Pipe Fittings − sizes, inside and outside diameters, wall thickness, ratings, end preparation, tolerances and marking requirements −Butt welded fittings; •ASME B16.9 - Factory-Made Wrought Butt welding Fittings •ASME B16.28 - Wrought Steel Butt Welding Short Radius Elbows and Returns −Socket & Threaded fittings •ASME B16.11- Forged Steel Fittings, Socket-Welding and Threaded
  18. 18. Dimension standard • Flange: Pressure-temperature ratings, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking and testing. Flange bolting dimension and gasket requirements are also included −NPS ½ through NPS 24 •ASME B16.5 - Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings −NPS 26 through NPS 60 −ASME B16.47 - Large Diameter Steel Flanges
  19. 19. Dimension standard • Branch connection −pressure-temperature ratings, size and types, materials, dimensions, tolerances, marking and testing •MSS SP-97 • Bolting − Included in Flange dimension standard −ASME B16.5 /B16.47
  20. 20. Dimension standard • Gasket: Materials, dimensions, tolerances, and markings for metal ring-joint gaskets, spiral-wound metal gaskets, and metal jacketed gaskets and type of filler material −ASME B16.20 - Metallic Gaskets for Pipe Flanges-Ring- Joint, Spiral-Would, and Jacketed −ASME B16.21- Nonmetallic Flat Gaskets for Pipe Flanges
  21. 21. What we have learned? •Code, Standard & Specification •Benefits •Material standard •Dimension standard
  22. 22. This presentation is part of my online course To learn more about pipe and pipe fittings take my online course at 90% discount How to be an Expert in Pipe & Fittings for Oil & Gas career click on https://www.udemy.com/process- pipe-fittings-for-oil-gas- career/?couponCode=FB10 Click on the link to enrolled now in Just $10 22

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