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STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION
TOURISM AND HERITAGE
URBAN GROWTH &LAND USE
DEMOGRAPHIC & ECONOMIC
•The city founded by Sultan Ahmad Shah in 1411 AD, lies on the banks
of the Sabarmati river
•The historic city of Ahmedabad is amongst the major metropolitan
cities in India. It's a city where history gently rubs its shoulders with
•The city is the administrative headquarter of Ahmedabad district and is the
judicial capital of Gujarat as the Gujarat High Court is located here.
With a population of more than 5.8 million and an extended population of 6.3
million, it is the fifth largest city and seventh largest metropolitan area of India.
With the increasing opportunities for trade and commerce and as a center for
higher education, this heavy growth continues.
Ahmedabad :at a glance :-
•Year of Establishment: 1411 A.D.
•Commencement of the municipal works by ‘Town wall fund committee’: 1834.
•Establishment of Municipality-1858.
•Establishment of Municipal Corporation - 1950.
•Area of the city: 464.16 sq. km.
• Literacy Rate 73.38%, 78.34 %( Male), 67.72 %( Female)
•Religion (in %) 84.6 (Hindu), 2.9 (Jain), 11.4 (Muslim), 0.7 (Christian)
•Official Language-Gujarati, Hindi.
•Languages spoken Gujarati, Hindi, English
The city is situated on the western side of India. The city is located in a sandy and dry area.
Except for the small hills of Thaltej-Jodhpur Tekra, the entire city is almost flat. Since,
Ahmedabad lies on the western side in the state of Gujarat, which is basically a desert
area; it experiences extreme type of climate.
The Sabarmati bifurcates the city into eastern and western parts, connected by nine
bridges, two of which were constructed after independence. Though the river is
perennial, it gets dried up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water flowing.
There are 2 main lakes located in the city limits
– the Kankaria lake, and the Vastapur lake.
Kankaria lake, located in Maninagar, is an
artificial lake developed by Qutb-ud-din Aybak
•Latitude - 22º 58 N
•Longitude - 72º 35EN
•Altitude - 49 Mts. above MSL
•Average annual rainfall-750mm (July to September)
•Climate: Summer – 24ºc- 39ºc (May exceed 42ºc or above.)
•Winter - 10°c – 24°c (It may dip to 5ºc)
Parimal Garden in Ellis bridge area of
Sabarmati river front
Ahmedabad became capital of the newly
formed Gujarat State in the year1960 but
a new capital was established at
Gandhinagar in 1970 which is 32km away
The District is surrounded on the north by Mehsana and Gandhinagar district,
on the South by Gulf of Cambay and Bhavnagar district, on the East by Kheda
district and on the West by Surendranagar district.
•New Delhi - 1025 Km.
•Mumbai - 545 Km.
•Vadodara - 110 Km.
•Surat - 280 Km.
•Rajkot - 225 Km.
•Bhuj - 395 Km.
Ahmedabad being one of the most important cities of India is well connected by air, rail
Ahmedabad has a good network of roads also. National highways connect cities like
Vadodara, Rajkot, Jamnagar and Mumbai. The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation
(GSRTC) runs express and luxury deluxe buses to the neighboring towns and cities. One
can reach the city by taxi from nearby cities.
The Ahmedabad Airport is just 10 kms from downtown Ashram
Road area. It functions for both domestic and international
Domestic flights on Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways and
Gujarat Airways are available for Delhi,Mumbai, Kolkata,
Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Jaipur and several other
destinations inside the country.
Ahmedabad has a well maintained
railway network connected to
important destinations of the
country. Ahmedabad railway
station is the largest railway station
in the state of Gujarat. Various
express and super fast trains are
available between Ahmedabad and
important cities of the country.
The history of Ahmedabad stretches as far back as in the 11th century and linking it self
with old towns of Ashaval and Karnavati about 1000 years ago. In the year 1411 AD,
Sultan Ahmed Shah built citadel and encouraged development of trade and commerce.
In 1456 AD, an enclosing wall was constructed defining a periphery to the city-limits.
The city within this wall got structured into wards, organized by 12 main roads each
terminating at a gate in the wall.
In 1487, Mahmud Begada, the grandson of Ahmed Shah, fortified the city with an outer
wall 10 km (6.2 mi) in circumference and consisting of twelve gates, 189 bastions and
over 6,000 battlements.
HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF AHMEDABAD
With the coming of the railway around 1860, development began to spill over (beyond
the city-limits) towards the northeast and southeast of the walled city. The first textile
mill was started in 1861 here by Ranchhodlal Chhotalal. This also resulted in the
industrial and residential development across the western side of Sabarmati River.
Construction of 5 bridges – Ellis Bridge, Gandhi Bridge, Sardar Patel Bridge, the Nehru
Bridge and the Subhash Bridge accelerated this development. But by and large the
industrial development has remained concentrated on the eastern side and the walled
city has continued to grow in density due to incorporation of fringe areas into the city
The city municipality was given the status of Municipal Corporation in 1950 when the
city started growing rapidly eastwards and southwards. In the later part of the
century, the western part has developed rapidly. The city is governed by Ahmedabad
Municipal Corporation (AMC), established in July 1950.
The heritage resources in Ahmedabad can be looked at following three distinct levels:
a. The entirety of the walled city: ASI has a total of 52 Indo-Islamic monuments under
protection. In addition, there are many Hindu and Jain temples, the Gaekwad’s
Haveli enclave of Maratha period and several other institutional buildings and
bungalows of the Colonial period. At the moment, these structures are in a state of
disrepair except for the few Jain temples taken care of by the Jain community. The
City Wall and its Gates are equally in dilapidated condition.
b. The pols which comprise it: The grouping of houses into pols is typical of Gujarat
and especially of Ahmedabad.
Destruction and de-structuring caused by new buildings, the invasion of business and traffic
point to a worrisome future for the pols.
c. The individual houses: The houses of Ahmedabad were traditionally built of carved
wood and brickwork characterized by low, single family units, of which only some
10,000 survive now. The gradual progression of the model gave way to the
transplantation of forms, which were totally foreign to local traditions. The apartment
buildings are of a mediocre quality heralding a decline in the know-how and
Realizing the acute need for a holistic approach to the conservation and preservation of this
valuable heritage resource, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) with assistance from
CRUTA Foundation set up a heritage cell in 1996. Its main objectives are to create basic
awareness amongst the citizens, promote traditional built forms, support participatory
action programmes and to co-ordinate efforts of different disciplines, stakeholders and
It is an advisory board to AMC essentially assisting the Corporation in its capacity building.
• Ahmedabad is an industrial base for sectors such as chemicals, textiles, drugs and
pharmaceuticals and food processing industries
• Textile and Chemicals have been the major sectors of investment and
employment in the district,since 1980
• Ahmedabad district accounts for 21.5% of factories and employs 18% of workers
in the state. Over14% of the total investments in all stock exchanges in India and
60% of the total industrialproductivity is contributed by the district
• Several business conglomerates such as Adani Group, Reliance Industries, Nirma
Group of Industries,Arvind Mills, Claris Life Sciences, Cadilla Pharmaceuticals,
Shell, Vadilal Industries Ltd., Rasna, BoschRexroth (Germany) ,Stork and Rollepaal
(Netherland) are present in the district
• Presence of Ahmedabad Textile Industry’s Research Association (ATIRA), the
largest associationfor textile research and allied industries in India, has helped the
district in becoming a thriving textilecentre
• Most of the medium and large scale industries are concentrated in talukas such as
Ahmedabad city,Sanand, Viramgam, Daskroi and Dholka
• There are around 422 medium and large scale industries based in
Ahmedabad district with total investment of INR 5,45,988 crore (US$
1,33,167 million) providing employment around 79,904 people
• Some of the major medium and large scale players present in Ahmedabad
are mentioned in Tables.
Small Scale Industries (SSI)
• The district has over 23,734 small scale industries generating over
95,591 jobs with total investment of INR 89,356.5 lakhs (US$
• Engineering, textiles, chemical, and paper and paper products are
the major small scale industry sectors present in the district, with
an investment to the tune of INR 68,220 lakhs (US$ 16,639 million)
• Gujarat Population Census Data shows that it has Total Population of 6.03
Crore which is approximately 4.99% of total Indian Population. Literacy
rate in Gujarat has seen upward trend and is 79.31% as per 2011
population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 87.23% while female
literacy is at 70.73%.
•Urban Population of the State is
42.6%, which used to be at 37.4% in
2001. Rural population in the state
in 2011 fell to 57.4% from 62.6% in
Ahmedabad is the most populated
District in the State, with 7.20
million people, up 11.94% from
2001, followed by Surat with 6.07
million people, up 10.07%, as per
Gujarat’s Directorate of census
Estimated Population 6.03 Crore
Actual Population 60,383,628
Area km2 196,024
Sex Ratio 918
Percentage of total Population 4.99%
Male Literacy 87.23
Female Literacy 70.73
Total Literate 41,948,677
Male Literate 23,995,500
Female Literate 17,953,177
1411 to 1900
Source: Desai Sowmya
(2005), Urban Spatial
Structures & Land
1901 to 1930 1931 to 1950
1951 to 1960 1972 to 1996
PHASES OF THE GROWTH OF AHMEDABAD
SPATIAL PATTERNS OF POPULATION GROWTH
• Up to 1981 most of the new
population added to the city
was concentrated within the
old AMC limits
itself, especially in the Eastern
• Expansion of the peripheral
areas began in the 1980s and
• Earlier only the eastern parts
and particularly the eastern
periphery registered faster
growth rate, but since the
1980s even the western
periphery has grown rapidly.
COMPARISON OF GROWTH BETWEEN AHMEDABAD , BANGLORE AND HYDERABAD
Source: Desai Sowmya (2005), Urban Spatial Structures & Land management Mechanisms, UnpublMished M.
Tech. Planning Dissertation, CEPT University, Ahmedabad.
AHMEDABAD URBAN AGGLOMERATION (AUA)
The Greater Ahmedabad Urban agglomeration is an amalgam covering an
area of about 4200 sq. Km is an amalgam of (Refer Map-2-1). The map
1. An area of 190 square kilometers is under the jurisdiction of Ahmedabad
Municipal Corporation (AMC), and
2. 150 villages in the periphery of the city are under the jurisdiction of
Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA),
3. 9 Municipalities in the periphery of the city are under the jurisdiction of
Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA),
4. Gandhinagar and the surrounding villages,
5. Chatral, Bopal and other surrounding villages adjoining AUDA limits .
Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority
• AUDA was constituted under the Gujarat Town Planning and Urban
Development Act, 1976 in 1978 to regulate and monitor the development
in the periphery of the Corporation limits and the adjoining 300 villages
and 9 municipalities.
• The major function of the authority is to undertake the preparation of the
development plan, Town planning schemes, regulate the development and
collect the development charges in the area of its jurisdiction
• In addition to the area falling under AMC’s limit, it also include 107
settlements around it, 4 towns , 103 villages of Ahmedabad district. The
expansion of AUDA comes of 129465 hectares (129465 sq km) area which
include Ahmedabad city (municipal corporation) of 44900 hectares.
Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC)
Ahmedabad municipal Corporation (AMC) was established in year 1950 and
this department manages all the administration and the construction works
for the city of Ahmedabad.
The 190.84 sq km area within the AMC limits consists of:
1. The traditional city center within the fort walls with relatively high-
density development, large concentration of commercial activities and
2. The eastern sector accommodating large and small industries and low
income residential areas, and
3. A well planned western sector with wide roads accommodating major
institutions and high-income residential areas.
• Spatial arrangements of land uses determine the
population distribution and infrastructure demand
patterns in the city.
• This section briefly describes the land use patterns in
• The Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority
(AUDA) is responsible for land use planning within its
LAND USE IN AUDA AREA
• Of the total AUDA area of
1294.65 sq. km, nearly 50
percent is built up. Water
bodies and wastelands cover 12
percent and 17 percent of area
respectively. Industries cover 9
percent of the area .
• As per the State Government
Policy, no major industrial
development within 24 kms of
AMC limit is permitted in AUDA
area. Considering existing
development conditions a
certain area for industrial use is
designated for light industry as
well as for general industry,
along with existing industries at
Vatwa, Naroda and Odhav (all
lying within AMC), which forms
nearly 10.38 percent.
SOURCE : CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN AHMEDABAD 2006-2012
SOURCE : CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN AHMEDABAD 2006-2012
EXISTING LAND USE PLAN
LAND USE IN CITY AREA
As per existing land use (1997), more than one third (36%) of the total area is under
residential use, followed by 15 percent of the area under the industries. Large tracts of
land (23.44%) are lying vacant, mostly in the newly acquired area of the AMC. Only 9.5
percent of the total area is under transportation network as against the norm of 15-18
per cent. as specified by UDPFI norms.
SOURCE : CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN AHMEDABAD 2006-2012
SOURCE : CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN AHMEDABAD 2006-2012
SOURCE : CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN AHMEDABAD 2006-2012
VARIOUS AMENDMENTS IN PROPOSED LAND USE PLAN
• There will be separate local area plans for central business district
(CBD), affordable housing zone, and transit-oriented development
• The development plan has also moved 134 hectares in Nana Chiloda
from general agriculture zone to residential zone-2. This is to facilitate
housing under Gujarat Rural Housing Development Board.
• In Kathwada, keeping in the mind the expanding Kathwada-GIDC
limits, the Auda has transferred 324 hectares from agriculture zone to
• In Shela, the Auda has earmarked space for a sewage treatment plant
near Enasani village.
• In Kamodh village a total of 8.54 hectares has been reserved for a
waste-pumping site and 27 hectares for a sewage treatment plant.
• Infrastructure - Circular and
concentrated around walled
city/CBD by five ring and
seventeen radial roads.
• Movement- West To East in the
Morning and East to West in the
• Major transport terminals
(Railway stations, Airport) are
situated on radial roads.
• The city transportation system is
predominantly dependent on
• The greater Ahmedabad area
roadway system is approximately
Distribution of Roads by Width (No. of lanes)
• Other than the NHAI
AMC and AUDA, are
developing, operating and
MAJOR ROADS AND ROAD WIDTHS
CG ROADAshram RoadSG HIGHWAY
Derived From: Interim Report on
‘Traffic Management Plan for
Ahmedabad’, School of Planning,
CEPT University: 2001,
Traffic Volume (PCUs)
and 5.30-6.30 p.m.)
BRIDGESBridges across River Sabarmati
Accident Rate in Ahmedabad
Derived From: Safe
Traffic Advocacy Cell,
School of Planning,
• It is oprerated by Ahmedabad Janmarg
Limited, a subsidiary of AMC. It is
designed by CEPT University
• Started on October 14, 2009
• System length
66 KM ( Operational)
+ 22 KM (Underconstruction)
• Number of lines- 7
• Number of stations- 92
• Daily ridership- 130000+
• Dedicated central lanes
the interference from the traffic was
• Location of Bus stops
about 400 metres beyond crossroads
so queues of buses do not create jams
• increased bus frequencies
reduced the waiting period to 2
minutes during peak hours and 8-10
minutes during off-peak hours.
• On-street parking
reduces the effective carriage way of roads
observed along the major corridors, in the old city area and
the public parking places near the ST Bus stand, commercial
• Parking places are highly inadequate
for the high vehicular population in the city
Vehicles in Ahmedabad
Source: MoRTH, Gujarat
Total number of vehicle registered and decadal
pattern in India, Gujarat and Ahmedabad
The annual growth rate of the vehicular population of Gujarat is even
higher than the national growth rate because the state economy has
been continuously doing better than many other states for the past
Share of Gujarat in total no. Of vehicle in country is continuously
increasing ,whereas that of Ahmedabad in Gujrat is decreaseing.
Currently vehicles are growing at the annual rate of 13%, which is quite
high and indicates towards a greater vehicular population in the future.
Source: MoRTH, Gujarat
Total motor vehicle growth and growth of two/three
wheelers and AMTS buses in Ahmedabad (1961-2001)
The growth rate of two wheelers was the highest in the 1970’s and in 1980’s because of
three possible reasons.
• A large number of lower middle class and middle class population supported by
favourable income levels.
• Economic liberalisation and automobile revolution in the country.
• The stagnation of Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service. A large number of
autorickshaws were registered in neighbouring districts and being operated in
Source: Transport Department, Gujarat, Ahmedabad, 2004
Vehicle per 1000 Population in Major Cities, 1990 and 2002
In the year 2002 Ahmedabad has recorded the highest per
capita motor vehicles in India
Source: MoRTH 2003
Slums and housing:
The slums in Gujarat are far worse than the average Indian slum. The problem
is particularly acute in Ahmedabad, with approximately 41 percent of the
city’s population residing in informal settlements that are characterized by
overcrowding, unsanitary conditions, insecure tenure and a high level of
public health risk.”
A slum is defined as a compact area with a collection of poorly built
tenements, mostly of a temporary nature, crowded together and usually with
inadequate sanitary and drinking water facilities in unhygienic conditions.
Ahmedabad has about 44 per cent of the total housing units in the AMC
region, with 54.8 per cent of the total dwelling units in the category of chawls
and slums. It accounts for 75 per cent of the chawl units and 47 per cent of the
slum units in the city.
There are two dominant types of low-income residential areas found in the city:
chawls residential units, originally built in the mill premises for workers, and
slums that represent illegal occupation of marginal areas of the city. The latter
typically lack facilities and basic amenities and are found along riverfronts, in
low-lying areas, on vacant private or government land.
Tenure patterns and percentages are unclear
but are closely related to the possession of a
ration card (71 to 75 per cent of households)
and/or an AMC photo pass (2.5 to 10 per cent
of households). Close to 28 per cent had
neither and their tenure status remains
undefined. These figures roughly appear to
reflect the following percentages: owner (70
per cent), renter (about 20 per cent) and
undefined (8 per cent).
It adds that the areas occupied by slums have
"barely increased by 2%" over 10 years while
the slum population has increased by 18%,
implying a "densification of existing slums".
Development plan via town planning
Zone Total Area in Sq.km Development Zone Micro Planning in
related zone in %
R-1 Zone 212 192.23
R-2 Zone 41.04 34.88
R-3 Zone 44.48 42.76 96.13%
Commercial Zone 12.31 10.42 84.65%
Industrial Zone 50.85 41.75 82.10%
Education & Public
5.68 4.70 82.75%
(Urban complex area
inclusive of AMC area)
366.36 326.74 89.19%
Characteristic of Development
• Development of Affordable housing in 76 sqkm,(R-AH)
• Land Use & Development
• Planning for compact city
• Priority to Sustainable & Affordable planning
• Motivational development in existing zones
• Priority & Motivation in CBD & transits corridor area for construction
• Planning for Sky line project
• Maximum use of land available inside the city
• Maintenance of agriculture land in outside the city
• Unity between land use & transport
• Construction of affordable housing zone
o Land availability for 15lakhs affordable housing
o Chargeable FSI at subsidies rate
o Adding in FSI cost at R-1, R-2 zone.
Unity between land use & transport
o 4 FSI provision in 200mtr BRTS & metro corridor
o4 FSI in high density corridor between National Highway (BRT)
& 132ft ring road (Metro) on east side of Ahmedabad.
Special FSI for Central Business District
o 5.4 FSI from Ellisbridge to Usmanpura (Ashram Road) & in east Gandhi Bridge to
o Simplification in construction rules
o Special GDCR for old Ahmedabad
o Provision of tradable FSI for the maintenance of heritage buildings
o Volumetric GDCR for Sabarmati Riverfront
o Planning of water tank system for rain water storage
o Compulsion of solar water heater for hotels & hospitals
o Addition in parking provision
Plan for Affordable Housing
• More focused on affordable housing.
• More land provision for affordable housing.
• 218 hector Land of 38 closed textile mills will be available
for Institutes , educational institute & affordable housing.
• Special provision in GDCR to encourage affordable housing.
• Unit size 36 to 80sqm for residence.
•The AMC had still failed to fully include many of the new insights
in their overall urban planning. It is, in particular, their
unwillingness to grant security of tenure for periods of longer than
10 years that sends out strong negative signals.
•Furthermore, the labyrinth of regulatory mechanisms and the
complex procedures of the urban planning process have not
helped the poor either.
• Although the AMC has not executed wholesale slum
demolitions, public housing agencies have not provided citylevel
shelter programmes for the poor.
•In Ahmedabad organized piped water supply starts in
year of 1891 by Dudheshwar water tank constructed
on eastern riverbank of Sabarmati River.
•Due to non-availability of Regular water after late 50’
in the Sabarmati River the city started depending on
the ground water sources.
The water supply needs of Ahmedabad city are presently met
from three sources
• Surface water from Raska.
• French well in Sabarmati River.
• By Intakewell constructed in River Sabarmati.
Sources of Water Supply
Water Supply, Storage and Transmission
• There are three water supply zones within AMC:
Central, Eastern and Western. Water is supplied from
Dudheshwar Water Works to the Central
Transmission Mains while the Kotarpur Water Works
supplies to the distribution stations in the three
• In Ahmedabad, an organized sewerage system
started 1890 when an underground sewer line and
temporary pumping station were constructed in
Khadia ward outside Astodia Gate.
• Presently, around 75 percent of the municipal area is
covered by 1384 km long sewerage network. There
are 43 Sewage Pumping Stations, of which 8 are
main Sewage pumping stations.
Zone wise Drainage Pumping Stations
• At present, Ahmedabad generates about 500 MLD of
sewage of which about 168 MLD is discharged into
River Sabarmati without treatment through storm
• There are two sewage treatment plants
• Pirana 180 mLd
• Vasana 180 mLd
• recently two sewage treatment plants (UASB) of
capacity 106 MLD and 126 mLd at Pirana (old) and
Vasana (old) respectively were commissioned as a
part of Sabarmati river action plan.
Storm Water Drainage
• Storm water drains in the city cover only 23% of the
roads in the city.
• There are three types of drains laid in the city-
Box type drains
• These storm water drains discharge storm water into
River Sabarmati at 42 locations, of which currently only
27 locations are functional.
• Negligence of natural drainage in the growth and
development of Ahmedabad city has led to problems
of water logging and flooding during the monsoons.
• The storm water drains cover only 23% of the roads.
• water drains: Of the 36 outlets into the river
Sabarmati, 9 outlets are blocked.
Solid Waste Management
• Solid Waste collection and disposal in Ahmedabad is
being carried out by Ahmedabad Municipal
Corporation as an obligatory function. The total
waste generated in the city is of the order of 2100
tonnes per day
• Waste collected from the city is disposed at 84 ha,
Pirana land fill site approximately 22 kmaway from
the farthest end on Western side and 18 km away
from the farthest point oneastern side, near Narol-
Sarkhej Octroi Checkpost.
There are altogether 1287 primary schools in Ahmedabad and 583 Higher Secondary
AMC is presently running 112
preprimary and 563 primary
schools . It provides free
textbooks to all students, and
scholarships to students
belonging to SC/ST/OBC.
There are additional 715 primary schools run by the private, having approx. 500 students.
There are 91 colleges in the city.
When analysed with respect to the UDPFI standards, Ahmedabad was found to be well
endowed and far advanced in terms of educational facilities.
Ahmedabad is proud of its scientific research, educational and philanthropic institutions.
Because of its internationally recognised educational institutions such as IIMA, NID, CEPT
and NIRMA University, the city has emerged as an important educational hub.
Gujarat Vidyapith - 1920
Nirma University - 1994
PRL-Physical Research Laboratory - 1947
BPA-Blind People's Association - 1950
MICA-Mudra Institute of Communications,
Ahmedabad - 1991
Gujarat University - 1949 CEPT University - 1994
ATIRA-Ahmedabad Textile Industries
Research Association - 1947
IIM-A - Indian Institute of Management-
NID-National Institute of Design -
Ahmedabad - 1961
SEWA-Self Employed Women's Association -
SAC-Space Application Center - 1973
CERC-Consumer Education and Research
Centre - 1978
AMA-Ahmedabad Management Association -
The Open Spaces in Ahmedabad are of five types: Open, Garden, Playground, Green belts
and Recreational Area. A total of 129 ha are under open spaces in the entire city. This
translates to 0.37sq.m area per person as against a specified standard of 8-10sq.m per
person (UDPFI Guidelines)
Over 40 percent of the open spaces lie in the Western Zone. There are no
recreational areas and green belts in southern and Central Zones. Most of
the open spaces are in the form of gardens. In all the five zones the per capita
open space works out to be less than 0.7 sq.m. There seems to be major
shortfall in terms of open green areas.
There are about 100 parks in the city of Ahmedabad. Private agencies like
Mother Dairy,Amul and Dairy Den work on leasehold basis with the
Corporation for the development and maintenance of these parks. In
turn, they grim through their profit margins from advertisements and sale of
In the periphery as part of new planning, AUDA has developed 50 parks over
Kankaria: A Destination of Complete Entertainment
Kankaria lake is beautified and modernized as an entertainment area by Ahmedabad
Municipal Corporation under 'Kankaria Lakefront Development Project‘
Kamla Nehru Zoo
Chacha Nehru Balvatika
One Tree Hill Garden
Matsya Bhavan is an aquarium with modern architecture on the opposite side of the
gate of Naginawadi near Kankaria lake. It is named "Matsyabhavan".
Tethered Helium Balloon Ride
IMAX - 3D Theatre is established in Science City
for first time in India. The screen of the theatre is
as tall as eighty- storeyed building. The size of the
picture screen is 10 times larger than 35 mm
Pavilion of Space and Communication
Many other pavilions and parks such as Energy Life
Science, Planetarium, Earth station, LED screen and
children's gallery etc. are raised here. There is an
amphitheater with a capacity of 1200 spectators. The
biggest Dancing Musical Fountains of India are made
with the use of light and sound.
Sunset - Drive-in-Cinema
The screen of Drive-in-Cinema is very
large. Its length is 63 feet and 142 feet
wide. About six thousand spectators
can enjoy the film at a time.
Gujarat stands second in India in respect of the number of museums. There are 57
museums in Gujarat, out of which 22 are in Ahmedabad. Thus, Ahmedabad is leading in the
matter of museums. Its museums are unique and they cover a variety of subjects.
Satyagrah Ashram - Kocharab 1915
This ashram is managed by Gujarat Vidyapith.
Gandhi Memorial Museum 1917
New Museum Building
A new museum was built in 1963 designed by Charles
Adivasi Museum 1965
With the opening of Adivasi Research and Training
Centre at Vidyapith in 1962, a museum was opened
in 1965 to display things related to their lives.
Calico Museum of Textiles 1949
This is the only first rated textile museum in the world
Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Museum 1957
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial Museum 1978
Vechaar-Metal Utensils Museum 1980
Patang - The Kite Museum 1986
This is the first museum of its kind in India and second in
City Museum-Karnavati: Atit-ni-Zankhi 2000
Designed by a French architect Le Corbusier, the City
Museum started in Sanskar Kendra of Ahmedabad
Municipal Corporation on April 4,2000 under the
name of "Karnavati: Atit-ni-Zankhi".
AutoWorld Museum, the largest and the biggest
automobiles collection of India and one of the best in the
world, is in Ahmedabad.
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Space
Sheth B.J. Vidyabhavan Museum 1946
N.C. Mehta Gallery Shreyas Museum
Museum of Folk Arts
Dev Arc Mall
National Handloom House
Abhijeet-III, Law Garden.
Drive-in Rd,Nr. May Flower
Ahmedabad provides a good network of medical services in the form of hospitals,
dispensaries and maternity homes. The Corporation manages three general
hospitals, one ophthalmic hospital, one TB Hospital, One infectious decease hospital, 5
Referral hospitals and 22 dispensaries. It also provides 10 maternity homes, three
dental clinics and 43 dispensaries
Apart from these there are two more General Hospitals, and 2 Super Specialty Centres.
The Municipal General Hospitals together have the capacity of 1700 beds for indoor
treatment; whereas other hospitals and maternity homes have above 500 beds (total
2500 beds). Annually over 3 million patients take advantage of indoor treatment in the
above medical institutions and about 50,000 operations are performed.
There are around 1300 private nursing homes also. The urban poor has to depened on
medical services rendered by the public, charitable hospitals, dispensaries and maternity
homes. AMC has a network of 60 medical institutions offering services either free of
charge or by levying normal charge. The lower order facilities are lacking in slums. Only
one-fourth slum population has access to dispensaries.
Spatially, majority of the medical facilities is located in the Western Zone, followed by
Central Zone. The other three zones are deficient in terms of health amenities
• High dependence on ground water in absence of perennial
water sources is resulting in depletion of water table at an
annual rate of 2 to 3 mts. This is posing serious
problems, both from the point of view of availability as well
• National River Conservation Project (NRCP)The National
River Conservation Plan (NRCP) is the project initiated by
Ministry ofEnvironment & Forests for cleaning up most
polluted rivers of India. River Sabarmati has also been
picked up under this project, which is highly polluted at a
stretch of 80 kms between Gandhinagar and Vautha. This
stretch passes through Ahmedabad. The emphasis of this
project is on arresting the river pollution due to discharge
of wastewater through 27-storm water drains outlets.
• Vehicular pollution generally accounts for 60-70 per
cent of total pollution loads of a city. The root cause of
air pollution in Ahmedabad is the two wheelers and
• In Ahmedabad a total pollution load of 25 tons/day on
to the atmosphere during the year 1970-71 has gone
up to 209 tons/day by 1987-88. By the year 1996-97
the load has gone up to 640-tons/day (CEPT, 1999). The
loss due to high levels of air pollution in Ahmedabad is
estimated to be Rs 250 – 300 Crores per year, which is
about 40% of the annual budget of the local body.
• Most of the areas along the major roads in Ahmedabad
are subjected to much higher noise levels than the
permissible limits. The Central Pollution Control Board
has set standards for ambient noise levels in
residential, commercial, industrial and silence zones.
• Though legislative options are available for noise
abatement under Environment Protection Act of 1986,
no concern is shown to the increasing noise levels.
As per a study carried out on seven major road
sections in Ahmedabad the areas on Tilak Road and
Gandhi Road are the noisiest, with equivalent noise
levels reaching 87.5 and 86.5 dBA during peak hours
(5-7PM) the maximum values on these roads reach
110 dBA .
On the University Road, the equivalent noise level is
72 dBA, which is 22 dBA higher than prescribed limits
for a silence zone. On the other roads, noise levels are
around 12 to 22dBA higher than the set limit. On all
the roads, noise levels exceed the permissible limits
(65 dBA) for more then 50 percent of the time.
• The Sabarmati Riverfront Development
• Ring Road
• Heritage Area Developement
The Sabarmati Riverfront Development
• The Sabarmati Riverfront
project is an environmental
improvement and urban
renewing project that will
renew Ahmedabad. The
project aims to reclaim the
private river edge as a
public asset and restore the
city’s relationship with its
• The development project encompasses both banks
of the Sabarmati for a 10.5 kms. stretch, creating
approximately 185 hectares of reclaimed land.
• The Sardar Patel Ring
Road is 76 km long ring
road around the city of
Ahmedabad, Gujarat, Indi
• It meets the Ahmedabad-
Vadodara Expressway at
one point and crosses the
Sabarmati River and the
Heritage Area Development:
The city government has a heritage cell. Development
of Chows, Gates, Traditional houses has been a
significant activity of AMC.
A heritage walk starting from a temple ending at a
mosque is a major attraction for visitors. Going
beyond buildings, the city has been developing
heritage development through a
A plan to develop inner-city transit development is
underway to make inner city accessible. Inner-city
pedestrianisation is underway.
Growth in Primary Sector
The completion of the Narmada
canal project is expected to boost
agricultural production in the areas
surrounding Ahmedabad and
improve rural incomes, leading to
Afforadble Housing Ahmedabad Urban Development
Authority (AUDA) has also
proposed the creation of an
affordable housing zone in a 76 sq-
km area encircling S P Ring Road, a
peripheral location, along with 38
defunct mills in central
Sources- The Times of India articles, AUDA development plan 2011
The size of these affordable houses will
be 66 sqm for middle income group
housing and 36 sqm for Lower Income
Investment in Ports
Ahmedabad is not reputed to be a
tourist destination. However, in
reality it offers visitors an
adventurous destination packed
with pleasant surprises.
Future BPO Hub
The city has the potential to become
a hub for business process
outsourcing (BPO) services, given its
strong academic and research base
The extensive port network is
expected to facilitate the
growth of new, high-end
manufacturing industries, such
as automobile accessories.
Pressure of Migrants
FIVE POINT CONCLUSION
1. Ahmedabad‘s traditional socio- economic set up was
the most important asset in its growth.
2. City governments have proven their efficiency in
3. Business skills and enthusiasm of migrant Gujaratis
account for credible image of city for investors.
4. New developments and expansion along with the old
planning is a challenge.
5. Ahmedabad is one of the best city to live in India.