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Sta cruz 3a. serie - passive voice

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Active vs. passive voice
Active vs. passive voice
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Sta cruz 3a. serie - passive voice

  1. 1.  voice  Active voice  Passive voice  Sentence Structures  Passive of imperative sentences  Forms of passive  verbs Rule According To Tense General  Examples  Activity  Review
  2. 2. Voice is the quality of a verb which indicates whether the subject acts or is being acted upon.  Active voice  Passive voice
  3. 3. The voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb.  The boy hit the ball.  Active voice adds clarity and places responsibility where it belongs  Active voice can make our writing more vivid
  4. 4. The voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb.  The ball was hit. (Or, "The ball was hit by the boy")  If the action is more important then the agent.  If the agent is not known.  To connect ideas in different clauses or sentences more clearly.
  5. 5. Subject ( Doer ) + Verb + Object Cat eat fish. The active object becomes the passive subject. subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle) Fish is eaten by cat. subject + modal verb + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle) Fish must be eaten by cat.
  6. 6. Active Voice Passive Voice • Should take • Should be taken • Can take • Can be taken • Could take • Could be taken MODALS • May take • May be taken • Might take • Might be taken • Must take • Must be taken • Ought to take • Ought to be taken
  7. 7. let + subject +be (not) +past participle Active : Shut the door. Passive : Let the door be shut. Active : Kindly help him. Passive : You are requested to help him.
  8. 8. The passive voice requires a "double verb" I. linking verb  am  is  are  was  were  be  being  been II. The main verb in the form of past participle
  9. 9.  Often passive voice sentences will contain a preposition "by" . Active Voice Passive Voice • I • By me • We • By us • You • By you NOUNS • He • By him • She • By her • It • By it • They • By them • Sham • By sham
  10. 10. Tense Active Voice Passive Voice Simple • Take • Is taken Present • Takes • Are taken • Am taking Present • Is being taken • Is taking Continuous • Are being taken • Are taking • Has been taken Present • Has taken • Have been Perfect • Have taken taken
  11. 11. Tense Active Voice Passive Voice Simple • Was taken • Took Past • Were taken • Was being taken Past • Was taking • Were being Continuous • Were taking taken Past • Had taken • Had been taken Perfect
  12. 12. Tense Active Voice Passive Voice Simple • Will take • Will be taken Future (will/shall) • Shall take • Shall be taken • Am going to take a • Cake is going to be taken cake by me Simple • She is going to take • Two cakes are going to Future two cakes be taken by her (going to be) • They are going to • Cake is going to be taken take a cake by them Future • Will have • Will have been Perfect taken taken
  13. 13. The last answer are News, if you check T.V. News CNN, there you can observe passive voice forms, something like: “ Africa is affected by climate changes” “Spain as it is today, has been conquered many times. Spain has been under the Roman Empire, the Islamic Empire and Napoleon”
  14. 14. .

Hinweis der Redaktion

  • 1,relation between the participants in a narrated event (subject, object) and the event itself. 2,There are two special forms for verbs called voice:
  • we might ask ourselves, what is it that does the hitting? The answer is the subject, boy. That subject is actively performing the verb; it is actively "doing" the verb hit to a direct object (the ball). This virtuous sentence is in active voice.
  • we might ask ourselves what is the subject? (ball.) What is the subject doing? (nothing.) The subject is not hitting anything else. So who exactly is doing the verb to hit? It is not clear unless we stick a prepositional phrase "by the boy" on the end of the sentence. The subject is passively sitting, doing nothing, while some outside agent performs the action (hitting). Since the subject of the sentence is passive grammatically, this wicked sentence in is passive voice.
  • Only verbs that arPassive Voice: The subject of the sentence is now being acted upon. The actor moves tothe end of the sentence with by or drops off altogether if it is unimportant or unknown. Theverb must include a form of be, followed by a past participle (normally an -ed ending).e followed by an object can be used in the passive. Sometimes a modal verb can be used before the auxiliary verb:
  • In these sentences the action does not pass to the object. The advice remains limited to the subject only.
  • You may have to use an appropriate preposition like ‘by’ before the passive object whenever it is mentioned

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