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Generalidades De NutricióN Y Dietoterapia

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Generalidades De NutricióN Y Dietoterapia

  1. 1. Generalidades de Nutrición y Dietoterapia Introducción a la Nutrición Lic. Adalina Ramírez Juarez
  2. 2. Como han cambiado las porciones de nuestra alimentacion en 20 años??? <ul><li>CHEESEBURGER </li></ul>20 Years Ago Today 333 calories How many calories are in today’s cheeseburger?
  3. 3. Como han cambiado las porciones de nuestra alimentación en 20 años??? <ul><li>CHEESEBURGER </li></ul>20 Years Ago Today 333 calories 590 calorias Calorie Difference: 257 calories
  4. 4. Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out How long will you have to lift weights in order to burn the extra 257 calories
  5. 5. Calories In = Calories Out If you lift weights for 1 hour and 30 minutes, you will burn approximately 257 calories.*
  6. 6. FRENCH FRIES 20 Years Ago Today 210 Calories 2.4 ounces How many calories are in today’s portion of fries?
  7. 7. Calorie Difference: 400 Calories FRENCH FRIES 20 Years Ago Today 210 Calories 2.4 ounces 610 Calories 6.9 ounces
  8. 8. Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out How long will you have to walk leisurely in order to burn those extra 400 calories
  9. 9. Calories In = Calories Out If you walk leisurely for 1 hour and 10 minutes you will burn approximately 400 calories.*
  10. 10. 85 Calories 6.5 ounces How many calories are in today’s portion? SODA 20 Years Ago Today
  11. 11. Calorie Difference: 165 Calories 250 Calories 20 ounces 85 Calories 6.5 ounces SODA 20 Years Ago Today
  12. 12. Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out How long will you have to work in the garden to burn those extra calories
  13. 13. 1 hour and 30 minutes you will burn approximately 165 calories
  14. 14. CHICKEN CAESAR SALAD 20 Years Ago Today 390 calories 1 ½ cups How many calories are in today’s chicken Caesar salad?
  15. 15. CHICKEN CAESAR SALAD 20 Years Ago Today 390 calories 1 ½ cups 790 calories 3 ½ cups Calorie Difference: 400 calories
  16. 16. Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out How long will you have to walk the dog in order to burn those extra 400 calories
  17. 17. Calories In = Calories Out If you walk the dog for 1 hour and 20 minutes, you will burn approximately 400 calories
  18. 18. POPCORN 20 Years Ago Today 270 calories 5 cups How many calories are in today’s large popcorn?
  19. 19. POPCORN 20 Years Ago Today 270 calories 5 cups 630 calories 11 cups Calorie Difference: 360 calories
  20. 20. Maintaining a Healthy Weight is a Balancing Act Calories In = Calories Out How long will you have to do water aerobics in order to burn the extra 360 calories
  21. 21. Calories In = Calories Out If you do water aerobics for 1 hour and 15 minutes you will burn approximately 360 calories
  22. 22. Nutrición <ul><li>Es la ciencia que comprende todos aquellos procesos mediante los cuales el organismo incorpora, transforma y utiliza los nutrientes contenidos en los alimentos </li></ul>
  23. 23. Caloría <ul><li>Cantidad de energía contenida en los alimentos </li></ul><ul><li>Kcal. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Porción o Ración?? <ul><li>Cantidad separada de otra mayor </li></ul><ul><li>Cantidad separada de otra mayor especialmente comida, que se da o asigna a cada persona </li></ul>
  25. 25. Necesidad Fundamental <ul><li>Comer es una necesidad Fundamental para el mantenimiento de la vida. </li></ul><ul><li>En los países desarrollados estas necesidades están cubiertas sobradamente, existiendo mas patologías ligadas al exceso que al déficit en la alimentación. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Estas necesidades dependen de ciertos factores: </li></ul><ul><li>Disponibilidad de alimentos </li></ul><ul><li>Factores Socioeconómicos </li></ul>Necesidad Fundamental
  27. 27. Pirámide de Alimentos. <ul><li>Traduce los requerimientos alimentarios recomendados y los lineamientos alimentarios en clases y cantidades de alimentos que se consumen cada día </li></ul><ul><li>Abarca mas de la mitad de los individuos sanos en un grupo. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Hace hincapié en los alimentos de los cinco grupos alimentarios que se muestran en las tres secciones inferiores de la pirámide. </li></ul><ul><li>Cada uno de estos grupos de alimentos proporcionan solo algunos de los nutrientes que se necesitan </li></ul>Pirámide de Alimentos.
  29. 29. <ul><li>Los alimentos de un grupo no pueden reemplazar a otros. </li></ul><ul><li>Ningun grupo de alimentos es mas importante que otro. </li></ul><ul><li>Para una buena salud se necesitan todos los alimentos que la contiene. </li></ul>Pirámide de Alimentos.
  30. 30. <ul><li>Se agrupan los alimentos dependiendo de sus funciones. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energéticos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plásticos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reguladores </li></ul></ul>Pirámide de Alimentos. Tres Grupos
  31. 31. <ul><li>En la dieta se representan las tres funciones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Circulo amarillo, alimentos energéticos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circulo Rojo, alimentos plásticos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Circulo verde, alimentos reguladores </li></ul></ul>Pirámide de Alimentos. Tres Grupos
  32. 32. Pirámide de Alimentos. Tres Grupos.
  33. 33. Pirámide de Alimentos. Japón
  34. 34. Pirámide Alimentos Canadiense
  35. 35. Pirámide de Alimentos. Suecia
  36. 36. Pirámide de Alimentos. Francia
  37. 37. Pirámide de Alimentos. España
  38. 38. Pirámide de Alimentos. España
  39. 39. Pirámide de Alimentos. España
  40. 40. Pirámide de Alimentos. Canadá
  41. 41. Pirámide de Alimentos. Mediterránea
  42. 42. Pirámide de Alimentos. Bélica
  43. 43. Pirámide de Alimentos. EE. UU
  44. 44. Lineamientos para la planificación alimentaría <ul><li>Lineamientos dirigidos a la prevención de un estado patológico, pueden resumirse de la manera sig. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Ajustar el consumo de energía y el nivel de ejercicio para alcanzar y mantener un peso saludable </li></ul>
  45. 45. <ul><li>2. Consumir una amplia variedad de alimentos para garantizar los nutrimientos adecuados </li></ul><ul><li>3. Aumentar los CH totales y complejos </li></ul><ul><li>4. Comer menos grasa total y saturada </li></ul>Lineamientos para la planificación alimentaría
  46. 46. <ul><li>A eso se puede añadir: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comer mas fibra </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comer mas frutas y verduras </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disminuir colesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disminuir sodio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disminuir azucares </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumir bebidas alcohólicas con moderación. </li></ul></ul>Lineamientos para la planificación alimentaría
  47. 47. Dietoterapia <ul><li>La dieto terapia se utiliza en procesos patológicos, donde por distintos motivos, debe modificarse el tipo de alimentación habitual del paciente. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dieta Terapéutica </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Régimen dietético </li></ul></ul></ul>
  48. 48. Objetivo Dietoterapia. <ul><li>La dieta es el único tratamiento de la enfermedad (DM II, Col) </li></ul><ul><li>La dieta forma parte del tratamiento junto con los fármacos (DM I) </li></ul><ul><li>La dieta tiene por objetivo prevenir la aparición de sx. (litiasis biliar) </li></ul><ul><li>en otras patologías deben excluirse de la dieta algunos alimentos o nutrientes. (intolerancias, alergias) </li></ul>
  49. 49. <ul><li>Las dieta puede tener otros objetivo, presentarse de tal forma o con tal textura que pueda ser ingerida por el px. (liquidas, trituradas) </li></ul><ul><li>Estas dietas pueden ser por lo demas, completamente normales, y contener la energía necesaria que se recomienda a una persona sana. </li></ul>Objetivo Dietoterapia.

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