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Freedom Of The Press Presentation Professional Version

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The freedom of a countries press is important as an indicator of the overall freedom experienced by the citizens of that country. The press acts to facilitate the spread of information and to keep governments accountable. This is the visual representation of the 64 page report I did including regression analysis of the factors contributing to a countries ranking on the Reporters Without Borders: Freedom of the Press Index 2008.

Veröffentlicht in: Wirtschaft & Finanzen
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Freedom Of The Press Presentation Professional Version

  1. 1. Freedom of the Press<br />What factors contribute?<br />Tre Rodriguez<br />
  2. 2. Introduction: Freedom of Press<br />Purpose of Research<br />To use regression analysis to quantify the contribution of various factors to predict a country's ranking on the <br />Freedom of the Press Index of 2008.<br />
  3. 3. Background<br />Why does a free press matter?<br /><ul><li> Information
  4. 4. Accountability</li></ul>Why are influences important?<br /><ul><li> Foster supportive environment
  5. 5. Mitigate/predict suppressors</li></li></ul><li>Background<br />“Reporters Without Borders … reflects the degree <br />of freedom of journalists <br />and news organizations …”<br />
  6. 6. Dependent Variable<br />Y = Country Ranking on the Freedom of Press Index 2008<br /><ul><li>Collected Data on 173 countries
  7. 7. Between Sept 2007-Sept 2008
  8. 8. Index accounts for
  9. 9. Murders
  10. 10. Imprisonment
  11. 11. Physical attacks/threats
  12. 12. Censorship
  13. 13. Confiscation
  14. 14. Searches
  15. 15. Harassment</li></li></ul><li>Freedom of Press Index - Partial<br />
  16. 16. Possible Explanatory Variables (Xs)<br /><ul><li>Urbanization Level
  17. 17. Infant Mortality
  18. 18. Literacy Rate
  19. 19. Predominant Religion
  20. 20. GDP per Capita
  21. 21. System of Government</li></li></ul><li>Analytical Choices - 1<br />Functional Form for Regression<br />Semi log: some variables impact increase at a decreasing rate, so we take the log of their values to normalize their impact.<br />
  22. 22. Analytical Choices - 2<br />Specification – Inclusion of x Variables<br /><ul><li>Theory
  23. 23. T-test
  24. 24. Adjusted R-squared
  25. 25. Bias</li></li></ul><li>Analytical Choices – 3<br />RANK = 92.94 + 53.19AUTH + 68.63MUS + <br /> (t = 3.90) (t = 9.30)<br />-7.54 log GDP + 68.51COM + €<br /> (t = 3.44) (t = 4.14)<br />Adjusted R2= .57 Durbin-Watson = .50 <br />
  26. 26. Technical Questions<br />Any violations of OLS Assumptions?<br />Specification: Independent variables<br />Specification: Functional Form<br />Multicollinearity<br />Serial Correlation<br />Heteroskedasticity<br />
  27. 27. Conclusion: Scope/Applicability of Results<br />They do say:<br /><ul><li> Sample Specific </li></ul>(173 countries)<br /><ul><li> Holding present variables constant</li></ul>They do not:<br /><ul><li>Account for influence of omitted variables
  28. 28. Prove causation</li></li></ul><li>World Map: Freedom of Press<br />How free is your press?<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30. Data Sources<br />

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