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Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 1 /
40 years of cleanroom technology: some historical remarks
Hans H. Schicht, CH-8126 Zumikon
1. The beginnings
2. International symposia and ICCCS
3. A quantum leap forward
4. Standards and regulatory compendia
5. Conquering the world
6. Cleanrooms – their impact upon society
7. The future
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 2 /
The pioneer of unidirectional airflow:
Willis J. Whitfield
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 3 /
Earliest air filter technology
(Copyright: Luwa AG / Mc Leod Russel Filter Ltd., CH-8610 Uster)
1939
Production of gas filters
for the Swiss Army
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 4 /
Whitfield clean work station, built in 1962
(Courtesy: The Cleanroom Monitor, edited by the Scottish Society for Contamination Control)
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 5 /
1973 operating theatre for orthopedic surgery
with horizontal unidirectional airflow
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 6 /
A pioneering cleanroom application:
Hip joint replacement in a Meierhans operating cabin
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 7 /
Early containment concept for veterinary virology
(E. Hovgaard Jensen in: Proc. 2nd Int. Sympos. Contam. Control, London, 23-26 Sept. 1974, p. 41-
43)
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 8 /
1st Int. Sympos. Contamination Control,
Zürich, 18-20 Oct. 1972: Title page of the Proceedings
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 9 /
5th Int. Sympos. Contamination Control,
Munich, 15-17 Sept. 1980: Title page of the Proceedings
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 10 /
Semiconductor fabs in 1990 – huge air circulation machines
(P.G. Luscuere in: Swiss Contamination Control 3 (1990) 4a, p. 169-171)
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 11 /
Minienvironments in a semiconductor fab
(Copyright: Zellweger Luwa AG, CH-8610 Uster)
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 12 /
A SMIF box in a semiconductor fab
(Copyright: M + W Zander GmbH, D-70499 Stuttgart)
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 13 /
1995: Isolator protected ampoule filling machine
(Copyright: Cilag AG, CH-8201 Schaffhausen)
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 14 /
An early isolator for hospital applications
(B. Saint Martin in: Proc. 1st
Sympos. Contam. Control, Zürich, 18-20 October 1972, p. 122-124)
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 15 /
CEN/TC 243 meeting at AFNOR, Paris, 8 Oct. 1993
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 16 /
The impact of cleanroom technology upon society
● Market estimate for cleanrooms
and cleanroom products 2001 [in brackets: 2006]:
USD 8 billion [USD11 billion]
● Market volume of products manufactured in cleanrooms:
more than USD 1 000 billion
● Persons working in cleanrooms:
USA: 500 000 persons
World: 2 000 000 persons
Technische Gebäudeausrüstung
Building Services
Name / 18.03.2004 Raumautomation - RaumfunktionSeite 17 /
Packaging of sliced meat loaf
(Copyright: Migros Genossenschafts-Bund, CH- 8005 Zürich
and Zellweger Luwa AG, CH-8610 Uster)

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Cleanroom history