How to stay 

Human in the
Digital?
Alexander Steinhart
Psychologist, Co-Founder & CEO ( OFFTIME )
About ( OFFTIME ) - Trainings, Workshops & Retreats
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
3
About ( OFFTIME ) - Research & Consultancy
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
About ( OFFTIME ) - Anti-Distraction Software as a Service
4
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
About ( OFFTIME ) - It’s loved by the press and its users
5
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
THE DIGITAL 

REVOLUTION
6
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
THE BENEFITS
ARE OBVIOUS
7
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
THE BENEFITS
ARE OBVIOUS
Productivity
Efficiency
Accuracy
Speed
Performance
Satisfaction
Pleasure
Desire
8
Alexander Stein...
WE ARE ALL
CONNECTED
94% of the 12-19 old have an smartphone that can connect to the internet

Source: KIM & JIM-Studies, ...
WE ALL WANT
TO UNPLUG,

BUT CANNOT.
10
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
11
We all want to unplug. But cannot.
▪ 55% of the teens and 66% of the adults are sometimes annoyed by their smartphone
▪...
12
Where does this lead to?


Picture Source: unknown
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
Information Affluence
13
Information Scarcity
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
14
Phase 2: Control & Balance
Phase 1: Access
Democracy, Efficiency
What? When? How? Why?
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay ...
15
Phase 2: Control & Balance
Phase 1: Access
Democracy, Efficiency
What? When? How? Why?
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay ...
IT’S NOT THE FIRST 

REVOLUTION
16
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
17
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
18


Image Source: OFFTIME, CC BY 2.0
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
WHY IS THE
DIGITAL FOR US
A CHALLENGE?
19
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
20
Because we’re human
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
21
We love new information
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
22
We’re social
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
23
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
24
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
25


Image Source: OFFTIME, CC BY 2.0
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
26
We create identities
Image Source:
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
27
We develop (strong) habits


Overview: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinforcement#Intermittent_reinforcements
Alexande...
28
Effortless access - Self-control cost us energy the we lack elsewhere
Baumeister, Bratslavsky, Muraven, & Tice, 1998;

...
29
Designed for engagement + multifunctional & omnichannel
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
30
Very addictive mix - an unprecedented challenge
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
Hofmann, Baumeister & Vohs, 2012
The need with the highest self-control failure (42%): Media Use
31
Alexander Steinhart - ...
WE HUMANS HAVE
MORE NEEDS
32
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
( )PRIVACY
33
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
( )SOLITUDE


Conley, D. (2012); Akrivou, K., Bourantas, D., Mo, S., & Papalois, E. (2011)
34
Alexander Steinhart - How to...
( )BOREDOM


Conley, D. (2012); Akrivou, K., Bourantas, D., Mo, S., & Papalois, E. (2011)
35
Alexander Steinhart - How to ...
( )CONVERSATION


Sherry Turkle, 2011 & 2015
36
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
( )UNPLUG, 

TO RECOVER


Meijman & Mulder, 1998; Fritz, C. & Sonnentag, S., 2006
37
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Hum...


Lemola & Co., 2015; Saeb & Co (2015); Markowetz,2015; Lanaj, Johnson, & Barnes, 2014; Dettmers & Bamberg, 2014
38
Alexan...
Holistic Recreation: MRCC


Meijman & Mulder, 1998; Fritz, C. & Sonnentag, S., 2006
( )
39
Alexander Steinhart - How to st...
1 week with 2 hours of OFFTIME a day
( ) 

Curtaz, Hoppe & Nachtwei (2015)
40
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in t...
FOCUS/

ATTENTION
König, Kleinmann, & Höhmann, 2013; Pashler, 1994; Thornton, Faires, Robbins, & Rollins, 2014
( )
41
Alex...
( )AUTONOMY
42
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
Kant, Foucault
43
Very addictive mix - an unprecedented challenge
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
Hofmann, Baumeister & Vohs, 2012
The need with the highest self-control failure (42%): Media Use
44
Alexander Steinhart - ...
HOW WILL THE
FUTURE LOOK LIKE?
45
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
Internet of Things
46
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
Raymond Kurzweil, Photo by Michael Lutch. Courtesy of Kurzweil Technologies, Inc.; CC BY 1.0
Singularity
47
Alexander Stei...
Neil Harbisson, cyborg activist and president of the Cyborg Foundation; October 2012; CC BY 2.0

H+ Magazine
Cyborgs & Tra...
Neil Harbisson, cyborg activist and president of the Cyborg Foundation; October 2012; CC BY 2.0

H+ Magazine
Virtual Reali...
A BRIGHT FUTURE?
50
“My iPhone has 2 million times the storage of the 1969 Apollo 11 spacecraft
computer. They went to the...
WE WILL USE THIS
TECHNOLOGY - IT WILL BE
THE NEW CRYSTAL METH
51
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
WE NEED MORE.
52
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
PEOPLE WHO SHARE A
HEALTHY & DIGITAL
LIFESTYLE
53
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
54
PERSONAL STRATEGIES
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
MEDIA ASCETICISM / LOTS - Lifestyle of technological simplicity
55
A lifestyle characterized by the comprehension of the t...
56
DIGITAL DETOX & UNPLUGGING
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
57
ANALOG IS THE NEW ORGANIC


Image Source: OFFTIME, CC BY 2.0 ; Book Wilkens/Metrolit
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay ...
58
NUTURE ANALOG AND OFFLINE PLACES
Collection: http://offtime.co/blog/en/offline-orte-offline-places/
Alexander Steinhart...
TECHNOLOGY THAT SUPPORT US WITH TECHNOLOGY
59
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
MOVE BEYOND THE 

ONLINE-OFFLINE

DIGITAL DUALISM
60
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
NEW TECHNOLOGIES &
SERVICES WITH KPIs WHO
SUPPORT US & ALLOW
DIGITAL BALANCE
61
Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in...
Digital Manifesto - Digital Democracy instead of Data Dictatorship
Big Data, nudging, behavioral control:
Threatens us the...
Liberation Technology - “Liberationtech”
Liberation Technology at Stanford's Center
on Democracy, Development, and the Rul...
Calm Technology/Computing
Technology should be designed to be a
tool and operate in the background
without taking a toll o...
Positive Computing/Technology/Design
Positive Computing is the design and
development of technology to support
psychologic...
Design for Time Well Spent
Technology that cares about helping us
spend our time, and our lives, well – not
seducing us in...
Slow Design
Slow Design is a branch of the Slow
Movement, which began with the concept
of Slow Food, a term coined in cont...
Post-Tech / Postdigital
Post-tech (or post-technology, post-digital-
technology) describes technology that has as
centre t...
How to stay 

Human in the
Digital?
Alexander Steinhart
Psychologist, Co-Founder & CEO ( OFFTIME )
alex@offtime.co, @quand...
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Beyond Digital Detox and Singularity - How to stay Human in the Digital?

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The digital world has become by Smartphone & Co to our constant companion — and requires constant attention. We can work anywhere, but work, leisure and technology can hardly be separated. The smartphone as the primary contact when standing up — and the Internet has become indispensable in our daily lives. There are many downsides of how digital technology is designed today. And we’re just at the beginning of a new age. Some are nostalgic about life pre-Internet, but we shall use this new autonomy that technology gives us. How about designing our environment and technology as we wish and need? Which are the necessary ideas, technologies and strategies to live in this digital world also in future a human life.

CeBIT 2016, 14 - 18 March
Type of event: Keynote
Topic: Digital Transformation
Event series: CeBIT Global Conferences
Title: Beyond Digital Detox and Singularity - How to Be Human in the Digital?
Speaker: Alexander Steinhart, Psychologist, Co-Founder & CEO ( OFFTIME )

http://www.offtime.co
http://offtime.co/blog/en/beyond-digital-detox-and-singularity-how-to-be-human-in-the-digital/

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Beyond Digital Detox and Singularity - How to stay Human in the Digital?

  1. 1. How to stay 
 Human in the Digital? Alexander Steinhart Psychologist, Co-Founder & CEO ( OFFTIME )
  2. 2. About ( OFFTIME ) - Trainings, Workshops & Retreats Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  3. 3. 3 About ( OFFTIME ) - Research & Consultancy Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  4. 4. About ( OFFTIME ) - Anti-Distraction Software as a Service 4 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  5. 5. About ( OFFTIME ) - It’s loved by the press and its users 5 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  6. 6. THE DIGITAL 
 REVOLUTION 6 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  7. 7. THE BENEFITS ARE OBVIOUS 7 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  8. 8. THE BENEFITS ARE OBVIOUS Productivity Efficiency Accuracy Speed Performance Satisfaction Pleasure Desire 8 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  9. 9. WE ARE ALL CONNECTED 94% of the 12-19 old have an smartphone that can connect to the internet
 Source: KIM & JIM-Studies, 2015 9 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  10. 10. WE ALL WANT TO UNPLUG,
 BUT CANNOT. 10 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  11. 11. 11 We all want to unplug. But cannot. ▪ 55% of the teens and 66% of the adults are sometimes annoyed by their smartphone ▪ 86% of Americans say they have difficulty unplugging from at least one device ▪ 60% of Americans say they wish their family members would unplug more often JIM-Studie, 2015; Bitkom, 2013; The Harris Poll, 2016 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  12. 12. 12 Where does this lead to? 
 Picture Source: unknown Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  13. 13. Information Affluence 13 Information Scarcity Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  14. 14. 14 Phase 2: Control & Balance Phase 1: Access Democracy, Efficiency What? When? How? Why? Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  15. 15. 15 Phase 2: Control & Balance Phase 1: Access Democracy, Efficiency What? When? How? Why? Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital? Still in large parts mainly about 
 more access, engagement & consumption! :-/
  16. 16. IT’S NOT THE FIRST 
 REVOLUTION 16 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  17. 17. 17 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  18. 18. 18 
 Image Source: OFFTIME, CC BY 2.0 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  19. 19. WHY IS THE DIGITAL FOR US A CHALLENGE? 19 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  20. 20. 20 Because we’re human Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  21. 21. 21 We love new information Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  22. 22. 22 We’re social Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  23. 23. 23 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  24. 24. 24 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  25. 25. 25 
 Image Source: OFFTIME, CC BY 2.0 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  26. 26. 26 We create identities Image Source: Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  27. 27. 27 We develop (strong) habits 
 Overview: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reinforcement#Intermittent_reinforcements Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  28. 28. 28 Effortless access - Self-control cost us energy the we lack elsewhere Baumeister, Bratslavsky, Muraven, & Tice, 1998;
 Overview: http://www.psych-it.com.au/Psychlopedia/article.asp?id=61 Image Source: Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  29. 29. 29 Designed for engagement + multifunctional & omnichannel Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  30. 30. 30 Very addictive mix - an unprecedented challenge Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  31. 31. Hofmann, Baumeister & Vohs, 2012 The need with the highest self-control failure (42%): Media Use 31 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  32. 32. WE HUMANS HAVE MORE NEEDS 32 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  33. 33. ( )PRIVACY 33 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  34. 34. ( )SOLITUDE 
 Conley, D. (2012); Akrivou, K., Bourantas, D., Mo, S., & Papalois, E. (2011) 34 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  35. 35. ( )BOREDOM 
 Conley, D. (2012); Akrivou, K., Bourantas, D., Mo, S., & Papalois, E. (2011) 35 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  36. 36. ( )CONVERSATION 
 Sherry Turkle, 2011 & 2015 36 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  37. 37. ( )UNPLUG, 
 TO RECOVER 
 Meijman & Mulder, 1998; Fritz, C. & Sonnentag, S., 2006 37 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  38. 38. 
 Lemola & Co., 2015; Saeb & Co (2015); Markowetz,2015; Lanaj, Johnson, & Barnes, 2014; Dettmers & Bamberg, 2014 38 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  39. 39. Holistic Recreation: MRCC 
 Meijman & Mulder, 1998; Fritz, C. & Sonnentag, S., 2006 ( ) 39 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  40. 40. 1 week with 2 hours of OFFTIME a day ( ) 
 Curtaz, Hoppe & Nachtwei (2015) 40 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  41. 41. FOCUS/
 ATTENTION König, Kleinmann, & Höhmann, 2013; Pashler, 1994; Thornton, Faires, Robbins, & Rollins, 2014 ( ) 41 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  42. 42. ( )AUTONOMY 42 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital? Kant, Foucault
  43. 43. 43 Very addictive mix - an unprecedented challenge Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  44. 44. Hofmann, Baumeister & Vohs, 2012 The need with the highest self-control failure (42%): Media Use 44 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  45. 45. HOW WILL THE FUTURE LOOK LIKE? 45 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  46. 46. Internet of Things 46 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  47. 47. Raymond Kurzweil, Photo by Michael Lutch. Courtesy of Kurzweil Technologies, Inc.; CC BY 1.0 Singularity 47 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  48. 48. Neil Harbisson, cyborg activist and president of the Cyborg Foundation; October 2012; CC BY 2.0
 H+ Magazine Cyborgs & Transhumanism 48 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  49. 49. Neil Harbisson, cyborg activist and president of the Cyborg Foundation; October 2012; CC BY 2.0
 H+ Magazine Virtual Reality / Mixed Reality 49 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital? Magic Leap; Forbes
  50. 50. A BRIGHT FUTURE? 50 “My iPhone has 2 million times the storage of the 1969 Apollo 11 spacecraft computer. They went to the moon. I throw birds at pig houses.” ~Bill Murray, 2013 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  51. 51. WE WILL USE THIS TECHNOLOGY - IT WILL BE THE NEW CRYSTAL METH 51 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  52. 52. WE NEED MORE. 52 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  53. 53. PEOPLE WHO SHARE A HEALTHY & DIGITAL LIFESTYLE 53 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  54. 54. 54 PERSONAL STRATEGIES Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  55. 55. MEDIA ASCETICISM / LOTS - Lifestyle of technological simplicity 55 A lifestyle characterized by the comprehension of the technologies and digital services operation, how they are linked to politics and economy, and their smart use (but not their abandonment). Digital technology is the new architecture of the present. Media asceticism pursues the goal to shape your life as you see it the it the world of modern technologies. 
 digitalvocabulary.com Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  56. 56. 56 DIGITAL DETOX & UNPLUGGING Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  57. 57. 57 ANALOG IS THE NEW ORGANIC 
 Image Source: OFFTIME, CC BY 2.0 ; Book Wilkens/Metrolit Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  58. 58. 58 NUTURE ANALOG AND OFFLINE PLACES Collection: http://offtime.co/blog/en/offline-orte-offline-places/ Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  59. 59. TECHNOLOGY THAT SUPPORT US WITH TECHNOLOGY 59 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  60. 60. MOVE BEYOND THE 
 ONLINE-OFFLINE
 DIGITAL DUALISM 60 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  61. 61. NEW TECHNOLOGIES & SERVICES WITH KPIs WHO SUPPORT US & ALLOW DIGITAL BALANCE 61 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  62. 62. Digital Manifesto - Digital Democracy instead of Data Dictatorship Big Data, nudging, behavioral control: Threatens us the automation of society through algorithms and artificial intelligence? A joint appeal to secure freedom and democracy. Dirk Helbing, Bruno S. Frey, Gerd Gigerenzer, Ernst Hafen, Michael Hagner, Yvonne Hofstetter, Jeroen van den Hoven, Roberto V. Zicari and Andrej Zwitter 62 
 Image Source: © iStock / KrulUA; Bearbeitung: Spektrum der Wissenschaft Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  63. 63. Liberation Technology - “Liberationtech” Liberation Technology at Stanford's Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law seeks to understand how information technology can be used to improve governance, empower the poor, defend human rights, promote economic development, and pursue a variety of other social goods. 63 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  64. 64. Calm Technology/Computing Technology should be designed to be a tool and operate in the background without taking a toll on people’s attention. Technology should require the smallest amount of our attention, it should inform, and should be designed for people first. Mark Weiser, John Seeley Brown Technology shouldn't require all of our attention, just some of it, and only when necessary. Amber Case 64 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  65. 65. Positive Computing/Technology/Design Positive Computing is the design and development of technology to support psychological well-being and human potential. Rafael A. Calvo, Dorian Peters Positive Design is technology that supports, rather than exploits, our irrational, emotional selves. Pamela Pavliscak 65 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  66. 66. Design for Time Well Spent Technology that cares about helping us spend our time, and our lives, well – not seducing us into the most screen time, always-on interruptions or distractions. Tristan Harris 66 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  67. 67. Slow Design Slow Design is a branch of the Slow Movement, which began with the concept of Slow Food, a term coined in contrast to fast food. As with every branch of the Slow Movement, the overarching goal of Slow Design is to promote well being for individuals, society, and the natural environment. 67 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  68. 68. Post-Tech / Postdigital Post-tech (or post-technology, post-digital- technology) describes technology that has as centre the human and supports directly our focus and intend, well-being and independence (from technology) instead of exploiting us, increasing mere efficacy and time spent with digital devices and technology only. Alexander Steinhart/OFFTIME Postdigital is a term in the discourse of digital artistic practice. This term points significantly to our rapidly changed and changing relationships with digital technologies and art forms. It points to an attitude that is more concerned with being human, than with being digital. Ian Andrews, Kim Cascone 68 Alexander Steinhart - How to stay Human in the Digital?
  69. 69. How to stay 
 Human in the Digital? Alexander Steinhart Psychologist, Co-Founder & CEO ( OFFTIME ) alex@offtime.co, @quanders www.offtime.co


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