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JAIME RODRÍGUEZ-ARANA*
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CONTENIDO: I. EL DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO GLOBAL.– II. LOS PRINCIPIOS
GENERALES Y EL DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO GLOBAL.– III. LOS PRINCIPIOS
GENERALES DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA EN EL DERECHO ADMINISTRA-
TIVO GLOBAL.– IV. REFLEXIÓN CONCLUSIVA.
I N T R O D U C C I Ó N
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N°66,2011
pp.29-54
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I . E L D E R E C H O A D M I N I S T R AT I V O G LO B A L
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LOS PRINCIPIOS
DEL DERECHO
GLOBAL DE LA
CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL
PROCUREMENT
PW
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
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LOS PRINCIPIOS
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GLOBAL DE LA
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PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL
PROCUREMENT
PP
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
"#$%&$"0)+&0#0&1(#?!1$&0+'(+)0+'(% 7$%0'0+%6(A0+0'7$%$!1#0&$2%+-) .0)]+
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) !+"#$%&$"$ !+'()+,(#(&* +! .#(+) !+C6(+!(+)(A0%12+(!10+70-%?5$&0+& %!;
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
) !+'(#(&* !+56%'07(%10)(!+'(+)0!+"(#! %0!+E+!$%+"(#'(#+'(+A$!10+)0+#()(;
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1(#$ !+'()+8!10' +'(+,(#(&* +C6(+% !+"(#7$1(%+*0.)0#+'(+6%+,(#(&* +
0'7$%$!1#01$A +-) .0)+'(+.0!(+"#$%&$"$0)>+Y0!(+"#$%&$"$0)=+$%!$!1 =+C6(+(%+
701(#$0+'(+& %1#01 !+(!+"01(%1(>+
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LOS PRINCIPIOS
DEL DERECHO
GLOBAL DE LA
CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL
PROCUREMENT
P`
XX
Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
)0+&(%1#0)$'0'+'(+) !+'(#(&* !+56%'07(%10)(!+'(+)0!+"(#! %0!+E+()+(C6$;
)$.#$ +E+)0+!("0#0&$2%+(%1#(+) !+" '(#(!>+M$+(%+()+(!16'$ +'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+
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)0!+& %'$&$ %(!+'(+A$'0+'(+)0+&$6'0'0%?0=+" '#?07 !+&0(#+(%+6%0+"(#!;
"(&1$A0+"6#07(%1(+56%&$ %0)$!10+'()+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +-) .0)>+
8%+0)-6%0+7('$'0=+)0+&#$!$!+'(+)0+#(-6)0&$2%+(%+#()0&$2%+& %+)0+0&1$A$;
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
c#(0+'(+/$.#(+O 7(#&$ +'(+)0!+@7L#$&0!=+& %+()+"# 1 & ) +! .#(+& %1#0;
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
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GLOBAL DE LA
CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
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PROCUREMENT
Pg
XX
Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
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*0.$)$10%1(+C6(+01#$.6E(+6%0+" 1(!10'+0+)0+@'7$%$!1#0&$2%=+(!10+" 1(!10'+
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$%5 #70' #(!+'()+ #'(%07$(%1 +K6#?'$& +(%+-(%(#0)>+
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XX
Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
"(!$7$!10+S7N!+.$(%+#(0)$!10S+" '(7 !+05$#70#+C6(+5#(%1(+0)+$%1(%1 +
!$!1(7N1$& +E+"(#1$%0:+'(+& %A(#1$#+()+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +(%+6%+
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.$(%=+()+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +'()+8!10' +'(+,(#(&* +'(.(+76&* +0+
) !+"#$%&$"$ !+-(%(#0)(!>+40%1 +C6(+!$+% +56(#0+" #+()) !=+"# .0.)(7(%1(+
)0+)6&*0+& %1#0+)0!+$%76%$'0'(!+'()+" '(#+'(+)0+C6(+*0.)0+B0#&?0+'(+
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
,6#0%1(+)0#- +1$(7" =+(!1 !+"#$%&$"$ !+56(# %+& %!1#6$' !+E+)(A0%10' !+
-#0&$0!+ 0)+ 1#0.0K + '(+ )0+ K6#$!"#6'(%&$0+ E+ '(+ )0+ ' &1#$%0+ &$(%1?5$&0>+
< !1(#$ #7(%1(+"0!0# %+0+)0!+% #70!+*0!10+C6(=+E0+()+'?0+'(+* E=+(!1 !+
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-) .0)+ (!1N%+ (9")?&$107(%1(+ #(& % &$' !+ '(%1# + '(+ )0!+ "#$%&$"0)(!+
% #70!+C6(+#(-6)0%+) !+7N!+#()(A0%1(!+!(&1 #(!+'()+C6(*0&(#+'(+) !+
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LOS PRINCIPIOS
DEL DERECHO
GLOBAL DE LA
CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL
PROCUREMENT
^P
XX
Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
8)+0#1?&6) +^W+'(+)0+&0#10+& %!1$16E(+6%+"#(&$"$10' +'(+'$5(#(%1(!+'(#(;
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7$(%1 !+*0%+&0#0&1(#$:0' +)0+" !$&$2%+&(%1#0)+C6(+* E+1$(%(+)0+&$6'0'0;
%?0+(%+1 ' +) +C6(+!(+#(5$(#(+0)+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A >+8%+()+!$-) +ffI=+
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I I I . LOS PRINCIPIOS GENERALES DE LA CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA EN EL DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO
GLOBAL
M$+*6.$(#0+C6(+()(-$#+6%+!(&1 #+& %&#(1 +'()+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
"3.)$&0!=+0+1#0AL!+'(+)0!+&60)(!+!(+*0+$%!106#0' +6%+A(#'0'(# +,(#(&* +
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0'C6$(#(+&0#10+'(+%016#0)(:0+% #701$A0+76)1$)01(#0)+ +-) .0)+(%+()+!(% +
'(+) !+$%1(#&07.$ !+& 7(#&$0)(!+'(+)0+bVO+*0!10+()+W`+'(+0.#$)+'(+Wgg^+
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'(+& 7(#&$ =+!(+5$#70+()+0&6(#' +! .#(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+C6(+*0&(+
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LOS PRINCIPIOS
DEL DERECHO
GLOBAL DE LA
CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL
PROCUREMENT
^`
XX
Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
& %'$&$ %(!+'(+$7"0#&$0)$'0'+E+ .K(1$A$'0'>+8)+0&6(#' +(!+'(+0")$&0&$2%+
(%+)0+F8+0+"0#1$#+'(+)0+'(&$!$2%+'()+& %!(K +g^neQQ+E+5 #70+"0#1(+'()+
,(#(&* +& 76%$10#$ +(6# "( >+
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! .#(+O %1#010&$2%+<3.)$&0+(%+V01(#$0+'(+Y$(%(!=+b.#0!+E+M(#A$&$ !>+M(+
1#010+'(+6%+1(91 +C6(+!(+0"# .2+(%+WggP=+C6(+(!1N+(%+& %!10%1(+#(A$!$2%+E+
0&160)$:0&$2%=+E+C6(+56(+()0. #0' +(%+()+!(% +'(+)0+O 7$!$2%+'(+R0&$ %(!+
F%$'0!+"0#0+()+,(#(&* +V(#&0%1$)+I%1(#%0&$ %0)>+/0+$%5)6(%&$0+'(+)0!+
'$#(&1$A0!+'(+)0+F8+(%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#010&$2%+(!+ .A$0T+(%+#(0)$'0'=+(!1(+
1(91 +(!1N+'$!([0' +& 7 +7 '() +(%+()+C6(+"6('0%+$%!"$#0#!(+) !+"0?!(!+
C6(+% +'$!" %-0%+'(+#(-6)0&$2%+(%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+ =+
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
! &$0)+'(+) !+'$5(#(%1(!+"0?!(!U+C6(+!(+"6('(+0E6'0#+0+)0+#(& %A(#!$2%+
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(!"0&$ +K6#?'$& +0'7$%$!1#01$A +(6# "( =+'(+0")$&0&$2%+10%1 +0+) !+"0?!(!+
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GLOBAL DE LA
CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL
PROCUREMENT
^d
XX
Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
,(#(&* +(6# "( +'(+) !+& %1#01 !+"3.)$& !>+8%+86# "0=+"6(!=+"6('(+
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&(#1(:0+K6#?'$&0+(%+701(#$0+'(+0")$&0&$2%+(+$%1(#"#(10&$2%=+C6(+0E6'0+0+
C6(+) !+5 %' !+"3.)$& !+C6(+!(+'(!1$%0%+0+ .#0!+E+!(#A$&$ !+"3.)$& !+ +'(+
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
" !$.)(S+(!1N+& %!10%1(7(%1(+$)67$%0' +" #+)0+)6:+'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !=+
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LOS PRINCIPIOS
DEL DERECHO
GLOBAL DE LA
CONTRATACIÓN
PÚBLICA
THE PRINCIPLES
OF GLOBAL
PROCUREMENT
^g
XX
Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
'(+%0&$ %0)$'0'=+C6(+S& 7 +!$-6(+'$&$(%' +(!10+!(%1(%&$0+'()+4pO8S+
(%+(!10+701(#$0+'(+)0+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+(9$!10+6%0+ .)$-0&$2%+'(+
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
'(+!(-6$#+6% !+&#$1(#$ !+6%$5 #7(!>+8!10+#(0)$'0'+*0+!$' +" !$.)(+-#0&$0!+
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
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Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420
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Contratacion Publica Global.pdf

  • 1. / !+ "#$%&$"$ !+ '()+ ,(#(&* + -) .0)+ '(+ )0+ & %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0 4*(+"#$%&$")(!+ 5+-) .0)+"# &6#(7(%1 JAIME RODRÍ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– II. LOS PRINCIPIOS GENERALES Y EL DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO GLOBAL.– III. LOS PRINCIPIOS GENERALES DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA EN EL DERECHO ADMINISTRA- TIVO GLOBAL.– IV. REFLEXIÓN CONCLUSIVA. I N T R O D U C C I Ó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°66,2011 pp.29-54
  • 2. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A PQ Derecho PUCP, N°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
  • 3. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT PW XX Derecho PUCP, N°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
  • 4. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A PZ Derecho PUCP, N°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
  • 5. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT PP XX Derecho PUCP, N°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
  • 6. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A P^ Derecho PUCP, N°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
  • 7. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT P` XX Derecho PUCP, N°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a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bRB+ +"(#! %0!+K6#?'$&0!+ (7"#(!0#$0)(!+C6(+0'C6$(#(%+#()(A0%&$0+0'7$%$!1#01$A0+(%+)0+7('$'0+C6(+ '$&10%+#(-)0!+'(+#()(A0%&$0+"3.)$&0>+ 8!10+#(0)$'0'=+$%!$!1 =+"(#7$1(+"(%!0#+'(+%6(A +(%+)0!+" !$.$)$'0'(!+'(+)0+ & %&("&$2%+ .K(1$A0+ +701(#$0)+'()+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +E+(%+)0+&0"$; 10)$'0'+'(+)0+0&&$2%+0'7$%$!1#01$A0+& 7 +(K(+&(%1#0)+'()+& %&("1 +7$!7 + '(+%6(!1#0+'$!&$")$%0>+8%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#010&$2%+% !+(%& %1#07 !+& %+ ) !+0&6(#' !+'(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+'(+)0+bVO=+& %+)0+'(% 7$%0'0+ /(E+V '() +'(+O %1#010&$2%+<3.)$&0+'(+R0&$ %(!+F%$'0!=+& %+)0!+% #; 70!+'(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+'()+4#010' +'(+/$.#(+O 7(#&$ +'(+@7L#$&0+ '()+R #1(=+& %+()+-#6" +'(+1#0.0K +! .#(+& 7"#0!+'()+!(&1 #+"3.)$& +'()+
  • 8. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A PX Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 c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bO,8=+ ()+ DVI=+ ()+ O 7$1L+ '(+ Y0!$)(0=+ ()+ B#6" +'(+@&&$2%+D$%0%&$(#0+I%1(#%0&$ %0)+ +)0+bVO=+" #+(K(7") =+ C6(+ (%+ 76E+ " & + 1$(7" + *0%+ (!10.)(&$' + #(-?7(%(!+ #(-6)01 #$ !+ '(+ %016#0)(:0+ 0'7$%$!1#01$A0+ & %+ 1#0!&(%'(%&$0+ E+ #("(#&6!$2%+ K6#?'$&0+ 0+ %$A()+!6"#0%0&$ %0)>+ 8%+()+N7.$1 +07.$(%10)=+!$%+'6'0+6% +'(+) !+7N!+#("#(!(%101$A !+'()+ ,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +-) .0)=+!(+"6('(+'(&$#+C6(+0)+'?0+'(+* E+(9$!1(+ 6%0+% #701$A0+0'7$%$!1#01$A0+-) .0)+& %5(&&$ %0'0=+(%+76&* !+&0! !=+ " #+(!1#6&16#0!+E+ #-0%$:0&$ %(!+%0&$'0!+0)+&0) #+'(+)0!+-#0%'(!+'(&)0; #0&$ %(!+76%'$0)(!+! .#(+701(#$0!+& 7 +()+& 7(#&$ +'(+(7$!$ %(!+ +()+ '(!0## )) +)$7"$ +'(#$A0' +'()+<# 1 & ) +'(+_$ 1 >+8%+()+N#(0+'(+)0+& %; 1#010&$2%=+)0+&)0A(+"0#0+!0.(#+!$+(!107 !+0%1(+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A + -) .0)+(!1N+(%+)0+(9$!1(%&$0+ +% +'(+5 %' !+'(+#()(A0%&$0+"3.)$&0=+.$(%+ !(0+" #C6(+! %+5 %' !+'(+$%!1$16&$ %(!+"3.)$&0!=+.$(%+" #C6(+!(+1#01(+'(+ 5 %' !+0!$-%0' !+0+5$%0)$'0'(!+'(+#()(A0%&$0+"3.)$&0>+ b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
  • 9. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT Pd XX Derecho PUCP, N°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
  • 10. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A Pe Derecho PUCP, N°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b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ffI=+)0+"#(-6%10+0&(#&0+'(+)0+!$-%$5$&0&$2%+'(+ ) !+ "#$%&$"$ !+ -(%(#0)(!+ '()+ ,(#(&* + (%+ ()+ ,(#(&* + 0'7$%$!1#01$A + "6('(+!(#+& %1(!10'0+'(!'(+' !+")0%1(07$(%1 !+76E+'$!1$%1 !>+,(!'(+
  • 11. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT Pg XX Derecho PUCP, N°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b=+) +C6(+(!+) +7$!7 =+!$+)0!+)$&$10&$ %(!+!(+& %'6&(%+& %+ 0##(-) +0)+$%1(#L!+"3.)$& +-) .0)=+0)+" %(#+0+'$!" !$&$2%+'(+) !+&$6'0'0% !+ '()+76%' + .#0!+E+!(#A$&$ !+"3.)$& !+'(+&0)$'0'+C6(+"(#7$10%+)0+7(K #0+ #(0)+'(+!6!+& %'$&$ %(!+'(+A$'0>+ @+(!1(+"# "2!$1 =+'(.(+1(%(#!(+"#(!(%1(+C6(+()+4#$.6%0)+M6"#(7 +(!"0; [ )+!([0)2+" #+!(%1(%&$0+'(+We+'(+5(.#(# +'(+WggZ+C6(T hij+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+-(%(#0)(!+'()+,(#(&* =+(!(%&$0+'()+ #'(%07$(%1 + K6#?'$& =+! %+)0+0172!5(#0+(%+C6(+!(+'(!0## ))0+)0+A$'0+K6#?'$&0=+()+ 9?-(% + C6(+#(!"$#0%+)0!+% #70!=+) +C6(+(9")$&0+C6(+10)(!+"#$%&$"$ !+$%5 #7(%+ )0!+ % #70!+ S0#1>+ W>^+ '()+ O2'$- + O$A$)S+ E+ C6(+ )0+ @'7$%$!1#0&$2%+ (!1L+! 7(1$'0+% +!2) +0+)0+)(E+!$% +107.$L%+0)+,(#(&* +S0#1>+WQP+'(+ )0+O %!1$16&$2%S>+a+(!+&)0# +C6(+!$+(!1 !+"#$%&$"$ !+$%!"$#0%+)0+% #70+ < !"#$%&'$( #)*)++"= )"-$/#%/*= / !"!#$( #%( 1% %&'$( )#*+,+-" !"+.$; !-.>'*$-? 6$#30"%#(-( (0 @-3-""-= <AAB;
  • 12. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A ^Q Derecho PUCP, N°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
  • 13. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT ^W XX Derecho PUCP, N°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k!(%1(%&$0+'()+e+'(+ &16.#(+'(+WggQl>+85(&1$A07(%1(=+()+8!10' +'(+,(; #(&* +(!+6%+8!10' +'(+K6!1$&$0=+6%+8!10' +' %'(+()+" '(#+*0+'(+0&160#+ & %5 #7(+0+"01# %(!+E+&N% %(!+5 #70)(!+E+!6!10%&$0)(!>+M$+% !+C6('07 !+ 3%$&07(%1(+(%+)0+A(#1$(%1(+"# &('$7(%10)+E+5 #70)+'()+" '(#=+#(!6)10+ (A$'(%1(+C6(+(!10+"6('(+!(#+)0+"#$%&$"0)+E+7N!+(5(&1$A0+1(#7$%0)+'()+06; 1 #$10#$!7 +E+06!(%&$0+'(+7('$'0>+< #+(! =+)0+(9$!1(%&$0+'(+& %1# )(!+!6!; 10%&$0)(!+A$(%(+'(1(#7$%0'0+" #+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+C6(+! %=+& 7 +A6()A(+0+ #(& #'0#+(!10+!(%1(%&$0=+)0+0172!5(#0+(%+C6(+!(+'(!0## ))0+)0+A$'0+K6#?'$&0=+ ()+ 9?-(% +C6(+#(!"$#0%+)0!+% #70!>+ 8%+(5(&1 =+(%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#010&$2%=+(!1 !+"#$%&$"$ !+"(#7$1(%+0+) !+ 1#$.6%0)(!+'(+K6!1$&$0+(%K6$&$0#+)0!+0&160&$ %(!+'(+) !+(%1(!+"3.)$& !+(%+ )0+701(#$0=+0)+0!(-6#0#+C6(+)0!+)$&$10&$ %(!+!(+*0%+#(0)$:0' +'(+0&6(#' + & %+) !+7?%$7 !+(9$-$.)(!+" #+()+8!10' +'(+,(#(&* +"0#0+)0+& %1#010&$2%+ "3.)$&0T+ .K(1$A$'0'=+$7"0#&$0)$'0'=+"6.)$&$'0'=+& %&6##(%&$0=+$-60)'0'+ '(+1#01 =+(1&L1(#0> m E+(%+'?0=+)0+70E #+"0#1(+'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+-(%(#0)(!+'()+,(#(&* +(!1N%+ #(& -$' !+(%+)0!+% #70!+(!&#$10!>+8%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+ -) .0)+S& 7 +!(+& 7"# .0#N+(%+()+!$-6$(%1(+("?-#05(S=+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+ -(%(#0)(!+ *0%+ !$' + #(& -$' !+ (%+ )0!+ % #70!+ C6(+ #(-6)0%+ ()+ &07" >+
  • 14. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A ^Z Derecho PUCP, N°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k0#1?&6) +II;WQWl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m E+0!$!1$7 !=+0+"(!0#+ '(+) !+"(!0#(!=+0)+$%1(%1 +'(+)0+1(&% ;(!1#6&16#0+-) .0)+'(+& %!$'(#0#+0)+ &$6'0'0% +S% +5 #70)7(%1(+" #+!6"6(!1 S+& 7 +6%+%6(A +!3.'$1 =+ &60%' +% +6%+(!&)0A + +6%0+& !0+!6!&("1$.)(+'(+6!0#+E+1$#0#>+ 8%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0=+% +'(.(7 !+"(#'(#+'(+A$!10+C6(+ )0!+ .#0!+ +!(#A$&$ !+"3.)$& !+!6K(1 !+0+)0!+)$&$10&$ %(!+*0%+'(+!(#+#(0)$; :0' !+'(+)0+7(K #+70%(#0+" !$.)(=+1L&%$&0+E+(& %27$&07(%1(>+a+(!1 =+ "#(&$!07(%1(=+" #C6(+) !+5 %' !+"3.)$& !+C6(+A0%+0+5$%0%&$0#+'$&*0!+0&; 1$A$'0'(!+! %+'(+!6+"# "$('0'>+< #+()) =+)2-$&07(%1(=+1$(%(%+'(#(&* +0+ #(&$.$#+ .#0!+E+!(#A$&$ !+'(+$%1(#L!+-(%(#0)=+C6(+"(#7$10%+6%0!+7(K #(!+ & %'$&$ %(!+'(+A$'0+"0#0+1 ' !>+@5 #16%0'07(%1(=+(!10+'$7(%!$2%+'(+ )0+0&1$A$'0'+"3.)$&0+!(+(%&6(%1#0+(%+()+&(%1# +'(+)0+'$!&6!$2%+! .#(+()+ 0)&0%&(+E+()+!$-%$5$&0' +'()+C6(*0&(#+'(+)0+0'7$%$!1#0&$2%+"3.)$&0+(%+()+ 8!10' +! &$0)+E+'(7 &#N1$& +'(+,(#(&* >+
  • 15. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT ^P XX Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 8)+0#1?&6) +^W+'(+)0+&0#10+& %!1$16E(+6%+"#(&$"$10' +'(+'$5(#(%1(!+'(#(; &* !+&$6'0'0% !+C6(+0+) +)0#- +'()+1$(7" +E+'(+) !+'$5(#(%1(!+ #'(%0; 7$(%1 !+*0%+&0#0&1(#$:0' +)0+" !$&$2%+&(%1#0)+C6(+* E+1$(%(+)0+&$6'0'0; %?0+(%+1 ' +) +C6(+!(+#(5$(#(+0)+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A >+8%+()+!$-) +ff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ÓN PÚBLICA EN EL DERECHO ADMINISTRATIVO GLOBAL M$+*6.$(#0+C6(+()(-$#+6%+!(&1 #+& %&#(1 +'()+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A + -) .0)+"0#0+(9")$&0#+()+!(%1$' +'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+-(%(#0)(!+(%+!6+& %5 #; 70&$2%=+(!(+!(&1 #+.$(%+" '#?0+!(#+()+'(+)0+& %1#010&$2%+0'7$%$!1#01$A0>+ < #+76&*0!+#0: %(!=+"(# +! .#(+1 ' +" #C6(+!(+"6('(+05$#70#+!$%+#$(!- + C6(+(%+(!10+701(#$0+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+-(%(#0)(!+E0+7(%&$ %0' !+*0%+!$' +) !+ C6(+*0%+*(&* +" !$.)(+)0+()0. #0&$2%+'(+% #70!+#()01$A0!+0+)0!+& 7"#0!+
  • 16. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A ^^ Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 "3.)$&0!=+0+1#0AL!+'(+)0!+&60)(!+!(+*0+$%!106#0' +6%+A(#'0'(# +,(#(&* + 0'7$%$!1#01$A +-) .0)+'(+)0+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0>+ 8%+(5(&1 =+)0+(9$!1(%&$0+'(+)0+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+(%+) !+(!"0&$ !+!6"#0; %0&$ %0)(!+'(.(+!6+#0:2%+'(+!(#+0+)0+#()(A0%&$0+'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+-(%(; #0)(!+'(+)0+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0>+8%+(5(&1 =+)0+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+% + 0'C6$(#(+&0#10+'(+%016#0)(:0+% #701$A0+76)1$)01(#0)+ +-) .0)+(%+()+!(% + '(+) !+$%1(#&07.$ !+& 7(#&$0)(!+'(+)0+bVO+*0!10+()+W`+'(+0.#$)+'(+Wgg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
  • 17. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT ^` XX Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 & %'$&$ %(!+'(+$7"0#&$0)$'0'+E+ .K(1$A$'0'>+8)+0&6(#' +(!+'(+0")$&0&$2%+ (%+)0+F8+0+"0#1$#+'(+)0+'(&$!$2%+'()+& %!(K +g^neQQ+E+5 #70+"0#1(+'()+ ,(#(&* +& 76%$10#$ +(6# "( >+ 8%+()+70#& +'(+)0!+R0&$ %(!+F%$'0!+'(.(7 !+&$10#+)0+))070'0+/(E+V '() + ! .#(+O %1#010&$2%+<3.)$&0+(%+V01(#$0+'(+Y$(%(!=+b.#0!+E+M(#A$&$ !>+M(+ 1#010+'(+6%+1(91 +C6(+!(+0"# .2+(%+Wgg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
  • 18. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A ^X Derecho PUCP, N°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g`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o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
  • 19. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT ^d XX Derecho PUCP, N°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p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pO8=+C6(+(!+& %!&$(%1(+'(+C6(+) !+8!10' !+7$(7.# !+! %+ )$.#(!+"0#0+70%1(%(#+ +0' "10#+% #70!+!6!10%1$A0!+ +"# &('$7(%10)(!+ C6(+ '$!&$")$%(%+ ) !+ & %1#01 !+ "3.)$& !=+ 05$#70+ C6(+ 10)+ '$!" %$.$)$'0'+ % #701$A0+'(+) !+(!10' !+(!+& 76%$10#$0+0+& %'$&$2%+'(+C6(+!(+#(!"(1(%+ 1 '0!+ )0!+ '$!" !$&$ %(!+ 0")$&0.)(!+ '()+ ,(#(&* + O 76%$10#$ + E=+ (%+ "0#1$&6)0#=+)0!+"# *$.$&$ %(!+'(#$A0'0!+'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+& %!0-#0' !+" #+ ()+4#010' ]+k!(%1(%&$0+O8I+E+Y())$%$+'()+g+'(+K6)$ +'(+Wgedl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
  • 20. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A ^e Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 " !$.)(S+(!1N+& %!10%1(7(%1(+$)67$%0' +" #+)0+)6:+'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !=+ C6(+0E6'0%+0+& 7"#(%'(#+()+0)&0%&(+E+!(%1$' +'(+)0!+'$!1$%10!+$%!1$16; &$ %(!+E+&01(- #?0!+C6(+A(#1(.#0%+()+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +(6# "( >+ + 8%+(!1(+!(%1$' =+)0+!(%1(%&$0+'()+4pO8+'()+P+'(+ &16.#(+'(+ZQQ`+k<0#J$%-+ Y#$9(%+BVYml+'$!" %(+C6(T+ hij+"(!(+0+C6(+(%+()+(!10' +0&160)+'()+,(#(&* +O 76%$10#$ =+) !+& %; 1#01 !+'(+& %&(!$2%+'(+!(#A$&$ !+"3.)$& !+!(+(%&6(%1#0%+(9&)6$' !+'()+ N7.$1 +'(+0")$&0&$2%+'(+)0+,$#(&1$A0+gZn`Q=+)0!+@61 #$'0'(!+"3.)$&0!+ C6(+) !+&()(.#(%+(!1N%+ .)$-0'0!+% + .!10%1(+0+#(!"(10#=+(%+-(%(#0)=+)0!+ % #70!+56%'07(%10)(!+'()+4#010' +O8+E=+(%+(!"(&$0)=+()+"#$%&$"$ +'(+% + '$!&#$7$%0&$2%+" #+#0:2%+'(+%0&$ %0)$'0'> 8%+(!10+!(%1(%&$0+'()+P+'(+ &16.#(+'(+ZQQ`=+& 7 +!([0)0+V #(% +V ; )$%0+(%+!6+ .#0+& )(&1$A0=+(%& %1#07 !+) !+56%'07(%1 !+K6#?'$& !+C6(+ "(#7$1(%+& 7"#(%'(#+()+0)&0%&(+C6(+1$(%(+()+"#$%&$"$ +'(+% +'$!&#$7$; %0&$2%+(%+()+,(#(&* +& 76%$10#$ +(6# "( >+< #+6%0+"0#1(=+()+4pO8+#(; &6(#'0+C6(+()+0#1?&6) +WZ+'()+1#010' +"# &)070+)0+"# *$.$&$2%+'(+1 '0+ '$!&#$7$%0&$2%+" #+#0:2%+'(+%0&$ %0)$'0'=+C6(+()+0#1?&6) +^P+"# *?.(+ )0!+#(!1#$&&$ %(!+0+)0+)$.(#10'+'(+(!10.)(&$7$(%1 +'(+) !+%0&$ %0)(!+'(+6%+ 8!10' +7$(7.# +(%+()+1(##$1 #$ +'(+ 1# +8!10' +7$(7.# +E+C6(+()+0#1?&6) + ^g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pO8+*0+!([0)0' =+(%+!(%1(%&$0+'()+`+'(+'$&$(7.#(+'(+Wgeg+kO 7$!$2%; I10)$0l=+C6(+) !+0#1?&6) !+^P+E+^g+'()+1#010' +! %+6%0+(9"#(!$2%+"0#1$&6)0#+ '()+"#$%&$"$ +'(+$-60)'0'+'(+1#01 =+& 7 +107.$L%+(!+70%$5(!10&$2%+'(+(!1(+ "#$%&$"$ +)0+"# *$.$&$2%+'(+'$!&#$7$%0&$2%+" #+#0:2%+'(+%0&$ %0)$'0'=+10)+ E+& 7 +*0+"#(&$!0' +(!1(+1#$.6%0)+" #+!(%1(%&$0+'()+e+'(+ &16.#(+'(+WgeQ+ kF.(#!&*0#l>+ /0+!(%1(%&$0+'()+4pO8+'()+P+'(+ &16.#(+'(+Wge`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
  • 21. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT ^g XX Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 '(+%0&$ %0)$'0'=+C6(+S& 7 +!$-6(+'$&$(%' +(!10+!(%1(%&$0+'()+4pO8S+ (%+(!10+701(#$0+'(+)0+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+(9$!10+6%0+ .)$-0&$2%+'(+ 1#0%!"0#(%&$0+ C6(+ "(#7$10+ C6(+ )0+ 061 #$'0'+ "3.)$&0+ & %&('(%1(+ !(+ 0!(-6#(+ '(+ C6(+ ) !+ 7(%&$ %0' !+ "#$%&$"$ !+ !(0%+ #(!"(10' !>+ 8!+ 7N!=+ & 7 +!$-6(+#0: %0%' +(!10+#(! )6&$2%+'()+4p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`+C6(+0* #0+(!1 E+-) !0%' >+/0+)$&$10&$2%+(!=+0'(; 7N!=+& %!(&6(%&$0+S'$&(+()+4pO8S+'(+ 1# +"#(&("1 +'()+1#010' =+()+e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
  • 22. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A `Q Derecho PUCP, N°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nWenO8+(%+ ()+0#1?&6) +Z+E+)0+'$#(&1$A0+ZQQ^nWdn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pO8=+C6(+ *0+"#(&$!0' +C6(+(!1 !+"#$%&$"$ !+! %+'(+-(%(#0)+0")$&0&$2%=+06%+&60%' + (!1(7 !+(%+!(&1 #(!+(9&)6$' !+'()+N7.$1 +'(+0")$&0&$2%+'(+(!10!+% #; 70!+& 76%$10#$0!>+@!?=+" #+(K(7") =+)0+!(%1(%&$0+'()+ZZ+'(+!("1$(7.#(+ '(+Wgee=+1#0!+05$#70#+)0+(9&)6!$2%+'(+)0+'$#(&1$A0+'(+6%+'(1(#7$%0' + & %1#01 =+!([0)2+0+& %1$%60&$2%+C6(+()+"#$%&$"$ +'(+)$.#(+&$#&6)0&$2%+'(+ 7(#&0%&?0!+'()+0#1?&6) +Ze+'()+1#010' +(!+'(+-(%(#0)+ .!(#A0%&$0>+8%+()+ 7$!7 +!(%1$' =+"(# +0* #0+(%+#()0&$2%+& %+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+'(+(!10.)(&$; 7$(%1 +E+)$.#(+"#(!10&$2%+'(+!(#A$&$ !=+()+4pO8=+(%+!(%1(%&$0+'()+`+'(+ '$&$(7.#(+'(+Wgeg=+(%1(%'$2+C6(+10)(!+"#$%&$"$ !+'()+,(#(&* + #$-$%0#$ + '(.(%+&67")$#!(+(%+1 ' +&0! +06%C6(+(!1(7 !+(%+6%+&0! +'(+6%+& %1#0; 1 +(9&)6$' +'()+N7.$1 +'(+)0!+'$#(&1$A0!+& 76%$10#$0!>+ /0+K6#$!"#6'(%&$0+'()+4pO8+*0&(=+0'(7N!=+C6(+)0!+'$#(&1$A0!+(%+)0+701(; #$0+!(+$%1(#"#(1(%+& %5 #7(+& %+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+'()+1#010' >+@!?=+" #+(K(7; ") =+)0+!(%1(%&$0+'(+WZ+'(+70#: +'(+WggQ+*0+!(%10' +C6(+% +!(+"6('(+ $%1(#"#(10#+(!10!+'$#(&1$A0!+'(+0&6(#' +& %+6%0+)(E+%0&$ %0)+& %1#0#$0+ 0+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+'()+1#010' >+8!+7N!=+()+"#$%&$"$ +'(+"# *$.$&$2%+'(+1 '0+ '$!&#$7$%0&$2%=+0+"(!0#+'(+!6+(!&0!0+A$#160)$'0'+ "(#01$A0+(%+)0+#(0)$'0'=+ (!+& %!$'(#0' +" #+()+4pO8+& 7 +()+56%'07(%1 +'(+1 ' +()+!$!1(70+'(+ & %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+0+%$A()+& 76%$10#$ =+10)+E+& 7 +*0+(!10.)(&$' +)0+ !(%1(%&$0+'()+ZZ+'(+K6%$ +'(+WggP>+
  • 23. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT `W XX Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 8!1(+"#$%&$"$ +(!+6%0+70%$5(!10&$2%+'(+)0+$-60)'0'+'(+1#01 =+C6(+!(-3%+ )0+!(%1(%&$0+'()+W^+'(+'$&$(7.#(+'(+ZQQ^=+#(&)070+C6(+% +!(+1#01(%+'(+ 5 #70+'$5(#(%1(+!$160&$ %(!+C6(+! %+& 7"0#0.)(!=+E+C6(+!$160&$ %(!+'$!; 1$%10!+% +!(0%+1#010'0!+'(+70%(#0+$'L%1$&0=+!0)A +C6(+(!(+1#01 +(!1L+K6!1$; 5$&0' + .K(1$A07(%1(>+8!+&0)$5$&0' +'(+56%'07(%10)+" #+()+"# "$ +4pO8=+ (%+&6E0+A$#16'+k!(%1(%&$0+'()+WP+'(+K6)$ +'(+WggP+ l+!(+"# *?.(%+)0!+'$!; &#$7$%0&$ %(!+70%$5$(!10!+.0!0'0!+(%+)0+%0&$ %0)$'0'+hij=+!$% +107.$L%+ &60)C6$(#+ 1#0+5 #70+(%&6.$(#10+'(+'$!&#$7$%0&$2%+C6(=+0")$&0%' + 1# !+ &#$1(#$ !+'(+'$!1$%&$2%=+& %'6:&0+'(+*(&* +0)+7$!7 +#(!6)10' ]>+ 8)+"#$%&$"$ +'(+$-60)'0'+'(+1#01 +$7"$'(=+!(-3%+()+4pO8=+C6(+()+" '(#+ 0'K6'$&0' #+1(%-0+(%+&6(%10+6%0+7 '$5$&0&$2%+#(0)$:0'0+" #+6%+)$&$10' #=+ " #C6(+10)+!$160&$2%+"# A &0#?0+6%0+!$160&$2%+'(+A(%10K0+"0#0+6% +'(+) !+ 5(#(%1(!U+!(+# 7"(#?0+0!?+()+"#$%&$"$ +C6(=+& 7 +107.$L%+*0+"#(&$!0' + )0+K6#$!"#6'(%&$0+& 76%$10#$0=+(!1N+6%$' +0)+'(+1#0%!"0#(%&$0=+"6(!+% + (!+" !$.)(+061 #$:0#+C6(+) !+& 7"(1$' #(!+'$!" %-0%+'(+'$!1$%10!+& %; '$&$ %(!+0+)0+* #0+'(+"#(!(%10#+!6!+ 5(#10!=+10)+E+& 7 +*0+!([0)0' +)0+ !(%1(%&$0+'()+Z`+'(+0.#$)+'(+WggX>+ o(!6)10+$%1(#(!0%1(+!6.#0E0#+C6(+(%+(!10+701(#$0+)0+K6#$!"#6'(%&$0+*0+ !([0)0' +C6(+)0+-(!1$2%+'$)$-(%1(+'()+"# &(! +'(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0+ (!+(9$-(%&$0+'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+'(+.6(%0+0'7$%$!1#0&$2%+E+'(+$-60)'0'+ '(+1#01 +k!(%1(%&$0+'()+Zg+'(+0.#$)+'(+ZQQ^l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
  • 24. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A `Z Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 0#-67(%10'0!+(%+()+&0! +& %&#(1 +" #+()+" '(#+0'K6'$&0' #>+,(+(!10+ 70%(#0=+()+(%1(%'$7$(%1 +'(+) !+1#0'$&$ %0)(!+" '(#(!+(91#0 #'$%0#$ !+ '(+)0+0'7$%$!1#0&$2%+(%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#01 !+0'7$%$!1#01$A !=+),'"+'*+$ .*(%*&/%=+#(!&$!$2%+6%$)01(#0)+ +$%1(#"#(10&$2%+6%$)01(#0)+*0+'(+*0&(#!(+ (%+()+70#& +'(+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+-(%(#0)(!+C6(+!(+'(#$A0%+'()+4#010' +O8>+ 8%+10)+!(%1$' =+" #+(K(7") =+)0+!(%1(%&$0+'()+Z`+'(+0.#$)+'(+Wgg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d+'(+% A$(7.#(+'(+WggP+'()+4pO8=+) !+"#$%&$"$ !+(907$%0' !+ 1#0(%+&06!0+'(+)0+#(0)$:0&$2%+'()+7(#&0' +$%1(#$ #+.0!0' +(%+)$.(#10'+'(+ (!10.)(&$7$(%1 +E+)$.#(+"#(!10&$2%+'(+!(#A$&$ !=+0!?+& 7 +'(+)0+%(&(!$'0'+ '(+-0#0%1$:0#+)0+(5(&1$A$'0'+'(+) !+'(#(&* !+#(& % &$' !+" #+()+1#010' + (%+701(#$0+'(+& %1#010&$2%+"3.)$&0=+C6(+! %+) !+'(+& 7"(1(%&$0=+"6.)$; &$'0'=+$-60)'0'+'(+1#01 +E+"# *$.$&$2%+'(+'$!&#$7$%0&$2%=+ .K(1$A$'0'=+ $7"0#&$0)$'0'+E+1#0%!"0#(%&$0>+ I V. R E F L E X I Ó N C O N C LU S I VA 8)+,(#(&* +0'7$%$!1#01$A +-) .0)+(!+6%+,(#(&* +%&$C%"(%=+(%+5 #70&$2%=+ C6(+ % + (!1N+ !$!1(701$:0' =+ C6(+ 1 '0A?0+ % + !(+ *0+ (!16'$0' + & %+ "#(1(%!$ %(!+!$!1L7$&0!=+06%C6(+!(+0'7$1(+!6+(9$!1(%&$0+0)+$-60)+C6(+!(+ #(& % &(+C6(+)0+-) .0)$:0&$2%+107.$L%+0)&0%:0=+S&27 +% S+0)+&07" + '()+ ,(#(&* + 0'7$%$!1#01$A >+ / !+ 061 #(!+ C6(+ (%+ 7$+ "$%$2%+ 7N!+
  • 25. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A LOS PRINCIPIOS DEL DERECHO GLOBAL DE LA CONTRATACIÓN PÚBLICA THE PRINCIPLES OF GLOBAL PROCUREMENT `P XX Derecho PUCP, N° 66, 2011 / ISSN 0251-3420 *0%+(!16'$0' +()+1(70+k_$%-!.6#E=+_#$!&*+E+M1(H0#1l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m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
  • 26. J A I M E R O D R Í G U E Z - A R A N A `^ Derecho PUCP, N°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