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  2. 2. BASIS: Republic Act No. 6713 the "Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials and Employees.“ Approved: February 20, 1989.
  3. 3. TERMS TO FONDER: 1. CRIME – an act committed or omitted in violation of law forbidding or commanding it. Simple nonfeasance, misfeasance, or malfeasance by public servants or police officers that violates the provisions of the RPC and other statutes may constitute the commission of the crime. 2. DISHONESTY – the concealment or distortion of truth in a manner of a fact relevant to one’s office or connected with the performance of his duties.
  4. 4. TERMS TO FONDER: 3. DISLOYALTY TO THE GOVERNMENT – Consist of abandonment or renunciation of one’s loyalty to the government of the Philippines, or advocating the overthrow of the government. 4. ETHICAL STANDARD – refers to the conduct and behavior governing a group, a class, or organization. 5. GIFT – Refers to the thing or right disposed gratuitously, or any act of liberty in favor of another who accepts it, and shall include a simulated sale or ostensibly onerous disposition thereof. It shall not include an unsolicited gift of nominal or insignificant value not given in anticipation of, or exchange for a favor.
  5. 5. TERMS TO FONDER: 6. INCOMPETENCY – It is the manifested lack of adequate ability and fitness for the satisfactory performance of police duties. This refers to any physical and intellectual quality, the lack of which substantially incapacitates one to perform the duties of peace officers. 7. MALFEASANCE – It is the performance of some act which ought not to be done. It is the doing either through ignorance, inattention or malice, of that which the officer had no legal right to do at all, as when he acts without any authority whatsoever, or exceeds, ignores or abuse his powers. Or the performance of some act which is unlawful or wrongful or which one has specially contracted not to perform or it is sometimes called official misconduct.
  6. 6. TERMS TO FONDER: 8. MISCONDUCT – This is generally premeditated, obstinate or intentional purpose. It usually refers to transgression of some established and definite rule of action, where no discretion is left except what necessity may demand. It does not necessarily means corruption or criminal intention but implies wrong intention and not mere error of judgment. 9. MISFEASANCE or Irregularities in the Performance of a Duty – It is the improper performance of some act which might lawfully be done or the performance of a lawful act in an unlawfully or culpably negligent manner.
  7. 7. TERMS TO FONDER: 10. MORALS AND MORALITY – It refers to what is judged as good conduct. The term moral is also used to describe someone who has the capacity to make value judgments and discernment from wrong. 11. MOONLIGHTING – An act of a member of the PNP pursuing or following any calling or occupation or the act of engaging in any business, which includes but not limited to all activities, jobs, work, and similar functions, performed, engaged in or undertaken by him, in or off duty hours with or without compensation, which is inconsistent or incompatible with the PNP duties and/or functions.
  8. 8. TERMS TO FONDER: 12. NONEFEASANCE OR NEGLECT OF DUTY – It is omission of some act, which ought to be performed. It is the omission or refusal without sufficient excuse, to perform an act or duty, which is a peace officers legal obligation to perform. 13. OPPRESSION – Imports an act of cruelty, severity, unlawful execution, or excessive use of authority. 14. POLICE CUSTOMS AND SOCIAL DECORUM – A set of norms and standards practiced by members during social and other functions. 15. POLICE ETHICS – It is the practical science that treats the principle of human morality and duty as applied to law enforcement.
  9. 9. TERMS TO FONDER: 16. PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT – It refers to the set of behavioral standard governing particular profession or professionals. 17. PUBLIC OFFICIAL – Includes elective and appointive officials and employees, permanent or temporary, whether in the career or non- career service, including military and police personnel, whether they receive compensation or not, regardless of amount.
  10. 10. TERMS TO FONDER: 18. PUBLIC OFFICER OR EMPLOYEE – Any persons holding any public office or employment by virtue of an appointment, election, contract and any persons holding any office or employment, by appointment or contract in any state-owned or controlled corporation. 19. VIOLATION OF LAW – Presupposes conviction in court of any crime or offense penalized under RPC or any special law or ordinances.
  11. 11. TERMS TO FONDER: 20. Conflict of interest arises when a public official or employee is a member of a board, an officer, or a substantial stockholder of a private corporation or owner or has a substantial interest in a business, and the interest of such corporation or business, or his rights or duties therein, may be opposed to or affected by the faithful performance of official duty. 21. Commitment to public interest - Public officials and employees shall always uphold the public interest over and above personal interest. All government resources and powers of their respective offices must be employed and used efficiently, effectively, honestly and economically, particularly to avoid wastage in public
  12. 12. TERMS TO FONDER: 22. Professionalism - Public officials and employees shall perform and discharge their duties with the highest degree of excellence, professionalism, intelligence and skill. They shall enter public service with utmost devotion and dedication to duty. They shall endeavor to discourage wrong perceptions of their roles as dispensers or peddlers of undue patronage. 23. Nationalism and patriotism - Public officials and employees shall at all times be loyal to the Republic and to the Filipino people, promote the use of locally produced goods, resources and technology and encourage appreciation and pride of country and people. They shall endeavor to maintain and defend Philippine sovereignty against foreign intrusion.
  13. 13. TERMS TO FONDER: 24. Solicitation or acceptance of gifts - Public officials and employees shall not solicit or accept, directly or indirectly, any gift, gratuity, favor, entertainment, loan or anything of monetary value from any person in the course of their official duties or in connection with any operation being regulated by, or any transaction which may be affected by the functions of their office.
  14. 14. TERMS TO FONDER: 25. Statements of Assets and Liabilities and Financial Disclosure - All public officials and employees, except those who serve in an honorary capacity, laborers and casual or temporary workers, shall file under oath their Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth and a Disclosure of Business Interests and Financial Connections and those of their spouses and unmarried children under eighteen (18) years of age living in their households.
  15. 15. TERMS TO FONDER: Statements of Assets and Liabilities and Financial Disclosure: The documents must be filed: (a) within thirty (30) days after assumption of office; (b) on or before April 30, of every year thereafter; and (c) within thirty (30) days after separation from the service.
  16. 16. The PNP Core Values The police service is a noble profession which demands from its members specialized knowledge and skills, as well as high standards of ethics and morality. Hence, the members of the PNP must adhere to and internalize the enduring core values of love of God, respect for authority, selfless love and service for people, sanctity of marriage, and family life, responsible dominion and stewardship over material things, and truthfulness.
  17. 17. The Police Officer’s Creed I believe in God, The Supreme Being, The Great Provider, and The Creator of all men and everything dear to me. In return, I can do no less than love Him above all obeying His word, seek His guidance in the performance of my sworn duties and honor Him at all times.
  18. 18. The Police Officer’s Creed I believe that respect for authority is a duty. I respect and uphold the Constitution, the laws of the land and the applicable rules and regulations. I recognize the legitimacy and authority of the leadership, and obey legal orders of my superior officers. I believe in selfless love and service to people. Towards this end, I commit myself to the service of my fellowmen over and above my personal interest.
  19. 19. The Police Officer’s Creed I believe in the sanctity of marriage and family life. I shall set the example of decency and morality, shall have high regard for family life and value of marital fidelity. I believe in the responsible dominion and stewardship over material things. I shall inhibit myself from extravagance and ostentatious display of material things. I shall help protect the environment and conserve nature to maintain ecological balance. I believe in the wisdom of truthfulness. I must be trustworthy and I shall uphold the truth at all
  20. 20. Filipino Values 1. Fear of the Lord (Pagkatakot sa Diyos). 2. Faith (Pananalig) 3. Close Family Ties (Makapamilya) 4. Community Spirit (Bayanihan) 5. Solidarity (Pakikibaka) 6. Love for Others/Fellowmen (Pakikipagkapwa/Pakikisama) 7. Knowledge (Karunungan) 8. Love for Country or Patriotism (Pagmamahal sa Bayan) 9. Responsible Citizenship (Mabuting Mamayan) 10. Courage (Lakas or Tibay ng Loob)
  21. 21. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Delicadeza- In consonance with the requirements of honor and integrity in the PNP, all members must have the moral courage to sacrifice self- interest in keeping with the time-honored principle of delicadeza.  Police Lifestyle- The PNP shall promote and maintain a lifestyle for its members which the public will find credible and respectable. The public expects a police officer to live a simple and dignified life. They must be free from greed corruption and exploitation.
  22. 22. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Political Patronage- PNP members shall inhibit themselves from soliciting political patronage on matters pertaining to assignment, award,, training and promotion.  Non-Partisanship- PNP members shall provide services to everyone without discrimination regardless of party affiliation in accordance with existing laws and regulations.
  23. 23. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Secrecy Discipline- PNP members shall guard the confidentiality of classified information against unauthorized disclosure, including confidential aspects of official business, special orders, communications and other documents roster or any portion thereof, contents of criminal records, identities of persons who may have given information to the police in confidence and other classified information or intelligence material.
  24. 24. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Discipline- PNP members shall conduct themselves properly at all times in keeping with the rules and regulations of the organization.  Loyalty- PNP members shall be loyal to the Constitution and the police service as manifested by their loyalty to their superiors peers and subordinates as well.  Obedience to Superiors- PNP members shall obey lawful orders of and be courteous to superior officers and other appropriate authorities within the chain of command.
  25. 25. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Command Responsibility- In accordance with the Doctrine on Command Responsibility, immediate Commanders/ Directors shall be responsible for the effective supervision, control and direction of their personnel and shall see to it that all government resources shall be managed, expended or utilized in accordance with laws and regulations and safeguard against losses thru illegal or improper disposition.
  26. 26. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Half-Mast – The flag is raised at half-mast in deference to deceased uniformed members of the command.  Honor Ceremony – Arrival and departure honor ceremonies are rendered to visiting dignitaries, VIPs, PNP Officers with the grade of Chief Superintendent and above and AFP officers of equivalent grade, unless waived.  Happy Hours- Usually on Friday or any other day suitable for the occasion, PNP members gather together at their PNP club for a light hearted jesting or airing of minor gripes.
  27. 27. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Spiritual Beliefs- PNP members are traditionally religious and God-loving person. They attend religious services together with the members of their family.  Valor- History attests that the Filipino law enforcers have exemplified the tradition of valor in defending the country from aggression and oppression and protecting/preserving the life and property of the people. They sacrificed their limbs and lives for the sake of their countrymen whom they have pledged to serve.  Patriotism- The PNP members are traditionally patriotic by nature. They manifest their love of country with a pledge of allegiance to the flag and a vow to defend the constitution
  28. 28. Some of the Basic Issues, Professional Conduct, Customs and Ceremonies, Traditions  Word of Honor- PNP members’ word is their bond. They stand by and commit to uphold it.  Duty- PNP members have historically exemplified themselves as dedicated public servants who perform their tasks with a deep sense of responsibility and self-sacrifice. They shall readily accept assignment anywhere in the country.  Camaraderie- The binding spirit that enhances teamwork and cooperation in the police organization, extending to the people they serve., in manifested by the PNP members’ deep commitment and concern for one another.
  29. 29. Ethical Standards  Morality- PNP members shall adhere to high standards of morality and decency and shall set good examples for others to follow.  Judicious Use of Authority – PNP members shall exercise proper and legitimate use of authority in the performance of duty.  Integrity – PNP members shall not allow themselves to be victims of corruption and dishonest practices in accordance with the provisions of RA 6713 and other applicable laws.
  30. 30. Ethical Standards  Justice – PNP members shall strive constantly to respect the rights of others so that they can fulfill their duties and exercise their rights as human beings, parents, children, citizens, workers, leader s, or in other capacities and to see to it that others do likewise.  Humility – PNP members shall recognize the fact that they are public servants and not the masters of the people and towards this end, they should perform their duties without attracting attention or expecting the applause of others.
  31. 31. Ethical Standards  Orderliness – PNP members shall follow original procedures in accomplishing tasks assigned to them to minimize waste in the use of time, money and effort.  Perseverance – Once a decision is made, PNP members shall take legitimate means to achieve the goal even in the face of internal or external difficulties, and despite anything which might weaken their resolve in the course of time.
  32. 32. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS Definition of Terms:  Customs - Established usage or social practices carried on by tradition that have obtained the force of law.  Traditions – Bodies of beliefs, stories, customs and usages handed down from generation to generation with the effect of an unwritten law.  Courtesy – A manifestation of expression of consideration and respect for others.
  33. 33. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS  Ceremony – A formal act or set of formal acts established by customs or authority as proper to special occasion.  Social Decorum – A set of norms and standards practiced by members during social activities and other functions.
  34. 34. Police Customs on Courtesy  Salute – Salute is the usual greetings rendered by uniformed members upon meeting and recognizing person entitled to a salute.  Salute to National Color and Standard – Members stand at attention and salute the national color and standard as these pass by them or when the national color is raised or lowered during ceremonies.  Address/Title – Junior in rank address senior members who are entitled to salute with the word “Sir” or “Ma’am”. All Police Commissioned Officers shall be addressed sir or ma’am by Police Non- Commissioned Officers and Non-Uniformed Personnel.
  35. 35. Police Customs on Courtesy Courtesy Calls – The following are the customs on courtesy calls:  Courtesy Call of Newly Assigned/Appointed Member – PNP members who are newly appointed or assigned in a unit or command call on the chief of the unit or command and other key personnel as a matter of courtesy, as well as for accounting, orientation and other purposes.
  36. 36. Courtesy Calls  Christmas Call – PNP members pay a Christmas Call on their local executives in their respective areas of responsibility.  New Year’s Call – PNP members pay a New Year’s call on their commanders and /or key officials in their respective areas of responsibility.  Promotion Call – Newly promoted PNP members call on their unit head. On this occasion, they are usually given due recognition and congratulations by their peers for such deserved accomplishment.  Exit Call – PNP members pay an Exit Call on their superiors in the unit or command when relieved or reassigned out of the said unit or command.
  37. 37. Police Customs on Courtesy  Courtesy of the Post – The host unit extend hospitality to visiting personnel who pay respect to the command or unit.  Rank Has –Its –Own Privilege (RHIP) – PNP members recognize the practice that different ranks carry with them corresponding privileges.
  38. 38. Good Luck to all. May our Almighty God give you wisdom and guidance in taking your board exam...