dr. shriram dawkhar dot plot non probability sampling need for sampling ( quota sampling & snowballing sampling methods. • d purposive sampling convenience sampling area sampling & cluster sampling. • non probabilit stratified random sample systematic sample non response. • probability sample: simple random sample size constraints methods to reduce the errors non sampling errors sampling errors determining the sample frame characteristics of a good sample. sampling frame sample concepts of statistical population sampling: basic concepts: defining the universe online questionnaire tools telephonic survey interviewing graphic rating scales – ranking scales – paired co constant sum scales semantic differential scales ratio. • attitude scaling techniques: concept of s interval ordinal levels of measurement - nominal what is measured? problems in measurement in manag advantages and disadvantages over secondary data. reliability and consistency. primary data: definit adequacy quality of secondary data - sufficiency advantages and disadvantages over primary data characteristics sources need for data. secondary data: definition meaning of data null hypothesis statistical hypothesis research hypothesis choice of a research design. hypothesis: definiti pros and cons of various designs qualitative and quantitative research approaches case study design. cross-sectional and longitudina basic knowledge of treatment & control group extraneous variables moderating mediating concomitant dependent difference between correlation and causation. typ concept of cause and effect experimental research designs quasi experimental descriptive features of a robust research design. exploratory research design: concept research methods by nicholas walliman research methods copyright affiliation and conflicts of interest. legal consi reciprocity and trust deception invasion of privacy lack of informed consent elements of a research proposal. practical consid typical research applications in business and mana characteristics of scientific research method unit-1 brm need of business research definition of research business research methods shriram dawkhar criteria for evaluating and building theories qualitative research criteria validity & reliability in qualitative research key features ( characteristics) of qualitative re combining qualitative and quantitative data comparative study retrospective studies triangulation qualitative research approaches qualitative research design interpretation pie chart correlation classification tabulation coding editing data interpretation hypothesis testing data analysis spearman corelation pearson coefficient of corelation corelation bivariate analysis export oriented units role of government in entrepreneurship development edp nedb niesbud sisi role of dic entrepreneurial competencies sample size determination sampling error sampling difference between qualitative and quantative quantative research qualitative research independent variable dependent variable varible definitions basics of hypothesis features of good research design types of hypothesis characterstics of good hypothesis descriptive research exploratory research causal research research design emerging models of corporate entrepreneurship entrepreneurial culture role of entrepreneur in indian economy business incubation rural entrepreneurshi basics of entrepreneurship factors influencing entrepreneurship development entrepreneurship development entrepreneur entrepreneurship theory of profit by knight theory of social change by everett hagen. x-efficiency theory by leibenstein theory of high achievement by mcclelland innovation theory by schumpeter theories of entrepreneurship
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