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Juvenile delinquency

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Juvenile Delinquency (With Data & Statistics Analysis)

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Juvenile delinquency

  1. 1.  A child is born innocent and if nurtured with tender care and attention, then he/she grows in positive way. Physical, mental, moral and spiritual development of the children makes them capable of realizing his/her fullest potential.  On the contrary, harmful surroundings, negligence of basic needs, wrong company and other abuses may turn a child to a delinquent. With changing societal trends, children now appear to possess strong likes and dislikes and also show expressions that indicate maturity at a very early age. These qualities also make children more vulnerable to the designs of the criminality such as abusers, peddlers, and traffickers.  Moreover, the influence of the media on the psychosocial development of children is profound. With advent of communication technology in recent times, a child’s exposure to media including television, radio, music, video games and the Internet, has increased manifold.
  2. 2.  In the year 1484, William Coxton used the word delinquent to describe a person who was found guilty.  Juvenile delinquency refers to the involvement by the teenagers in an unlawful behaviour who is usually under the age of 18 and commits an act which would be considered as a crime. A child is known as a delinquent when he/she commits a mistake which is against the law and which is not accepted by the society. Thus a “juvenile” or “child” means a person who has not completed eighteenth years of age and violates the law and commits an offence under the legal age of maturity.
  3. 3.  Data from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) show that Union Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi’s claim about juvenile crime being the fastest rising segment is only part of the story — as a percent of total crimes, juvenile crimes have remained static at 1.2 over the last three years. (News published in December 23, 2015)  According to numbers logged by the NCRB, the number of juvenile crimes went up from 35,465 in 2012 to 42,566 in 2014 under the IPC, but it still formed only 1.2 per cent of the overall crime rate over the last three years.
  4. 4.  2014 saw 33,981 murders of which only 841 (2.5%) were committed by juveniles. Similarly, of the 36,735 rapes in the year, only 1,989 (5.4%) were committed by juveniles.  Of the 37,90,812 adults arrested for various crimes in 2014, 2,95,740 were found to be repeat offenders. In case of juveniles, a total of 48,230 boys and girls in the age group of 0-18 years were arrested that year. Of these 2,609 were found to be repeat offenders.  Ninety per cent of the juveniles also come from families that earn an annual income of less than Rs 1 lakh, more than half of these hail from households that earn just Rs 25,000 annually, records show. The majority of cases registered in 2014 against juvenile offenders were under the crime head ‘theft’ (20%).
  5. 5.  Odisha has witnessed an alarming rise in the rate of juvenile delinquency. Over 900 juveniles, mostly in the age group of 13 to 18, were found involved in different crimes, including rape and murder in 2012. Those juveniles include 908 boys and 32 girls. In 2011, the total number of such juveniles stood at 621, including 604 boys. Statistics..
  6. 6.  Family factors: Broken homes and neglect. 20% of abused children become delinquent before reaching adulthood. A study conducted in Mecklenburg country, NC, compared maltreated children and those with no history of neglect. The findings demonstrated that those who had been previously maltreated had higher rates of delinquency and violence. As the frequency and severity of abuse or neglect increased, there were significant increases in the frequency of later offending.
  7. 7.  Environmental factors: Disorganized neighborhoods. Disadvantaged, disorderly and decaying neighborhoods foster an environment in which deviance becomes widespread. Some characteristics of of high crime areas include Persistent poverty, Residential mobility, Ethnic heterogeneity.  Factors at school: Association with deviant peers. 80% of juvenile delinquents offend with co-offenders. Also students drop-out of school. 5% of students every year are dropping out of school. In contrast more than 60% of youth entering the Juvenile justice system have had serious problems in school or have dropped out.
  8. 8.  The Union cabinet had, in 2014, approved an amendment to the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000, to treat minors older than 16 years as adults, if charged with serious crimes such as rape. However, they will not be sentenced to life or death if found guilty.  Setting up of an institution like the Observation Home, youth development is an approach to the policies and programs that serves as well as supports these youths to empower themselves by the various opportunities and give them a chance in building their skills, leadership quality, and also help them to form good relations with the community.  NGOs such as “North East Network”, “Youth Ki Awaaz”, “CHETNA”, “Video Volunteers”, “PRAYAS”, “Aangan”, etc.
  9. 9.  Further than the incontestable changes and growth of adolescent, biologically and psychologically, adolescence presents three essential features such as development of self-consciousness, asserting their identity, social integration. A sense of right and wrong, normative and motivational, oriented to deny and reject the adult models and search their own models which reflects the instable personality of a teenager. THANK YOU!

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