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Srilanka 160411171323 (1)

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about sri lanka

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Srilanka 160411171323 (1)

  1. 1. Group 3
  2. 2. CONTENTS • COUNTRY AT GLANCE • NATURAL & GEOGRAPHICAL ENVIRONMENT - MAP - FLORA & FAUNNA - TOURISTS PLACES  SOCIAL & CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT - FOOD -DRESSING - CULTURE -RELIGIONS  POLITICAL LEGAL ENVIRONMENT  ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT - INTERNATIONAL TRADE - TRADE AGREEMENTS
  3. 3. National Anthem
  4. 4. National FLAG: Lion Flag
  5. 5. Facts • Country name: Srilanka -Conventional long form: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka -Conventional short form: Sri Lanka • Capital: Sri Jayawardenapura- Kotte • Largest City: Colombo • Government type: Republic • Independence: 4 February 1948 (from the UK)
  6. 6. • NATURAL
  7. 7. Map
  8. 8. Flora & Fauna ELEPHANT JUNGLEFOWL BLUE WATER LILY LION
  9. 9. Places to visit Srilanka Ella Nuwara Eliya Polonnaruwa Adams Peak
  10. 10. Ratnapura where the city of famous Sri pada mountain located is the center of precious stone mining
  11. 11. Geography • Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, South of India • Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 81 00 E • Is surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait, and lies in the vicinity of India and the Maldives. • Is a strategic naval link between West Asia and South East Asia.
  12. 12. • Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October) • Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower • Land use: arable land: 13.96% permanent crops: 15.24% other: 70.8% (2014) • Natural hazards: occasional cyclones and tornadoes
  13. 13. Demographics 78% 13% 8% 0%1% Ethnic Groups Sinhalese Tamil Moors Indian Tamil Others • Sinhalese 73.8% • Sri Lankan Tamil 13.9% • Moors 7.2% • Indian Tamil 4.6% • Others include Burgher, Sri Lankan Malay, and Veddah 0.5%,
  14. 14. • Buddhism 69.1% • Islam 7.6% • Hinduism 7.1% • Christianity 6.2% • Unspecified 10% 69% 8% 7% 6% 10% Religion as on 2015 Buddhism Islam Hinduism Christianity Unspecified
  15. 15. Population • 21,513,990 Languages:  Sinhala (official & national language) 74%, Tamil (official and national language) 18% English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 40% of the population Age Structure • 0-14 years: 23.9% 15-64 years: 68% 65 years and over: 8.1% (2015 est.)
  16. 16. POLITICAL & legal ENVIRONMENT OF SRILANKA
  17. 17. History • Etymology: Known by various names- Lanka, Ceylon • Some mentions of the country are found in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the books of Gautama Buddha's teachings. • Cinnamon is native to Sri Lanka and has been found in Ancient Egypt as early as 1500 BC, suggesting early trade between Egypt and the island's inhabitants. • Civil war
  18. 18. Government Emblem • Constitution: Adopted 16 August 1978, Certified 31 August 1978; Amended 20 December 2001 • Legal system: Mixed legal system of Roman-Dutch civil law, English common law, and Jaffna Tamil customary law
  19. 19. Maithripala Sirisena • The president is both the Chief of State and Head of Government. • Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president in consultation with the prime minister. • Elections: president elected by popular vote for a six-year term (two- term limit)
  20. 20. Foreign Relations • A founding member of the NAM (Non- Aligned Movement) • It also is a member of the Commonwealth, SAARC, World Bank, IMF, Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Colombo Plan. • Closest allies include China, Pakistan, India, Japan, South Korea & Malaysia. • Sri Lanka and the Arab states of the Persian Gulf (GCC) enjoy strong economic and military ties. • Sri Lanka maintains good relationships with both Russia and United States
  21. 21. SOCIO-CULTURE OF SRILANKA
  22. 22. Culture • The culture of Sri Lanka has been influenced by many things in the past, but has managed to retain much of its ancient, rich aspects. Mostly it has been influenced by religion and colonization by the Dutch, the Portuguese and the British.
  23. 23. Sports • Sport – Most famous Cricket ,Football (Soccer) and Rugby Union. • Earliest matches - 1832 • BCCSL – governing body • Co-Hosted 1996 and 2011 World Cup • Won in 1996 , runners up in 2007 & 2011
  24. 24. FAMOUS PERSONALITIES Peter Kuruvita Jacklin fernandiz lasith malinga kumar sangakkara sanath jayasuriya
  25. 25. • Adventure Sports – White water rafting - Kithulgal • Boating - Bentota, Bolgoda, Madhu ganga, Koggala • Trekking - Knuckles Mountain Range • The precious stones such as rubies and sapphires frequently found in Ratnapura. • Ceylon Sapphire known worldwide
  26. 26. Cuisine • Influence from India • Staple food – Rice and curry • alcoholic drink-Toddy or Arrack • Spices - different varieties chillies referred to as amu miris, kochchi miris, and maalu miris (capsicum)and in Tamil Milakaai, among others
  27. 27. Festivals • The Sinhala and Tamil new year ("Aluth Avurudhu" in Sinhala, "Puththandu" in Tamil) is a very large cultural event on the island. The festival falls in April (the month of Bak) • There are many other celebrations, like Christmas
  28. 28. • ECONOMIC ENVRINONMENT • OF SRILANKA
  29. 29. Economy • Trade organizations: WTO and South Asian Free Trade Association (SAFTA) • GDP: $56 billion (2014 IMF est.) / $140 Billion PPP • GDP Growth: 8.2% (2013)/ 9.5% (2014 est.) • GDP per capita: $5,300 (2014est.) / $7000 USD PPP • Inflation: 3.4% (2013 est.) • Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: $5.63 billion (31 December 2014 est.) • Current Account Balance: $-1.784 billion (2014 est.)
  30. 30. • Central bank discount rate: 7.5% (31 December 2014) • Commercial bank prime lending rate: 10.91% (31 December 2014) • Investment (gross fixed): 23.6% of GDP (2014est. • Industries: processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, construction
  31. 31. Foreign Investment Policies Restricted Sectors: • Non bank money lending • Pawn broking • Retail trade with a capital investment of less than $1 million 100% equity: • For all except a few sectors such as telecom, education, mass transportation, mining, etc Incentives: Yes, with export requirement and minimum investment
  32. 32. INFRASTRUCTURE
  33. 33. SRILANKANRUPEE
  34. 34. Export Partners US UK Italy Germany Belgium India 20.5 12.8 5.5 5.3 4.4 4 IN %AGE %
  35. 35. IMPORT PARTNERS India China Singapore Iran 17.5 15.9 7.7 7.1 IN%AGE % In the year 2014
  36. 36. RECENT VISIT OF PM MODI WITH PRESIDENT SIRISENA • Modi has been proactive about approaching Sri Lanka on increasing defense cooperation. He and Sirisena have reportedly agreed to expand India-Sri Lanka cooperation on defense and security issues. Modi additionally told the press that he and Sirisena welcome India-Sri Lanka progress in “maritime security cooperation, including in the trilateral format with Maldives.” As demonstrated by his election manifesto, Sirisena is aware of Indian sensitivities toward Sri Lanka’s rapprochement with China. Current trends suggest that cooperation between New Delhi and Colombo should grow on these issues as long as Sirisena is in charge.
  37. 37. RECENT DEVELOPMENT FOR WAY FORWARD • Removing Tariff Rate Quotas: • a) Garments 8 million pieces in total at Zero duty per annum • b) Pepper : 2,500 Mt at Zero duty (per annum) • c) Desiccated Coconut : 500 Mt at Zero duty (per annum) • d) Vanaspati, bakery shortening and margarine: 250,000Mt at Zero duty (per annum)
  38. 38. Product Value in US$ Mn Motor Vehicles 383.03 Mineral fuels & oils 403.02 Cotton 191.96 Pharmaceutical products 164.54 Knitted and crocheted fabric 93.87 Plastic articles 84.36 Iron & Steel 209.29 Chemicals 55.83 Cement 181.40 Sugar 77.74
  39. 39. Product Value in US$ Mn Spices 89.11 Natural Rubber & Rubber products 22.07 Poultry Feed 38.38 Insulated wires, cables etc 33.87 Copper & Copper based products 7.54 Refrigerators, freezers and other refrigerating equipment & Machinery 6.65 Paper & Paper products 24.42 Ships, Boats and floating structures 51.83 Fiber board of wood 9.91 Furniture, bedding, mattress etc 15.92 Apparel 34.26
  40. 40. Economic Sectors Tourism Tea Industry Agriculture Textile and Apparel
  41. 41. SOME FACTS ABOUT SRILANKA
  42. 42. THANK YOU
  43. 43. b.m.s.p.basnyake. B.c.p. weerasiri. W.m.p.t.bandara Groupmembers

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