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Opening and Closing of Essay.pptx

  1. Opening and Closing of Essay
  2. The Opening Paragraph  ► Avoid writing ‘waffle’ in your opening paragraph.  ► Waffle is making generalized, empty statements that could apply to a whole range of topics, but which manage to say nothing relevant in answer to the question.  ► For example:  This is a very important issue and there are many different approaches that can be taken in regard to it. Many experts have considered this matter, but no one has come up with proven solutions. There are arguments for and against and many people feel very strongly about it NSU 2
  3. Example of Opening Paragraph  The Internet has revolutionized the modern world, but it has also created new problems and inequalities. Do you agree?  It is undoubted that the Internet has gained in popularity over recent decades thanks to its enormous benefits. As a result, the internet has obviously transformed much of our society. NSU 3
  4. Example of Opening Paragraph  However, not only does the rapid development of the internet have certain positive impacts, but it also poses a serious threat of burning issues and inequalities. Thus, I personally agree with the perspective that the internet is a double-edged sword as the reasons stated below. NSU 4
  5. The Body of the Essay  ► Typically consists of about three paragraphs  ► DEAL WITH ONE MAIN POINT PER PARAGRAPH  • A topic sentence followed by a development of that point using specific example and illustration.  • The last sentence in this section should be a transitional one. Try to make a statement that sums up the last paragraph, while also introducing the new topic. EX: NSU 5
  6. Body of essay Not only do teen drivers’ decisions show a marked lack of judgment, but they also show a problematic lack of experience.  ► CONTINUITY Your essay must have the appearance of a continuous, coherent and integrated whole with each section linking with the previous section. NSU 6
  7. Examples of Linking Words and Phrases  Another essential feature of …  ► While it can be argued that …, it is also true that …  ► However, many critics disagree with this …  ► To counter this argument, …  ► Nevertheless, the evidence is that …  ► Secondly, …  ► Therefore, …  ► Thus, … NSU 7
  8. Examples of Linking Words and Phrases  ► Finally, …  ► The bulk of the available evidence, then, points to  ► the fact that …  ► On the contrary, …  ► Having analyzed this aspect, I would now like to …  ► Furthermore, …  ► In order to emphasize this point, I would like to point to …  ► Moreover, there are other convincing arguments to back up … NSU 8
  9. Persuasive Essay  ► Persuasive essay tires to convince the reader to accept a particular point of view or take a specific action.  ► Good persuasive essay demonstrates not only why the writer’s opinion is correct but also why the opposing view is incorrect.  ► Writing persuasive essay needs some research and a solid understanding of both sides of argument.  ► It is also necessary to know about the general readers opinion on the specific topic.  ► Write an expository essay about “After effects of flood in the affected area” ? NSU 9
  10. The Closing Paragraph  ► The function of the closing paragraph is to round off the essay appropriately.  ► The essay may have asked you to make some kind of judgment and this is where you have to express that judgment and summarize the reasons for it.  ► It is wise practice to refer back to the evidence or arguments you have been making in the body of the essay. Of course, you do not restate the same points, but you must find a way of summing up that brings the essay to an emphatic conclusion NSU 10
  11. The closing paragraph.  . Try to avoid, however, mindlessly repeating exactly the arguments or content you have used earlier.  ► Find a fresh and concise way of re-emphasizing the conclusion you have come to.  ► New topics or ideas that were not developed in the paper should not be introduced. NSU 11
  12. Final Sentence  ► A neat, rounding-off sentence that leaves your reader with something to think about is a sound practice in essay-writing.  ► It can also contain words of advice or recommendation.  In conclusion, I once again assert that the Internet has salutary effects on modern life, but it has been troubled with problems at the same time. Personally, NSU 12 Example 1 of the Closing Paragraph
  13. Examples of closing sentence.  I think that the internet is an amazing tool of searching and gaining new information and be updated, and the benefits of accessing it definitely outweigh the dangers. However, we should use it carefully. NSU 13
  14. Write an Essay  a) Argue the case for or against the banning of smoking in all public places.  b) Which is your favorite character from the set books you have read? Give the reasons for your choice and an analysis of how the character is represented by the author.  c) ‘The warming of the planet is the most serious issue that faces mankind today.’ Discuss this statement.  NSU 14
  15. Write an essay.  d) Many people feel strongly that health services should be provided by the government and should be freely available. Others argue that only privatized health care can provide good quality health services. To what extent do you believe that health and medical services should be privatized? NSU 15