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Library research methods

PowerPoint presentation for Feb 14 and 21, with notes.

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Library research methods

  1. 1. Library Research<br />Methods and Databases<br />
  2. 2. Library Research as Research<br />Begins with a question<br />What resources are available to study about . . . ?<br />Solves a problem<br />In order to study . . . , I need to find . . .<br />Requires skills<br />Specialized techniques<br />Specialized resources<br />Leads to a discovery<br />
  3. 3. The Challenge<br /><ul><li>Ask a question
  4. 4. Find sources of information
  5. 5. Acquire the sources
  6. 6. Examine their content
  7. 7. Read; take notes
  8. 8. Analyze what you find
  9. 9. Outline, write, re-read, write,
  10. 10. Answer the question
  11. 11. Reasoned, defensible
  12. 12. Present results</li></li></ul><li>The Information Environment<br />
  13. 13. Developing an Overview<br />Preliminary reading<br />Reference books<br />Journal articles<br />Internet articles<br />Looking for<br />Issues<br />Personalities<br />Context<br />Bibliography<br />Summary: Become oriented to the literature on your topic<br />Virtual Reference Library<br />
  14. 14. Building Blocks of Library Research<br />
  15. 15. Methods of Research<br />Key word/phrase by field<br />Controlled vocabulary<br />Citation searches<br />Combinations of the two<br />Hierarchal<br />Browsing<br />Types of media or literature<br />These methods can be used with both electronic and printed repositories of information. <br />The methods work with electronic repositories because these are all some form of database.<br />
  16. 16. Database Basics<br />Records<br />Fields<br />Words<br /><ul><li>Key words in all fields
  17. 17. Key word in specific fields</li></li></ul><li>A Database Record<br />
  18. 18. Searching with Keywords<br />Keywords are usually nouns or are phrases that include nouns<br />Islamic fundamentalism<br />Muslim fundamentalists<br />Keywords can also be proper names<br />Osama Ben Laden (person)<br />Afghanistan (place)<br />Iraq war (historical event)<br />
  19. 19. Choosing Keywords<br />Terms you know<br />People<br />Places<br />Events<br />Words and phrases that describe your topic<br />Terms you learn<br />Other persons<br />Variations in name<br />Broader context of event<br />Buzz words, colloquialisms<br />Jargon, clichés<br />Words found often in titles<br />Words found in reading<br />
  20. 20. Combining Keywords<br />Boolean searches<br />AND narrows a search<br />OR combines synonyms (broadens a search)<br />NOT excludes words from a search (narrows a search)<br />( ) changes order of operation (think algebraic equations)<br />Proximity searches<br />“enclose in quotes”<br />With (w) or adj (adjacent)<br />Truncation symbols<br />? or * <br />Pre-coordinated subject terms<br />
  21. 21. PrinciplesofKeywordSearching<br />Think about the terms you will use<br />OR broadens a search<br />Used to find synonyms<br />AND and NOT narrow a search<br />Use NOT exclude terms, dates, etc. <br />The more concepts you link with AND or NOT, the fewer results you will have<br />Keyword searches promise “high return, low precision”<br />More about keyword searching<br />
  22. 22. Searching with Controlled Vocabulary<br /><ul><li>Definition
  23. 23. One word or phrase used consciously and repeatedly to describe a cluster of synonyms related to a topic
  24. 24. Some strengths
  25. 25. Finds material on common subject despite variations in descriptive language
  26. 26. One title can have multiple subject headings
  27. 27. Follows set patterns of construction
  28. 28. Widely used throughout North America
  29. 29. Some weaknesses
  30. 30. Requires human judgment
  31. 31. Terms chosen are not always those in common use</li></li></ul><li>Examples<br />Luke’s Case for Christianity<br />Apologetics—Early church, ca 30-600<br />Bible. N.T. Luke—Theology <br />Habits of the Mind: Intellectual Life as a Christian Calling<br />Thought and thinking—Religious aspects—Christianity<br />Intellect—Religious aspects--Christianity<br />
  32. 32. Epistemology: Becoming Intellectually Virtuous<br />Knowledge, Theory of (Religion)<br />Christianity—Theology<br />Wrestling with the Word: Christian Preaching from the Hebrew Bible<br />Bible. O.T.—Homiletical use<br />Preaching<br />The Act of Bible Reading: A Multi-disciplinary Approach to Biblical Interpretation<br />Bible—Hermeneutics<br />Bible—Reading <br />
  33. 33. Reading with a Passion: Rhetoric, Autobiography, and the American West in the Gospel of John<br />Bible. N.T. John—Criticism, interpretation, etc.<br />Reader-response criticism<br />Staley, Jeffrey Lloyd, 1951- . <br />The Art of Biblical History<br />Bible—Hermeneutics<br />Bible—Historiography<br />History (Theology)<br />Christianity—Essence, genius, nature<br />
  34. 34. Poetry and Wisdom<br />Hebrew poetry, Biblical—History and criticism—Bibliography<br />Wisdom literature—Criticism, interpretation, etc.—Bibliography<br />Successful Dissertations and Theses<br />Dissertations, Academic—Handbooks, manuals, etc.<br />Research—Handbooks, manuals, etc.<br />Report writing—Handbooks, manuals, etc.<br />
  35. 35. Finding Controlled Vocabulary<br />Cataloging in Publication (“CIP”) data<br />Browse subjects by first words<br />SWBTS catalog ignores punctuation, unfortuantely<br />WorldCat’s “find preferred subject headings” feature<br />EBSCOHost's Subject, Places People search<br />
  36. 36. “Click on blue”<br />
  37. 37. Using CV Lists<br />“Used For”<br />“Broader Terms”<br />“Narrower Terms”<br />“Related Terms”<br />See<br />See Also<br />
  38. 38. Comparing the Two Approaches<br />
  39. 39. Citation Searches<br />Definition<br />Finding the sources cited in book or journal, or finding books and articles that cite a particular source—either while reading or by using a database.<br />Some strengths<br />Authors generally cite sources that are related to their topic. Some articles are cited by several articles. <br />Authors are familiar with the sources they have listed<br />Some weaknesses<br />Sources cited are always older than the book or article that cites them.<br />However, the book or article citing a source is always more recent than the source itself<br />Possibility of author’s bias in choice of sources.<br />Learn about Citation searches in EbscoHost<br />
  40. 40. Searching by Type of Media or Literature<br />
  41. 41. Hierarchal Searching<br />Definition<br />Limiting results by context<br />Advantages<br />Quick way to narrow searches yielding thousands of results<br />Useful with terms whose meaning varies by context<br />Disadvantages<br />May still yield hundreds of results<br />Technique varies by database<br />JSTOR : “Narrow by discipline and/or publication title”<br />SWBTS catalog: “You found Titles in Categories” <br />EBSCOhost: “Refine results . . . Subject”<br />WorldCat.org: “Refine your Search . . . Topic”<br />ATLA Hierarchical Scripture Authority index<br />Dissertations (ProQuest): “Narrow results by . . . Subject”<br />
  42. 42. Comparing and Choosing Databases<br />
  43. 43. ATLA Religion Index (EBSCOhost)<br />ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerialscombines the premier index to journal articles, book reviews, and collections of essays in all fields of religion with ATLA's online collection of over 80 major religion and theology journals. The ATLA Religion Database includes more than 575,000 article citations from more than 1,679 journals (506 currently indexed), more than 239,000 essay citations from over 16,800 multi-author works, and more than 530,000 book review citations. <br />Full text is provided for more than 294,000 electronic articles and book reviews.<br /><ul><li>Some coverage goes back to the 19th century;
  44. 44. Good coverage of German language resources
  45. 45. Scripture verse indexes
  46. 46. Personal accounts
  47. 47. Export option uses EndNote’s “RIS” import filter</li></li></ul><li> Search Cited References<br />Academic Search (EBSOhost)<br />Academic Search Complete is the world's most valuable and comprehensive scholarly, multi-disciplinary full-text database, with more than 8,500 full-text periodicals, including more than 7,300 peer-reviewed journals. In addition to full text, this database offers indexing and abstracts for more than 12,500 journals and a total of more than 13,200 publications including monographs, reports, conference proceedings, etc. The database features PDF content going back as far as 1887, with the majority of full text titles in native (searchable) PDF format. Searchable cited references are provided for more than 1,400 journals. <br />Refine your results<br /><ul><li>Coverage mostly since 1990s to within last 12 mo
  48. 48. Search and list cited references in many journals
  49. 49. Personal account for storing records and searches
  50. 50. Schedule repeat searches
  51. 51. Export option uses EndNote’s “RIS” import filter</li></li></ul><li>JSTOR<br />JSTOR offers high-quality, interdisciplinary content to support scholarship and teaching. It includes over one thousand leading academic journals across the humanities, social sciences, and sciences, as well as select monographs and other materials valuable for academic work. Journals are always included from volume 1, issue 1 and include previous and unrelated titles. The entire corpus is full-text searchable, offers search term highlighting, includes high-quality images, and is interlinked by millions of citations and references. <br /><ul><li>Basic coverage in religion, philosophy, and history
  52. 52. Searchable full text
  53. 53. Save citation and searches in MyJSTOR
  54. 54. Export option uses EndNote’s “RIS” import filter</li></li></ul><li>Dissertations Online (ProQuest)<br />Includes 2.7 million searchable citations to dissertation and theses from around the world from 1861 to the present day together with 1.2 million full text dissertations that are available for download in PDF format. <br />The database offers full text for most of the dissertations added since 1997 and strong retrospective full text coverage for older graduate works.<br />More than 70,000 new full text dissertations and theses are added to the database each year through dissertations publishing partnerships with 700 leading academic institutions worldwide.<br />Each dissertation published since July 1980 includes a 350-word abstract written by the author. Master's theses published since 1988 include 150-word abstracts. Simple bibliographic citations are available for dissertations dating from 1637. Where available, PQDT provides 24-page previews of dissertations and theses.<br />All are the same<br /><ul><li>Refine results by limiting searches to title and abstract
  55. 55. Includes citations to some British dissertations
  56. 56. Use “Look up citation” to find specific title
  57. 57. Save searches to MyResearch
  58. 58. Export option uses EndNote’s “RIS” import filter</li></li></ul><li>Theological Journals Search<br />A Google custom search of over 340 religion journals related to scripture studies, systematic theology, practical ministries, and cognate disciplines for which full text is freely available on the Internet. Among the searchable ejournals are many of those listed in major religion Internet directories and ejournalsites.<br /><ul><li>Based on articles gathered by Google
  59. 59. Includes online versions of print journals
  60. 60. Search as you would Google; refine results
  61. 61. Enter information into EndNote manually</li></li></ul><li>TREN Database<br />The Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN) is a library of over 10,000 theological thesis/ dissertation titles representing research from as many as 70 different institutions. Many of the resources are not otherwise indexed or available online. <br />SWBTS students can download e-docs at no charge.<br /><ul><li>Use * as wildcard in title, author subject keywords
  62. 62. Add citations to EndNote manually</li></li></ul><li>Google Scholar and Google Books<br />Comb through more than 500 billion words from more than 5.2 million books spanning from 1500 to recent years with a few taps and a click. Includes books from seven languages.<br />Uses regular Google Search techniques. <br />Many books can be previewed or read online. Books published before 1924 can be downloaded.<br /><ul><li>Advanced search screen at http://books.google.com/advanced_book_search
  63. 63. Every book has a summary page
  64. 64. Save titles to My Library
  65. 65. No apparent way to export to EndNote</li>