2. I. TRAGEDY
-exposes the plight and sufferings of humans to the
-comes from the Greek word tragoida which means
“goat song” .
-the three great playwrights of tragedy were
Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides
3. KINDS OF TRAGEDY
-featuring noble characters in an irretrievable situation
that elicits their immense capacity for suffering and
promise for a better tomorrow, the vision of the play is
Example: Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
4. MODERN TRAGEDY
-characters rise to the status of exceptional characters
facing a tragic web of circumstances and personal
weaknesses that spell their doom in an unsympathetic world.
Example: A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams
-a tragedy in which the tragic protagonists are ordinary
middle class individuals.
Example: Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen
-a mixture of tragic and comic elements existing in a
single dramatic work.
Example: Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett
-dramatic works in which one character seeks revenge
upon another character from an evil doing.
Example: Hamlet by William Shakespeare
6. II. SATYR PLAYS
-short plays performed between the acts of tragedies
and made fun of the plight of the tragedies characters.
Satyr- a mythical half-human, half-goat figures, and
actors in the play who wore large phalluses for comic
7. III. MELODRAMA
-emphasizes action and spectacular effects.
-historically employed stock characters engaged in
an ambiguous struggle between good and evil with
music under the action scenes.
9. Kinds of Comedy
-a composite genre which centers mostly on the
vicissitudes of young lovers who get happily united in
Comedy of Humors
-based on the medieval and Renaissance beliefs that
people's actions are governed by their dominant
10. Satirical Comedy
-main purpose is to expose the vices and
shortcomings of society and of people representing
Comedy of Manners
-depicts a stylish society, mainly the middle and
upper classes, its focus is on elegance, with characters
of fashion and rank.
11. Sentimental Comedy
-focuses on the virtues of private life, with simple
and honorable characters.
-intends to provoke simple mirth in the form of
roars of laughter.
-aims at entertaining the audience through
situations that are highly exaggerated, extravagant,
and thus improbable.
12. Black Comedy
-displays cynicism and disillusionment, human
beings without hope or convictions, their lives
controlled by fate or unknown and incomprehensible